Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 2

Paul Rolland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Paul Rolland, n Pali Reisman (November 21, 1911, Budapest November 9,

1978, Illinois),[1] was a violist and an influential American violin teacher who
concentrated on the pedagogy of teaching fundamentals to beginning string
students. He was famous for emphasizing that the physical demands of most
violin techniques can be taught ("in embryonic form") in the first two years of
violin education. He advocated that teachers learn and teach freedom of
movement and use clear, specific and concise instructions when teaching. His
approach to pedagogy was extremely analytical, and his teaching approach was
highly systematic and logical. His wife said of his work "Every possible
movement in string playing was analyzed.... Different methods do indeed exist,
but none more fundamental.... Paul never harmed anyone's playing. He helped a
person through certain body movements and the knowledge of what those body
movements meant physically, in the scientific way of playing the violin."[Cite]


Rolland performing in

1 Education and performing career

2 Publications
3 Sources
4 References

Education and performing career

Paul Rolland earned a Bachelor of Music degree from Simpson College, Indianola, Iowa and a Master of
Music degree from the Franz Liszt Academy of Music in Budapest, Hungary. He was the first violist of the
Budapest Symphony, and later played viola in the Pro Ideale and Lener String Quartets. When faced with the
decision between continuing to perform and developing his teaching approach, he chose teaching.

Rolland advocated teaching in classes (masterclass style), and made his own teachings and insights available
in a set of videos and a book titled The Teaching of Action in String Playing. His ideas and methods were
also documented in the University of Illinois String Research Project films. He helped to found the
American String Teachers Association, and in 1950 became the first editor of its journal American String
Teacher. He also published numerous articles on string pedagogy in the International Musician, The School
Musician, Violins, The Instrumentalist, and the Journal of Research in Music Education.
He also published a large number of books on string pedagogy.

The Sousa Archives and Center for American Music at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
holds the Paul Rolland Papers, which consists of correspondence and publicity, as well as films and audio
recordings related to the development of "The Teaching of Action in String Playing."

Eisele, Mark Joseph. The Writings of Paul Rolland: An annotated bibliography and a biographical
sketch (PDF). Retrieved 2006-11-10.
Music Library - University of Illinois Catalog entry. "Collection: Rolland". Retrieved 2006-11-10.
Sousa Archives and Center for American Music, Finding Aid for Paul Rolland Papers, 1939-83, 198687, 1992 (http://www.library.illinois.edu/archives/archon/index.php?

1. Fanelli, Michael P. (2001) Paul Rolland: His teaching career and contributions to string pedagogy and education.
(Doctoral Dissertation) Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (UMI No. 3017071)

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paul_Rolland&oldid=660053516"

Categories: 1978 deaths 1911 births Violin pedagogues American classical violists
Hungarian classical violists 20th-century classical musicians 20th-century American musicians
American music biography stubs Educator stubs
This page was last modified on 30 April 2015, at 13:16.
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may
apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia is a registered
trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.