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Design Code BS 8110

Foundation for Pipe Support


MATERIAL DATA:
Grade of Concrete Fck =

N/mm2
2
N/mm
mm
mm
mm
3
KN/m
3
KN/m
3
KN/m
2
KN/m

Yield Strength of reinforcement =


Dia of Reinforcement in direction of L =
Dia of Reinforcement in direction of B =
Clear Cover to Reinforcement =
Unit Weight of Concrete
Unit Weght of Soil =
Unit Weight of Backfill =
Net allowable bearing pressure =
Internal angle of friction of soil =
Angle of friction between conc and soil =

30
460
12
12
75
24
18
18
200
34
23

Factor of safety against overturning =


Factor of safety against sliding =
Depth of Water table from Ground =

1,75 (1.4 for Test/ Erection case)


1,75
10 m

O
O

GEOMETRICAL DATA :

FY
FX
FZ
CB

X
H

(Water Table)

CL
D
L
Width of Footing B =
Length of Footing L =

L
1,80
1,80

m
m

m
1,30
Projection of pedestal above ground =

Total height of Pedestal =

Width of Pedestal CB =
Length of Pedestal CL =

0,50
0,50

m
m

Depth of Footing, D =
0,3 m

0,40

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Design Code BS 8110

LOAD DATA
(a) Load for Stability (f = 1.0 )
LOAD
JOINT
COMBINATION

MAX

FY

FX

FZ

MX

MZ

159,2

25,1

3,88

FZ

MX

MZ

4,67

FZ

MX

MZ

3,88

(b) Ultimate load combination for concrete design.


LOAD
JOINT
FY
FX
COMBINATION

MAX

191,03

30,13

(c) Load combination for bearing pressure check:.


LOAD
JOINT
FY
FX
COMBINATION

MAX

159,2

25,1

1. CHECK FOR STABILITY AGAINST SLIDING AND OVERTURNING


(a) Sliding in X direction:
Sliding force in X direction = FX =
25,1 KN
Resisting frictional force = Ptan =
106,94 KN
P= FY+Footing weight + Pedestal weight +Soil weight- BF =
251,92
kN
F.O.S. against sliding in X dir =
4,26
O.K. as value greater than permissible value
(b) Sliding in Z direction:
Sliding force in Z direction = FZ =
3,88 KN
Resisting frictional force = Ptan =
106,94 KN
P= FY+Footing weight + Pedestal weight+Soil weight -BF=
251,92
KN
F.O.S. against sliding in Z dir =
27,56
O.K. as value greater than permissible value
(c) Overturning about Z
Forces acting at bottom of footing about Z
FY =
159,20 KN
MZtot = (MZ +FX*(D+H)) =
42,67 KN-m
Self Weight of Foundation =
31,104 KN
Weight of Pedestal
=
7,80 KN
Weight of Backfill =
53,82 KN
Buoyancy force =
0,00 KN

0,3

Taking moment about P


Overturning moment due to Tension =

1,00

0,00 KN-m
Overturning moment = MZtot =

42,67 KN-m

P
0,9

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Design Code BS 8110

Total overturning moment


Restoring Moment

42,67 KN-m
226,73 KN-m

Factor of safity against overturning = restoring mom/overturning mom = 5,31


O.K. , As value is greater than 1.75
(d) Overturning about X
Forces acting at bottom of footing about X
FY =
159,20
MXtot = (MX +FZ*(D+H)) =
6,60
Self Weight of Foundation =
31,104
Weight of Pedestal
=
7,80
Weight of Backfill =
53,82
Buoyancy force =
0,00

0,3
1,00

KN
KN-m
KN
KN
KN
KN

Taking moment about P


Overturning moment due to Tension =

0 Kn-m
P
0,9
Total overturning moment =
Restoring Moment =

Overturning Moment = MXtot

6,60

KN-m

6,60 KN-m
226,73 KN-m

Factor of safety against Overturning = Restoring Moment/Over turning Moment =


O.K. , As value is greater than 1.75
34,37 HENCE

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Design Code BS 8110

2. CHECK FOR NET BEARING PRESSURE

Gross vertical load PY = FY+ Weight of Footing including pedestal+ Weight of B/F

251,92 KN

Total Moment about X = MXtot =MX+ FZ(H+D)

6,60 KN-m

Total Moment about Z = MZtot =MZ+ FX(H+D)

42,67 KN-m

ex =

MZtot/PY =

0,17

e<L/6, No Tension in footing.

ez =

MXtot/PY =

0,03

e<L/6, No Tension in Footing.

Gross pressure distribution underfooting is given by:


q=

LB
=

128,44
p1

40,64
p2

(1

6e x 6e Z

)
L
B

114,87
p3

p4

27,07 Kn/m2
p4

p3
+Mx
Mx

(If there is negative gross pressure then it will be corrected


using Teng's Chart)
ex/L =
ez/B =
0,09
0,01
From Teng's chart value of k =

1,652

128,44
Maximum Gross Pressure = K*P/BL =
Net pressure intensities under the footing is given by:
2
KN/m
p1net =
p3net =
103,24
2
KN/m
p2net =
p4net =
15,44
Maximum net pressure intensity =

p2

103,24 KN/m

x=

Mz

p1

Sign Convention
y=
-

KN/m

89,67

KN/m

2
1,87
KN/m
O.K. Less than allowable bearing pressure

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Design Code BS 8110

3. CHECK FOR MOMENT AND SHEAR


Net pressure generated below footing due to design load.

Gross vertical load PY = FY+ Weight of Footing including pedestal+ Weight of B/F

283,75 KN

Total Moment about X = MXtot =MX+ FZ(H+D)

7,94 KN-m

Total Moment about Z = MZtot =MZ+ FX(H+D)

51,22 KN-m

ex =

MZtot/PY =

0,18

e<L/6, No Tension in footing.

ez =

MXtot/PY =

0,03

e<B/6, No Tension in Footing.

Gross pressure distribution underfooting is given by:


q=

LB
=

148,44
p1

43,05
p2

(1

6e x 6e Z

)
L
B

132,11
p3

26,71 Kn/m2
p4

p4

p3
+Mx
Mx

(If there is negative gross pressure then it will be corrected


using Teng's Chart)
ez/B =
ex/L =
0,10
0,02
From Teng's chart value of k =

1,695

148,44
Maximum Gross Pressure = K*P/BL =
Net pressure intensities under the footing is given by:
2
KN/m
p1net =
p3net =
123,24
2
KN/m
p2net =
p4net =
17,85
Maximum net pressure intensity =

p2

x=

Mz

p1

Sign Convention
y=
-

KN/m

106,91

KN/m

1,51

KN/m

123,24 KN/m

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Design Code BS 8110

(a) Check for Moment and One way Shear in X direction

p2 =
122,5

17,85

85,18 103,86

d
123,24

Moment at the Critical section 1:


Shear at critical section 1:
Shear at critical section 2:
Shear at critical section 3:
Tensile Reinforcement:
2
K= M/fcubd =
z= d[0.5+(0.25-k/0.9)] =
0.95*d =
Hence z =
Ast = M/0.95fyz =
Minmum Reinforcement 0.13% =
Reqd. Spacing of 12 mm dia bar =
Provided Spacing =

23,36
121,93
67,66
2,65

0,00765
316,26
303,05
303,05
176,36
520,00
218
200

Design Concrete shear stress c =

( d= D-75-6

mm )

KN-m/m Width of Footing.


KN
KN
KN

< 0.156
mm
mm
mm
2
mm /m
2
mm /m
mm
mm

565 mm2/m

Ast,provided

0,399 N/mm2

Ultimate shear stress v1 =

Ultimate shear stress v2 =


Maximum allowed 1.5c =

Section 3

319

CRITICAL SECTIONS FOR MOMENT AND


SHEAR.

Maximum allowed 0.8fcu =


Section 2

p1 =

FACTORED PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION AT SALIENT POINTS

Section 1

Ultimate shear stress v3 =


Maximum allowed c =

0,212 N/mm2
4,382 N/mm2

O.K. (Clause 3.7.7.2)

0,118 N/mm2
0,599 N/mm2

O.K. (Clause 3.7.7.4)

0,005 N/mm2
0,399 N/mm2

O.K.

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Design Code BS 8110

(b) Check for Moment and One way Shear in Z direction

3
1
d

2
3

d
123,14

p3 =
106,91

117,34 120,13

p1 =
123,24

( d= D-75-12-6

CRITICAL SECTIONS FOR MOMENT AND


SHEAR.

FACTORED PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION AT SALIENT POINTS

Moment at the Critical section 1:


Shear at critical section 1:
Shear at critical section 2:
Shear at critical section 3:
Tensile Reinforcement:
K= M/fcubd2 =
z= d[0.5+(0.25-k/0.9)] =
0.95*d =
Hence z =
Ast = M/0.95fyz =
Minmum Reinforcement 0.13% =
Reqd. Spacing of 12 mm dia bar =
Provided Spacing =

25,62
140,74
75,13
7,98

0,009061
303,88
291,65
291,65
201,02
520,00
218
200

Design Concrete shear stress c =


Section 1

KN-m/m Width of Footing.


KN
KN
KN

<0.156
mm
mm
mm
2
mm /m
2
mm /m
mm
mm

Ultimate shear stress v 1 =

Ultimate shear stress v 2 =


Maximum allowed 1.5c =

Section 3

Ast,provided

565 mm2/m

0,384 N/mm2

Maximum allowed 0.8fcu =


Section 2

307 mm )

Ultimate shear stress v 3 =


Maximum allowed c =

0,255 N/mm2
4,382 N/mm2

O.K. (Clause 3.7.7.2)

0,136 N/mm2
0,576 N/mm2

O.K. (Clause 3.7.7.4)

0,014 N/mm2
0,384 N/mm2

Hence O.K.

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Design Code BS 8110

(c) Check for Punching Shear

UO

1.5d

U1
1.5d

d = average of effective depth in two directions =


U0 = 2(CB+CL) =

2000 mm

U1 =U0 +12d =

5756 mm

313 mm

Maximum ultimate Vertical load on column FY =

191,03 KN

Ultimate shear stress for U0 =

0,3052 N/mm2
4,382 N/mm2

Maximum allowed 0.8fcu =

O.K.

Ultimate shear stress for U1 =

0,106 N/mm
0,384 N/mm2

Maximum allowed c =
(d) Design for Pedestal
PU =

O.K.

191,03 KN

Total Moment about X = MXtot =MX+ FZ(H+D)

7,94 KN-m

Total Moment about Z = MZtot =MZ+ FX(H+D)


Height of Pedestal =
Width of Pedestal in X direction (CL)=
Width of Pedestal in Z direction (CB)=
Effective length of pedestal = 1.5* Height =
Hef/CL =
3,9 <10, Hence Short Column
Hef/CB =

51,22
1,30
0,5
0,5

KN-m
m
m
m

1,95 m

3,9 <10, Hence Short Column

Ultimate Axial Load if no reinforcement is privided


3000 KN
Hence Nominal steel reinforcement as required by code to be provided.
Minimum reinforcement percentage
Area of main reinforcement
Option

1
2
3
4
5

Main Bar Nos


Dia
(mm)
8
20
10
13
12
9
16
5
20
4

0,4
1000 mm2
Area
Link dia
Provided
2
mm
(mm )
1005
6
1021
6
1018
6
1005
6
1257
6

Spacing
mm
96
120
144
192
240

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