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Huawei Safe City Solution

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Huawei Safe City Solution

Requirements & Challenges


Rapid economic and city development brought an increasing amount of security issues, covering a variety of fields, such as
production, livelihood, environments, technologies, and information transmission. Recently, widely used ICT applications
helped city administration personnel better safeguard the public for large-scale events, such as sport games and exhibitions.
Huawei studied the public security industry exhaustively and realized that most existing safe city systems faced the following
challenges.

Limited incident warning and prevention capabilities

Huawei Safe City Solution


Recently, municipal governments worldwide began implementing information and communications technologies (ICTs) and
new management methods. These have laid a solid foundation for the development of secure, stable, and efficient social
and economic environments, ensuring sustainable, healthy, and continuous development.
Based on its in-depth understanding of public security services and valuable experience in ICT system development, Huawei
worked with business partners to provide comprehensive, HD, efficient, flexible, and secure solutions. These solutions could
significantly improve the level of municipal management, allowing administrative personnel to timely, accurately, and
proactively process incidents. Among these solutions, Huawei's safe city solution was the most renowned.
Huawei's safe city solution helped integrate, manage, and analyze information resources. Government agencies were able
to obtain incident information and respond promptly. The solution was an impressive array of application systems and used
cutting-edge technologies. For example, distributed storage and query technologies improved resource query efficiency and
accuracy, and level-6 security protection technologies directly lowered construction and maintenance costs. The solution
used the unified management and analysis platform to enhance collaboration between application systems, and integrated
with these systems to form a comprehensive safe city video surveillance system.

Solution
Video surveillance network: industry-leading compatibility
for PU access, flexible networking, and comprehensive
surveillance coverage
Cloud-based video surveillance: cloud-based storage and
computing technologies that feature high reliability and
low costs
Management platform: high performance and distributed
query, improving system management efficiency by 70%
Video query: support for a wide range of video formats,
allowing platform convergence and unified management
Information management and control: End-to-end security
control, eliminating information management risks
Command center: visual dispatching and real-time onsite
information control
Multimedia trunking: efficient cross-department
collaboration, improving service processing efficiency by
30%
Surveillance and warning: encrypted HD video backhaul at
low bandwidth, allowing intelligent analysis and incident
warning

01

Product
HD IPC, integrated LTE IPC, and codec
LTE, exchange, router, optical transmission device,
microwave unit, WLAN, and solar power-supply system
NVR, VCN, server, cloud storage system (CSS), and data
center
Convergent media gateway, UGW, MCU, TP, IPCC, and
eSpace
Security gateway, terminal security management, data
encryption, and intrusion detection
Intelligent video surveillance (IVS) and eSight
comprehensive network management system (NMS)
Online multimedia management (OMM) and
surveillance center
LTE broadband trunking and mobile terminal

Incident prevention relies on


video surveillance services.
Existing surveillance systems
have limited incident warning
and prevention capabilities.
Video surveillance coverage
is incomplete.
Command personnel cannot
obtain onsite information in a
timely manner.
Onsite personnel cannot efficiently
communicate using different
terminals.
Existing communications systems
support only voice communications.
Management personnel cannot
obtain sufficient information.

High crime rate, difficult case investigation,


and inaccurate information query
Paper-based case information storage,
query, and use suffer low efficiency.

Protection
Control

Digital case information has low


resource usage.
Public security protection requires
cross-department information linkage,
comparison, and analysis.

Query
Management

Public security protection involves


diverse management services and
system interfaces, bringing considerable
challenges to unified management
Different departments have diverse tasks,
reducing the efficiency of incident
management and information sharing.

Inefficient incident command and dispatch

Lack of unified police management

Figure 1 Safe City system challenges


Governments needed to solve these issues with properly design solutions that used advanced technologies and open
architectures. As the market requirements changed and technologies evolved, safe city projects were developing under the
principles of HD, mobile, intelligent, and convergent. Solution providers were required to offer ICT solutions that featured
multi-layer networks, professional service systems, practical applications, and intelligent analysis services. Huawei's safe city
solution featured highly available systems and state-of-the-art technologies, and helped government provide better public
security protection.

HD
Detailed onsite
information and more
accurate analysis

Mobile
Wireless signals,
ensuring complete
network coverage

Intelligent
Intelligent detection,
query, abstract, and
behavior analysis

Convergent
Unified dispatching and
video resource sharing,
simplifying incident
process

Figure 2 Safe city trend

02

Huawei Safe City Solution

Surveillance and Warning System

Solution Overview
In most success cases, Huawei's safe city solution deployed and connected various device types to enhance service
collaboration. By integrating surveillance and alarm resources, governments developed nationwide networks to provide
comprehensive security protection throughout countries. These highly available, secure, scalable, reliable, and cost-effective
networks complied with relevant regulations, supported connections with third-party platforms, and offered easy operation,
maintenance, and management.
Huawei's safe city solution integrated with public and private video surveillance resources to provide live video surveillance,
historical recording query, and accurate intelligent analysis services. When connected to the command and dispatch system,
the safe city system allowed quick incident response and helped protect public security. This end-to-end solution fully met
technological and service requirements and followed the trends of multi-layer networks, HD video, intelligent analysis,
mobile applications, service integration, and cloud-based services.
The solution comprised the following systems:
Surveillance and warning system
Video recording query system
Network system
Information security management and control
Video storage system
Convergent command center
IVS management platform
Multimedia trunking system
These components can fully meet the service requirements of safe city projects and improve service system processing
capabilities.
Convergent command
and dispatch center

Cloud

Cloud

DR center

HD: 1080p

Image enhancement

Fast moving object

HD image

FEC

HD at low bandwidth

No impact on image quality


when 5% packets are lost

Region of Interest (ROI)

Broadband
cluster
Real-time
synchronization

TP

DC

The safe city surveillance and warning system focuses on video surveillance services and can be classified into seven layers:
video surveillance sites, social surveillance resources, police stations, branch surveillance centers, main surveillance centers,
branch user control terminals, and provincial surveillance centers. The system uses the video surveillance network as the
basic network platform to integrate multiple applications in the same city and uploads video to upper level departments.
The system can collect and analyze surveillance information and offer incident warning services.
The solution uses advanced video compression and network error correction technologies that feature Hi-Fi and high
compression ratio. Compared with the industry mainstream H.264 coding solution, this cutting-edge design reduces
network bandwidth required in video transmission by 50% without compromising video quality. The solution can also take
high-quality snapshots in harsh environments with fog, dust storms, low illumination, and heavy rain. The intelligent analysis
module can identify, compare, and recognize objects in HD images, and generate notification or alarms when detecting
exceptions. While most existing video surveillance systems can provide only video recording services, Huawei's surveillance
and warning system can proactively detect exceptions and generate alarms, allowing incident prevention.

Command and
dispatch center
CC

Command
and dispatch

IVS platform

Figure 4 HD video surveillance system

Video surveillance
xPON

Transmission
network
LAN

Wi-Fi

LTE
Data collection

Roads/Intersection

Video surveillance
for buildings/
resident areas/
gymnasiums

Mobile surveillance

Figure 3 System architecture


03

HD video at low bandwidth: Uses highly efficient H.264 High Profile compression technology to compress 1080p video
to data streams whose bandwidth ranges from 4 Mbit/s to 8 Mbit/s for network transmission, lowering network traffic
pressure.

Container DC

Unattended island/
dangerous areas/prisons

Highlights:

Mobile command vehicle

LTE
Mixed power
supply

Outdoor
square/CBD/
Technological
campus

Mobile law
enforcement

Image quality enhancement: Adopts image enhancement technologies and histogram transform algorithms to perform
the grey equalization operation on HD images. Utilizes curve fitting and image edge detection technologies to enhance
the quality of images taken in harsh environments with fog, dust storms, low illumination, and heavy rain.

Patrol and office


Contact and conference

FEC: Employs Huawei-proprietary forward error correction (FEC) technology to ensure image quality when 5% packets
are lost, allowing users to have high-quality video surveillance services when network conditions are unfavorable.

04

Huawei Safe City Solution

Safe City Solution

Information Security Management and Control System

Cities have complicated video surveillance environments, including roads, campuses, buildings, and areas where cable
connection is unavailable. To meet service requirements in different application scenarios, Huawei leveraged LAN, WLAN,
and xPON technologies to offer diversified network access modes. These modes enable large-bandwidth and highly reliable
network connection, and ensure timely and efficient transmission of live video surveillance data. For areas where a cable
connection is unavailable, Huawei uses microwave, LTE, and solar power supply technologies to provide long-distance data
transmission and power supply services.

Huawei offers the comprehensive and multi-dimensional information security management and control solution. The
solution comprises five parts, namely physical security, access security, access control, network protection and isolation, and
transmission security.

UTM+

Secure access
platform

LTE eRelay
LTE
RRN

TSM

Microwave

UTM+
Public security
internal network

Surveillance
center

Wifi

Private video
network

Network isolation

xPON

Right management

LAN

Figure 5 Video surveillance network system


Mixed
energy

Mixed power supply solution that uses solar, wind, oil,


and gas energy, meeting service deployment requirements
in remote areas, such as mountains and islands

LTE

Flexible LTE backhaul bandwidth adjustment (Ul:DL reaches 3:1)


LTE eRelay local video resource sharing technology that optimizes
the core network

LAN

Complete network coverage, quick deployment,


and easy maintenance

WI-FI

2-km beam transmission and 10-km block-free relay-based


transmission
Low construction costs and quick application deployment

Micro
wave

Microwave-based long-distance video backhaul


system applicable to road and tunnel surveillance

xPON

Adjustment to 50-km linear scenarios, substantially


reserving fiber resources

Encrypted
transmission

Video
surveillance
platform

Transmission
network

Access certificate

Highlights:
LTE broadband access, long-term smooth backhaul for HD video, flexible adjustment for upstream-downstream
bandwidth (TD-LTE 3:1), unified network design, deployment, and O&M, and lower total cost of ownership (TCO)
(reduced by 28%)
LTE and mixed power supply system that apply to a variety of complicated environments, such as mountain areas,
deserts, and cities
xPON that meets linear network requirements and supports middle- and long-term large-bandwidth access, improving
transmission resource usage
LAN that features simplified access and deployment, POE that applies to a variety of environments, integration of new
and existing systems that support deploy-and-play, and easy system operation
Quick and cost-effective Wi-Fi applications that support P2P and P2MP networking modes, allowing middle- and
long-distance surveillance networking
Large-bandwidth microwave that features multiple frequency spectrums and supports long-distance backhaul
1024QAM and frame head compression technologies that allow a single channel of carrier frequency to provide 2 Gbit/s
bandwidth
e-Band (71 GHz to 86 GHz) that has a maximum of nineteen 250 MHz frequency points
Distributed microwave that supports a maximum of 14 directions of large service access and convergence
05

Figure 6 Information security management and control system

Highlights:
Terminal access management, using a variety of access authentication methods to ensure access security
Encrypted chip-level data network transmission, allowing secure video data transmission
Unified risk management and network isolation, preventing the system from cyber attacks
Comprehensive right control and management, protecting data security

06

Huawei Safe City Solution

Video Storage System

IVS Management Platform

Urban video surveillance systems have the following features:


Wide coverage: Urban video surveillance systems are usually managed by public security departments at multiple levels
to provide complete video surveillance coverage for cities.
Massive PU access and long video storage period: The video storage period usually ranges from one to three months.
Increasing number of safe city projects are using HD data streams to storage video recordings.
Complicated network structure: Safe city video surveillance systems usually have multi-level, multi-layer, and tree-style
network structures. Surveillance sites browse live surveillance video based on their rights.
Huawei's safe city video storage system provides NVR, VCN, IPSAN, and cloud storage modes, meeting diversified storage
service requirements in different application scenarios. Users can flexibly select storage modes based on the onsite
requirements. The solution features smooth expansion, load balancing, high reliability, and open system architecture.

The intelligent video surveillance (IVS) management platform provides comprehensive video surveillance services, including
live video surveillance, video recording, alarms, intelligent analysis (including video quality diagnosis, behavior analysis, and
facial recognition), intelligent storage, voice intercom, voice broadcasting, advanced e-map, mobile surveillance, and
operation management, significantly improving video surveillance efficiency. The solution substantially improves public
safety investigation efficiency. The IVS management platform has high scalability and open architecture, and uses secondary
development interfaces to provide media resources for other service systems.
IVS platform
IP SAN

Media
server

L1

LAN/WAN

Management
server

IQE server
Client
City
Public security
management Transportation management

L2-surveillance branch
Cloud node

PGIS
City management
platform

Large-scale
intelligence

Intelligent
transportation

Video
inspection

Other service systems


Public security
protection

Client

Smart NVR

Management
Media server
server

IVS platform

L2

Video analysis
trunking

Other security surveillance


platforms

PCG

IP SAN

L1-surveillance center
Cloud node
10GE/Infiniband

Big data
Storage

L3

Cloud data
center

Smart NVR

Smart NVR
Client

Client

LAN/WAN

LAN/WAN

Private surveillance
resource sharing
Cloud node

Private surveillance
resources

Public surveillance
resources

L3-cloud surveillance node

Figure 7 Video storage system

Highlights:
Distributed storage resource pool, diversified storage modes, such as IPSAN and NVR + disk arrays, and service-based
storage resource distribution that improves data access efficiency and lowers system investment costs
IVS + IPSAN, unified surveillance platform, multi-layer and multi-domain management, mature Smart Data technologies,
multi-layer data protection, and high security and reliability
NVR + disk array, simplified deployment, convenient maintenance, and low investment costs, for middle- and small-sized
sites
Multi-level distributed storage backup and application-level remote disaster recovery center, ensuring data security.

07

LAN/WAN

Figure 8 IVS management platform


The IVS management platform has the following key components:
Service management unit (SMU)
Configuring and managing organizations, users, roles,
rights, and devices
Providing interfaces for other service modules and
third-party applications
Device connection gateway (DCG)
Managing the interconnection with third-party PUs
Service control unit (SCU)
Controlling services
Providing interfaces for other service modules and
third-party applications

Intelligent video analysis (IVA) server


Performing intelligent analysis, reporting analysis
results, and generating alarms when detecting
exceptions
Media unit (MU)
Creating, forwarding, and stopping media streams
Controlling recording storage, order, and playback
Media transcode unit (MTU)
Supporting mobile phone surveillance, and
transcoding and forwarding media streams

08

Huawei Safe City Solution

Video
query

IVS services
Intelligent
analysis

Peripheral
surveillance

Video storage

Surveillance
center

Alarm linkage

Intelligent
platform

Real-time
video browsing
Camera
sequencing

VoD

Digital matrix

Alarm query

Playback speed
configuration

Voice intercom

Video download

Linked video
recording
Switch value
linkage

PTZ control

Recording query
based on
time axis

Virtual
video wall
Dedicated
keyboard
Dual display
layout

Central
management
User
management
Organization
management
Role
management

PTZ linkage

Log management

Third-party
alarm access

Device
management
Multi-level and
multi-domain
Third-party
device access
Unified network
management

Intelligent PU
MAU-BA
MAU-FR
MAU-QD

Scenario
management
Video polling
Digital zoom
Snapshot
capture
Mobile phone
surveillance

Video archive
Video buffering
Simultaneous
playback
Frame
extraction
storage

Screen division
Character
overlay

Short message
linkage

Screen splicing

Live video
Linked display

10

Case management

Video abstract

Second-level query

Object label

Data analysis

e-Map
Surveillance site
Positioning
Surveillance site
video browsing
Display map and
video on the
same screen
Alarm site
positioning

Distributed search

Video surveillance platform

Multi-layer map

AVS

IVS Management Platform


The large-scale development of public and private video surveillance and warning systems substantially facilitates public
security departments' case investigation. Video-based investigation has become the fourth major investigation method after
criminal investigation, technical investigation, and network investigation. However, video-based detection still needs
massive manual operations due to the lack of intelligent analysis applications. Public security departments spend valuable
time and resources in checking video clips. If a case involves multiple surveillance sites, relevant surveillance video may have
huge size and require long check period, which lowers case investigation efficiency.
The video query application is a set of professional video and image analysis software that helps public security departments
manage and collaborate video data, invoke and format images, improve video query and check efficiency, and enhance case
investigation capabilities.

H.263

City management

Intelligent
analysis

Object removal

Highlights:
Configuration for intelligent analysis rules and linked alarms, such as audible and visual alarms and access control, when
detecting security incidents, such as tripwire, loitering, and fixed video surveillance
Advanced video query system that supports mainstream video formats and short abstract and label functions, improving
user video querying efficiency
Comprehensive network management system that centrally manages third-party devices and performs intelligent
network quality diagnosis

Network

Video format
compliance

Chock point

Figure 9 IVS management platform

09

RAV

Public
security

MPEG-4

Traffic
enforcement

Intrusion detection

Social
resources

Object tracking

Figure 10 Video query service

Highlights:
Unified video process: Automatically identifies and processes video in different formats, allowing users to browse live
surveillance video on different PUs.
Intelligent abstract compression: Performs time- and size-based video compression. Filters static images to create
abstracts and allows users to briefly view surveillance video, improving video query efficiency.
Object-based video query: Identifies moving objects, such as people and vehicles, and creates indexes based on the
recording time, enabling users to quickly identify objects in video analysis.
Trace detection: Records traces of moving objects and sets tripwire conditions for video analysis, allowing users to
quickly locate objects.
Video editing label: Supports frame extraction during video playback, letting users capture key images for further usage,
use the captured frame as a playback index, directly edit the captured frame, and attach labels to the captured frame.
Incident management: Provides large and reliable storage space, simplifying centralized and incident-based video
information management and enabling complete video resource sharing.
Linked analysis: Processes multiple incidents in linked mode, raising service collaboration efficiency.

10

Huawei Safe City Solution

Convergent Command Center

Multimedia Trunking System


The multimedia trunking system is a professional broadband trunking system developed from mature fourth generation
mobile communications system (4G) TD-LTE technologies. This system has professional trunking-communications
performance, high system reliability, real-time data transmission, and multimedia dispatching capability. Users can dispatch
services using voice, data, texts, images, video, and positioning information. When obtaining onsite operation data, such as
surveillance video, users can import the data into the system in a real-time manner for storage, and interact with other
departments to perform unified command and dispatch, ensuring secure operation, lower energy consumption, security risk
control, increased service quality, and improved enterprise benefits.

Command center
Cross-department
collaboration
Group management
Video distribution
Command and dispatch
Location information

Urban area

Application in diverse application


scenarios
100-m broadband
trunking network
2-km coverage in urban areas

The convergent command center is the core of a city's public command management system. The center uses the computer
aided dispatch (CAD) system to manage services, and deploy a variety of terminals, such as IPCs, detectors, sensors, and
alarm switches to collect onsite information. The geographical information system (GIS) visually displays information on
electronic maps. In incident processing, the command center can obtain HD onsite snapshots that provide more detailed
information to simplify decision-making. When emergency contingency plans are activated, the command center uses the
dispatching system to deploy police and medical aid resources. The trunking communications system ensures the smooth
communications and sends onsite information to application systems to enhance cross-department service collaboration in
incident processing.

Suburban area

17-km coverage in flat areas


430km/h high-speed connection
Quick deployment
CAD
119

Multimedia access platform

LTE

GIS

Real-time publishing

Onsite command
and dispatch

Onsite operation

Video conference
Mobile surveillance

Urban Surveillance
Command Center

Broadband trunking

Figure 11 Multimedia trunking application scenarios

Auto vehicle positioning

Highlights:
Highly reliable and professional trunking performance
4.75 kbit/s and 12.25 kbit/s adaptive multi-rate (AMR)
coding design, ensuring high-quality communication
services and complete wireless signal coverage
Low group creation delay (< 300 ms) and speak
right/speak right request delay (< 150 ms)
A maximum of 160 calling channels for each cell
Large-capacity data transmission
A maximum of 100 Mbit/s downstream and 50 Mbit/s
upstream bandwidth for each cell

11

Low data layer transmission delay (< 10 ms) and


control layer transmission delay (< 100 ms)
Flexible upstream-downstream bandwidth distribution
Upstream-downstream time slot assignment 3:1, 2:2,
and 1:3, meeting large-capacity data collection and
HD video transmission requirements
High reliability
Level-based user and service QoS, ensuring reliable
service access
Mature commercial hardware platform that has high
reliability and stability

Video surveillance

Emergence command vehicle


Cluster communications
Figure 12 Convergent command center

12

Success Stories

Moscow Safe City Project


Urban Surveillance Command Center

Background
110
119

Communications
support

Mobile
surveillance

Communication
support Command center Dispatch
console
platform

On-site
command

Network

Network

Data management
platform

IVS

Call Center

120

Convergent
gateway

TP

Solution

Intelligence
Mobile phone

Fixed
surveillance

Cluster
Voice call

Broadband cluster

Patrol and office

Contact and conference

Figure 13 Surveillance center

Highlights:
Multimedia convergent communications: The solution seamlessly converges voice, video, and data information,
allowing users to centrally process multiple channels of signals, collect data using a variety of terminals, and obtain
detailed onsite information to simplify decision-making.
Visual command and dispatch: Advanced and convergent data processing technologies help improve command and
dispatch efficiency.

Benefits:

13

The Moscow municipal government started to develop the


safe city project since 2002 after witnessing a string of
public security incidents, such as Podshipnikov Zavod
hostage-taking incident and suicide bombing in Lubyanka
and Park Kultury.
Over 120,000 analog cameras were deployed to cover
80,000 gates and key areas.
Most video surveillance devices were outdated and could
not meet service requirements. The local government
needed to upgrade the system to cope with challenges in
the all-IP era.

Protection: comprehensive security protection


Wired + wireless flexible networking, allowing access
from an industry-leading amount of terminals and
ensuring complete surveillance coverage
Huawei-proprietary LTE 3:1 upstream-downstream
distribution and eRelay local forwarding for video
data, improving network usage more than 50%

Management: efficient system management


Cloud storage + cloud trunking, 100-PB smooth expansion,
N + 0 redundant backup, 7-layer data protection, high
system reliability, and low investment costs
Mobile law enforcement, online public security services,
and cross-region and inter-department cooperation,
improving law enforcement efficiency

Control: convergent dispatching


Seamless integration of consultation and surveillance
systems, allowing users to perform visual dispatch and
obtain real-time onsite information
Professional trunking + mobile surveillance, supporting
efficient cross-department collaboration and
improving command efficiency by 50%+

Query: precise crime fighting


"Big video + small abstract" and structured index,
improving positioning efficiency by over 70%
Distributed query, second-level information transmission,
and accurate information analysis, improving the case
clearance rate by 50%

Huawei deployed the HD vandal-proof cameras and used industry-leading H.264 coding technologies to enable HD video
surveillance with lower bandwidth.
The solution provided open SDKs to facilitate platform interconnection and resource sharing.

Benefits
The solution integrates analog and IP cameras to support public security protection, laying a solid foundation for HD
intelligent video surveillance services.
Huawei makes full use of existing resources in solution delivery to optimize system development and reduce investment costs.
The system promotes the development of Moscow's all-IP safe city project and improves governments' the capabilities of
utilizing comprehensive network applications.

Lijiang Video Surveillance Project of Guilin City


Background
Lijiang River is one of China's national-class five-A scenic
spots and ranked fourth in the National Geographic's top
10 miracles of water in 2012.
Unauthorized raft business brought challenges to public
security protection, and illegal fishing damages the
ecosystem along the river.
Guilin's existing video surveillance system can cover only
urban areas. Guilin municipal government urgently needs a
professional and efficient wireless network to provide
onsite video surveillance services.

Solution
Huawei deploys a unified broadband network and 20 base transceiver stations (BTSs) to cover the entire the Lijiang River
that has a total length of 83 km.
The solution installs over 100 surveillance sites on vessels and land-based BTSs provide 24/7 video surveillance for the river.
The video surveillance system allows local government to provide video-based emergency command services.

Benefits
The comprehensive video surveillance system collects onsite information, facilitating local police departments' crime fighting.
Government agencies can instantly respond to incidents and provide emergency command services, such as rescuing
tourists who fall into water.
The system efficiently improves local security environments.
14