Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 35

# CIE5144

Stability of Structures
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Introduction
Spring systems
Euler beam
Frames
Computer methods
Torsional buckling
Lateral buckling

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 1

Examination CIE5144
Exercise 1: frame structure (Chapter 4/5)
Exercise 2: other analysis (theoretical part)
Individual or in group of two students
Deadline for handing in assignments: August 30, 2015

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 2

## Nonlinear frame analysis

Linear approximation model
Geometrically nonlinear rigid-plastic behaviour
Frame analysis according to the regulations

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 3

## Linear approximation model

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 4

Fixed-end member

Approximation model
Single dof

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 5

Fixed-end member

Approximation model
Two dofs

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 6

## Linear approximation model

1. Evaluate normal forces (linear)
2. Define n degrees of freedom
3. Determine nonlinear load due to rotations
4. Compute second order deformations (linear*n)
5. Find determinant upper bound load
6. Evaluate buckling mode
7. Compute lower bound

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 7

Simple frame
Single dof

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 8

Simple frame
Two dofs

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 9

## Simple frame: buckling shapes

1 dof

2 dofs

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 10

actual

## Lower bound approximation

with

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 11

## Lower bound approximation

with

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 12

## Lower bound approximation

with

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 13

## Lower bound approximation

with

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 14

## Lower bound approximation

Summary of results:

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 15

Two-storey frame

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 16

Arch structure

Geometry

Rotations

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 17

## Linear approximation model

1. Evaluate normal forces (linear)
2. Define n degrees of freedom
3. Determine nonlinear load due to rotations
4. Compute second order deformations (linear*n)
5. Find determinant upper bound load
6. Evaluate buckling mode
7. Compute lower bound

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 18

Arch structure
arbitrary rocker member

arch structure

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 19

Arch structure

## Critical buckling mode

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 20

Girder frame

Geometry

Buckling mode

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 21

## Nonlinear frame analysis

Linear approximation model
Geometrically nonlinear rigid-plastic behaviour
Frame analysis according to the regulations

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 22

## Rigid-plastic fixed-end member

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 23

## Rigid-plastic analysis of simple frame

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 24

## Frame with 1st and 2nd order displacements

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 25

## Second order virtual work procedure

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 26

## Second order virtual work procedure

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 27

## Nonlinear frame analysis

Linear approximation model
Geometrically nonlinear rigid-plastic behaviour
Frame analysis according to the regulations

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 28

## Regulations for second order check of column

Check:
Steel:
Concrete:
CIE5144, chapter 4 - 29

## Initial leaning imperfection:

Rotation spring stiffness:
CIE5144, chapter 4 - 30

Regulations

## Nomograms for determining Lb

braced

unbraced

kA

kB

Lb

0.5L

0.7 L

2L

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 31

## Final check of column

After determining Lb

## Steel, nonlinear check:

Concrete, linear check with:

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 32

Braced structure

Mp

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 33

Braced structure

3F

Mp

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 34

## Redistribution of bending moments

In regulations:

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 35