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BANK PROBATIONARY OFFICER

QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE
SQ UA RE & S QU AR E RO OT S
Square : If a number is multiplied by itself then
the product is the square of the number. Thus
the square of 5 is 5x5 = 25

2.

219961 = 469
Find the square root of 59.1361

7.69

1 1 1
1
eg. x
2
2 2 4

59 . 13 61
49

2 2 4
2
x
3
3 3 9

146

1013
876

Square root: The square root of a number is


one of two equal factors which is multiplied
together gives that number.

1529

1 37 6 1
0

eg. 121 = 11x11 = 11

59.1361 = 7.69

10000 = 100 x 100 = 100

Properties of a perfect square

Finding Square root by means of factorisation


When a given number is a perfect square,
we resolve it into prime factors and take the
product of prime factors, choosing one out of
each pair.
eg. Find the square root of 1156

No perfect square ends with 2,3,7,8

No perfect square ends with an odd


number of zeros.

The perfect square consisting of (n-1)


or n digits will have n 2 digits in their
root

Factors of 1156 is 2x2x17x17


1 1 5 6 = 2 x 2 x 1 7 x 1 7 = 2 2x 1 7 2
1156 = 2 2 x 17 2 = 2x17 = 34
General method to find the square root
In the given number mark off the digits
in pairs, from right and then find the square
root as shown in the example below.
eg. 1.
4
86
929

Find the square root of 219961


469
21, 99, 61
16
599
516
8361
8361
0

1 37 6 1

The square of a number other than unity


is either a multiple of 4 or exceeds a
multiple of 4 by 1.

CUBE ROOT
The cube root of a number is one of three
equal factors which if multiplied gives that
number. Cube root of a number can be found
out by using the following steps.
1 . Write down all the prime factors of the
given numbers.
2 . Write the prime factors in the index notation, ie, in a n form.
3 . Divide the index by 3, then the result will
be the cube root of the given number.

eg. 1. Find the cube root of 512


512=(2x2x2) x (2x2x2) x (2x2x2)

3.

9 13
3
512 = (2 ) 2 8
2. Find the cube root of 0.000027

3.

27
0.000027

1000000

13


33

13

3 13

100

3
0.03
100
Learn by heart the following square roots

4.

If

x
4
, the value of x is
49 7

1)

If x =

Square

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Cube

1
4
9
16
25
36
49
64
81
100
121
144
169
196
225

1
8
27
64
125
216
343
512
729
1000
1331
1728
2197
2744
3375

No
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

1)

2= 1. 41421

6 =2. 44949

3= 1. 73205

7 = 2. 64575

5=2. 2360

10 = 3.1622

1 . If x = 3018 + 36+169, the value


of x is

2.

44

If x =
1)

2) 5 5

3) 6 9

4) 4 3

169
. x 0.9
, the value of x is
13
. x0.13

2) 1 3

3) 3 9

1)

6.

9.

2) 1 0

5
8

3) 8

4) 1 5

3 24
x 0. 4 ?
9
2)

8
5

3)

9
5

4)

10
5

169
169
. , the value of x is
x

If
1)

100

2) 1 0 0 0

3)

10000

4) 1, 00, 000

144
324
104

x
?
6
6
169

7.

8.

12

1)

26

2) 1 4

3)

10 1. 82

4) 3 6

? + 44 = 25% of 400

1)

If x =
1)

2) 3 6

3) 4 9

4) 1 6

81
, the value of x is
0.09

2) 3 0

3) 3 0 0

4) 0 . 3

1 0 . The largest of four digit numbers which


is a perfect squre is

PRACTICE TEST

1)

4) 4

196
18
65

the value
7
324
169

484
x
11

5.

Square
256
289
324
361
400
441
484
529
576
625
676
729
784
841
900

3) 1 6

of x is

SQUARES AND CUBES


No.

2) 4 9

4) 0 . 3 9

1)

9801

2) 9 9 0 4

3)

9804

4) 9 8 0 9

1 1 . A certain number of people collected Rs.


125. If each person contributed as many five
paise as they are in number, the number of
person were
1)

25

2) 5 0

3) 1 0 0

4) 1 2 5

1 2 . A gardener plants an orchard with 5776


trees. In each row there were as many trees
as the number of rows. Find the number of
rows.
1) 7 6
2) 9 6
3) 6 6
4) 1 8 6
1 3 . Each student in a class contributed as
many rupees as the number of studnets in the
class for a picnic. The school contributed Rs.
150 per teacher who led the trip. If the total
amount collected was Rs. 1350 and the number of teachers who led the trip was 3, how
many students were there in that class?
1)

36

2) 3 5

3) 3 4

9
55

1)

2)

3) 4

7 5
1)
3)

1
45
4)
11
11

1 8 . If

0.04 x 0.4 xa = 0.004 x 0.4 x

1)
3)

b,

a
is
b

then

6 2.4 5 , the

3) 1 . 7 3 4) 1 . 7 5

1 5 6 2 5 1 2 5 then the value of

1 5 6 2 5 1 5 6 .2 5 15
. 6 2 5 is

1)
3)

1. 38 75
13 8. 75

2 3 . If

2) 13 . 8 75
4) 15 6. 25

4 0 9 6 = 64 to then the value of

2 2

2) 7. 10 14
4) 7 . 1 2
1
equals
2 2

1)

2) 2 2

3)

2 2

4) 2 2

1)

12 3

2) 9 3

3)

3 3

4)

2 6 . If

5 2.24 then the value of

2 5 0.48

16x10

2) 16x10

16x10

-5

4) 16x10 - 6

1)
3)
1

0. 16 8
1 6. 8

4) 3
2 3

2) 1 . 6 8
4) 16 8. 0

2 7 . Suppose you know that 15 is approximately 3.88 which of the following is the best

2) 0

is

-3

1 9 . The value of 2 1 3 2 2 3 is

3) 1

4) 5 1

3 5
-4

(1) -1

3) 3 1

2 5 . 3 15 . 5 4 27 is equal to
2) 6 35
4) 1

2 2 . If

2
5

is
3
6
1 . 3 7 2) 1 . 5 7

is equal to

6 35

1)

5 2.2 4 and

1) 7 . 0 9
3) 7. 11 04
2 4 . The expression

7 5
17.

value of

2) 2 1

1 6 8 1 is

is

81
?
121

11
45

2 1 . if

41

400

40.96 0.4096 0.004096 0.00004096

x
13

then x is equal to.


144 12
0
2) 1 2
3) 1 3
4) 2 5

1 5 . If 1

169
4
1 6 . 225 9

1)

4) 3 0

1 4 . Some persons contributed Rs. 1089. Each


person gave as many rupees as they are in
number. Find their number.
1) 3 3
2) 6 6
3) 4 5
4) 2 3

1)

2 0 . The value of

approximation to

5
?
3

1)

0.43

2) 1 . 8 9

3)

1.29

4) 1 . 6 3

13.69 0.6025 x 37.25 then x

2 8 . If

is equal to
1)

10

2) 1 0 0

441
x
3

225
x
5

1)

21

2) 2 8

4 x

29.

3) 1 0 0 0 4) 1 1 2 5
64
256

3) 4 8

one place of decimal is


1)

1 8. 6

2) 4 . 6 3

3)

4.6

4) 4. 63 6

3 3 . If

4) 8 4

43
upto
2

of decimal is 9.3 then the value of

1 8 2 2 5 1 3 5 , then the value of

18225 182.25 18225


.
0.018225 is
30.

24 81

27
3

20

1)

1
2) 8
4

3)

2
8
3

3
4) 8
4

equals

1)

1. 499 85

2) 14 . 99 85

3)

14 9. 9 85

4) 14 99. 85

3 4 . If

6 2 .4 5

then

the

value

of

3 2 3

3 1 . If

6 2.45 then the value of

3 2
3 2

correct upto three places of decimals is


1)

1. 00 0

2) 0. 99 0

3)

0. 10 0

4) 0. 10 1

3 2 . If

equals

3 2 3
1)

0.41

2) 0 . 4 2

3)

4.10

4) 4 . 2 0

3 5 . The square root of

0 .3 2 4 x 0 .0 8 1 x 4.62 4
15
. 6 2 5 x 0.0 28 9 x 72 .9 x 6 4 is

8 6 when approximated to one place

1)

2 4. 0

2) 2 . 4

3)

0.24

4) 0. 02 4

ANSWERS TO PRACTICE TEST

1.

(2)

2.

(1)

9.

(2)

1 0 . (1)

1 7 . (1)

3.

(3)

4.

(3)

5 . (2)

6.

(3)

7.

(1)

8.

(3)

1 1 . (2)

1 2 . (1)

13. (4)

1 4 . (1)

1 5 . (4)

16.(2)

1 8 . (3)

1 9 . (3)

2 0 . (2)

21.(3)

2 2 . (3)

2 3 . (3)

2 4 . (1)

2 5 . (3)

2 6 . (2)

2 7 . (3)

2 8 . (4)

29.(4)

3 0 . (3)

3 1 . (3)

32.(3)

3 3 . (3)

3 4 . (2)

3 5 . (4)