Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 4

Abstract :This experiment is done to perform an easy practical technical way

to find the resistance of pavement deformation" creep" by an easy


programmed machine called Universal Testing Machine (UTM) the
results showed that the creep stiffness = 16.412 MPa

Introduction :-

This method covers the procedure for measuring the resistance to


permanent deformation, which usually known as Creep. This test is a
British Standard test, and not included in the ASTM, it is used to measure
the deformation (strain) changes during long period of time, to see how
much the asphalt bituminous can sustain in the road.
The Engler viscosity of tar products test used for determination of
specific viscosity of tar and their fluid products, which is useful in
characterizing the consistency of tar and tar distillates by measuring their
flow properties, which considered an empirical test

Objectives :-

To be familiar with creep test.

To be familiar with the Universal Testing Machine.

To measure the stiffness modulus of a sample of asphalt


bituminous.

Compare results with Spec.s.

To be familiar with the Engler viscosity measurement.

Determination of the viscosity of a material like tar or one of


its products.

Material used :

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Sample of asphalt bituminous mixture.


Engler viscosity for tar products:
Engler viscometer.
Cup.
Timer, (watch).
Stopper, to stop the flow of liquid.
Thermometer.
Flask.
The tar (or its product) that is wanted to find its viscosity.

Equipment :-

Universal Testing Machine.

Laboratory work :
There is no standard for this test, and it is performed
according to the Machine manual.

Engler viscosity of tar products :1.


Sustain the temperature at 25C, using water placed in the
cup.
2.
Use the water as the standard liquid to calibrate the device,
fill the cup with water, open the outlet tube, the water will drop and fill a
flask at the bottom of the device.
3.
Measure the time needed to fill the flask with water.
4.
Empty the cup and the flask from water, and fill it with or tar
or any liquid wanted to measure its Engler viscosity.
5.
Open the outlet, and allow the liquid to flow and fill the
flask.
6.
Measure the time needed to fill the flask.
Engler viscosity equal the time needed to fill the flask with the
liquid over the time needed to fill the flask with water

Test results :-

Resllient modulus Vs. Pulses diagram is shown in fingure in


appendix

Creep Stiffness = 16.412 MPa.

Resilient modulus = 858.4 MPa.


Average Engler viscosity for the oil used = 11.54

Discussion :-

This experiment was done by UTM which depends on loads


applied on the sample by a specific rate and time
The viscosity can be defined as the resistance to flow of a fluid,
from this, it can be noticed that this test is used to determine the
consistency of a liquid material (asphalt here), which affect mainly on the
uses of the asphalt.
The errors in this experiment were very little, since the entire test is
controlled mechanically, but they can be summarized as the following:

The Machine may not be calibrated.

The machine maybe wrongly progreammed.

Conclusion :1.
The Universal Testing Machine has very large number of
tests that can perform.
2.
The creep test is very important in determining the
possibility of rutting depth to occur.

References :-

1.
ASTM D 1183-87 p(217-226) D1664 p(461-463)
2.
AASHTO T193-81
3.
The Asphalt institute Mix design methods for Asphalt
Concrete and other hot mix types Manual series no.2(MS-2)
4.
The Asphalt institute A brief introduction to Asphalt and
some of its uses Manual series no.5 (MS-5)

Appendix

Table 54: calculation of Engler viscosity.


Grou
Time to fill 50
Time to fill
Viscosit
p
ml flask by water
50 ml flask by oil
y
(sec)
(sec)
1
14.3
165
11.54
2
14.3
165
11.54
3
14.3
165
11.54
4
14.3
165
11.54
Sample of calculation:
Viscosity = time to fill 50 ml flask by oil / time to fill 50 ml flask
by water
= 165 / 14.3

Jordan University of
Science & Technology
Civil Engineering Department
Pavement Laboratory
CE 444

Viscosity & Creep

Submitted By
Walid Yosif Saab
20002023002
Submitted to :
Dr. Se`ed Abu Qudais