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2015

ENG. LANG. PROFICIENCY 2

B1 :
GAM
ES
AND
SPO
RTS
TASK 1
THE VALUE OF
GAMES AND SPORTS
ARTICLE
SOURCE:
www.earticles.com
(internet)
BY: Dr. Algirdas
Makarevicius

2015

ENG. LANG. PROFICIENCY 2

Essay On The Value of Games and Sports


Games and sports keep one physically and mentally fit. They keep one away from diseases relating to heart, obesity,
mental stress an sleeplessness. They instill in the player a spirit of self-confidence, self-reliance, discipline, justice, fair
play and patriotism. games provide us with recreation and enjoyment.
Games are very essential for students but they are neglected in schools. Even parents do not have high opinion about
games and they want their children to devote more time to studies. India lacks funds, and proper training facilities are
not provided to the players. Sports bring rich dividends to sportsmen. The government has formulated a New National
Sports Policy. Effective measures should be taken to popularize, and encourage participation in games and sports.
We all are familiar with the maxim 'Health is wealth'. According to the World Health Organization, 'Health is a state of
complete physical, the absence of disease.' Academics serve the purpose of nourishing the mind. But a healthy mind
resides in a healthy body. One can develop and maintain a healthy body by actively participating in games and sports.
Games keep our body alert, active, youthful and energetic. They instill in us a spirit of adventure. Games increase the
circulation of blood, boost metabolism, burn calories and improve the respiration and digestive system. A healthy
person can work hard cheerfully for a long period of time, and can face dangers boldly. Games also instill in the
players the spirit of self-reliance, self-confidence, justice, and fair play. They enable him to follow other virtues like
discipline, honesty, integrity, loyalty and patriotism.
While playing games various exercises are performed automatically and one need not join a gymnasium to exercise.
Brisk walking, running, cycling, skipping, swimming and yoga are common activities to keep fit. They also tone up
the body of both the young and the old. Mild exercise are beneficial for patients recovering from heart attacks and
those who suffer from obesity, diabetes, blood pressure etc. Exercise invigorates the mind and the body and helps to
keep fit.
Games provides us with recreation and enjoyment. Soccer, cricket, lawn tennis or wrestling are watched by millions of
fans all over the world. When we watch and play games, we forget all our worries and anxieties. They enable us to
divert our mind fro the nasty thinking.
A player develops team spirit, he learns to adjust with other person's shortcomings. A player respects and follows the
rules of the game he plays. He, thus, becomes a man of principles. Sportspersons display punctuality, diplomacy and
self-discipline. Sports help us to face the challenges in life bravely. One would not be deterred by failures as they are
the stepping stones to success. Such an approach would help one reorganize one's skills and work harder with renewed
vigor, to achieve one's goal.
Games generate a feeling of sportsmanship and broaden one's outlook. They are very essential for the students. In our
schools, however, games and sports are not given much importance. A period of half an hour or forty five minutes is
dedicated to games everyday in schools. Some schools dedicate this timing for games only once a week. Children find
it difficult to pursue a game in the specified period. Some schools cannot afford funds for sports equipments while
most schools do not have a playground. Many schools do not employ any physical instructor to guide the children in
various games. Even parents want their children to complete their home assignments after school hours rather than
play games. They fail to realize that games make children strong both mentally and physically. Many school children
become obese due to lack of participation in games. Obesity puts them in the high risk category of contracting

2015

ENG. LANG. PROFICIENCY 2


diseases like diabetes, heart ailments etc. The education system needs to be reformed, and equal importance needs to
be given to sports and games.

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MIN
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Lack of concern of the general public and authorities is evident from out country's poor performance in international
sports events. In Beijing Olympics, India's best-ever performance by winning one gold and two bronze medals is a
'historic break through' for the country. It is very disappointing that our players win few medals at the Olympic
Games. Even players from small countries like South Korea, Romania etc. are able to win a large number of medals.
We are far behind other countries in a number of games. Moreover, in the absence of funds and facilities, the players
are unable to use their talent and energy in an organized way. For example, hockey is mostly played on grass courts in
India. There is also a lack of training of international standards. The players lack motivation. They are unaware of the
diet they should follow to keep it. Cricket is the only game which is given some importance. But accusations of
match-fixing and faulty selection procedures have harmed the image of cricket in India.
Sports bring rich dividends to sportsmen. Whether it is the matter of getting admission in institutions or getting jobs,
sportsmen receive preference everywhere. Sports also bring fame and reputation.
No doubt sports have plenty of advantages but they also have drawbacks. Some sportsmen lose their limbs, fracture
their legs or get permanently disabled while playing games. Many students take more interest in games and ignore
their studies.
The government has formulated a New national Sports Policy. It promotes a liking for sports among public at large. It
aims at development of infrastructure and provision of better coaching facilities.
Seventy percent of our population lives in villages. To popularize games and tap hidden talent in rural areas, Rural
Sports Programme was launched in 1970-71. The scheme has been revised recently. Grants to sports has been
increased. Sports scholarships are given to talented boys and girls.
Effective measures should be taken to ensure people's active participation in games. The government should evolve a
long-term national sports policy. Children should be informed about the advantages of games. They should be made to
play games regularly. Training facilities for various games should be introduced. The existing training facilities should
be upgraded and expanded. Selection of players for national and international games should be fair. Participation in
sports and games will improve the overall health of the nation and its citizens.

THE
VALUE
OF
GAMES
AND
SPORTS
ARTICLE
3

2015

ENG. LANG. PROFICIENCY 2

B1 :
MIN
D
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FOR
REP
ORT

LACK OF
INTERES
T IN
SPORT
AND
GAME

2015

ENG. LANG. PROFICIENCY 2


Value of games &
sports

Essential for
students

Keep our body


alert,active,youthf
ul & energytic

Health is wealth

Recreation &
enjoyment

No doubt sport
have plenty
Team spirit

Lack of concern
Generate a feeling
of sportsmanship

2015

ENG. LANG. PROFICIENCY 2

B1 :
GAM
ES
AND
SPO
RTS
TASK 2
IMPORTANCE OF
GAME AND SPORTS
IN OUR LIFE
SOURCE:
http://merseamusic.blo
gspot.com (internet)
BY: Rohini Mohan

2015

ENG. LANG. PROFICIENCY 2

Essay on the Importance of Games and Sports in Our Life

The importance of sports and games is being increasingly recognised in India, from both the educational and social
points of view. More and more funds are being allocated for encouraging sports in schools, colleges and universities;
in fact, sports have become an essential part of the curricula.
Time was when only a few students, who were fond of games like hockey, football, cricket or tennis, were allowed
special facilities. But now regular programmes are drawn up in all educational institutions to persuade as many
students as possible, regardless of special aptitudes, to participate in games, and not merely watch matches
occasionally to cheer up their favourite teams or attend the prize distribution functions at the end of a sports season.
Educationists and others have come to the conclusion that it is in the interest of society as a whole that adequate
facilities should be provided, depending, of course, upon the availability of funds, for games and sports for the
country's youth, both boys and girls.
Sports foster friendship and amity. Nor does the belief hold well any more that those who take part in sports or games
would be no good at studies, and that each year their absence from the class or shortage of lectures would be condoned
because they can either attend to their studies or be on the playing field for some game or the other.
It is felt that apart from some exceptional cases of students showing extraordinary talent and skill in certain games, or
students who are expected to be high on the merit list in university examinations, most other students should play one
game or other, not necessarily for achieving distinctions, but for the sake of sport.
Several factors need to be taken into account in this connection. First, physical fitness is of the utmost importance for
everyone, young and old. Participation in games and sports invariably ensures good health, fitness and, generally,
freedom from ailments of various types.
Also, unless the human body is kept in smooth trim and in an overall fit condition, even the brain will refuse to cooperate after some time. Actually, physical fitness is essential for proficiency in studies and for winning distinctions in
examinations. Ailing bodies do not make for sharp brains. Exercise in some form or another is necessary, and sports
provide an easy method to ensure such fitness.
Secondly, regular participation in sports provides a healthy channel for diversion of energies. Wherever students and
other youth participate in sports regularly, misdirection of youthful vigour is much less and the tendency to indulge in
indiscipline and mischief is curbed.
Young people have surplus energy, and if this is fruitfully utilised, the foundations are laic for a healthy society, where
people are fully aware of the need for discipline, co-operative effort, team spirit, the cult of sportsmanship, of joint

2015

ENG. LANG. PROFICIENCY 2


devotion to the achievement of a common goal in collaboration with others. They also learn to cultivate the vital
quality of learning how to work together, to become not only good winners, but also good losers.
Thirdly, the statement that "the battle of Waterloo was won on the playfields of Eton", implying that playing games
and the spirit of sportsmanship help to inculcate lasting values, which make for good soldiers, good fighters and good
discipline, apart from promoting 100 per cent physical fitness. In British schools and colleges, the fullest importance is
given to sports, especially cricket and football.
The result has been the creation of a healthy, well-developed, disciplined and efficient society in which people know
the right proportions in life, put everything in the right perspective, and seldom conduct themselves in an unsporting,
ungentlemanly and unbecoming manner. Playing the game on the playground naturally instructs people to play the
game of life in the right spirit, which is what matters most, not victory or defeat.
According to sociologists, "society gains in many ways when the government encourages sports and games
everywhere, provides playgrounds, the necessary equipment and other facilities, and rewards outstanding sportsmen,
so as to encourage others also to play games. The crime graph dips, which means that the incidence of general crimes
decreases because the right spirit and the right approach to things is developed on the playground.
Sport, it has been said, is not only a manifestation of animal energy of surplus strength to develop more strength; it is,
in addition, a safe and wholesome outlet for the aggressive spirit in human beings.
The Concise Oxford Dictionary defines play thus: "to move about in lively or unrestrained or capricious manner, frisk,
and flutter." This definition, however, also conveys a wrong concept and a misleading interpretation. In genuine sports
there is no question of a "capricious manner"; the aim is to play the game in a fair manner, according to the prescribed
rules of which every player is supposed to be fully aware.
Those who violate the rules, play foul or exceed the permissible limits, or indulge in tactics that are unfair, are
promptly pulled up by the referee or the umpire. Anyone who refuses to mend his ways or to repeatedly violate the
rules is ordered to quit the field and is replaced by another player. This helps to inculcate the habit of respecting the
judge and of observing the rules.
While most people concede the importance of sports in a healthy society and under a good government, there has also
been much criticism, which is fully justified, too, about the craze, enthusiasm and fervour displayed by people of all
ages, especially the country's youth (except the sober elders and duty-conscious officers and employees), whenever
cricket matches are being played in India or abroad and wherever India is one of the participants. Work virtually
comes to a stop in offices, factories, schools and colleges.
Everyone starts watching to cricket on TV, forget their work and duty, in effect lose themselves mentally in the
process; all their attention is concentrated on the ball-by-ball commentaries. At wayside shops, in trains and buses, on
ships and in aircraft, it is the same story during the cricket seasonpeople attentively listening to radio commentaries
or watching the cricket matches on TV.

2015

ENG. LANG. PROFICIENCY 2


Surely, this is not what we mean by sport and sportsmanship. The right description for this habit is "craze". It does not
develop any of the values which sports and games inculcatediscipline and playing the game in the right spirit.
Some observers have contended that there is a close link between sports and a country's industrial development and
the general progress of society. That is why it is contended, most of the gold medals at the Olympics are bagged by
advanced countries such as the U.S.A., Russia and Germany, and Britain too manages to bag a few of them. Of the
eastern countries, China and Japan plunder most of the gold and silver medals.
Is there a link also between performance in sport and a country's military might? Militarily, China is the most powerful
country in the East, but Japan, which matches the U.S.A. in industrial, especially electronic advancement, does well in
sports despite its small size. India is a large country of continental size, and given the proper incentives and the
necessary facilities, this country's sportsmen should do well on the sports field, but whether it is the climatic factor, the
lack of adequate nutrition and of incentives, our sportsmen do not compare favourably with those of the USA, Russia,
Germany and Australia.
In any case, the relatively poor show of our athletes in international competitions does not weaken the case for
encouraging sports which help to lay the foundations of a healthy, sound society. The cost is returned several- fold.

2015

ENG. LANG. PROFICIENCY 2

B1 :
MIN
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MAP
FOR
ARTI
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2
IMPORTA
NCE OF
GAME
AND
SPORTS
IN OUR
10 LIFE

2015

ENG. LANG. PROFICIENCY 2

Showing
extrandinary
talent
Sports foster
friendship &
amity

Physical fitness

Importance of games and


sports in our life

Crime will
decrease

Provide health
channel for
devision

To inculate
lasting values
People will aware
in dicipline, coperative effort &
cult of
sportsmanship

11

2015

ENG. LANG. PROFICIENCY 2

B1 :
GAM
ES
AND
SPO
RTS
TASK 3
IMPORTANCE OF
JOGGING AND
SPRINTING
SOURCE:
http://merseamusic.blo
gspot.com (internet)
BY : Vidyadharghate

12

The Importance of Jogging & Sprinting


2015

ENG. LANG.
PROFICIENCY
2 long rallies and tough matches.
The game of Badminton requires lots of physical
fitness and
speedto endure
Without the physical fitness, a player will have difficulties to keep up with the long rallies and the fast pace of the
game.
So it is crucial to improve one's physical attributes when playing badminton by doing outdoor trainings especially
jogging and sprinting besides other exercises like shot's perfection, weight training, drills, jumping and stretching.

B1 :
MIN
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If you are still not convinced about the importance of jogging and sprinting to improve your speed and endurance,
consider the fact that a badminton match lasts from 20 minutes to 80 minutes without the sufficient time to rest during
each rallies. If a player doesn't have the stamina and the endurance that is really required in Badminton, he can lose
lots
of
points
due
to
fatigue.
Jogging can also be considered as part of the warming up sessions for a player's badminton training regime and
before a badminton match. It is normally done after the stretching. It helps to condition you to suit the badminton
hall's
environment
because
different
has
different
types
of
environment.
lots of hall

physical

It also helps to settle down mentally and reduce the nervousness of the player before the match begins. Top
fitness before his match starts in every tournament.
players normally jog around 5 minutes

part
of warming up sessions, jogging is also often used as part of the training sessions. The trainees
Other than used
for the
improve
normally do intensive
the jogging to raise their endurance level so that when they are in the game, they can sustain the
your
tough
and
physically
demanding
side
of
things.
warming
speed &
up
By consistently doing intensive jogging, it helps to strengthen your legs so endurance
that you can do more drills that capitalize
sessions
more on speed
such as fast shadow, shuttle control, multi shuttle drills and etc. Without the presence of the strong
legs,

you

won't

be

able

to

play

high

quality

badminton

game.

Jogging helps to strengthen the legs by consistently moving in a fast pace. Uphill jogging is one of the most effective
exercises
to
strengthen
the
leg's
strength
and
endurance
level.
Your agility can also be improved. Jogging helps to stabilize the footwork so that players won't stumble all over the
court to retrieve their opponent's shots. How often have you been in this situation whereby the shuttle has fallen a
settle
fraction out of your reach even though you know it's going to land there? If you had been able
to turn or move to the
shuttle
a
bit
faster,
you
could
have downreached
it.

importan
ce
toJogging
stabilize
mentally &
can be used as an addition to a player agility exercises such as skipping, hopping and etc. I would highly
the foot you to jog in small and fast steps.
recommend
Try to stay on your toes or on the balls reuce
of your the
feet while jogging.
jogging
work
nervousne
Sprinting in badminton is chiefly done to increase
&the speed of your court coverage. Manyssplayers
of thehave difficulty to
keep up with the speed of the game due to the lack of speed itself. By having speed, it can create an advantage by
player anticipation.
enhancing
a sprinting
player's
Anticipation is referring to a condition where the shots are unexpectedly taken much earlier. It has a high percentage
of finishing the rally. Speed increases the footwork abilities to be able to anticipate shots.

IMPORTA
NCE OF
try to stay
theto end
ofsprinting is to sprint on your toes. It is good for the leg to have lesser contact to the ground so
The
right
way
do
the
on your
JOGGING
that players canthe
create stronger legs. Usually sprinting is done at the end of the training program so that the
tores
trainees can training
build up their mental strength when they sprint with exhaustion creating the best effect.
AND
program
The very common method used by top playerCreate
is sprinting
strengthen the legs and raise
Students
an up the hill. Sprinting uphill will Facilities
their endurance level because it demands a lot
of
physical
and
mental
fitness.
For
the
record
there are some good
Parents
SPRINTIN
advantage
example
of Top players that often sprints up the hill such as Lin Dan (World Champion1.2006),
Mohd Hafiz Hashim
1.
Attitude
Insuffcient
s
by
(2003
all
England
champion),
Lee
chong
wei
(2006
commonwealth
games
champion)
and
other
players as well.
2. Lack of
1. Emphasis on ecademic
spots
G
enhancing
13
time
performance
Organize more
Dialogue
with
parents
equipment
All these
jogging and
sprinting
methods will definitely improve your game and fitness. Most
importantly, it will also
In the modern Badminton games, speed plays a major role to win a game. Why is it so? Because most badminton
players in the world goes for speed and power to win the game. Speed and Power was introduced by Rudy Hartono of
sprinting
Indonesia which
had won the All England title for the record of 8 times. Without the presence of speed, you will have
difficulty is done
to at
raise
your
game
to
another
level.

SUGGESTIONS

2. Poor condition-

2015

ENG. LANG. PROFICIENCY 2

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2015

ENG. LANG. PROFICIENCY 2

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