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CLASS: M.Sc. ELECTRONICS

St. JOSEPHS COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS) TIRUCHIRAPPALLI 620 002


SEMESTER EXAMINATIONS APRIL 2014
TIME: 3 Hrs.

MAXIMUM MARKS: 100

SEM

SET

PAPER CODE

TITLE OF THE PAPER

IV

2012

12PEL4114

POWER ELECTRONICS

SECTION A
Answer all the questions:

20 x 1 = 20

Choose the correct answer:


1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

A freewheeling diode across inductive load will provide _______.


a) quick turn on
b) slow turn off
c) reduced utilization factor
d) improved power factor
An IGBT has three terminals called _______.
a) Collector, emitter and base b) Drain, Source and base
c) Drain, Source and gate
d) collector, emitter and gate
The firing circuit using magnetic amplifiers may be designed to
supply controlled firing pulses either to a controlled rectifier.
a) single phase
b) multiphase
c) single phase or multiphase d) None
The _______ method of SCR firing is quite elegant and relatively
simple.
a) Firing circuit
b) phase locked loop
c) VJT
d) Timing wave multiplexing
In _______ chopper, both the average output voltage and current
can be only positive.
a) class A
b) class B
c) class C
d) class D

6.

A chopper can be used on _______.


a) Pulse width modulation only
b) Frequency modulation only
c) Amplitude modulation only
d) Both PWM & FM
7. A single phase CSI with capacitor c as the load. For a constant
source current, the voltage across the capacitor is _______.
a) square wave
b) Triangular wave
c) sine wave
d) pulsed wave
8. Simplest method of eliminating third harmonic from the output
voltage waveform of a single-phase bridge inverter is to use
_______.
a) inverters in series
b) single pulse modulation
c) stepped wave inverters
d) multiple-pulse modulation
9. The converter cannot operate in the _______ conversion mode
because the power cant flow from the motor to the ac source.
a) synchronous
b) Asynchronous
c) both a & b
d) pole face
10. In DC motor _______ windings are provided to help commutation.
a) series
b) parallel
c) interpole
d) pole face
Fill in the blanks:
11. Rectification ratio is also known as _______.
12. The solid-state devices are most useful when _______ operated in
a _______ mode.
13. A chopper is a _______ converter.
14. A PWM switching scheme is used in single phase inverters to
_______.
15. The DC motor is operated in _______ systems with the shunt field
separately.

State True or False:


16. The harmonic factor (HF) is equal to the rms value of all the
harmonics divided by the rms value of fundamental component of
the I/P current.
17. Firing circuits are usually connected from line to neutral for
fullwave circuit and line to line for halfwave circuits.
18. Single SCR chopper circuit is simple and used for high power
output.
19. Stepdown cycloconverter works on natural commutation.
20. In single-phase SCR drive, the motor current is also positive
because the SCR does not allow any reverse current to flow.
SECTION B
Answer all the questions:

5 x 4 = 20

21. a. Define the following terms.


(i) Rectification ratio
(ii) Crest factor
(iii) Form factor
(iv) Transformer utilization factor
OR
b. With neat diagram, explain the operation of single-phase
halfwave with RL load.
22. a. Describe the functions of firing circuits using logic gates.
OR
b. Write a brief note on voltage reset control.
23. a. Explain the principle of operation of DC chopper.
OR
b. Write a brief note on Type a chopper.
24. a. Describe the working of a single phase half-bridge inverter.

OR
b. Write a brief note on current source inverter.
25. a. Describe the functions of three phase half-controlled bridge for
motor drive in SCR.
OR
b. Write a brief note on synchronous motor control.
SECTION C
Answer any FOUR questions:

4 x 15 = 60

26. (a)

What is an IGBT? Describe the working of an IGBT. Explain


switching characteristics of an IGBT.
(b) A single phase 230v, 1kw heater is connected across 1-phase
230v, 50Hz supply through an SCR. For firing angle delays
of 45 and 90. Calculate the power absorbed in heater
element.

27. With neat diagram, explain, how the single phase circuit is
controlled by MMF-Reset?
28. With neat diagram, explain the operation of class B and class C
quadrant chopper.
29. (i) What is a cycloconverter? Enumerate some of its industrial
applications.
(ii) Describe the operating principle of single-phase to single phase
stepup cycloconverter with the help of mid-point and bridge
type configuration.
30. With neat diagram explain the operation of class B and class C
quadrant chopper.
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