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# Wrong postulation of Principle of Relativity

## Einstein in “Principle of Relativity” (Remain of article be simplicity as PR) introduced two

postulations. The first postulation I thinks there had not augments. The second one may had a
lot of augments and hard understood. It stated: light is always propagated in empty space with a
definite velocity c which is independent of the state of motion of the emitting body. This
postulation was wrong because of it contained many unsure facts. Let’s discuss more detail.

As PR assuming, there were two inertial systems, one chose as stationary system, called K,
other was a bar that laid on x axis and moved in a constant speed v to +x axis with rigid length

r AB
, called k. At t= t A
, the end of bar A overlaid with the original point O of the stationary

system, there was a light emitted to the other end of the bar B along +x axis, at t = t B
light

## arrived point B and reflected back to A, arrived A at time t= t' A

. As PR, we got two equations:

 AB
tB  t A  C v (1)

 AB
t 'A  tB  C v (2)

When A and O overlaid together, the light emitted at the same point at space, but after a certain
time the A and O separated, how to choose the paths of light from A or from O? Einstein
introduced stationary system and bar system, also introduced Light Source inertial system. If the
second postulation was true, Light Source inertial system can be any speed along x axis, (here we
only discuss simplified condition, if Light Source moved along any direction in space, there were

## more unsure facts created), only needed to satisfy when t= t A

, the Light Source overlaid with A

and O, the situation will exactly as Einstein discussion in PR. After certain time, the Light
Source could appear any points along the x axis, how to chose the light path to calculate the
equation (1)? Because the paths of light were un-sure, the equation (1) could not create or at
lease not such form. Equation (2) had the same problem.

Maybe someone said forgot the old stationary system, considering the Light Source itself as
stationary inertial system. That means the Light Source always rested with system K. It is
already recognized that the light speed dependent with Light Source. Let’s continue discuss
this situation that was a one of many possibility that discuss in PR.

At t= 0
, light emitted from O to B (same as from A to B because of A and O overlaid

together), at t=  1
meet B and reflected from B to A , arrived A at t=  2
. Light from O to B,

r  v ( 1  0) r
 –1 0
= AB
C
, rewrite as  –
1 0
=
Cv
AB
In reflected situation, we assuming at t=  1
there was a mirror at point of stationary system K

that was the same relative with point B of the k system, the reflected light considered as from
second Light Source and clearly rested with system K. During reflection time, the A continue
moved to a new point.

r  v ( 2-  1) r
 2 
– 1
= AB
C
, rewrite as  2
–  1
=
Cv
AB

1
2 0 2 1
( + )≠ , (not the same in PR)

Assuming time spends reverse proportional with light speed and inertial system speed, this
assuming is good because with certain amount distance, more fast speed spends less time to travel.
(C  v )
2C  0  2 
( + )= 1

Similar as PR equation:
(C  v ) 1 1   1 
( + ) = +
2C C  v C  v t x ' C  v t
 
=0*
x ' t
The equation left side tell us, the space x’ of motion system k has nothing to do with time  .
The equation right side tell us, time  of motional system k and time t of stationary system K can
be any forms of relationship that including synchronized or unsynchronized, it is also tell us that
the selection of time measurement determined randomly. we choose synchronized time system
for simplicity calculation, choose the space as three dimension also is for simplicity calculation
and easy understand.

Now discuss the second condition, the Light Source always rested with the bar system.
According O observer, light emitted from A to B (same as O to B), speed C’=C+v

C’*( t -t )= r +v ( t -t ) rewrite as ( t -t )= r AB
B A AB B A B A
C ' v
Replace C’=C+v,

( t -t )= r AB
B A
C
assuming at end point B has a mirror stay with bar system and reflected light from B to A, notice
the speed C’=C-v, similar discuss get

## C’*( t ' -t )= r -v ( t ' -t ) rewrite as ( t ' -t )= r AB

A B AB A B A B
C ' v

( t ' -t )= r AB
A B
C
We can see the bar length not change, the time that the light travels from forward and
backward are the same.

Concluding:
Because of the PR second postulation was unreasonable, since PR created, the augment always
exist, The fuzzy postulation case the augment. If modify the postulation as follow: “light
always propagated in empty space with a definite velocity c which is dependent and relative
of the state of motion of the emitting body”, the path of light will be uniquely, the Relativity will
back to Newton theory.