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Manajemen Proyek IT Tugas 2

Date Assignment Issued: 16th February 2016

Date Assignment Deadline: 23rd February 2016
Lecturer: Riri Fitri Sari
Evan Benedict Zaluchu 1306447360 Teknik Komputer
Manager vs. Leader
Even though manager and leader are two different things, but both of them are
necessarily linked and complementary to each other. In general, managers job is
only within the range of planning, organizing, and coordinating, while the leaders
job is not only focus on the technical things, but also to motivate and inspire other
people. As written in the Warren Bennis composed book, On Becoming a Leader, he
described the differences between a manager and a leader.

The manager administers; the leader innovates.

The manager is a copy; the leader is an original.

The manager maintains; the leader develops.

The manager focuses on systems and structure; the leader focuses on


The manager relies on control; the leader inspires trust.

The manager has a short-range view; the leader has a long-range


The manager asks how and when; the leader asks what and why.

The manager has his or her eye always on the bottom line; the leaders eye
is on the horizon.

The manager imitates; the leader originates.

The manager accepts the status quo; the leader challenges it.

The manager is the classic good soldier; the leader is his or her own

The manager does things right; the leader does the right thing.

In John C Maxwell composed book 5 Levels of Leadership, he described that

a position is not defined you as a leader, and a manager is the lowest point of
leadership. A manager is a leader that people follows just because they have to,
thats all. Most of the manager are focuses on the technical things, and daily task.
Leader is a whole different thing. A leader is someone that people follows, not
because of the positon, but because of who he/s, what s/he has done, what s/he
values, and his/her characteristic. As Dale Carnegie said in his book, How to Win
Friends and Influence People, 15 percent of ones financial success is due to ones
technical knowledge and about 85 percent is due to skill in human engineering to
personality and the ability to lead people. So a leader not only focuses on a short
term thing such as a project, but s/he also focuses on the people development,
which creates more leader.

Project vs. Program

A project is a temporary entity, which established to deliver specific outputs,
within predefined time, cost and quality. A program is a portfolio, comprised of
multiple projects that are managed and coordinated as an entity, which delivers
outcomes and benefits for the organization.
A project deliverables is relatively easy, the scope are small defined, and the
time duration is for the short term within months, while a program, the deliverables
is quite complex, the scope are not tightly defined, and the time duration is for long
term, within years.
Operation vs. Project
An operation is a type of activity such as a project activities, which delivers,
consume resource, and cost. However, they are going in a regular rhythm, and it
keep continues regularly. The operation are ruled by the procedures, where every
people know the specific activities, skills, and effort is needed, and the controls can
be automated.
A project is a temporary and unique endeavor to create a product, service, or
result. The project objectives needs to be deliver within the predefined time that
could be in months, or in years. In project, the roles of every people involved are
flexible and can be replace and switch anytime, as long a project is accomplished.
Product Life Cycle vs. Project Life Cycle
Product Life Cycle represents the amount of revenue a product generates over time,
from its inception to the point where it is discontinued. There are five stages of a
Products Life Cycle:

in this stage, the product is still at its development phase, and it isnt being
market yet

in this stage, the product has been marketed, but still within the small scale
the increase of the scale are happen within the stage
a stage where a product is at its peak of the sales
a stage where the product market start to decline, and usually the company
has to make a market shift and start a new cycle, before the end of this
stage, even just before they reached the declining stage

Project Life Cycle is the measure the work that goes into a project from beginning to
the end. Here are the phases of the Product Life Cycle:

a phase where a cases and goals are created
a phase where the team research for the solution to the defined goals
a phase to run the plan for the goals
a phase where the details of the projects are wrapped up, and delivered to
the appropriate parties.