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Sustainability

Welcome

Arrangements

Slides and Notes

Introductions
Martin Brown
fairsnape
fairsnape@gmail.com
Sustainability

Slides you get

Make notes from

• Discussions
• Flipcharts
• Group Work

martin brown
fairsnape

email: fairsnape@gmail.com
twitter: @fairsnape
mob: 07776234702
skype: fairsnape
Sustainability

AM
Context and Background
Industry Strategies and Requirements

PM
Your Policy and Strategy
Improvement, Tools and Monitoring
Sustainability

Define Sustainability
Construction Commitments on Sustainability

Sustainability lies at the heart of design and construction. A sustainable


approach will bring full and lasting environmental, social and economic benefits

The overarching government and industry Strategy for Sustainable Construction


provides the framework for future construction projects

Each project will develop a specific Sustainability Action Plan which


will address environmental, social and economic aspects and aim to exceed the
highest levels within relevant standards and include all aspects of the supply
chain

Targets, including the business case, will be set within all contracts and
performance will be monitored and appraised regularly

Projects will incorporate best practice approaches to resource use, waste


minimisation, low-carbon performance, employment, training and community
engagement

Development plans will seek to enhance, create and protect the local natural
Sustainability

Economic, Environmental and Social

Triple bottom line

Corporate social responsibility

Fit for purpose, planet and people Economic

Work, Place and Folk (Geddes 1915)

Social Environmental
Sustainability

Green Building

Reduce the overall impact of the built environment on


health and natural environment through:

Efficiently using resources, energy and water

Protecting occupant health and improving productivity

Reducing waste, pollution and environmental degradation

USGBC
1987

"Sustainable development is development that meets the


needs of the present without compromising the ability of
future generations to meet their own needs."

Brundtland Commission
Sustainability

Embrace Do
Climate Change Sustainability Nothing

True, its
happening

False, its
Not happening
Sustainability … Grey to Green
Sustainability

What has changed – why the urgency now?


Challenges we face:
• Peak oil
• Exceeding our ecological footprint
• Global warming
• Global In-balance
• From 450ppm to 350ppm
• Struggling to keep within +2C
Engineering a low carbon built environment
ecological footprint

We exceed our ecological


footprint:

In 2001, the South West


residents' ecological footprint was
27.4 million gha (global hectares)
or 5.56 gha per person.

The earth-share is 1.9 gha per


person.

If everyone on the planet


consumed as much as an average
South West resident, we would
need three Earths to support
global resource consumption
sustainably.
Sustainability
Sustainability
contraction & convergence 2050
Per Capita Emissions 6

4
Rest of World
India 2
China
Annex 1 (non-OECD) 0
OECD minus USA
USA

10Gtc
Gross Emissions
5Gtc

1800 1900 2000 2100 2200


Sustainable Construction

Learning from failures

Ladder of Sharing best practice


Sustainable
Construction Reporting progress

Setting and achieving targets

Stakeholder engagement

Clear business case for sustainable construction

Monitoring and observing performance

Understanding Best Practice

Policy and Strategy for Sustainable Construction

Awareness and understanding

Unsustainable Construction
Sustainable Construction

Apply Plan Do Check EVERYWHERE

Ladder of Present, publish, blog, newsletters


Sustainable
Construction Internally, Externally,

Simple, key, indicators, waste, carbon, costs


Step by Step
transition to a Involve those who work on our behalf
resilient
sustainable Write, why? benefits,
construction
Start measuring, waste, carbon, energy,
future
Translate, use, apply, trial

Write, communicate, promote, leader role model

Attend, read, search, discuss, online

Unsustainable Construction
Sustainability
Who is responsible for Sustainability Awareness?

R Responsible (for ‘doing’)

A Accountable (for ‘approving’)

C Control (goverance, legislation, best practice)

I Inform (communicating, dialogue)


Sustainability
Strategy for Sustainable Construction

What are the implications of the strategy?

What progress are we making?

What do we need to do ?
Construction Commitments on Sustainability

Sustainability lies at the heart of design and construction. A sustainable


approach will bring full and lasting environmental, social and economic benefits

The overarching government and industry Strategy for Sustainable Construction


provides the framework for future construction projects

Each project will develop a specific Sustainability Action Plan which


will address environmental, social and economic aspects and aim to exceed the
highest levels within relevant standards and include all aspects of the supply
chain

Targets, including the business case, will be set within all contracts and
performance will be monitored and appraised regularly

Projects will incorporate best practice approaches to resource use, waste


minimisation, low-carbon performance, employment, training and community
engagement

Development plans will seek to enhance, create and protect the local natural
Sustainable Action Plan

The purpose of a Sustainable Action Plan is to


provide a single document that sets out actions that
will be taken at site level to support sustainable
construction delivery.

Based on Sustainable Construction Policy


Sustainable Action Plan Template

Zero Carbon
Zero Waste
Sustainable Transport
Local and Sustainable Supply
Local and Sustainable Food
Sustainable Water
Culture and Heritage
Natural Habitat and Wildlife
Equity and Fairtrade
Health and Happiness
Training
Legislation
Company Responsibilities
Sus.01 Does the company address local sustainability issues when assembling its supply chains?
Sus.02 Do you have a management objective of upskilling your competence as a construction company capable of addressing sustainability issues?
Sus.03 Who in the company has responsibility for sustainability matters?
Sus.04 Does the company retain a professional advisor or consultant for sustainability matters?
Sus.05 Are the relevant company employees given training to ensure the company's compliance with the Government's Strategy for Sustainable Construction?
Sus.06 Which elements of the Strategy for Sustainable Construction's Action Plan have been implemented? (Environmental, Social, Economic )
Sus.07 Do you develop and implement for each project a specific business case and plan that addresses environmental, social and economic issues?
Sus.08 Will the company be fully compliant with the provisions of the Government's Strategy for Sustainable Construction by 2012?
Integrated Team Activities
Sus.09 How does the company address the sustainability issues within a project with its supply chain partners?
Sus.10 Can your integrated team members meet their responsibilities under the Strategy for Sustainable Construction? Demonstrate
Sus.11 Do you engage your supply chain partners by setting targets for sustainable performance?
Sus.12 Do you ensure your supply chain follows the correct legal environmental practices for their elements of the project?
Local Community
Sus.13 Do you routinely consider the impact of projects on the sustainability of the local community?
Sus.14 Are the impact assessments shared with the community? If yes, give examples of recent resultant changes in design, programme and materials?
Environment
Sus.15 Does the company have a recycling policy? if yes, how is it applied to a) new build and b) refurbishment.
Sus.16 If you have a recycling policy, how is it applied a) within the company and b) by the supply chain members?
Sus.17 Do exchange policies with your materials suppliers exist in practice?
Sus.18 Does the company have a energy use policy? if yes, how is it applied to a) new build and b) refurbishment?
Sus.19 Does the company have a water use policy? if yes, how is it applied to a) new build and b) refurbishment?
Sus.20 Does the company have a non-recyclable waste management strategy?if yes, how is it applied to a) new build and b) refurbishment?
Sus.21 Are biodiversity surveys/impact reports obtained for all projects?
Sus.22 Does the company retain a professional advisor or consultant for biodiversity matters?
Sus.23 How is the maintenance of biodiversity accounted for at a) project planning and b) project execution?
Sus.24 Are all relevant project and supply chain staff formally briefed on the site's bio-diversity and the measures to be taken to ensure its protection?
Performance Measurement
Sus.25 Does the company set targets for overall sustainable performance? If yes, what is review frequency?
Sus.26 Will the current company policies achieved a 20% reduction in resource use in manufacturing and construction phases by 2012?
Sus.27 Is the effectiveness of the strategy on sustainabillity measured a) within the company and b) by members of the supply chain?
Sus.28 Does the company have targets for recycling? if yes, list for a) new build and b) refurbishment?
Sus.29 Does the company have targets for energy reduction?if yes, list for a) new build and b) refurbishment?
Sus.30 Does the company have targets for water use reduction?if yes, list for a) new build and b) refurbishment?
Sustainability

1. Does the company address local sustainability issues when assembling its supply
chains?
2. Do you have a management objective of upskilling your competence as a construction
company capable of addressing sustainability issues?
3. Who in the company has responsibility for sustainability matters?
4. Does the company retain a professional advisor or consultant for sustainability
matters?
5. Are the relevant company employees given training to ensure the company's
compliance with the Government's Strategy for Sustainable Construction?
6. Which elements of the Strategy for Sustainable Construction's Action Plan have been
implemented? (Environmental, Social, Economic )
7. Do you develop and implement for each project a specific business case and plan that
addresses environmental, social and economic issues?
8. Will the company be fully compliant with the provisions of the Government's Strategy
for Sustainable Construction by 2012?
Sustainability

1. How does the company address the sustainability issues within a project with its supply
chain partners?
2. Can your integrated team members meet their responsibilities under the Strategy for
Sustainable Construction? Demonstrate
3. Do you engage your supply chain partners by setting targets for sustainable performance?
4. Do you ensure your supply chain follows the correct legal environmental practices for their
elements of the project?
Sustainability

1. Do you routinely consider the impact of projects on the sustainability of the local
community?
2. Are the impact assessments shared with the community? If yes, give examples of recent
resultant changes in design, programme and materials?
Sustainability

1. Does the company have a recycling policy? if yes, how is it applied to a) new build and b)
refurbishment.
2. If you have a recycling policy, how is it applied a) within the company and b) by the supply
chain members?
3. Do exchange policies with your materials suppliers exist in practice?
4. Does the company have a energy use policy? if yes, how is it applied to a) new build and b)
refurbishment?
5. Does the company have a water use policy? if yes, how is it applied to a) new build and b)
refurbishment?
6. Does the company have a non-recyclable waste management strategy?if yes, how is it
applied to a) new build and b) refurbishment?
7. Are biodiversity surveys/impact reports obtained for all projects?
8. Does the company retain a professional advisor or consultant for biodiversity matters?
9. How is the maintenance of biodiversity accounted for at a) project planning and b) project
execution?
10. Are all relevant project and supply chain staff formally briefed on the site's bio-diversity and
the measures to be taken to ensure its protection?
Sustainability

1. Does the company set targets for overall sustainable performance? If yes, what is review
frequency?
2. Will the current company policies achieved a 20% reduction in resource use in
manufacturing and construction phases by 2012?
3. Is the effectiveness of the strategy on sustainabillity measured a) within the company and
b) by members of the supply chain?
4. Does the company have targets for recycling? if yes, list for a) new build and b)
refurbishment?
5. Does the company have targets for energy reduction?if yes, list for a) new build and b)
refurbishment?
6. Does the company have targets for water use reduction?if yes, list for a) new build and b)
refurbishment?
Sustainability

What are the implications of BREEAM for construction?

What progress are we making?

What do we need to do ?
Sustainability
Engineering a low carbon built environment
Sustainability
Sustainability

What are the implications of the Code?

What progress are we making?

What do we need to do ?
Considerate
All work is to be carried out with positive consideration to the needs of traders and businesses,
site personnel and visitors, and the general public. Special attention is to be given to the needs of
those with sight, hearing and mobility difficulties.
Environment
Be aware of the environmental impact of your site and minimise as far as possible the effects of
noise light and air pollution. Efforts should be made to select and use local resources wherever
possible. Attention should be paid to waste management. Reuse and recycle materials where
possible.
Cleanliness
The working site is to be kept clean and in good order at all times. Site facilities, offices, toilets
and drying rooms should always be maintained to a good standard. Surplus materials and rubbish
should not be allowed to accumulate on the site or spill over into the surroundings. Dirt and dust
from construction operations should be kept to a minimum.
Good Neighbour
General information regarding the Scheme should be provided for all neighbours affected by the
work. Full and regular communication with neighbours, including adjacent residents, traders and
businesses, regarding programming and site activities should be maintained from pre-start to
completion.
Respectful
Respectable and safe standards of dress should be maintained at all times. Lewd or derogatory
behaviour and language should not be tolerated under threat of severe disciplinary action. Pride
in the management and appearance of the site and the surrounding environment is to be shown at
all times. Operatives should be instructed in dealing with the general public.
Safe
Construction operations and site vehicle movements are to be carried out with care and
consideration for the safety of site personnel, visitors and the general public. No building activity
should be a security risk to others.
Responsible
Ensure that everyone associated with the site understands implements and complies with this
code.
Accountable
The Considerate Constructors Scheme poster is to be displayed where clearly visible to the
general public. A site’s contact details should be obvious to anyone affected by its activities.
Sustainability

Can the Carbon Reduction


Commitment address existing
non domestic buildings?
Sustainability
Who is responsible for Supplier Development?

R Responsible (for ‘doing’)

A Accountable (for ‘approving’)

C Control (goverance, legislation, best practice)

I Inform (communicating, dialogue)


ISO 14001 2004

An EMS meeting the requirements of ISO 14001:2004 is a


management tool enabling an organization of any size or
type to:

• identify and control the environmental impact of its


activities, products or services, and to
• improve its environmental performance continually, and
to
• implement a systematic approach to setting
environmental objectives and targets, to achieving these
and to demonstrating that they have been achieved
The ISO 14001 2004 standard expects you to:

Develop an environmental policy for your organization. Make it clear that you
support the establishment of an environmental management system and that you are
committed to protecting the environment and improving your environmental performance.

Establish an environmental management system (EMS). include responsibilities,


authorities, relationships, functions, processes, practices, procedures, and resources.

Identify the most significant environmental aspects of your past, present, and future
activities, products, and services and their impact on the environment

Clarify and respect the legal and other requirements that apply to your organization’s
environmental aspects.

Set environmental objectives and targets for all relevant functions and levels within
your organisation.

Create programmes to implement your environmental policy and achieve your


environmental objectives and targets.

Evaluate (monitor, measure, audit, and review) your environmental management system
in order to identify opportunities for improvement.
Plan Do Check Act your EMS
Plan
Planning:
environmental policy • environmental aspects
• legal requirements
• other requirements
Act • objectives & targets &
management review programme

Do
Check Implementation & operations:
Monitoring & corrective action: • resources, roles, responsibility & authority
• monitoring & measurement • competence, training & awareness
• evaluation of compliance • communication
• nonconformity, corrective & • documentation
preventive action • control of documents
• control of records • operational control
• internal audit • emergency preparedness & response
BS8555 – The Six Phases
Phase 6 ISO 14001
EMS Acknowledgement Certification

Phase 5
Checking, Audit & Review

Phase 4
Implementation & Operation of the EMS

Phase 3
Developing objectives, targets & programmes

Phase 2
Identifying & ensuring compliance with legal and other requirements

Phase 1
Commitment & Establishing the Baseline
Process Flow
Inputs Outputs
Labour
Heat
Water
Effluent
Electricity Noise
PROCESS
Raw Waste
Materials
Air Emissions
Gas/Oil
Fuel Product to
customer
Sustainability

Identify Aspects that have an impact on the


environement

What are the impacts?

What do we need to do,actions and targets ?


Sustainability
Who is responsible for Sustainability Management?

R Responsible (for ‘doing’)

A Accountable (for ‘approving’)

C Control (goverance, legislation, best practice)

I Inform (communicating, dialogue)


Sustainability Route2Zero

Sustainability Industry Organisational


Landscape Timeline Arrangements

Bldg Regs

60% DQI
Carbon Zero
Homes
Leadership
Carbon Zero Carbon Zero Policy and Strategy
Water Code 3 Schools Non-Domestics

M and S Hamps CC – CN
People
Homes +25% Carbon Neut 2050
Processes
100% Govt
BREAM Excel
Wal-mart
Zero Waste
Efficiency -44%
Lanc’s CC – 30%
2020 Resources
20% all Walmart Responsible UK Emmis - 60%
Stamp Relief
BREAM Excel Carbon Neut Sourcing 2050

EPC
British Land Eff Improvement Govt Est London Emmis
Customer
Carbon Neut -25% Carbon Neut -60% 2025
People
Homes Wates Zero Waste
CODE Mandatory
New Timber Laws
Carbon Neut
Waste -50%
2020 Society
2008 2009 2010 2010 - 2016 2016-2050
Performance
Sustainability Route2Zero
Sustainability

Identify policy statement

Identify objectives (from aspect impact assessment)

Identify actions
How How
Policy Obectives Actions

Sustainability
Policy

We are
committed to
….
Waste Management Policy
(we) are committed to continually improving waste waste management in pursuit of zero waste.

To achieve this we will:

• ensure that our activities comply with current waste legislation and that we understand and prepare for
known forthcoming changes to legislation
• continually review our business practices and processes to eliminate or minimise waste
• implement SWM Plans on all projects, including those below the current legislation threshold
• focus on waste prevention but wherever unavoidable waste is produced, ensure re-use on site, re-use off site,
re-cycle on site, re-cycle off site, or as a last resort be transferred to landfill.
• provide regular training on waste prevention and management for staff and our contractors
• provide effective communication for staff and contractors on waste prevent and waste management

To continually improve we will:

• monitor and benchmark our waste performance on all projects and offices as a key performance indicator
• communicate and share our successes and
• learn from and apply best practices
• encourage Customers, Suppliers and Sub-contractors to support us in achieving the successful implementation
of this policy.

This policy will apply to all employees, offices, projects, and subcontractors and will be reviewed annually or
when circumstances change or when legislation is introduced.

Overall responsibility for this policy rests with our (Director) who is responsible for successful waste avoidance
and management and reports to (our) main board.

Signed / Dated
Sustainability

Align your policy


Sustainability
Who is responsible for Sustainability Policy?

R Responsible (for ‘doing’)

A Accountable (for ‘approving’)

C Control (goverance, legislation, best practice)

I Inform (communicating, dialogue)


Sustainability

Waste
50% reduction by 2012

100% reduction by 2020

Need toidentify the real cause ….


Rooting out the
Waste Cause and Effect
5 Whys
People Process
Eg Why do we create waste
Identify key causes
Identify main cause
Make main cause the effect
Ask Why again and Repeat 5 times
Fix root cause

We produce
waste

Money Equipment
Waste
Cost Opportunity

Eliminate

Reduce

Reuse

Recycle

Dispose
Waste

Over ordering
Variation
Quality/Reworking
Transport
Storage
Unnecessary movement
Surplus
Sustainability
Who is responsible for Waste Management?

R Responsible (for ‘doing’)

A Accountable (for ‘approving’)

C Control (goverance, legislation, best practice)

I Inform (communicating, dialogue)


Sustainability

Carbons
Zero Carbon Homes 2016

Zero Carbon Buildings 2019

Need to understand, measure and improve.


ConstructCO2
Constructing
Excellence KPI

How will we
measure and
improve?

www.constructco2.com
ConstructCO2
Code for
Sustainable Homes

How will we
measure and
improve?
ConstructCO2

www.constructco2.com
Sustainability
Who is responsible for Carbon Management?

R Responsible (for ‘doing’)

A Accountable (for ‘approving’)

C Control (goverance, legislation, best practice)

I Inform (communicating, dialogue)


Sustainability

Revisiting endorsement questions…


Sustainability

1. Does the company address local sustainability issues when assembling its supply
chains?
2. Do you have a management objective of upskilling your competence as a construction
company capable of addressing sustainability issues?
3. Who in the company has responsibility for sustainability matters?
4. Does the company retain a professional advisor or consultant for sustainability
matters?
5. Are the relevant company employees given training to ensure the company's
compliance with the Government's Strategy for Sustainable Construction?
6. Which elements of the Strategy for Sustainable Construction's Action Plan have been
implemented? (Environmental, Social, Economic )
7. Do you develop and implement for each project a specific business case and plan that
addresses environmental, social and economic issues?
8. Will the company be fully compliant with the provisions of the Government's Strategy
for Sustainable Construction by 2012?
Sustainability

1. How does the company address the sustainability issues within a project with its supply
chain partners?
2. Can your integrated team members meet their responsibilities under the Strategy for
Sustainable Construction? Demonstrate
3. Do you engage your supply chain partners by setting targets for sustainable performance?
4. Do you ensure your supply chain follows the correct legal environmental practices for their
elements of the project?
Sustainability

1. Do you routinely consider the impact of projects on the sustainability of the local
community?
2. Are the impact assessments shared with the community? If yes, give examples of recent
resultant changes in design, programme and materials?
Sustainability

1. Does the company have a recycling policy? if yes, how is it applied to a) new build and b)
refurbishment.
2. If you have a recycling policy, how is it applied a) within the company and b) by the supply
chain members?
3. Do exchange policies with your materials suppliers exist in practice?
4. Does the company have a energy use policy? if yes, how is it applied to a) new build and b)
refurbishment?
5. Does the company have a water use policy? if yes, how is it applied to a) new build and b)
refurbishment?
6. Does the company have a non-recyclable waste management strategy?if yes, how is it
applied to a) new build and b) refurbishment?
7. Are biodiversity surveys/impact reports obtained for all projects?
8. Does the company retain a professional advisor or consultant for biodiversity matters?
9. How is the maintenance of biodiversity accounted for at a) project planning and b) project
execution?
10. Are all relevant project and supply chain staff formally briefed on the site's bio-diversity and
the measures to be taken to ensure its protection?
Sustainability

1. Does the company set targets for overall sustainable performance? If yes, what is review
frequency?
2. Will the current company policies achieved a 20% reduction in resource use in
manufacturing and construction phases by 2012?
3. Is the effectiveness of the strategy on sustainabillity measured a) within the company and
b) by members of the supply chain?
4. Does the company have targets for recycling? if yes, list for a) new build and b)
refurbishment?
5. Does the company have targets for energy reduction?if yes, list for a) new build and b)
refurbishment?
6. Does the company have targets for water use reduction?if yes, list for a) new build and b)
refurbishment?
Integrated Working Sustainability

From the IPD* body of knowledge:

Implement an integrated strategy


Align with customer strategy
Commit and communicate charter
Supply chain engagement
Maximise information systems
Integrate development, learning and sharing
Implement joint improvement plans
Regulation compliance
Address life cycle
Agree common performance targets
Check and Act on performance

*Integrated Project Delivery


Links, references, good reading … a primer …
Blogs
Martin Brown, www.fairsnape.wordpress.com
Mel Starrs http://www.melstarrs.com/elemental/
Phil Clark http://zerochampion.building.co.uk/
CAT http://blog.cat.org.uk/

Twitter
@fairsnape @robinbrittain …
Construction Directory of twitter: http://bit.ly/U7TFl

Construction Sustainability
UKGBC http://www.ukgbc.org
Edie.net http://www.edie.net
Guardian http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/greenbuilding

Networks
Be2camp www.be2camp.com
Thinkzero www.thinkzero.org
2 degrees http://www.2degreesnetwork.com

Tools
www.ConstructCO2.com
www.EarthExchange.org
www.Builderscrap.com