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ZGO-04-02-009
FACCH/SACCH
Feature Guide

Repeated

ZGO-04-02-009 Repeated FACCH/SACCH

ZGO-04-02-009 Repeated FACCH/SACCH


Version
V1.00

Date

Author

2010-10-30

Approved By

Remarks
Not open to the Third Party

2010 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.


ZTE CONFIDENTIAL: This document contains proprietary information of ZTE and is not to be
disclosed or used without the prior written permission of ZTE.
Due to update and improvement of ZTE products and technologies, information in this document is
subjected to change without notice.

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ZGO-04-02-009 Repeated FACCH/SACCH

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1

Feature Attribute ............................................................................................. 1

2
2.1
2.2

Overview ......................................................................................................... 1
Feature Introduction.......................................................................................... 1
Correlation with Other Features ........................................................................ 4

3
3.1
3.2
3.2.1
3.3

Technical Description .................................................................................... 4


FACCH Retransmission Process ...................................................................... 4
SACCH Retransmission Process ...................................................................... 7
Downlink SACCH Retransmission Process ...................................................... 9
Uplind SACCH Retransmission Process ......................................................... 10

4
4.1
4.2

Parameters and Configurations................................................................... 11


Parameter List ................................................................................................ 11
Parameter Configurations ............................................................................... 12

5
5.1
5.2

Related Counters and Alarms ...................................................................... 12


Related Counters ............................................................................................ 12
Related Alarms ............................................................................................... 12

6
6.1
6.2
6.3

Engineering Guide ........................................................................................ 13


Application Scenario ....................................................................................... 13
Configuration Description................................................................................ 13
Network Impact............................................................................................... 13

Abbreviation.................................................................................................. 13

Reference Document .................................................................................... 14

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ZGO-04-02-009 Repeated FACCH/SACCH

FIGURES
Figure 2-1 The Link Performance Comparison in AMR Voice Channel and Control Channel
............................................................................................................................................... 2
Figure 2-2 ............................................................................................................................... 2
Figure 2-3 Decoding Success Rate Curve of SACCH Retransmission ................................. 3
Figure 3-1 Explanation of FACCH retransmission parameter in protocol .............................. 5
Figure 3-2 Performance Comparison -1 ............................................................................... 6
Figure 3-3 Performance Comparison -1 ............................................................................... 6
Figure 3-4 Explanation of SACCH retransmission parameter in protocol .............................. 7
Figure 3-5 Performance Comparison of Repeated SACCH -1 .............................................. 8
Figure 3-6 Performance Comparison of Repeated SACCH -2 .............................................. 8
Figure 4-1 Window for Repeated ACCH ............................................................................. 12

TABLES
Table 4-1 Parameter List .................................................................................................... 11

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ZGO-04-02-009 Repeated FACCH/SACCH

Feature Attribute
iBSC Version: [iBSC V6.20]
BTS Version: [Apply to the SDR platform only]
Attribute:Property: [Optional function]
Related Network Element:
Involved or

NE Name

Not

MS

BTS

BSC

MSC

MGW

SGSN

GGSN

HLR

Special Requirement
R6 based MS is required

Dependent Function: [Apply to the SDR platform only]


Exclusive Function:[None]
Note:[None]

Overview

2.1

Feature Introduction
When using AMR, it can function normally under lower C/I because the higher coding
robust. Therefore, if the network supports AMR, the performance of FACCH and SACCH

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ZGO-04-02-009 Repeated FACCH/SACCH

are very important for the network performance entirely. The comparison performance of
TCH, SACCH, FACCH is shown in Figure 2-1.

Figure 2-1

The Link Performance Comparison in AMR Voice Channel and Control

Channel

From Figure 1, FACCH and the highest rate AMR-FR 12.2K have the same link
performances. When FER of SACCH link is 1%, the C/I it needs to be 2dB higher than
that of AMR-FR 12.2 K.
Furthermore, FACCH or SACCH will not use FER to measure whether the channel could
function or not. The criterion is whether it could decode signaling correctly. The relation
figures of FACCH and SACCH retransmission and control command decoding success
probability are shown in Fig 2-2, 2-3.

Figure 2-2

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ZGO-04-02-009 Repeated FACCH/SACCH

Figure 2-3

Decoding Success Rate Curve of SACCH Retransmission

From figure 2-2 and 2-3, adopting retransmission SACCH and FACCH can greatly
improve the possibility of decoding signaling message correctly. It can make signaling
channels and traffic channels working to reach the performance of control channels and
AMR traffic channels in the same C/I environment.

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ZGO-04-02-009 Repeated FACCH/SACCH

2.2

Correlation with Other Features


This feature has the function correlation of this features: ZGO-01-01-003 Adaptive
Multi-Rate (AMR) Codec.

Technical Description
In order to match performance of AMR traffic channel to make the signaling channel and
traffic channel work under the same C/I situation. Retransmission mechanism is adopted
for dedicated signaling FACCH and SACCH. FACCH and SACCH retransmission can
greatly improve the success rate of signaling decoding and handover, minimize the call
drop.
SACCH retransmission depends on MS.
If the Repeat ACCH Capability of MS is 1, which indicates by the MS Classmark 3 in
the Classmark Change massage, meaning MS supports FACCH retransmission and
BSS can retransmit the demand frame or response frame of LAPDm; If not, BSS can only
retransmit demand frame of LAPDm.
On SACCH, if the Repeat ACCH Capability of MS is 1, BTS can accept the MS
retransmission request and begin to retransmit, or retransmit actively according to the
measurement report; otherwise handled as normal way.

3.1

FACCH Retransmission Process


According to downlink measurement report, if received signal level is lower than the
threshold,

BSS will retransmit FACCH block after sending the latter 8 or 9 (there is

SACCH frame or idle frame between two FACCH) TDMA frames of FACCH block
containing the first case of LAPDm.
BTS side can send repeatedly any command frames on FACCH; if MS indicates itself
Repeated ACCH Capability 1, BTS side can also send repeatedly response frames to
FACCH.

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ZGO-04-02-009 Repeated FACCH/SACCH

If MS decodes FACCH successfully, find the same block have been received and it has
agreement on protocol with the separation of current FACCH block, MS will not send the
frame to its LAPDm protocol for further handling.
If MS decodes FACCH and finds this frame has not been received before, MS will send
this frame to LAPDm protocol for further handling.
If FACCH decoding fails before and now, the gap between them complies with protocol,
then combine the two decoding and recoding. If recoding succeed, decode results will be
sent to LAPDm protocol for further handling.
Figure 3-1

Explanation of FACCH retransmission parameter in protocol

Repeated ACCH Capability (1 bit field)


This field indicates whether the MS supports Repeated SACCH and Repeated Downlink
FACCH (see 3GPP TS 44.006 [76]). It is coded as follows:

The mobile station does not support Repeated SACCH

The mobile station supports Repeated SACCH and Repeated Downlink

FACCH
An MS that only supports Repeated Downlink FACCH shall set this bit field to 0.
As shown in Fig 3-1, R6 cell phones add some description on the support of ACCH
Capability function. For cell phones not supporting repeated FACCH, retransmission
FACCH messages will receive reject frame.
For the system simulation of repeated FACCH, as shown in figure 3-2 and 3-3, in figure
3-2, if FER=0.1, C/I(FACCH)=5.2dB, then C/I(Repeated FACCH)=2.6dB; in figure 3-3, if
FER=0.1, C/I(FACCH)=5.8dB, then C/I(Repeated FACCH)=2.8dB. TU3/TU50 suggests
the mobile speed which has no impact upon the performance comparison. As a
conclusion, with the repeated FACCH applied in the network, the performance is
enhanced effectively.

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Figure 3-2

Performance Comparison -1

Figure 3-3

Performance Comparison -1

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3.2

SACCH Retransmission Process


SACCH retransmission begin to resend only for SAPI=0 of SACCH message. The
parameters explanation of SACCH retransmission in protocol is shown in Fig 3-4.
Figure 3-4

Explanation of SACCH retransmission parameter in protocol

When MS support repeated SACCH, it is meaningful


for downlink SRO (SACCH repetition Order) and
uplink SRR (SACCH Repetition Request) in SACCH
L1 head.
SR0=1, it means BSS side want MS to resend the
SACCH of last frame.
SRR=1, it means MS side want BSS to resend the
SACCH of last frame.

For the system simulation of repeated SACCH, the performance comparisons are as
shown in figure 3-5 and figure 3-6.

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Figure 3-5

Performance Comparison of Repeated SACCH -1

Figure 3-6

Performance Comparison of Repeated SACCH -2

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ZGO-04-02-009 Repeated FACCH/SACCH

In Figure3-5, if FER=0.1, C/I (FACCH)=6.0dB, then C/I (Repeated SACCH)=3.6dB, in


figure 3-6, if FER=0.1, C/I(SACCH)=6.0dB, then C/I(Repeated SACCH)=2.6dB.
TU3/TU50 suggests the mobile speed which does not have any impact upon the
performance comparison. As a conclusion, with the repeated SACCH applied in the
network, the performance is enhanced effectively.

3.2.1

Downlink SACCH Retransmission Process


1

MS Side

When MS fails to SACCH decode, it will send SACCH Repetition Request to network.
After receiving it, network will decode repetition block first. If it fails again, combination
decode of the last SACCH is available.
If downlink SACCH block cannot be decoded successfully and the next uplink SACCH
block is not retransmission message, MS will set SACCH Repetition Request to send
SACCH retransmission in request downlink in next uplink SACCH block.
If downlink SACCH block can be decoded successfully and the next uplink SACCH block
is not retransmission message, MS will set SACCH Repetition Request to indicate no
request SACCH retransmission in the next SACCH block.
2

BSS Side

If transmission downlink SACCH block is the frame of SAPI=0 and dont send repeatedly,
this frame is the next candidate which can be sent repeatedly. If there is one repetition
candidate and BSS has received the Repetiton Request of MS, BSS will send this
candidate in the next SACCH block. If there is just one frame of SAPI=3 which need to be
sent, BSS should delay to send the frame of SAPI=3 and give priority to send the
repeated frame.

The service access point identifier (SAPI) identifies a point at which data link layer
services are provided by the data link layer to a layer 3 entity (see 3GPP TS 44.005). The
SAPI allows 8 service access points to be specified initially, where bit 3 of the address
field octet containing the SAPI is the least significant binary digit and bit 5 is the most
significant.

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The SAPI values are allocated as shown:


SAPI value
0

Related entity
Call control signalling, mobility
management signalling and radio
resource management signalling (see
3GPP TS 44.018 and 24.010)

Short message service

All others

Reserved for future standardization

When receiving downlink SACCH block, MS should first decode alone. If decode is not
successful, MS will combine the current frame to the last frame to decode together.

3.3

Uplind SACCH Retransmission Process


1

MS Side

If transmission uplink SACCH block is the frame of SAPI=0 and not be sent repeatedly,
this frame is the retransmission candidate. If MS side has one retransmission candidate
and the last correctly received SACCH Repetition Order is set to Repeated SACCH
required, MS will retransmit this candidate in the next SACCH block. If there is SAPI=3
which need to be sent right now, MS should delay to send the frame of SAPI=3 and give
priority to send the repeated frame.
2

BSS Side

When network side fails to SACCH decode, it will send SACCH Repetition Order to MS.
After MS receives repetition SACCH message, it will first decode the repetition block. If
fails again, it can combine the last SACCH to decode together.
When MS send SACCH message of SAPI=0 and receive the repetition command again,
it will resend the SACCH block in the following SACCH period. If a SAPI 3 frame was also
scheduled to be sent at this next SACCH period, the BSS may delay the sending of the
SAPI 3 frame by one SACCH period in order to make room for the repetition.

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ZGO-04-02-009 Repeated FACCH/SACCH

Parameters and Configurations

4.1

Parameter List
Table 4-1

Parameter List

Full Name

Support Repeated ACCH

Abbreviation

RepeatACCH

Description

This parameter determines whether to use FACCH/SACCH


retransmission function.

Value Range

Yes/No

Unit

None

Default

No

Management
Object

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ZGO-04-02-009 Repeated FACCH/SACCH

4.2

Parameter Configurations
Figure 4-1 Window for Repeated ACCH

Related Counters and Alarms

5.1

Related Counters
There are no relevant counters for this function.

5.2

Related Alarms
There are no relevant alarms for this function.

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ZGO-04-02-009 Repeated FACCH/SACCH

Engineering Guide

6.1

Application Scenario
The feature is applicable when AMR is enabled. It makes sure that the signaling channel
and traffic channel can work in the environment with the same C/I so that the
performance of both traffic channel and AMR traffic channel can match.

6.2

Configuration Description
This feature does not involve any adjustment of iBSC and BTS.

6.3

Network Impact
Impacts upon the network
To enhance the performance of FACCH/SACCH, increase the coding rate and decrease
call drop rate.
Impacts upon the NE
The application of the feature will not affect the capacity of iBSC and BTS.

Abbreviation
Abbreviations

Full Name

AFS

Adaptive Full-Rate Speech

AHS

Adaptive Half-Rate Speech

AMR

Adaptive Multi-Rate Codec

BS

Base Station

BSC

Base Station Controller

BTS

Base Transceiver Station

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ZGO-04-02-009 Repeated FACCH/SACCH

BSS

Base Station Systems

C/I

Carrier/Interference

FACCH

Fast Associated Control Channel

FER

Frame Error Rate

FR

Full Rate

HR

Half Rate

LAPDm

Link Access Protocol on the Dm Channel

SACCH

Slow Associated Control Channel

MOS

Mean Opinion Score

MS

Mobile Station

TCH

Traffic Channel

TDMA

Time Division Multiple Access

Reference Document
[None]

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