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INSTALLATION, OPERATION, AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL

CPP
Horizontal End Suction, Heavy Duty, Single Stage ANSI
Chemical Process Pump

ANSI/ASME B73.1 2001

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HorizontalEndSuction,HeavyDuty,SingleStageANSIChemicalProcessPump,ASMEB73.12001
Installation,Operation,andMaintenanceManualCPP

FOREWORD

These units are horizontal process pumps of the overhung power frame configuration and identified by
RuhrpumpenasCPP.Thispumpfamilyisdividedintodifferentlines:theCPPlinemeetstheANSI/ASMEB73.1
2001requirements,andtheCPPLlineisasolutionforlowflowandhighheadapplications.
It is recommended that the services of a Ruhrpumpen installation technician be employed for the installation
and initial starting of the pump. Such service will help to ensure the user that the equipment is properly
installed,andwillprovideanexcellentopportunityfortheplantoperatortoreceiveusefultipsandguidelines
relative to the unit. The tools and/or equipment referenced in this manual are not supplied by Ruhrpumpen
unlessspecificallyordered.Thispumpdesigncanbeservicedwithstandardmaintenancetools.
Instructions in this manual are written for trained, experienced technicians who are familiar with the basic
principles and tools involved in the installation, care and service of a pump and who, as part of their trade
education have acquired the ability to interpret and follow the detailed specifications required for such
installation,care,andservice.Successfuloperationoftheunitisdependentoncarefulstudyofthemanualand
awellplannedmaintenanceprogram.
A complete reading of this manual by personnel in contact with the pump is essential to safety. Incorrect
installation, operation or maintenance can result in personal injury or death to personnel and damage to the
pumpandplant.
Before performing any service function be certain that the unit is separate from its power source or that the
powersourceislockedouttopreventanyformofenergyfromenteringtheequipment.
Contact with hot surfaces of the pump can cause severe burns. Care must be taken where such surfaces are
exposed.Caremustalsobetakentopreventignitionofflammablefluidsorothermaterial.
Information in this manual is believed to be reliable, but it is not guaranteed by Ruhrpumpen as to its
completenessoraccuracy.

2014Ruhrpumpen
AllRightsReserved.

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CONTENTS

SECTIONONEPRODUCTDESCRIPTION...................................................................................................................6
1.1INTRODUCTION...............................................................................................................................................6
1.2PUMPCASE,IMPELLER,ANDWEARRINGS.....................................................................................................7
1.2.1PumpCase................................................................................................................................................7
1.2.2ImpellerandWearRings..........................................................................................................................7
1.3CASECOVER.....................................................................................................................................................7
1.4BEARINGFRAME..............................................................................................................................................8
SECTIONTWOSAFETY...........................................................................................................................................10
2.1IDENTIFICATIONOFSAFETYINSTRUCTIONSINTHEOPERATINGMANUAL..................................................10
2.2QUALIFICATIONANDTRAININGOFOPERATINGPERSONNEL......................................................................10
2.3HAZARDSINTHEEVENTOFNONCOMPLIANCEWITHTHESAFETYINSTRUCTIONS....................................11
2.4COMPLIANCEWITHREGULATIONSPERTAININGTOSAFETYATWORK........................................................11
2.5SAFETYINSTRUCTIONSRELEVANTFOROPERATION.....................................................................................11
2.6SAFETYINSTRUCTIONSRELEVANTFORMAINTENANCE,INSPECTIONANDASSEMBLYWORK....................11
2.7UNAUTHORIZEDALTERATIONSANDSPAREPARTS.......................................................................................12
2.8UNAUTHORIZEDMODESOFOPERATION......................................................................................................12
SECTIONTHREETRANSPORT&STORAGE.............................................................................................................13
3.1SHIPPINGARRANGEMENTS...........................................................................................................................13
3.2UNLOADINGANDCHECKINGEQUIPMENT....................................................................................................13
3.3TRANSPORT...................................................................................................................................................13
3.4STORING........................................................................................................................................................14
3.5CONSERVATION.............................................................................................................................................17
SECTIONFOURINSTALLATION..............................................................................................................................18
4.1CONCRETEFOUNDATIONPREPARATION......................................................................................................18
4.2LEVELINGBASEPLATE....................................................................................................................................19
4.3GROUTING*...................................................................................................................................................22
4.3.1Equipment/MaterialRequired...............................................................................................................22
4.3.2GroutingPrecautions..............................................................................................................................22
4.3.3GroutingProcedure................................................................................................................................22

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SECTIONFIVEPIPINGANDALIGNMENT................................................................................................................25
5.1PIPINGTHESYSTEM.......................................................................................................................................25
5.2ALIGNMENT*................................................................................................................................................28
5.3MOUNTINGBLOCKSORPEDESTALS..............................................................................................................37
SECTIONSIXLUBRICATION....................................................................................................................................40
6.1OILLUBRICATION...........................................................................................................................................40
6.1.1RecommendedLubricant.......................................................................................................................40
6.1.2.MethodofApplication...........................................................................................................................40
6.1.3Quantity..................................................................................................................................................40
6.1.4OptionalCoolingCoil..............................................................................................................................41
6.1.5Maintenance...........................................................................................................................................42
6.2PUREOILMISTDRYSUMP............................................................................................................................42
6.3PURGEOILMISTWETSUMP.........................................................................................................................43
6.4OILCHANGE...................................................................................................................................................44
SECTIONSEVENOPERATION.................................................................................................................................45
7.1PRIMING........................................................................................................................................................45
7.2STARTUP........................................................................................................................................................45
7.3OPERATINGCHECK........................................................................................................................................47
7.4DOWELING(OPTIONAL).................................................................................................................................48
7.5STOPPING......................................................................................................................................................49
7.6SHORTTERMSHUTDOWN............................................................................................................................49
7.7LONGTERMSHUTDOWN..............................................................................................................................50
SECTIONEIGHTMAINTENANCE............................................................................................................................51
8.1DISASSEMBLY.................................................................................................................................................51
8.2INSPECTIONANDCLEANING.........................................................................................................................52
8.3REASSEMBLY..................................................................................................................................................53
8.3.1CPP..........................................................................................................................................................53
8.3.2CPPL.......................................................................................................................................................70
8.3.2.1CPPLImpellerClearanceAdjustment.................................................................................................79
8.3.3CouplingGuardAssembly.......................................................................................................................81
8.3.4CFrameAssembly..................................................................................................................................84
SECTIONNINESPAREPARTS.................................................................................................................................88

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SECTIONTENPARTSINFORMATION.....................................................................................................................90
SECTIONELEVENTROUBLESHOOTINGCHART......................................................................................................95

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SECTIONONEPRODUCTDESCRIPTION

Theseoperatinginstructionscontainimportantinformationabouttheinstallation,operationandserviceofthe
unit. It is therefore imperative that the installing engineer and the responsible specialist/operating personnel
readandunderstandtheseoperatinginstructionsbeforeinstallationandcommencementofoperation.
Thismanualmustalwaysbeavailableintheoperationalareaofthemachine/plant.
Please contact a Ruhrpumpen representative should problems arise. The pump may only be opened by a
Ruhrpumpenapprovedtechnicianduringtheguaranteeperiod.
Incaseofqueries,pleasehaveyourprojectnumberandtypedesignationofthepumpavailable.Youcanfind
bothoftheseonthefirstpageoftheseoperatinginstructionsorontheratingplatefixedtothepump.
When ordering spare parts we would further request that you give the description of the required parts,
togetherwiththeirpartnumbersandidentitynumbers.Youcanfindtheseonthesectionaldrawingandspare
partlistenclosed.

1.1INTRODUCTION
Ruhrpumpen pumps of type CPP are centrifugal pumps of the horizontal, vertically (radially) split case, foot
mounted heavyduty construction with an overhung impeller, and are designed to meet the requirements of
ANSI/ASME B73.1 2001. These pumps are designed for continuous duty pumping of various fluids with
combinations of metallurgical, mechanical, and installation features for application in water, chemical and
industrialservice.
TheCPPisasinglestage,endsuctionpump.Forthesepumps,rotationisclockwiseasviewedfromthedriver
(coupling)end.
Aspacercouplingisprovidedforaccessibilityofserviceandmaintenance.Thespacerpermitsbackpullout,that
is,completeremovaloftherotatingelementwithoutdisturbingthepipingordriver.
Thefollowinginformationisincludedinthenameplateofyourpumpunit:

Serialnumber
RPM
Head
Capacity
Impellerdiameter

Please provide the pump Serial number when ordering parts; the information in the nameplate is relevant in
somesectionsofthismanualtoensuresafeoperationofthispump.

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1.2PUMPCASE,IMPELLER,ANDWEARRINGS
1.2.1PumpCase
Thepumpcaseisfeetmounted.

1.2.2ImpellerandWearRings
Theimpellerisdynamicallybalanced.Thebalancingiseithersingleortwoplane,tomeettherequirementsof
ISO1940Grade6.3.Theimpelleristhreadedtotheshaft.

1.3CASECOVER
The case cover is designed to accept a wide variety of single or double mechanical seals and to comply with
ASMEB73.12001dimensionalrequirements.
Whenthepumpisorderedwiththecoolingjacketoption,thecasecoverisspeciallymachinedwithconnections
foracoolingliquid.Thisisshownonthenextfigure.

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OUTLET

INLET

OUTLET
14 NPT
OUTLET

INLET
INLET
14 NPT

Figure1.1Coolingjacketspecialmachiningoncasecover.

Please identify correctly the inlet and outlet connections for the coolants piping when installing the auxiliary
pipingforthepump.Bothconnectionsareinch14NPT.

1.4BEARINGFRAME
Thebearingframe,whichalsoservesasalargereservoirforoillubrication,enclosesthetwoballtypeangular
contactthrustanddeepgrooveballradialbearings.Thebearingframe,closedateachendbyacoverandlip
sealorlabyrinthseal,iscastwithfinsforaircoolingbutoptionalwatercoolingisavailable.

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HorizontalEndSuction,HeavyDuty,SingleStageANSIChemicalProcessPump,ASMEB73.12001
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Frame

Radial(Deepgrooveballbearing,
singlerow)

Thrust(Angularcontactball
bearing,doublerow)

10*

6208

5307NR

30A

6310

5310NR

30B*

6311

5310NR

50

6314

5314NR

*InCPPLpumpline,thrustbearingsforframes10and30Bare5307and5310respectively.
Whenpurgeorpureoilmistisspecified,appropriateconnectionswillbeidentifiedonthebearingframe.See
SECTIONSIXLUBRICATIONformoredetails.
Whenwatercoolingisspecified,acoolingcoilisused.

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SECTIONTWOSAFETY

This operation manual gives basic instructions that should be observed during installation, operation and
maintenance of the pump. It is therefore imperative that this manual be read by the responsible
personnel/operator prior to assembly and commissioning. It must always be kept available at the installation
site. Not only are the general safety instructions contained under this SECTION TWO SAFETY that must be
observedbutalsothespecificinformationprovidedinothersections.

2.1IDENTIFICATIONOFSAFETYINSTRUCTIONSINTHEOPERATINGMANUAL
Safetyinstructionsgiveninthismanualwhosenoncompliancewouldaffectpersonalandequipmentsafetyare
identifiedbythefollowingsymbol.

Whereelectricalsafetyisinvolved,thefollowingsymbolisshown.

The
symbol is inserted in safety instructions whenever noncompliance might endanger the
machineoritsfunction.
Itisimperativethatsignsaffixedtothemachineareobservedandkeptlegible,forexample:

arrowindicatingthedirectionofrotation

symbolsindicatingfluidconnections

2.2QUALIFICATIONANDTRAININGOFOPERATINGPERSONNEL
Thepersonnelresponsibleforoperation,maintenance,inspectionandassemblymustbeadequatelyqualified.
Theresponsibilitiesandsupervisionofthepersonnelmustbeexactlydefinedbytheplantoperator.Ifthestaff
doesnothavethenecessaryknowledge,theymustbetrainedandinstructed.Trainingmaybeperformedbya
Ruhrpumpenrepresentativeonbehalfoftheplantoperator.Moreover,theplantoperatoristomakesurethat
thecontentsoftheoperatingmanualarefullyunderstoodbythepersonnel.

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2.3HAZARDSINTHEEVENTOFNONCOMPLIANCEWITHTHESAFETYINSTRUCTIONS
Noncompliancewiththesafetyinstructionsmayproducearisktothepersonnelaswellastotheenvironment
andtheunitandresultsinlossofanyrighttoclaimdamages.

Noncompliancemayinvolvethefollowinghazards:

Riskofinjuryordeath.

Failureofimportantfunctionsofthemachine/plant.

Exposureofpeopletoelectrical,mechanical,chemical,andthermalhazards.

Endangeringordamagingtheenvironmentduetohazardoussubstancesbeingreleased.

2.4COMPLIANCEWITHREGULATIONSPERTAININGTOSAFETYATWORK
When operating the pump, the safety instructions contained in this manual, the relevant national accident
prevention regulations, local and federal health and safety regulations, quality system requirements, and any
otherserviceandsafetyinstructionsissuedbytheplantoperatormustbeobserved.

2.5SAFETYINSTRUCTIONSRELEVANTFOROPERATION

If hot or cold machine components involve hazards, they must be guarded


againstaccidentalcontact(attachwarningsigns).

Guardsformovingparts(e.g.coupling)mustnotberemovedfromthemachine
whileinoperation(mountingmustbepossibleonlywithtools).

Any leakage of hazardous fluids must be drained away to prevent any risk to
personsortheenvironment.Statutoryregulationsaretobecompliedwith.

Hazardsresultingfromelectricitymustbeprevented.

2.6SAFETYINSTRUCTIONSRELEVANTFORMAINTENANCE,INSPECTIONANDASSEMBLYWORK
It is the plant operator's responsibility to ensure that all maintenance, inspection and assembly work is
performedbyauthorizedandqualifiedpersonnelwhohaveadequatelyfamiliarizedthemselveswiththesubject

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inmatterbystudyingthismanualindetail.
Any work on the machine shall only be performed when it is at a standstill. To shut off the machine it is
imperativetofollowtheprocedureforshuttingdownthemachineasdescribedinSECTION7.5STOPPING.
Pumpsandpumpunitsthatconveyhazardousmaterialsmustbedecontaminatedbeforeanymaintenancework
isperformed.
Oncompletionofworkallsafetyandprotectivefacilitiesmustbereinstalledandmadeoperativeagain.
Priortorestartingthemachine,followtheinstructionslistedunder SECTION 7.2STARTUP.

2.7UNAUTHORIZEDALTERATIONSANDSPAREPARTS
ModificationsmaybemadetothemachineonlyafterconsultationwithaRuhrpumpenrepresentative.
UsingsparepartsandaccessoriesauthorizedbyRuhrpumpenisintheinterestofsafety.Theuseofpartsnot
authorizedbythedealerexemptthemanufacturerfromanyliability,voidingthewarranty.

2.8UNAUTHORIZEDMODESOFOPERATION
Thereliabilityofthemachineisguaranteedifandonlyifitisusedintheintendedmanner,inaccordancewith
the statutes of this manual. The limit values specified in the data sheet must never be exceeded under any
circumstance.

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SECTIONTHREETRANSPORT&STORAGE

3.1SHIPPINGARRANGEMENTS
Thepump,couplinghub,anddriveraregenerallyshippedmountedonthebaseplate.
A wooden skid is furnished for support and ease of transportation. Other required items (e.g. coupling,
hardware,spareparts,etc.)areboxedorsecuredtotheskid.

3.2UNLOADINGANDCHECKINGEQUIPMENT
Thefollowingstepsshouldbecompletedforallpumpswhenreceived.
1. Handleallequipmentcarefully.
1. Removeunitonlybyproperlysupportingthewoodenshippingskid.
2. Afterunloading,inspectthepump,checktheshipmentagainstthepackinglist,andreportdamagesor
shortagesimmediatelytofreightcarrierandtothedesignatedRuhrpumpenrepresentative.

Donotplaceliftingrigaroundbearingframeorunderbaseplate.Donotusethe
eyeboltatthetopofpumpandbearingframetoliftunit.

Toavoiddamage,theunitmustbetransportedandhandledwithcare.Itshould
begentlyloweredontoanevensurface.Payattentiontoandindentifythesigns
marking the points of equilibrium and fastening places for ropes, or the
openingsforforklifttrucks.

3.3TRANSPORT

Observetheplantssafetyprecautionswhenliftingheavycomponents.

When transporting with a crane, the rope should be slung round the unit as
shownbelowinFigure3.1.

Theropeshouldnotbeslungaroundthelugsattachedtothemotororaround
thelugsattachedtothepump.

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Figure3.1.Correctpositionoftheliftingropesorchains,sideviewwithoutandwithCFrame.

3.4STORING
Ifthepumpisnotinstalledimmediately(withinonemonthaftershippingdate),itshouldbesafelystoredprior
toinstallationinadrylocationfreeofdirtandgrit.Furthermore,thepumpunit(pump,driver,etc.)shouldnot
besubjecttosuddentemperaturechangesorvibrations.
Observethefollowingsteps:
1. Removepumpfromshippingcrate,butdonotdamagethecratebecausetheunitistobereboxed.
2. Removeallinstrumentsandmechanicalseal;storethemsafely.

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3. Plugtheinstrumenttaps.
4. Thoroughlydrythepumpwithhotair.
5. Anypaintedsurfacedamagedinshipmentshouldberepaintedorsprayedwithoil.
6. Keepthepumpmoisturefreebythefollowingtwomeans:
a. Spraythepumpcase,bearingframewithacidfree,moisturefree,protectiveoilorkerosene.
b. Placedesiccantorhumidorbagsinsidethesuctionanddischargeareasofthepump.

Attach red tags with a Remove Moisture Absorbent Material Bags Prior to
Installingtowarnaboutthepresenceofthisdesiccantmaterial.

7. Cover all the openings with plywood or metal covers. Recheck the condition of these covers every
monthandreplaceasnecessary.
8. If the pumps external parts have protective coatings, periodically inspect and renew the coating as
required.
9. Rotatetheshaft1revolutionseveryweek.Lubricateshaftbearingspriortorotation.

The client must keep a record of the weekly rotation of the shaft. Failure to
documentandpresenttheserecordsasevidencewillvoidthewarranty.

10. Checkthepackagingfordamageeverymonth.
11. Ensurepumpflangecoversremaininplace.
12. Returntheunittotheshippingcrate.
13. Whenthepumpistobeinstalled,removealltheprotectivecoatingsanddesiccantordrainalloils.
Onemonthbeforeinstallation,aRuhrpumpenrepresentativeshouldbeemployedtoconductafinalinspection.
Toproperlystorethemotor(driver)forperiodslongerthanonemonth,followthesesteps:
1. Store the motor in a clean, dry area,or cover it with a loose tarp (the tarp must be loose in order to
preventcondensation).
2. Exerciseprecautionstoavoidtransitornestingofrodents,snakes,birds,andinsects.
3. Inspectand,ifnecessary,recoattherustpreventivecoatingofexternalmachinedsurfaces.
4. Fillwithlubricantthegreaselubricatedcavitiesofthemotor,butfirstremovethedrainplugandfillthe
cavityuntilthegreasestartstopurge.

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Follow the instruction manual of the driver manufacturer to ensure the


lubricationisperformedproperly.

5. Upon receipt, considering that the oillubricated drivers are not shipped oilfilled, fill the reservoir to
maximumlevelwithproperlyselectedoilwithrustandcorrosioninhibitors.

Alwaysdraintheoilbeforemovingthepump,toavoidanydamages,andrefill
themotoronitsnewlocation.

6. Rotatetheshaftofthemotoronceamonth.
7. Someformofheatingmustbeusedtopreventcondensation.Thisheatingshouldmaintainthewinding
temperatureataminimumof9F(5C)abovethesurroundingambienttemperature.Therearethree
options:
o

Ifspaceheatersaresupplied,theyshouldbeenergized.

Ifnoneareavailable,singlephaseortrickleheatingmaybeutilizedbyenergizingonephaseofthe
motorswindingswithalowvoltage,producingheatinthewindingconductor.

Request the required voltage and transformer capacity from the driver
manufacturer.

Athirdoptionistouseanauxiliaryheatsourceandkeepthewindingswarmbyeitherconvectionor
blowingwarmdryairintothemotor.

Becarefulnottooverheat,sincekeepingthetemperatureofthemotorframe
9F(5C)abovethesurroundingambienttemperatureissufficient.

Afterthestoringperiod,followthenextstepsasstartuppreparations:
1. MotorshouldbethoroughlyinspectedandcleanedtorestoretoanAsShippedcondition.
2. Motors,whichhavebeensubjectedtovibration,mustbedisassembledandeachbearinginspectedfor
damage.
3. Oil and/or grease must be completely changed using lubricants and methods recommended on the
motor'slubricationplate,intheLUBRICATIONsectionofthedrivermanufacturersmanual.
4. If storage has exceeded one year, the motor manufacturers Quality Assurance Department must be
contactedpriortoequipmentstartupforanyspecialrecommendations.

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3.5CONSERVATION
Allexposed,machined,workingsurfaces(flanges,seals,surfacessupportingthemotor),shaftends,unpainted
couplingsandthelikehavebeencleanedandtreatedwithanticorrosiveagents.Afterbeingcleaned,allparts
insidethepumphousinghavebeensprayedwithanticorrosiveagents.
Theperiodofprotectionofferedbytheseconservationmeasuresisapproximately18monthsifstoredinadry
place. If stored under unfavorable climatic conditions, this protective period may be considerably reduced.
Shouldtheanticorrosivelayerbecomedamaged,itcanberepairedbyrepaintingorrespraying.

Anticorrosive layers inside the pump housing must be removed with process
neutralsolventsbeforecommencingpumpoperation.

Whenremovingtheprotectivecoatingwithaneutralsolvent,followthesafety
instructionsofthesolventmanufacturercarefully.

The anticorrosive layer applied to the exposed parts does not need to be
removedbeforeputtingthepumpintooperation.

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SECTIONFOURINSTALLATION

Correctandorderlyinstallation/assemblyisnecessaryfortroublefreeoperationoftheunit.Ruhrpumpendoes
not assume any liability for damage resulting from inadequate installation/assembly. The chosen location for
installationmustofferenoughspaceformaintenanceactivities.

4.1CONCRETEFOUNDATIONPREPARATION
1. Chooseasolidgroundlocationforfoundation;checkthatthebearingcapacityofthesoilisatleastonethird
higherthanbothstaticanddynamicloadstogether.
2. The effects of vibrating equipment on the surrounding area should be investigated and the isolation
requiredforthefoundationshouldbeconsidered.Itisimportanttoconsiderthatthedriverandthedriven
machinerymustbesupportedfromacommonfoundation.

All foundation materials shall be selected to prevent deterioration due to


exposuretoanaggressiveenvironment;theuseofaprotectivecoatingshould
beconsidered.

The mass of the concrete foundation should be five (5) to ten (10) times the
massofthesupportedequipment.

Imaginarylinesextendeddownward30degreestoeithersideofaverticalline
throughthepumpshaftshouldpassthroughthebottomofthefoundationand
notthesides,asshowninFigure4.1.

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Figure4.1.Imaginarylines.

3. It is recommended to build foundation approximately 3inches (76mm) larger overall than the pump
baseplatetoprovideampleanchorageforthefoundationbolts.
3.1. Sincewatercanaccidentallyflowinthefloor,aheightforthesurfaceofthefoundationof4inches(100
mm)atleastabovefloorlevelisrecommended.
4. UseatemplatetoaccuratelylocatefoundationboltsaccordingtotheGeneralArrangement.
4.1. Choose foundation bolts of size specified in drawing (ASTM A36, M 1020 and ASTM A575 are
recommended);theyshouldbelongenoughtoallowaminimumoftwothreadsabovethenuts.
5. Providepipeenclosuresforthebolts,whicharethreeorfourdiameterslargerthanthebolts.
6. Protectareaaroundtheboltsfromcontactwiththeconcrete.
7. Pourtheconcreteandprovideachamferatallcorners.
8. Allowconcretetocurecompletely(atleastsevendays)beforepreparingthesurfaceforgroutpreparation.

4.2LEVELINGBASEPLATE
Beforelevelingtheunitontothefoundation,thefollowingpreparationsmustbemade:
1. Chip away all damaged concrete with a hammer and chisel, eliminating about one inch of the
surfaceofthefoundation.Aftersurfacechippingisdone,thefoundationshallbethoroughlycleaned
freeofdebris.Cleantheanchorholes.
2. Checkthattheplacementanddimensionsofthefoundationandtheanchorholescorrespondtothe
assemblyplan.
Thefoundationmustbekeptfreeofallcontaminationafterithasbeenpreparedforgrouting.

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Tocontinuewiththelevelingprocedure:
1. Removethepumpanddriverfromthebasetofacilitatethelevelingprocedure.
2. Placesteelblocksandwedges(orshimpacks)ascloselyaspossibletothefoundationbolts.
3. Removebaseplatefromwoodenskid.
4. AttachliftingrighookstoliftingholesofbaseplateasdescribedinSECTION3.3TRANSPORT.
5. Guidebaseplatetopositionabovefoundationboltsandlowerbaseplateintopositionoverfoundation
bolts;besuretorespecttheabovementionedclearancebetweenconcreteandbaseplate.

There should be a minimum annular clearance of 1/8inch (3mm) between


anchorboltholesandtheanchorboltstoallowforfieldalignments.

Exercisepropercautionwhenworkingunderoraroundsuspendedobjects.

6. Using a precision level across baseplate pads, adjust wedges (shim packs) as necessary to ensure that
baseplate is level in all directions (See Figure 4.2); leveling within 0.002in/ft (0.2mm/m) is
recommended.Wedgesorshimpacksshouldfeelsolidwhentappedlightlybyahammer.

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CPPandCPPLwithpedestals

CPPandCPPLwithmountingblocks

CPPCFrame
Figure4.2.Baseplatelevelingplanes.

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NOTE:Thebaseplateshouldbemountedwithoutdistortion.

7. Whenbaseplateislevel,'snug'thefoundationboltnuts,butdonottightencompletely.

4.3GROUTING*
4.3.1Equipment/MaterialRequired

GroutMix:NonShrinkType

Sufficientlumberforfoundationtemplateandgrouttrough.

Risersorfunnelsforguidinggrout.

Sufficientoilpaintforgroutprotectivecovering.

4.3.2GroutingPrecautions
Duringallthegroutingprocess,theinvolvedpersonnelmustfollowthesesafetyprecautions:
1. Weargogglesorfaceshields,aprons,andprotectiveglovesatalltimes.
2. Weardustmasksifincontactwiththedryaggregates.
3. Washhandsregularlywithsoapandwater.

Someepoxygroutshavehighlyexothermicreactiveproperties;theyshouldbe
handledwithcare.Theymaybecomeextremelyhotandcausesevereburns.

4.3.3GroutingProcedure
1. Verify that anchored bolt sleeves are clean and dry. Fill them with a nonbonding moldable material to
preventthemfrombeinggrouted.
2. Theanchorboltthreadsshouldbeprotectedwithtapebeforegrouting.
3. Provideaformaroundthebaseplatetocontainthegrout.Theformshouldbechamferedatallcorners.

ReprintedwithpermissionofRiddle&HubbelCompany,DistributorsofRexnordProducts.

ThissectiondoesnotapplytopumpswithCFrame,sincethesepumpsareselfaligned.

23/98
HorizontalEndSuction,HeavyDuty,SingleStageANSIChemicalProcessPump,ASMEB73.12001
Installation,Operation,andMaintenanceManualCPP

Groutformsshouldbeattachedwithdrilledanchors.Donotpowernail.

Apply three coats of paste wax to the inside surfaces of the forms in order to
preventadherence.Donotuseoilorliquidwax.

Preventgroutleakage,asleakswillnotselfseal.

Applythegrout,startingatoneendoftheformandadvancingtowardtheotherend.Theuseofpushtools
togetridoftrappedairisallowedifdoneinlongstrokes.

Do not vibrate or violently ram the grout (it may cause the aggregates to
separate).

Do not plug any baseplate fill or vent holes until the grout has set to avoid
baseplatedistortion.

Check with the supplier of the grout the preferred thickness for your
installation.

4. Tapbaseplatetoeliminateairpockets.

Itisimperativetogetridofalltrappedairbeforethegrouthardens.

Checkfrequentlyforgroutleaks.

Leakswillnotselfsealandmaycausevoids.

5. Once the grout has completely hardened (takes around 3 days), remove wedges (shim packs) and grout
forms.Filltheholeswithgrout.
6. Tighten the foundation bolts with an appropriate torque value. In case of doubt, please contact your
Ruhrpumpenrepresentative.

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7. Applyoilpainttoexposedgrouttoprotectfromairandmoisture.
8. Usealiftingrigtopositionthepumpanddriverontheirbaseplatesothatthemountingfeetlineupwith
theirrespectivetappedholes.
9. Fastenthepumpanddriverholddownbolts,attachallauxiliarypipingandwiring.

NOTE: *If by client specification the pump is to be used in a service where


groutingwillnotbepossible,forexamplefireduty,itisresponsibilityofthe
customertouseaPIPbaseplate.Otherwise,pleasenotethatbaseplatesare
not pregrouted, therefore this grouting procedure shall be followed by the
customer.

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SECTIONFIVEPIPINGANDALIGNMENT

These units are furnished for a specific service condition. Any change in the
hydraulicsystemmayaffectthepumpperformanceadversely.

Theconnectionofthepipingmustbecarriedoutwithutmostcare;otherwise,
the pumping medium can escape during operation, which can seriously
endangertheoperatingpersonnel.

Do not start the piping and alignment procedures until grouting, preliminary
alignment(asseenintheprevioussectionsofthismanual)andonsitewelding
havebeenperformed.

Inanewinstallation,greatcareshouldbetakentopreventdirt,scale,welding
beads,andotheritemsfromenteringthepump.Thesuctionsystemshouldbe
thoroughlyflushedbeforeinstallingthesuctionstrainerandsuctionpiping.

Suctionanddischargepipingshouldbeofamplesize,beinstalledindirectruns
withminimumbends.

Shortradius elbows shall be avoided near the suction nozzle. If an elbow is


necessary,itshouldbeofthelongradiustype.

Suction and discharge piping configurations should be in accordance with the


HydraulicInstituteStandards.

Suctionanddischargepiping,fittings,andvalvesmustbeadequatelysupported
and anchored close to the pump flanges to eliminate strains imposed on the
pump case, prevent excessive nozzle loads, maintain pump/driver alignment,
andavoidpipeinducedvibration.

5.1PIPINGTHESYSTEM
1. Checkwhetherthepipingislooselylaid,sothatnostrainisplacedonthepump.

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Piping layout and installation shall provide adequate maintenance and


operation accessibility. Field installed auxiliary equipment shall not interfere
withremovalofthemachineordriver.

2. Removethecoversofthepumpflanges.
3. Checkwhetherthesealsarecorrectlymounted.
4. Installacheckvalveandagatevalveinthedischargepipe.Whenthepumpisstopped,thecheckvalvewill
protectthepumpagainstexcessivebackflowpressureandwillpreventthepumpfromrunningbackward.

Thecheckvalveshouldbeinstalledbetweenthegatevalveanddischargeflange
inordertopermititsinspection.

5. Aspoolpieceshouldbeinstalledinsuctionlinesothatthesuctionstrainermaybeinstalledandremoved
withapressuregaugebetweenthestrainerandpump.
6. Thesuctionstrainershouldbeinstalledbetween5to20pipediametersupstreamfromthesuctionflange.
7. Conetypestrainers(otherwiseknownaswitcheshatstrainers)shouldbemountedasrecommendedby
theHydraulicInstitute,withtheconepointingupstreamawayfromthepump,intotheoncomingflow.As
thestrainergraduallygathersparticlesfromtheliquidandblocksup,thisdirectionwillresultinthelowest
turbulenceimpactontotheliquidflowenteringthepump.

Figure5.1.Correctmountingofaconetypestrainer.

8. Disconnectthepipingfromthepumpifyouheatonesideofthepipetoalignthepipetothepump.
9. Pumpandpipeflangesmustbeparallel;theyshouldmatetogetherwithouteffort,andwiththeboltholes
properlyinline.
10. Check the fine alignment by clocking or using a Dial Type Indicator (DTI) on the coupling. Check the
operatinginstructionforthecoupling.

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11. Connectandtightenthesuctionpipeandcomparethealignmentwiththevaluesofthefinealignment.In
thecaseofdeviations,warmthepipesothatthevaluesofthefinealignmentarereached.

Whenheatingtakesplaceclosetotheflange,thereisadangerthattheflange
sealwillbecomerippledandleaky.Nomoreweldingworkcanbecarriedouton
thepipingwhenitisscrewedtothepump.

12. Proceedinthesamewaywiththedischargepipe.

Make sure that there are isolation block valves at the pump for each type of
auxiliarypiping.

Consideraslopeinthesuctionpipingtoavoidhighpoints.

Inhorizontalsuctionlines,reducersshouldbeeccentric(withtheflatsideofthe
reducerontop).

Noobstructionwithinatleastfivepipediametersofthesuctionflangeshould
befitted.

Donotinstallunsupportedpipingonthepump.

Makesureelectricalconnectionsdonotimposeanystressonthepumpunit.

Rememberthatthepumpmustnotbemovedoncethebaseplatehasbeenset:
thepiping(bothsuctionanddischarge)istheonealignedtothepump.

Whenaligning,alltheelementstobealigned(includingthepipes)shouldbeat
thesametemperature(ambient).

Itisimportanttoconfirmthatthepumpcanbemovedoutfromthebaseplate
withoutcuttingorwelding(onlybyadjustingconnectionsandflanges).

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Do not use drifts or cheater bars to force alignment of bolt holes serious
damagetothepumpwillresult.

5.2ALIGNMENT*1
Inthefollowingpages,alignmentproceduresareexplainedwithdialindicators.Laseralignmentisalsopossible.
The specific method in laser alignment will depend on the manufacturers instructions; however, the basic
principlesandrotationoftheshaftsapply,asintheReverseIndicatorAlignmentMethod.Therefore,forlaser
alignment,youmayfollowthestepsdetailedonthenextpages,mountingalaserbracketwithameasurement
deviceoneachshaftandthenproceedwiththerotationoftheshaftstoobtainthereadingstodeterminethe
misalignmentandcorrectit.
A.ALIGNMENTOFEQUIPMENT
Correct alignment is mandatory for the successful operation of rotating equipment. A flexible coupling is no
excuse for misalignment. The relationship between shaft centerlines can easily be determined by 1) two step
dialindicatormethod,2)reverseindicatoralignment,3)acrossthediscpackalignment.Thesecanallbesolved
byagraphicalapproach.Thisprocedurewilldiscussmethods2and3.Method1iscoveredinRexnord'sManual
MTSS04001, "Two Step Dial Indicator Method". Before we get into this alignment procedure, several items
shouldbeconsideredatthispoint.
1.IndicatorSetUp
No matter what arrangement you use, indicator sag must be determined. This can easily be determined by
clamping the setup onto a rigid piece of pipe, rolling the indicator from top to bottom, and reading the
difference. Once the indicator sag setup has been determined, this number can be algebraically subtracted
from the alignment readings obtain at the bottom. There is no need to be concerned about the side to side
readingsasthesagisequalonbothsides.

*
ReprintedwithpermissionofRiddle&HubbelCompany,DistributorsofRexnordProducts.
1
ThissectiondoesnotapplytopumpswithCFrame,sincethesepumpsareselfaligned.

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2.TakingAlignmentReadings
Itissuggestedthatthedialindicatorbezeroedatthetop.Forconvenience,youshouldmarkyourcouplingat0,
90,180,and270withareferencemarkonthecasesothatyoucanbesuretoturntheunitexactly90.Both
shafts should be turned an equal amount if the coupling is not put together. Now rotate the coupling in 90
incrementsrecordingallreadings.Itisimportanttokeepyoursidetosidereadingsstraight.Asuggestionisto
showcompassorientationsothatyouknowwhichreadingtouse.Afteryouhavemadeyourfourpositioncheck
andhavereturnedbacktothetop,itisabsolutelynecessarythattheindicatorreturntozerowhereitstarted.If
itdidnot,repeatyourreadings.Itisalsoadvisabletocheckthereadingsseveraltimestomakesurethatthey
arerepeatable.
3.ThermalGrowth
Iftherearethermalgrowthconsiderationsonthepieceofequipment,itisagoodideatogetthesenumbersso
thattheycanbeaddedtoorsubtractedfromthegraphicalsolutionbeforetheequipmentmoveismade,thisis
knownasHotalignment.
4.SoftFoot
Thefactthatyourequipmentcouldhaveasoftfootcanaffectthealignmentreadingsthatyouobtain.Thesoft
footshouldbecheckedfirstandeliminated.Thiscaneasilybedonebymountingadialindicatoronthebase
plate indicating off the top of foot on the machine to be checked. Each foot in rotation is then checked by
looseningonlytheboltwiththerestoftheboltsbeingtight.Asoftfootcheckshouldbecarriedoutwhenthe
unitisstationaryforsafetyreasons,andshouldbecarriedoutonwholedrivetrain.Itshouldneverbenecessary
toshimunderthepumpmountingfeet.Softfootissuescouldindicateexcessivepipingloadstransmittedtothe
pump,orthatthebaseplatehasbeentwisted,andisnotgroutedandmountedflat.
B.REVERSEINDICATORALIGNMENTGRAPHICALANALYSIS
On a sheet of graph paper, lay out the equipment that you are trying to align. You should use a scale that is
convenienttothesizeofthegraphpaper.Thedistancesthatarecriticalare:
1. Distancefromwherethefirstindicatorridesonthepumphubtowherethesecondindicatorrideson
themotorhub.Intheexampleshownbelow,thisis101/2inches(266.7mm).
2. Distancefromwherethesecondindicatorridesonthemotorhubtothecenterofthefrontmotorfeet.
Intheexamplebelow,thisis21/2inches(63.5mm).
3. Distancefromthecenterofthemotorfrontfeettothecenterofthemotorbackfeet.Intheexample
shownbelow,thisis51/4inches(133.4mm).

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Figure5.2.Exampleforreverseindicatorgraphicalanalysis.

Thenextstepistodetermineindicatorsag.Setupyourbracketarrangementonapipe.Settheindicatorat'0'
ontop.Rollsetupuntilindicatorisatthebottomofpipe.Itwillreadnegative.Inthisexample,itisfoundtobe
0.005inch(0.127mm).

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Figure5.3.Indicatorsag.

Withtheindicatorbracketattachedtothemotorhubreadingoffthepumphub,rotateunitin90increments
andtakereadings.
Bottom reading is then corrected for indicator sag. Indicator sag in the example was determined to be
0.005inch(0.127mm).The0.005inch(0.127mm)wassubtractedfromthe0.025inch(0.639mm)indicator
readingtogiveanactual0.020inch(0.508mm)reading.
AsthisisaTIR(TotalIndicatorReadout)itistwotimestheactualshafttoshaftrotation0.020inch(0.508mm)/
2inch(50.8mm)or0.010inch(0.254mm)isusedtoshowwherethemotorshaftextensionisrelativetothe
pumpshaftcenterlineatthehub.Minusatthebottomindicatedmotorshaftextensionislowcomparedtothe
pump.Usingascaleofonesmalldivisiononthegraphequals0.001inch(0.0254mm);plotthispointasshowin
theexample.

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Figure5.4.Motorshaftextensionrelativetothepumpshaftcenterline.

Nowwiththeindicatorbracketattachedtothepumphubreadingoffthemotorhub,rotateunitagainin90
increments.NOTE:Ifyoucansetupbothindicatorsatonce,bothsetsofreadingscanbetakenatonetime.
Bottom reading is then corrected for indicator sag. The 0.005inch (0.127mm) was subtracted from the
+0.005inch(+0.127mm)indicatorreadingtogiveanactual+0.010inch(+0.254mm)reading.
The +0.010inch (+0.254mm) is divided by two to give +0.005inch (+0.127mm) which is the actual shaft
extensiontoshaftrelationship.
In this case, a plus reading at the bottom indicates the motor shaft is low compared to the pump shaft
extension.Plotthispointasshownintheexample.

Figure5.5.T.I.R.secondreading.

Wehavenowlocatedthemotorshafttheoreticalextensionintwoplaces:
A. Intheplaneofthepumphub.
B. Intheplaneofthemotorhub.

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Drawingastraightlinethroughthesetwopointscrossingtheplaneofthetwomotorfeet.Theshimadjustment
cannowbereaddirectlyoffthegraph.Inthisexample,0.004inch(0.102mm)shouldbeaddedtothefrontfoot
and0.001inch(0.025mm)shouldbeaddedtothebackfoot.
Thissolutioncanalsobedonebytheuseofpreprogrammed,handcalculatorsforfasterresults.
For the horizontal (side to side) results, the same procedure is used. Algebraically subtract the side to side
readings.Indicatorsagcanbeignoredasitcancelsout.Plotthesereadingsandtheresultscanbereadoffthe
graphplot.

Figure5.6.Finalgraphplotforreverseindicatoralignmentgraphicalanalysis.

C.REVERSEINDICATORALIGNMENTMORETHANTWOUNITSGRAPHICALANALYSIS
Thismethodlendsitselfverywellinsolvingalignmentproblemsofthreeormorepiecesofequipmentinaline.
To solve this problem, follow the steps already outlined for each coupling in the train. Plot the shaft to shaft
relationship of each set of shafts. Look at the total picture. In this example, a line was drawn through the
averageofallpointsplotted.Theunitswerethenalignedtothismeanline.

Figure5.7.Reverseindicatoralignmentofmorethantwounits.

D.ACROSSTHEDISCPACKALIGNMENTGRAPHICALANALYSIS
Whenthedistancebetweendiscpacksislongwhereitisnotpracticaltotrytospanthedistancewithindicator
bracketry,the'acrossthediscpackmethod'canbeused.
On a sheet of graph paper, lay out the equipment that you are trying to align. You should use a scale that is
convenienttothesizeofthegraphpaper.Thedistancesthatarecriticalare:

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1. Distancefromcenterlineofonediscpacktothecenterlineoftheotherdiscpack.Intheexample,itis9
1/2inches(241.3mm).
2. Distancefromcenterlineofmotordiscpacktocenteroffrontmotorfoot.Inthisexample,itis3inches
(76.2mm).
3. Distancefromthecenterofthemotorfrontfeettothecenterofthemotorbackfeet.Inthisexample,it
is51/4inches(133.4mm).
4. Distance from disc pack to dial indicator on center member. In this example, the distance is 8inches
(203.2mm).

Figure5.8.Acrossthediscpackalignmentgraphicalanalysisexample.

Thenextstepistodetermineindicatorsag.Setupyourbracketarrangementonapipe.Settheindicatorat'0'
ontop.Rollsetupuntilindicatorisatthebottomofpipe.Itwillreadnegative.Inthisexample,itwasfoundto
be0.004inch(0.102mm).

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Figure5.9.Indicatorsaginacrossthediscpackalignmentanalysisexample.

Withtheindicatorbracketattachedtothepumphub,readingoutthecentermemberaconvenientdistance,(in
thisexample8inches[203.2mm]wasused)rotatetheunitin90incrementsandtakereadings.
Bottom reading is then corrected for indicator sag. The indicator sag in the example was determined to be
0.004inch (0.102mm). The 0.004inch (0.102mm) was subtracted from 0.025inch (0.635mm) indicator
readingtogiveanactualof0.020inch(0.508mm)reading.
AsthisisaTIR(TotalIndicatorReading)itistwotimestheactualcentermembercenterlinelocationrelativeto
thepumpshaftextensionor0.020inch(0.508mm)/2inches(50.8mm)=0.010inch(0.254mm).(Whatwe
aretryingtodohereistodeterminetheanglethecentermembermakeswithrespecttothepumpshaft.)
Aplusreadingatthebottomindicatesthatthecentermembertipsdownasitextendsawayfromthepump.
Usingascaleofonesmalldivisiononthegraphequals0.001inch(0.0254mm);plotthe0.010inch(0.254mm)
asshownintheexample.

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Figure5.10.Plotoftheplusreadingintheacrossthediscpackalignmentanalysisexample.

Nowwiththeindicatorbracketattachedtothemotorhubreadingoutonthecentermember,rotatetheunitin
90incrementsandtakereadings.
Bottom reading is corrected for indicator sag: 0.008inch (0.203mm) 0.004inch (0.102mm) = +0.012inch
(+0.309mm).ThisisTIRsoactualis+0.006inch(+0.152mm).(Whatwearetryingtodohereisdeterminethe
anglethecentermembermakeswithrespecttothemotorshaft.)
Theminusreadingonthebottomindicatesthatthecentermembertipsupasitextendsawayfromthemotor.
Usingascaleofonesmalldivisiononthegraphequals0.001inch(0.025mm),plotthe0.006inch(0.192mm)as
shownontheexample.
The motor shaft can now be drawn in because two points along it have been defined: 1. Center of the flex
element. 2. The point just plotted 0.006inch (0.152mm) below center member. The shimming requirements
cannowbereadofftheplotwherethemotorshaftintersectstheplanesofthemotorfeet.

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Figure5.11.Plottingthemotorintheacrossthediscpackalignmentanalysisexample.

In this example, the motor should be shimmed up 0.013inch (0.330mm) under front feet and shimmed up
0.016inch(0.406mm)underbackfeet.
Thissolutioncanalsobedonebyuseofapreprogrammed,calculatorforfasterresults.
For the horizontal (side to side) results, the same procedure is used. Algebraically subtract the side to side
readings.Indicatorsagcanbeignoredasitcancelsout.Plotthesereadingsandtheresultscanbereadoffthe
graph.

5.3MOUNTINGBLOCKSORPEDESTALS
Thedrivermaybefastenedtothebaseplatebyeitherpedestalsorablockmountingsystem.

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pedestal

mountingblocks

Figure5.12.Above,baseplatewithpedestalsfordriver.Below,baseplatewithmountingblocksfordriver.

Regardlessofthemethodtosupportthedriver,thealignmentprocedureisthesame.
Whenthebaseplatehaspedestalsforthedriver,eachfootissecuredtothebaseplatewithahexagonalhead
screw.

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hexagonalhead
spacefor
shimming

hex.headscrew

Figure5.13.Detailofpedestalsystemtosecurethedriversfeet.

Themountingblockssystemconsistsofamountingstud,withanintermediatenuttosecurethemountingblock
tothebaseplate,andanuppernuttofastenthedriversfoottothemountingblock.

uppernut
spaceforshimming
intermediatenut
mountingstud

Figure5.14.Detailofmountingblocksystemtosecureeachdriversfoot.

According to the alignment procedure detailed in SECTION 5.2ALIGNMENT, the driver is aligned, if required,
withshimsbelowthedriversfeet.

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SECTIONSIXLUBRICATION

6.1OILLUBRICATION
6.1.1RecommendedLubricant
TherecommendedbearingframeoilisISOVG68nondetergentoil.Turbinequalityoilispreferred.Thisoilmay
beusedduringbreakinandnormaloperation.

6.1.2.MethodofApplication
Customermustfillbearingframebeforestartup.Thebearingframeissuppliedwithasightglass.Fillthebearing
framewithoiluntilthemiddleoftheoilsight,accordingtothequantitiesspecifiedinthenextsection.
Pouroilintothebearingframethroughthebreatherconnectionlocatedatthetopofthebearingframe,leaving
anamountequaltothecapacityofconstantleveloilerbottleapart(onlyifpumphasoptionaloiler).Thecorrect
levelisobservedinthemiddleoftheoilsightglass.

Oillevelshouldbedeterminedbyusingsightglassinbearingframe.Oillevelin
optionalconstantleveloilerdoesnotcorrespondtooillevelinbearingframe.

Ruhrpumpen takes every precaution during our assembly process and


subsequentfinalassemblyauditstoensurenobearingframeoilleaksexistprior
toshipment.Oilcanleakpastthelabyrinthsealinanoverfillcondition.Refer
tothefillinginstructionsforadditionalinformation.

6.1.3Quantity
Frame

Oilquantity
Quarts

10

0.21

0.20

30A

0.79

0.75

30B

1.80

1.70

50

3.17

3.00

Alwaysverifyandreplenishtheoilifthelevelfallsbelowthemiddleoftheoilsightglass.

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6.1.4OptionalCoolingCoil
Ifthepumphasbeenorderedwiththeoptionalcoolingcoil,thepumphasacoolingcoilinthebearingframe,
withinletandoutletconnectionsforthecoolant.Aschematicdrawingofthiscoolingsystemisshownonthe
nextfigure:


Figure6.1.Coolingcoiloption.

Thepipingconnectionsarefemaleconnectorsofinchforbothends.
The cooling coil option is available only when the bearings are lubricated with the standard oil lubrication
(SECTION6.1OILLUBRICATION)ortheoptionalpurgeoilmistlubrication(6.3PURGEOILMISTWETSUMP).

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6.1.5Maintenance
Onceeveryeighthoursofpumpoperation,performvisualinspectionofoilandoillevel.
Oilinbearingframeshouldbechangedeverysixmonths.
1. DrainbearingframethroughdrainlocationidentifiedonGeneralArrangement.
2. Flushbearingframewithcleanlightweightoil.
3. Reinstalldrainplugandrefillbearingframe.

If it is suspected that bearings have been exposed to dirt or moisture,


thoroughly clean the bearings and frame with a solvent and airdry the parts
before adding lubricant. Disassembly, inspection, cleaning, and reassembly
proceduresareprovidedinSECTIONEIGHTMAINTENANCE.

6.2PUREOILMISTDRYSUMP

Whenpureoillubricationissupplied,theoilmististheonlylubricantprovided.

Theoilmistgeneratormustberunningbeforestartingtheunit.

Basicoilmistgeneratingsystemshouldincludethefollowing:
1. Anairlinefilterwaterseparatortoassureacleanairsupplytooilmistgenerator.
2. Anairpressureregulatortocontroltheoilmistgeneratoratomizingairpressure.
3. An oilmist generator which includes a venturi nozzle, oil lift tube, reservoir and oil flow adjustment
screw.
4. Mistdistributionmanifoldtoconveytheoilmistapplicationfittings.
5. Sprayapplicationfittingtometerandconverttheoilmistateachlubricationpoint.

RecommendedOil:ISOVG68NonDetergentOilsuitableforoilmisting.(RefertoinstructionswithOil
MistGenerator.)

Air/OilRatioshouldbe0.40cubicinches/hour/cfm(231.5cc/hr/m3/min)

TypeofOilMistFitting:Spraytype

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ProvideoilmistthroughtheoilmistinletasindicatedontheGeneralArrangement.
OilmistshouldbeventedoutthrutheventasindicatedontheGeneralArrangement.(Whenpumpisidleand
mistgeneratorison,amistshouldbevisibleexitingthevents.Whenpumpisrunning,thewindageassociated
withtheshaft,bearing,andcouplingmakesitdifficulttoseethemist.)

Maintenance:

Periodicallyinspectthesedimentbottleunderneaththebearingframe.(Drainasrequired.)

Ifbearingframeisdismantled,flushbearingframewithcleanlightweightoil(e.g.ATF).

Becertainbearingshavealightcoatingofoilbeforestartup.

6.3PURGEOILMISTWETSUMP

Whenpurgeoillubricationissupplied,theoilmistisusedtomaintainapositive
pressureinthebearinghousingtokeepcontaminantsfromenteringthebearing
housing.

AllthestepsoutlinedinSECTION6.1OILLUBRICATIONapply,alongwiththefollowingadditionalitems.

BasicOilMistgeneratingsystemshouldincludethefollowing:
1. Anairlinefilterwaterseparatortoassureacleanairsupplytooilmistgenerator.
2. Anairpressureregulatortocontroltheoilmistgeneratoratomizingairpressure.
3. An oilmist generator which includes a venturi nozzle, oil lift tube, reservoir and oil flow adjustment
screw.
4. Mistdistributionmanifoldtoconveytheoilmistapplicationfittings.
5. Sprayapplicationfittingtometerandconverttheoilmistateachlubricationpoint.

ProvideoilmistthroughtheoilmistinletasindicatedontheGeneralArrangement.Oilmistcanbeventedout
thrutheventasindicatedontheGeneralArrangement;however,iftheintentistomaintainpositivepressurein
thebearinghousingthennoventingisneeded.

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Recommended Oil: ISO VG 68 nondetergent oil suitable for oil misting. (Refer to instructions with oil
mistgenerator.)

Air/OilRatioshouldbe0.40cubicinches/hour/cfm(231.5cc/hr/m3/min)

Typeofoilmistfitting:Spraytype

6.4OILCHANGE
The first oil change should be carried out three weeks after commissioning; all further oil changes take place
everysixmonths.However,replenishoilasnecessarywhenlevelfallsbelowthemiddleoftheoilsightglass.

Onlychangetheoilwhenthemachineisswitchedoff.

Thedrainedoilishot,andcancausesevereburns.

RefertoSECTION6.1.1RecommendedLubricantforrecommendedoiltypesandtoSECTION6.1.3Quantityto
ensuretheproperquantityaccordingtotheframesizeofyourpump.

Theoilchangeshouldbecarriedoutasfollows:
1. Switchthedrivemotoroff.
2. Draintheoiloutandcleanthebearingframewithasuitablecleaningliquid.Flushingthebearingframe
withcleanlightweightoilispossible(e.g.ATF).
3. Removethebreatherconnectionlocatedatthetopofthebearingframeandpourtheoil.Ifpumphas
the optional constant level oiler, leave an amount equal to the constant level bottle apart. Place the
breatherconnectionbackonitspositionand,ifapplicable,filltheconstantleveloilerwiththeremaining
oilandplaceitinitsplace.
4. Thelevelattheoilsightglassshouldbeatthemiddle.

45/98
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SECTIONSEVENOPERATION

7.1PRIMING
Beforestartinganycentrifugalpumpitisnecessarythatthepumpcasingandthesuctionpipearecompletely
filledwithliquid.Primingcanbedoneinthefollowingways:
Whentheliquidisoverthelineofthepump centeritisprimedbyopeningthesuctionanddischarge valves.
Whentheliquidgetsin,ittakestheairoutfillingthesuctionline,thepumpcasingandthedischargelinetothe
supplylevel.
If the pump operates under a suction lift, the suction line must be equipped with a foot valve and manually
primed.
Pumpshandlinghot(>500F,>260C)fluidsmustbegraduallypreheatedtooperatingtemperature.Themost
commonmethodusedforwarmingapump,ormaintainingastandbypumpinawarmcondition,istheuseofa
warminglineandorifice,thuscirculatingthehotpumpagethroughtheidlepump.

Itisrecommendedthatthepumpbewarmedattherateof100F(55C)rise
per hour for normal warming, or 268F (149C) rise per hour for emergency
warming.

Itisrecommendedthattheidlepumptemperaturebemaintainedwithin36F
(20C)ofthesystemoperatingtemperature.

Circulationcanbeeasilyaccomplishedbyguidingasmallamountofflowfromthedischargesideofthesystem
beyondthecheckvalveviaamultiplebreakdownorificeintothebottomofthepumpcase.Thehotliquidwill
thenpassthroughthecaseandoutthesuctionandreturntosomelowpressurepointinthesystem.Inmany
cases,thepumpdrainlineisusedforthewarmingconnection.
Note:Manyvariationsarepossibleandonethatiscompatiblewiththecustomersparticularinstallationshould
beconsidered.

7.2STARTUP

Everytimebeforethepumpisstartedupthesafetydevicesmustbemounted
andfastened.

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In order to avoid risks of injury or damage, all pump units must be equipped
withemergencystopdevices.

For operation of electrical drives, control systems and their cable routes, the
safetyinstructionsissuedbytheirmanufacturersmustbeobserved.

Whenthepumpisshippedwithacartridgemechanicalsealtypeinstalled,the
settingdevicesonthesealcollarmightbeengaged.Inthiscase,itisnecessary
to tighten the set screws, disengage these setting devices from the seal, and
turn them to allow the operation of the pump. To perform this procedure,
pleasefollowtheinstructionmanualfromthesealmanufacturer.

Figure7.1.Sealsettingdevices.

Thestartupprocedureisasfollows:
1. Beforestartingthepump,checkthesecurityofallbolting,piping,andwiring.
2. Checkallgauges,valvesandinstrumentsforproperworkingorder.
3. Checkallequipmentforproperlubricationandcorrectrotation.
4. Verifythatthedischargevalveisclosed.
5. Openthesuctionvalve.
6. Opendischargevalveandallowpumptofillwithfluid(pumpisselfventing).
7. Keepthevalvesopenapproximately60secondstoensurethatpumpiscompletelyfulloffluid.
8. Closedischargevalve.

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9. Uncouplethedriverandthepump.
10. Start,andIMMEDIATELYSTOP,thedriverandobservetherotationoftheshaft.
11. Correctrotationshouldbeindirectionofrotationarrow.

Ifshaftrotationisincorrect,consultdrivermanufacturer'sinstructionsinorder
tochangerotation.

12. Primingaccomplishedandcorrectshaftrotationestablished,thepumpisreadyforcontinuedoperation.
13. Securely couple the driver and the pump, and ensure the discharge valve is open to approximately
fullyopen.
14. Start driver again, and completely open the discharge valve IMMEDIATELY when the operating speed
hasbeenreached.

Danger: Do not allow discharge valve to remain closed for any length of time.
Pumpedfluidtemperaturewillriseexcessivelycausingdamagetopump.

7.3OPERATINGCHECK
During the initial operating hours, the pump should be monitored constantly. It is thus possible to detect
irregularities immediately and to take appropriate measures for their elimination (See SECTIONELEVEN
TROUBLESHOOTINGCHART).
To monitor flow, pressure, temperature, and lubrication, regular visual inspection and monitoring is advisable
and/ornecessaryduringoperation.
Ruhrpumpenrecommendscheckingthepumpconstantlyatregularintervalsinordertodetectproblemsearly,
incasetheyarise.
Theoperationalcheckroutinemustincludeatleastthefollowingpoints:

Bewareoffreelyrotating parts,whenthepumpisinoperationthereisahigh
riskofinjury.

Checkatregularintervalsthatthesafetyequipmentissoundandisarrangedandfastenedaccordingto
theregulations,andenergizedwhereapplicable.

Checkthesecurityofallbolting,piping,andwiring.

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Checkallgauges,valves,andinstrumentsforproperworkingorder.

Checkallequipmentforproperlubricationandcorrectrotation.

Checktheoillevelandvalidatethatthecorrectoilgradeisinstalled.

Checkthatthepumpingunitisrunningquietlyandwithoutvibrating.

Unusualortooloudnoisespointtowardsapossiblefault.

Monitor the power consumption of the drive motor. Low or excessive power consumption indicate a
possiblefault.

Checkthesealingsystem:
a. Refertothesealmanufacturerforhisestimateofmaximumacceptableleakagerate,asthiswill
dependonapplication,design,location,andthesealedliquidcharacteristics.
b. Ifleakageisexcessive,switchthepumpoffasquicklyaspossible,isolatethepumpbyclosing
thedischargeandsuction valvesorbyusingsomeotherapprovedmethoddesignatedassafe
foryoursystem,andchecktherotatingsealringandthestationarysealring.

Ifthesealingsystemofthemechanicalsealfails,thepumpmustbetakenoutof
operationimmediately.

Thepumpmayonlybeoperatedundertheminimumoperatingrangeforshort
periods.Theminimumpumpflowisgiveninthecharacteristicline.

7.4DOWELING(OPTIONAL)
Whenthepumphasreachedoperatingtemperatureandpressure,
1. Stoppump.
2. Checkalignmentandresettheequipment,ifrequired.
3. Dowelthepump(ifapplicable).
4. Dowelthedriver.
5. StartthepumpasdefinedinSECTION7.2STARTUP.

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7.5STOPPING
1. Throttlepumpdischargetominimumflow.

Warning:donotclosesuctionvalve,thiswillcausethepumptorundry.

2. Turnthepowerofftothedriver.
3. Closethepumpdischargevalve.
4. Observetherundownofthepumpuntilfullstop.

Iftherotorisjerkyorsuddenlystops,thereisdangerthattherotorhasbecome
blocked.Thepumpmustbeopenedandallrunningclearanceschecked.

5. Close the suction valve when the pump shaft stops rotating as the pump must be isolated before
examinationandmadesafe.

Donotclosethesuctionvalveuntilthepumphascometoafullstop,asitmay
causethepumptorundry.

6. Ensurethedrivemotorcannotbeunintentionallyturnedon.
7. Ensuretheshutoffdevicesinthesuctionandpressurepipescannotbeunintentionallyopened.
8. Drainthepumpandtheauxiliarypiping.

If the outside temperature is below 32F (0C), all cooling chambers must be
emptied,andallsealsystemcoolingcoilsmustbedrained.

7.6SHORTTERMSHUTDOWN
Ifthepumpwasswitchedoffcorrectlyandhasnotsuddenlycometoahalt,itmayberestartedwithoutthe
needtotakeanyspecialmeasures.
Ifthepumpcomestoasuddenhalt,orifthepumpwasswitchedoffbecauseofapossibledanger,itmustbe
checkedfordamage.

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7.7LONGTERMSHUTDOWN
1. FollowthestoppingproceduredescribedinSECTION7.5STOPPING.
2. Disconnecttheventfilterandsealopeningsonthebearingframetolessentheexchangeofair.
3. Whiletheunitisidle:
a. If the plant is in an operational state, warm up and start the unit at monthly intervals (see
SECTION7.2STARTUPfordetails).
b. If the plant is not in an operational state, turn the unit over by hand a couple of times at
monthlyintervals,ensuringtheshaftisnotreturnedtothesameposition,toallowthebearings
torestinadifferentpositioneverytime.
4. Ifthereisdangeroffreezing,drainthepump,draintheoilfromthepumpbearingsandalltheauxiliary
piping.
5. Changetheoilbeforerecommencingoperation,ensuringthecorrectgradeandthecorrectvolumehas
beenfilledinthebearingframe(seeSECTIONSIXLUBRICATIONfordetails).

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SECTIONEIGHTMAINTENANCE

Toperformthemaintenanceofthepump,nospecial(custommade)toolsareneeded.

Before initiating maintenance procedures disconnect all power sources to the


equipment and discharge any parts which may retain an electric charge. Use
properlockstoavoidaccidentalstartupofthepumpsystem.Failuretocomply
mayresultinseverepersonalinjury.

When performing the maintenance of the pump, use the safety equipment
appropriate for the pumped fluid, materials, and location of the equipment,
such as gloves, safety glasses, harnesses and other equipment regarded as
mandatorybytheplantssafetyinstructions.

8.1DISASSEMBLY
1. Stopthepump.SeeSECTION7.5STOPPING.
2. Drainallpossiblefluidsfromthepumpcaseandpowerframes.
3. Disconnect any auxiliary piping and wiring that could interfere with disassembly (for example, cooling
coilorcoolingjacketpiping).
4. Disconnectthedrivertopumpcouplingandremovecouplingspacer.
5. When disassembling the pump, match mark, tag or otherwise identify all parts, and provide separate
containers for small parts. Refer to the pump sectional drawing included in SECTION TEN PARTS
INFORMATIONforproperidentificationofparts.
6. Toseparatepumpcoverfrompumpcase,firstremovethebolts,thenusebackoffscrewsinthetaps
providedtobreakthecovertocasegasketjoint.
7. Removethepumpcoverpowerframeassemblybyprovidingachainorslingsupportfortheassembly.

Avoidbumpingtheimpellerorthepumphalfcoupling.

8. Afterremoval,placethepumpcoverpowerframesafelyonsuitablehorizontalsupports.
9. Toremovetheimpeller,firstfreeandremovethecovertocasegasket.

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Donotheattheimpeller.

10. Exercisecareandremovemechanicalsealasfollows:
a) If seal has an outside drive collar, engage seal setter, then loosen set screws prior to removal of
assembly.
b) Removepowerframetocovercapscrews.
c) Slide pump cover, with seal attached, off pump shaft. Place the cover, with seal flange facing
upward,onworktable.
d) Apply protective wrap and store seal components. Refer to seal manufacturer's literature for
disassembly,inspection,cleaning,andreassemblyofthemechanicalseal.
11. Disassemblethepowerframeasfollows:
a) Remove pump half coupling and key. Application of heat is required for the removal and
replacementofpumphalfcoupling.Useapullertooltoremovethepumphalfcoupling.

Use a safe heating method and provide protection for personnel handling the
heatedhalfcoupling.

b) Pumpshaftcanberemovedintwodirections.Inpowerframes10,30Aand50,presspumpshaft
from impeller end through the power frame. Remove radial bearing from shaft. Remove lock nut
and lock washer and remove thrust bearings from shaft. For CPPL pumps, the rotor is removed
towardsthecouplingforallthepowerframesregardlessoftheirsize.

8.2INSPECTIONANDCLEANING
1. Thoroughlycleanallpartsanddrywithcompressedairoraclean,lintfreecloth.
2. Inspectallcomponentsforcorrosion,erosion,pitting,andscoring.Ifrequired,replacewithRuhrpumpen
O.E.M.genuinereplacementparts.
a. Visualcheckallindividualpartsforanydamage.
b. Checkthecaseforwear.
c. Checktheimpellerforwear.
d. Checktheradialclearanceforwear.
e. Checktheantifrictionbearings.
f.

Checkallauxiliarypiping.

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g. Checkfortransmissionelementsofthecoupling.

8.3REASSEMBLY

Observetheplant'ssafetyprecautionswhenliftingheavycomponents.Request
helpwhenmovingorpositioningthem.

Mountingofbearingsshouldbecarriedoutinadry,dustfreeareaawayfrom
metal working or other machines producing shavings and dust to avoid
contaminationofbearings.

The bearings should remain in their original packaging. Once they are to be
assembled in the shaft, they must be removed from their packaging, and the
preservativeintheoutsidediameterandtheboremustbewipedout.

Bearings should be demagnetized before mounting them, to avoid


contamination.

8.3.1CPP
PleasefollowthestepsdetailedonthissectiontoreassembletheCPPpump.ToreassembletheCPPLpump,
pleaserefertoSECTION8.3.2CPPL.
1. Placeandheatthethrustbearinginaninductionheater.Turnontheheater.Continuouslymeasurethe
temperatureoftheinnerrace,lookingtoreach230F(110C).

Measurethetemperaturecontinuouslywithaninfraredthermometer,pointing
totheinnerraceofthebearings.

Figure8.1.Heatingthethrustbearing.

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2. Positiontheshaftvertically(withthecouplingsideupward)inapress.

Coverthejawsofthepresswithsoftmaterialtopreventdamagingtheshaft.

3. Assoonasthebearinghasreachedthetemperatureof230F(110C),placethethrustbearingonthe
shaft(withtheserialnumbervisiblefromtheoutside).Keepthebearinginpositionuntilitcoolsdown
enoughtostayinplace.

Figure8.2.Positioningthethrustbearing.

Wearsufficienthandprotectiontoavoidpersonalinjury.

Important:Waituntilthebearinghascooleddowntoroomtemperaturebefore
starting the next step. This cooling period is critical to ensure the final
contractionofthebearingbeforethenextadjustments.

4. Positionthelockwashersothatitisincontactwiththethrustbearingonthecouplingside.Thetabon
thelockwasherinnerdiametermustbebenttofitintothesmallkeywayrecesscutintoshaftthreads,
topreventrotationofthebearinglocknut.

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Figure8.3.Positioningthelockwasher.

5. Positionthelocknutwiththetapertowardsthesideofthelockwasheratfullstop.

Figure8.4.Positioningthelocknut.

6. Nowtaketheshaftoutofthepressandturnitover180,placeitbackinthepresstoreassemblethe
radialbearing.
a. Placetheradialbearingintheinductionheater.Turnontheheater.Continuouslymeasurethe
temperatureoftheinnerrace,lookingtoreach230F(110C).

Measurethetemperaturecontinuouslywithaninfraredthermometer,pointing
totheinnerraceofthebearing.

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Figure8.5.Heatingtheradialballbearing.

7. As soon as the bearing reaches the 230F (110C) temperature, it is manually positioned in the shaft
(with the serial number visible from the outside). The bearing is maintained in position until it cools
downenoughtostayinplace(toroomtemperature).

Wearsufficienthandprotectiontoavoidpersonalinjury.

Protect the bearings with oil and cling wrap plastic if you are not going to
continue the assembling process immediately. When resuming the assembling
process,removethisprotection.

8. Placetherotorassemblyinthepowerframe.Therearetwopossibleoptionsdependinginthepower
framesize.
a. Powerframe30B:Installderotorfromthepumpside.

Figure8.6.Positioningtherotorassemblyonthepowerframe(frompumpside).

b. Powerframes10,30Aand50:Installtherotorfromthecouplingside.

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Figure8.7.Positioningtherotorassemblyonthepowerframe(fromcouplingside).

9. Tightenthebearinglocknutastightaspossiblebyhandusingaspannerwrench.Ensureattheendof
thetighteningprocessthatoneofthelockwashertabslinesupwiththeslotinthelocknut.

Figure8.8.Tighteningthelocknut.

10. Thetabthatalignswithoneoftheslotsisbentintotheslotsoitworksasalockandthelocknutcannot
beloosened.Useascrewdriverandahammer.

Figure8.9.Bendingatabofthelockwasherinthelocknut.

Wearsufficienthandprotectiontoavoidpersonalinjury.

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11. Toinsertthelabyrinthsealsintothecovers,followthesesteps:
a. Lubricatetheoutsideringofthelabyrinthseal.Lubricantsuppliedbyisolatormanufactureror
P80RubberLubricantEmulsionisrecommended(greaseisNOTrecommended).

Figure8.10.Lubricatingthelabyrinthseal.

b. Positionthelabyrinthsealatthebearingcoverinitscorrectposition(withtheinternaldrainslot
ofthelabyrinthsealatthe6oclockpositionofthebearingcover).

Figure8.11.Labyrinthsealandbearingcover.

c. Ensurethelabyrinthsealisperpendiculartoborebeforeinsertion.
d. Using a sleeve and a flat surface (hard plastic) with the help of an arbor press, insert the
labyrinthseal.

Figure8.12.Insertingthelabyrinthseal.

Donotuseahydraulicpress,sincethesealcanbebroken.

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e. Performthisprocedureonbothcovers.

Figure8.13.Repeatingtheprocessforeachcover.

12. Position the radial Oring at the cover. Position manually the cover on the power frame, ensuring the
coverisrotatedinthecorrectposition.

Figure8.14.PositioningtheradialOring.

13. Topositiontheradialcoveratthepowerframe,firstputsomelubricant(providedbythesupplier)inthe
innerdiameteroftheradiallabyrinthseal.

Figure8.15.Lubricatingtheradiallabyrinthseal.

14. Position the bolts manually. Now tighten these bolts diagonally (crosswise) to ensure correct
reassembly.

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Figure8.16.Radialcoverassembly.

Inspectionpoint:Checkthatthebearingsenterevenlyintheframe;thebearing
shouldrestagainstthewallofthepowerframe.Afterthisassembly,theshaft
must be able to rotate by hand; however, there is some resistance to make it
turnduetotheactionofthelabyrinthseals.

15. Topositionthethrustcoveratthepowerframe,firstpositionthethrustOringinthecover.

Figure8.17.PositioningthethrustOringinthecover.

16. Lubricatetheinternaldiameterofthelabyrinthseal.LubricantsuppliedbyisolatormanufacturerorP80
RubberLubricantEmulsionisrecommended(greaseisNOTrecommended).

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Figure8.18.Lubricatingtheinternaldiameterofthelabyrinthseal.

17. Slidecoverontotheshaft,ensuringcoverisrotatedtothecorrectposition(donotuseahammer).
18. Positiontheboltsmanually.Tightentheseboltsdiagonally(crosswise)toensurecorrectreassembly.

Figure8.19.Thrustcoverassembly.

19. Usetheproperwrenchtoinstallplugs,sightglass,breatherandanyothernecessaryplug.

Figure8.20.Identifyingtheplugsinthebearingframe.

Applypipetapesealantonlyifitisapassthroughthread(exceptforthevent).

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Inspectionpoint:Checkvisuallythatallthethreadsinthepowerframehavea
pluginstalled(nothreadshouldremainfreeafterthisstep).

20. Installtheplugsinthecasecover.

Figure8.21.Identifyingtheplugsinthecasecover.

Applypipetapesealantonlyifitisapassthroughthread.

Inspection point: Verify that the plugs are not in contact with the mechanical
sealhead.

Figure8.22.Verifyingtheplugsdonotinterferewithmechanicalsealhead.

21. Thewearringsattheimpeller,case,andcasecoverareoptional.Toinsertthewearrings,followthese
steps:
a. Eachofthewearringsoftheimpeller(two,oneforeachside)isinsertedintoitsposition(tothe
limitwhereitstops)usingapressorarubbermallet.

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Figure8.23.Positioningthewearringsoftheimpeller.

b. Insertthewearringcompletelyintheshoulderofthecaseusingapress.
Wearring

Figure8.24.Positioningthewearring.

c. Insertthewearringcompletelyintheshoulderofthecasecoverusingapress.

Figure8.25.Positioningthewearring.

22. Topositionthemechanicalsealinthepowerframe,firstcheckthedrawingofthemechanicalseal,tobe
sureofassemblingthesealatitscorrectposition.Now:
a. Greasethemechanicalsealringandinstallitmanuallyinthemechanicalsealhead.

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Figure8.26.Positioningthemechanicalsealring.

b. Greasethejointofthemechanicalsealheadandinstallitintheinternaldiameter.

Figure8.27.Positioningthemechanicalsealjoint.

c. Insertthemechanicalsealheadintheshaftuntiltight.

Figure8.28.Positioningthemechanicalsealhead.

d. Greasethesealsrotaryfaceandinstallitintheshafttothelimitwiththemechanicalsealhead.

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Figure8.29.Positioningtherotaryface.

e. Installthespringintheshaft.

Figure8.30.Positioningthespringintheshaft.

f.

Installthetwosetscrewsinthespacer.

Figure8.31.Positioningthesetscrews.

g. Installthespacerintheshaft.Placethespacerat0.3125(5/16)inch(7.9mm)fromthefaceof
theshaft.

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.3125 inch

Figure8.32.Positioningthespacer.

h. Tightenthesetscrewstosetthespacerinthatposition.

Figure8.33.Fixingthespacerintheshaft.

23. Toinstallthefourstudsinthecasecover,followthesesteps:
a. Placethefourstudsinthecasecoverbyhand.

Figure8.34.Positioningthestudsinthecasecover.

b. Positiontwopairednutsinthestudtobetighten.

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Figure8.35.Pairednutstotightenthestud.

c. Tightenbothnutsasshown.

Figure8.36.Tighteningthepairednuts.

d. Usethespannertotightenthestud.

Figure8.37.Tighteningthestuds.

e. Loosenthetwonutsasshown.

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Figure8.38.Removingthenuts.

f.

Repeatthesestepstotighteneachoftheremainingstuds.

24. Installthecasecoverinthepowerframe.

Figure8.39.Installingthecasecover.

25. Positionthescrewstoholdthecasecoverwiththepowerframe.

Figure8.40.Positioningthescrewstoholdthecasecover.

26. Positiontheoringintheimpeller.

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27. Applyantiseizeprotectionontheshaftthreadandpositiontheimpeller.Withatorquespanner,onthe
shaftatthecouplingside,locktherotationoftheshaft.Rotatetheimpellertotightenittothepossible
extent.

Figure8.41.Lockingtheshaftrotation.

28. Installthestudsandnutsinthemechanicalsealhead.

Figure8.42.Settingthemechanicalseal.

29. Placethegasketinthecase.Usepackinggreasetoholdthegasketinplace.

The case gasket must be changed every time the case and the case cover are
disassembledandreassembled.

30. Toassemblethepowerframewiththecase,followthesesteps:
a. Positionthecasevertically,supportedoverthesuction.
b. Lifttheassemblyofthepowerframeandpositionitoverthecaseshoulder.

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Figure8.43.Positioningthepowerframeassemblyonthecase.

c. Positiontheboltsbyhand.
d. Tightentheseboltsdiagonally(crosswise)toensurethecorrectassembly.

Makesurethattheventofthepowerframeisorientedtowardsthedischarge
ofthepump.

Inspection point: Rotate the shaft and make sure the wear rings do not make
contact.Afterpositioningthepumphorizontally,rotatetheshafttoverifyagain
thatthewearringsdonotmakecontact.

8.3.2CPPL
TheCPPLpumpsharesreassemblysteps1through5,and23through30,withtheCPPpump.Pleasefollowthe
aforementioned steps from the CPP pump reassembly procedure found in SECTION 8.3.1CPP when
reassemblingtheCPPLpump.IntermediatestepstoreassembletheCPPLpump,steps6through22,arethe
following:
6. Tightenthebearinglocknutastightaspossiblebyhandusingaspannerwrench.Ensureattheendof
thetighteningprocessthatoneofthelockwashertabslinesupwiththeslotinthelocknut.
7. Thetabthatalignswithoneoftheslotsisbentintotheslotsoitworksasalockandthelocknutcannot
beloosened.Useascrewdriverandahammer.

Wearsufficienthandprotectiontoavoidpersonalinjury.

8. Nowtaketheshaftoutofthepressandturnitover180,placeitbackinthepresstoreassemblethe
radialbearing.Insertthebearingretainerintheshaftbeforeinstallingtheradialbearing.

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a. Placetheradialbearingintheinductionheater.Turnontheheater.Continuouslymeasurethe
temperatureoftheinnerrace,lookingtoreach230F(110C).

Measurethetemperaturecontinuouslywithaninfraredthermometer,pointing
totheinnerraceofthebearing.

Figure8.44.Heatingtheradialballbearing.

9. As soon as the bearing reaches the 230F (110C) temperature, it is manually positioned in the shaft
(with the serial number visible from the outside). The bearing is maintained in position until it cools
downenoughtostayinplace(toroomtemperature).

Figure8.45.Positioningtheradialbearing.

Wearsufficienthandprotectiontoavoidpersonalinjury.

Protect the bearings with oil and cling wrap plastic if you are not going to

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continue the assembling process immediately. When resuming the assembling


process,removethisprotection.

10. Toinsertthethrustlabyrinthsealintothebearingcarrier,followthesesteps:
a. Lubricatetheoutsideringofthelabyrinthseal.LubricantsuppliedbyisolatormanufacturerorP
80RubberLubricantEmulsionisrecommended(greaseisNOTrecommended).

Figure8.46.Lubricatingthelabyrinthseal.

b. Position the labyrinth seal at the bearing carrier in its correct position (the grooves of the oil
returnmustbeplacedontheinsideofthebearingcarrier).

Figure8.47.Labyrinthsealandbearingcarrier.

c. Ensurethelabyrinthsealisperpendiculartoborebeforeinsertion.
d. Using a sleeve and a flat surface (hard plastic) with the help of an arbor press, insert the
labyrinthseal.

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Figure8.48.Insertingthelabyrinthseal(imageforillustrationpurposes,itisnotthebearingcarrier).

Donotuseahydraulicpress,sincethesealcanbebroken.

e. Performthisprocedureonradialcover.

Figure8.49.Repeatingtheprocessforradialcover.

11. Slidethebearingcarrierovertheouterraceofthethrust(axial)bearingtothelimitwhereitstops.
a. Firstputsomelubricant(providedbythesupplier)intheinnerdiameterofthethrustlabyrinth
seal.

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Figure8.50.Slidingbearingcarrier.

12. Compressthecirclipwiththeappropriatetoolandinsertitintheinnergrooveofthebearingcarrier.

Figure8.51.Compressingandinsertingthecirclip.

13. PositionthetwoOringsofthebearingcarrierintheirgrooves.BecarefulwhenplacingtheOringsin
theirmatchinggrooves,sincetheyareofdifferentsizes.

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Figure8.52.PositioningtheOrings.

14. Thesubassemblyofshaft,bearingsandbearingcarriermaybeinstalledintheframeofthepump.
a. ThethreadofthebearingcarrieranddeOringsshouldbelubricatedwithoilbeforeinstallingit.

Figure8.53.Installingsubassemblyinpowerframe.

15. Thread the bearing carrier in the frame clockwise, until the flange of the bearing carrier reaches to
approximately0.100inches(2.5millimeters)oftheframe.
16. Installthesetscrewsloosely.

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Figure8.54.Installingthesetscrews.

17. Position the radial Oring at the cover. Position manually the cover on the power frame, ensuring the
coverisrotatedinthecorrectposition.

Figure8.55.PositioningtheradialOring.

18. Topositiontheradialcoveratthepowerframe,firstputsomelubricant(providedbythesupplier)inthe
innerdiameteroftheradiallabyrinthseal.

Figure8.56.Lubricatingtheradiallabyrinthseal.

19. Position the bolts manually. Now tighten these bolts diagonally (crosswise) to ensure correct
reassembly.

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Figure8.57.Radialcoverassembly.

Inspectionpoint:Checkthatthebearingsenterevenlyintheframe;thebearing
shouldrestagainstthewallofthepowerframe.Afterthisassembly,theshaft
must be able to rotate by hand; however, there is some resistance to make it
turnduetotheactionofthelabyrinthseals.

20. Usetheproperwrenchtoinstallplugs,sightglass,breatherandanyothernecessaryplug.

Figure8.58.Identifyingtheplugsinthebearingframe.

Applypipetapesealantonlyifitisapassthroughthread(exceptforthevent).

Inspectionpoint:Checkvisuallythatallthethreadsinthepowerframehavea
pluginstalled(nothreadshouldremainfreeafterthisstep).

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21. Installtheplugsinthecasecover.

Figure8.59.Identifyingtheplugsinthecasecover.

Applypipetapesealantonlyifitisapassthroughthread.

Inspection point: Verify that the plugs are not in contact with the mechanical
sealhead.

Figure8.60.Verifyingtheplugsdonotinterferewithmechanicalsealhead.

22. Inserttheadapterringcompletelyintheshoulderofthecasecoverusingapress.
a. Aligntheholeintheadapterringatthe6oclockpositionasshowninthenextfigure.Useas
referenceboththreadedholesinthecasecover.

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Adapterringholealigned
at6oclockposition.

Figure8.61.Positioningtheadapterring.

8.3.2.1CPPLImpellerClearanceAdjustment
ThissectionappliesfortheCPPLpumpwithbearingcarrier.
The adjustment of the impeller should be performed with the pump casing. Depending on the operating
conditions is how the impeller clearance should be adjusted, and if those conditions change, the adjustment
shouldberedoneaccordingtothenewoperatingconditions.
TemperatureinF(C)
<200(93)
200to250(93to121)
251to300(122to149)
301to350(150to176)
351to400(177to204)
401to450(205to232)
>450(232)

Clearanceininches(mm)
0.0180.003(0.460.08)
0.021(0.53)
0.024(0.61)
0.027(0.69)
0.030(0.76)
0.033(0.84)
0.036(0.91)

The following figure illustrates the impeller clearance, which is the clearance between the impeller and the
casing.

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Impellerclearance

Suction

Figure8.62.Indicationofimpellerclearance.

Adjustmentofimpellerclearance

Theaxialadjustmenttodeterminetheclearancebetweentheimpellerandthe
casing should not be performed with the mechanical seal fixed, as this could
damagethemechanicalseal.

Toperformthethrustadjustmentoftheimpeller,loosenthescrewsofthecarrierandturnituntiltheclearance
needed between the impeller and the casing is reached. Turn the bearing carrier clockwise until the impeller
lightlyrubsthecasing.Nowturnthebearingcarriercounterclockwisetogetthecorrectclearancebetweenthe
impellerandthecasing(asshownonthetable).
Turningthecarrierthrougheachmarkrepresentsa20turnandanaxialmovementof0.003in(0.0762mm).
The recommended procedure is to mark the origin of the adjustment with a marker, and then divide the
dimensionoftherequiredclearanceby0.003in(0.0762mm),todeterminehowmanymarkstheturningofthe
carrierhastocover.Oncetheangulardisplacementhasbeendefined,makeasecondmarkwiththemarkerto
ensure a correct adjustment. This axial displacement has to be compensated because the carrier is displaced
0.002in(0.05mm)whentighteningthescrewstolockthecarrier.

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20rotationequivalentto0.003in(0.0762mm)of
axialmovement.

Figure8.63.Rotationequivalencetolinearaxialdisplacement.

8.3.3CouplingGuardAssembly
Pleasefollowthesestepstoassemblethecouplingguard.
1. Beforeinstallingthecouplingguardinthepump,thecouplingmustbeproperlymountedandaligned.
Formoredetails,seeSECTION5.2ALIGNMENT.

Figure8.64.Couplingalreadymountedandaligned.

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2. Puttogetherthelowerpumpsidecoverwiththemotorsidecover.

Figure8.65.Puttingtogetherthelowerpumpandthemotorsidecovers.

3. Positionbothcomponentsinthelowersideofthecoupling.Inserttheboltofthelowercoverinoneof
the frame supports as shown. Tighten the inch (12.7 mm) nut by hand to support the two
components.

Figure8.66.Positioninglowercomponentsofthecouplingguard.

4. Positionthesecond(upper)motorsidecoverandsecurethecomponentwithabolt,awasher,andanut
oneachside.Tightentheboltsbyhandtoallowbothmotorsidecoverstoslidetoadjustthecoupling
guardlength.

Figure8.67.Positioningandsecuringsecondmotorsidecover.

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5. Position the pump side upper cover and insert the two bolts in the upper frame supports. Install the
nutstosecurethecouplingguardassemblyandtightenbyhand.

Figure8.68.Positioningandsecuringupperpumpsidecover.

6. Positionthebolts,washers,andnutsinboththeslotandholeoneachsideofthepumpsidecoversand
tightenbyhand.

Figure8.69.Positioningbolts,washers,andnutsontheupperandlowerpumpsidecovers.

7. Beforetighteningallboltsandnutswithaspanner,adjustthelengthofthecouplingguardtoclosethe
distancebetweenthecouplingguardandthemotortoapproximatelyinch(3.175mm).
8. Tightenalltheboltsandnutswithaspannertorigidtheassembly.

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Figure8.70.Couplingguardassembly.

8.3.4CFrameAssembly
FortheCFrameoption,followthenextstepsforitsinstallation:
1. Oncethepumpisinstalledoverthebaseplate,positionthehalfcouplingovertheshaftofthepumpand
theotherhalfcouplingovertheshaftofthemotor.Theshaftofthepumpaswellastheshaftofthe
motor should be 1/16 inside the half coupling to make sure that later the spacer coupling may be
removedwithouthassle.Tightenthesetscrewsofbothhalfcouplings.

Figure8.71.Positioningthehalfcouplings.

2. PositiontheCFrameovertheregisteroftheframeonthecouplingside.

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Figure8.72.PositioningtheCFrame.

3. PlacethethreescrewsoftheCFrameandtightenthemdiagonally(crosswise).

Figure8.73.Placingandtighteningthescrewstotheframe,crosswise.

4. PlacethehexscrewsoftheCFrametofixittothebaseplate.Tightenthehexscrews.

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Figure8.74.SecuringtheCFrametothebaseplate.

5. Withthehelpofacraneorhoist,installtheCFacemotor(driver)overtheregisteroftheCFrame.
6. Positionthefourscrewsthatsecurethemotor(driver)andtightenthemcrosswise.

Figure8.75.SecuringtheCFacemotor(driver)totheCFrame.

7. Thereisnoneedtoalignthemotor(driver)becauseoftheregistersoftheCFrame.
8. Installthespacercouplingbetweentheshafts.Tightenthescrewsofeachhalfcouplingtosecurethem
tothespacercoupling.
9. Makesurethattherotorisabletoturnwithnomajorresistance.

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Figure8.76.Verifyingrotationoftherotor.

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SECTIONNINESPAREPARTS

Therecommendedquantityofsparepartstomeetregularconditionsofconstantoperationoveraperiodoftwo
yearsaregiveninthelistbelow:

Numberofidenticalpumps(includingreservepumps)
Spareparts

Impeller
Casewearring(optional),
impellerwearring(optional)
Adapterring
Shaftwithcouplingkey
Bearing
Axial(thrust)cover(CPP)or
Axial(thrust)bearingcarrier
(CPPL)&Radialbearing
cover
Bearingframecompletewith
shaft,bearings,etc.
Gasketforpumpcase(Sets)
Oring
RepairKitformechanicalseal
Circlip(CPPL)

8and9

10and
more

Quantityofspareparts
1
2
2

30%

50%

2
1
1

2
1
1

2
2
2

3
2
2

3
2
3

4
3
4

50%
30%
50%

30%

4
2
1
1

6
3
1
1

8
6
2
2

8
8
2
2

9
8
2
2

12
10
3
3

150%
150%
30%
30%

Thesparepartsshouldbeavailablefromthetimeoffirstoperation.
Sparepartstakenoutandusedmustbereplacedassoonaspossible.

Pleasegivethefollowingdetailswhenordering:

OrderNo.ofthepump

Typeofpumpandsize

Identitynumberfromthelistofspareparts

Partnumberfromthesectionaldrawing

Quantity

6and7

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MaterialStorageofspareparts

Storethesparepartsintheiroriginalpackaging.

Storeinadryplace,preferablyataconstanttemperature.

Checkthesparepartsandthestateofthepackagingevery6monthsforsignsofcorrosion.

Repairanydamageorsignofcorrosionwithanticorrosiveagents.

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SECTIONTENPARTSINFORMATION

CPPBearingFrame:B10
100
160
210
230
321
323
330
360
361
400
412
4121
420

Case
CaseCover
Shaft
Impeller
BallBearing
AngularContactBallBearing
BearingFrame
RadialBearingCover
AxialBearingCover
CaseGasket
RadialCoverORing
AxialCoverORing
ImpellerORing

423
4231
433
471
500
564
5641
625
662
670
923
931
942

AxialLabyrinthSeal
RadialLabyrinthSeal
MechanicalSeal
MechanicalSealHead
AdapterRing
BearingFramePlug
CaseDrainPlug
OilSight
CoolingCoil
Breather
BearingLockNut
BearingLockWasher
Key

CoolingCoilOption

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CPPBearingFrame:B30A/B30B
100
160
210
230
321
323
330
360
361
400
412
4121
420

Case
CaseCover
Shaft
Impeller
BallBearing
AngularContactBallBearing
BearingBracket
RadialBearingCover
AxialBearingCover
CaseGasket
RadialCoverORing
AxialCoverORing
ImpellerORing

423
4231
433
471
500
564
5641
625
662
670
923
931
942

AxialLabyrinthSeal
RadialLabyrinthSeal
MechanicalSeal
MechanicalSealHead
AdapterRing
BearingFramePlug
CaseDrainPlug
OilSight
CoolingCoil
Breather
BearingLockNut
BearingLockWasher
Key

CoolingCoilOption

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CPPBearingFrame:B50
100
160
210
230
321
323
330
360
361
400
412
4121
420

Case
CaseCover
Shaft
Impeller
BallBearing
AngularContactBall
BearingBracket
RadialBearingCover
AxialBearingCover
CaseGasket
RadialCoverORing
AxialCoverORing
ImpellerORing

423

4231
433
471
500
564
5641
625
662
670
923
931
942

AxialLabyrinthSeal
RadialLabyrinthSeal
MechanicalSeal
MechanicalSealHead
AdapterRing
BearingFramePlug
CaseDrainPlug
OilSight
CoolingCoil
Breather
BearingLockNut
BearingLockWasher
Key

CoolingCoilOption

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CPPLBearingFrame:B10
100
160
210
230
321
323
330
360
361
400
4121
4122
4123
420

Case
CaseCover
Shaft
Impeller
BallBearing
AngularContactBallBearing
BearingBracket
RadialBearingCover
AxialBearingCover
CaseGasket
AxialCoverORingOuter
AxialCoverORingInner
RadialCoverORing
ImpellerORing

423
4231
433
471
500
564
5641
662
670
923
931
932
942

AxialLabyrinthSeal
RadialLabyrinthSeal
MechanicalSeal
MechanicalSealHead
AdapterRing
BearingFramePlug
CaseDrainPlug
CoolingCoil
Breather
BearingLockNut
BearingLockWasher
Circlip
Key

CoolingCoilOption

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CPPLBearingFrame:B30B
100
160
210
230
321
323
330
360
361
400
4121
4122
4123
420

Case
CaseCover
Shaft
Impeller
BallBearing
AngularContactBallBearing
BearingBracket
RadialBearingCover
AxialBearingCover
CaseGasket
AxialCoverORingOuter
AxialCoverORingInner
RadialCoverORing
ImpellerORing

423
4231
433
471
500
564
5641
625
662
670
923
931
932
942

AxialLabyrinthSeal
RadialLabyrinthSeal
MechanicalSeal
MechanicalSealHead
AdapterRing
BearingFramePlug
CaseDrainPlug
OilSight
CoolingCoil
Breather
BearingLockNut
BearingLockWasher
Circlip
Key

CoolingCoilOption

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SECTIONELEVENTROUBLESHOOTINGCHART

TROUBLE

PROBABLECAUSES

a.InsufficientOil
b.ContaminatedOil
c.Misalignment
d.Toomuchoil
e.Pumpisundertension
HOTBEARINGS
stress
f.Excessiveaxialthrust
g.Thegivenhalfcoupling
spacingisnotset
h.Bearingsaredamaged
a.Shaftsealisdamaged
LEAKAGE
b.Pumpunitisnotproperly
UNDERSHAFT aligned
c.Thegivenhalfcoupling
SLEEVE
spacingisnotset
a.Innerpumppartsare
worn
b.Densityorviscosityof
pumpedfluidisnotsameas
designed
c.Themotorvoltageis
incorrect
d.Motorrunsonlyintwo
phasemode
e.Pumpnotprimed
f.Speedtoolow
PUMPDOES g.Feedpipeorimpeller
NOTDELIVER plugged
h.Cloggedsuction
LIQUID
i.Damagedimpeller
j.Wrongrotation
k.Pumporpipingarenot
properlyvented
l.Formationofairpockets
inthepiping
m.Thecounterpressureof
thesystemisgreaterthan
thedesignpointofthe
pump
n.NPSHatoolow

SUGGESTEDSOLUTION
a.AddOil.
b.Drainandcleanreservoir.Refillwithcleanoil.
c.Checkalignmentofpumpanddriver.
d.Draintoproperlevel.
e.Checkthepipingfortensionfreeconnections.
f.Cleanbalanceholesintheimpellerandchangetheseal
rings.
g.Resetandgivethecorrectspacing.
h.Changedamagedbearings.
a.Replacedamagedseal.
b.Realignthepump.
c.Resetandgivethecorrectspacing.

a.Changewornparts.
b.ConsultaRuhrpumpendealer.
c.Applycorrectvoltagetothemotor.
d.Checkthecables,connectionsandfuses.
e.Primepump.
f.Checkdriverinput.
g.Cleanpipeandimpeller.
h.Cleanoutsuctionline.
i.Replaceimpeller.
j.Checkdriverrotation.
k.Ventortopup.
l.Installventvalveorlaypipingelsewhere.
m.Opendischargevalveaswideasnecessarytoreachthe
operatingpoint.
n.Checkthefluidlevelinthefeedcontainer.
Opensuctionvalvecompletely.
Laysuctionpipeelsewhereisfrictionlossesaretoobig.
Checkforapossiblefilterinthefeedpipe.

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TROUBLE

PROBABLECAUSES

a.Airleaksintosuction
b.Speedtoolow
c.Cloggedsuction
d.Cloggedimpeller
e.Damagedimpeller
f.Wrongrotation
g.Pumporpipingarenot
properlyvented
h.Feedpipeorimpeller
plugged
CAPACITYOR
i.Formationofairpockets
DISCHARGE
inthepiping
PRESSURELOW j.Innerpumppartsare
worn
k.Densityorviscosityof
pumpedfluidisnotsameas
designed.
l.Themotorvoltageis
incorrect
m.Motorconnectedonlyin
twophasemode
n.NPSHatoolow
a.Densityorviscosityof
pumpedfluidisnotsameas
designed
b.Speedtoohigh
c.Pumpunitisnotproperly
aligned
DRIVER
d.Pumpisundertension
e.Themotorvoltageis
OVERLOAD
incorrect
f.Motorconnectedonlyin
twophasemode
g.Bearingsaredamaged
h.Systemheadlowerthan
rating

SUGGESTEDSOLUTION
a.Checksuctionlineforleaks.
b.Checkdriveranditspowersource.
c.Cleanoutsuctionline.
d.Cleanimpeller.
e.Replaceimpeller.
f.Checkdriverrotation.
g.Ventortopup.
h.Cleanpipeandimpeller.
i.Installventvalveorlaypipingelsewhere.
j.Changewornparts.
k.ConsultaRuhrpumpendealer.
l.Applycorrectvoltagetothemotor.
m.Checkthecables,connectionsandfuses.
n.Checkthefluidlevelinthefeedcontainer.
Opensuctionvalvecompletely.
Laysuctionpipeelsewhereisfrictionlossesaretoobig.
Checkforapossiblefilterinthefeedpipe.

a.ConsultaRuhrpumpendealer.
b.Decreasedriverspeed.
c.Realignthepump.
d.Checkthepipingfortensionfreeconnections.
e.Applycorrectvoltagetothemotor.
f.Checkthecables,connectionsandfuses.
g.Changedamagedbearings.
h.Checksuctionanddischargepressure.
Setoperatingpointwiththedischargevalve.

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USA
RUHRPUMPEN,Inc.
4501South86thEastAve.
Tulsa,Oklahoma74145USA
Phone:+1(918)6278400

GERMANY
RUHRPUMPENGmbH
StockumerStrasse28
58453Witten/Germany
P.O.BOX6309
58432Witten/Germany
Phone:+49(2302)66103

MEXICO
RUHRPUMPENS.A.deC.V.
NquelNo.9204
CiudadIndustrialMitras
Garca,NLMxico66000
Phone:+52(81)81585500

EGYPT
RUHRPUMPENEgypt
2NewMarwaBuilding
AhmedTayssirStr.2ndFloor
HeliopolisCairo,Egypt
Phone:+20(02)22905246

ARGENTINA
RUHRPUMPENS.A.
Oliden3177|C1439FNG
BuenosAires,Argentina
Phone:+54(11)41157867

info@ruhrpumpen.comwww.ruhrpumpen.com

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August 2014