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The most intriguing, epic mystery that remains unsolved even today and challenges

the historians and the archaeologist is the speculating and perplex enigma of the
Lost Colony of Roanoke Islands. An island just off the coast of present day North
Carolina encrypted the most alluring and twisting history as in primitive times it was
found abandoned without a trace of colonists and researchers were unable to
discover any clues for decades. Multifarious theories have been laid about their
disappearance based on archaeological discovery, ranging from eradicating disease
to gruesome battle with local Native American Tribes. Albeit some excavations have
revealed some fascinating facts about the lost islanders but very little was known
about them. However through relentless effort historians were able to disclose
probable ideas about the whereabouts of the Lost Colonists.
During the late 1570s Queen Elizabeth encouraged exploration and determined to
widen their settlement into new lands. This was the time when Roanoke Islands was
discovered. However it was not until 1584 the significant history was made.
Englands initial attempt to colonise on the island encountered massive disaster.
During the second expedition, when Sir Walter Ralph was appointed as the charter
of the journey, about 100 people sailed to the Island who succeeded in establishing
friendly relations with the neighbouring tribes, Croatians and managed to erect a fort.
When the ships returned to England for supplies and reinforcements, an attempt was
made to leave behind 15 people to finish the fort and look for more permanent
settlement. The mystery of Roanoke Islands initiated with the third attempts when
John White was appointed as a governor. During the third expedition under his
command about 115 people, including women sailed to the forbidding place. When
they found no clues of the previous 15 men, it was decided to establish the
civilisation further north of the mainland. However due to constrain relation between

the governor and the ship captain lead to disagreement and the travellers were
forced to settle near the forbidden fort built by the previous islanders. When John
White came to learn from the friendly Croatians about the misfit of the 15 people that
they were attacked by brutal native Indian tribes, he became exasperated and
launched an attack on them. Unknowingly, his men attacked the friendly Croatian
tribes which aggregated the amicable relation with the new colonists. Thus the
Croatoans refuse to supply the colonists with food and the supplies bought with them
begun to finish. Rationing of food and the winter approaching led to the decision that
supplies has to be replenished from England. John White decided to leave behind
115 people including his wife and daughter, the first English child born on American
soil..
Soon afterwards the British fleet encountered the Spaniards in a furious naval war
which lasted for two years. Eventually ship returned after three years with new
supplies and shockingly found the island deserted with no trace of the colonist. Only
the word Croatoan was carved in a tree. Since the captain of the ship had no interest
in finding the people John White was forced to return to England, without knowing
the fate of the Roanoke Islanders.
As there was no Maltese cross or any distress signal, and no sign of any fire, or
wreckage or havoc, White deduced that the people simply gathered their belongings
and left due to unfavourable conditions. High possibility was to move 50 miles inland,
present day Hatteres Island, in to Croatoan tribes. This theory remains strong and
affirmative among the many conception laid out because various explorers
attempting to solve the mystery after that reported related stories. For instance, The
English Sailor John Lawson while exploring America spend considerable time on the
Hatteres Island and reported that many Croatoans have claimed their ancestors

were white people and many had grey eyes which is seldom among the Indian
tribes.
Furthermore when the Jamestown Colonists sent out several search parties to find
the people of the lost colony they encountered many Native American tribes who
spoke about English settlements further along the coast of the Island. They spoke in
English and dress like the Europeans. This sightings correlated with most widely
held idea that Roanoke Colonists assimilated into Croatoans and over the course of
time intermarriage between the English and the Croatoans lead to the creation of the
Lumbee Tribes.
The most widely held theories about the Lumbee origins is that they are the
descendants of Sir Walter Raleigh of the lost Colony of Roanoke Islands. Along with
John Lawsons evidence and the fact that 41 of 95 Lost Colonists' names appeared
among the Lumbee and they spoke English fluently with Elizabethan dialect,
practiced Christianity, and called themselves the Croatan Indians, it can be deduced
that Roanoke islanders merged into the Lumbee tribes.
Other disputes surrounding the unsolved mystery includes multifarious hypothesis.
Many researchers think that drastic weather conditions forces them to sail back
towards England where they got lost in the sea or encountered a battle with Spanish
who established themselves in Florida and finally got killed or taken as captives.
Some even proposed that they were wiped out by an unknown disease, while a
questionable theory regarding a series of mysterious stones discovered surfaced in
the mid-1900s. Yet there was also a theory purporting that due to the sociopolitical
friction between some tribes and some hostile tribes against the colonists, especially
the Secotan tribe, according to Klingelhofer to the National Geographics. The tribe

could have decided to get rid of the colonists in the midst of the tension within the
area, during which the men couldve either been killed and the women and children
captured as slaves.
However, weve concluded that the most plausible theory could be an assimilation of
the Ronoake settlers with the Croatoan natives, forming the Lumbee tribe because
the carving in the tree lacked a sign of distress, namely the Maltese cross as a
secret token agreed upon between the Ronoake settlers should the ones left behind
be forced to leave their fort in times of distress or attack. Besides, researchers have
also found that the Lumbee tribe shared English family names which belonged to
some of the Ronoake colonists. Some of them sported English physical features and
spoke English.

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