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ASSIGNMENT SHEET NO 1

Problem (1)
Velocity vector field in a flow is represented by:

V x i yj z k
Where and are constants. What is the acceleration in this flow? What should be the
dimensions of constants and so that all acceleration components have dimensions of
acceleration LT-2.
Problem (2)
An idealized velocity field is given by:

V 4 tx i 2 t 2 y j 4 x z k
(i)
(ii)

Specify all the characteristics of the fluid and the flow.


At the point (x, y, z) = (-1, 1, 0), compute (a) the acceleration vector (b) unit
vector normal to the acceleration.

Problem (3)
Consider a sphere of radius R immersed in a uniform stream as shown in the figure
below:

The fluid velocity along the stream line AB is given by:

R3
V u i U 0 1 3 i
x

Find:
(a) The position of maximum acceleration along AB.
(b) The time required for a fluid particle to travel from A to B.
Hint: dx = udt ;

x R 2
dx
1
1
1 2 x R
ln

x3 R3 6 R 2 x 2 Rx R 2 R 3 tan R 3

Problem (4)
For a flow in xy plane, the x-component of velocity is given by:

u 3x2y y3
(a) Determine a possible y-component for incompressible flow.
(b) Is it also valid for unsteady, incompressible flow? Why?
(c) How many possible y-components are there?
(d) What will be the simplest component?
Problem (5)
Show that the streamlines for a flow whose velocity components are u = c(x2 y2) and v
v = -2cxy, where c is a constant, are given by the equation x2 y y3/3 = constant. At
which point (or points) is the flow parallel to y-axis? At which point (or points) is the
fluid stationary?

Problem (6)
A velocity field is given by V xi x ( x 1)( y 1) j , where u and v are in ft/sec and x and
y are un feet. Plot the stream line that passes through x = 0 and y = 0. Compare this
stream line with the streak line through the origin
Problem (7)

Wind blowing on the ground has both horizontal and vertical components as described
below:
Horizontal component u varying with height y as indicated.
Vertical component of velocity v = v0(1 y/h)
Plot the stream line passing through the origin for u 0 / v 0 0 .5 .
Note that for y h, u = u0 and v = 0

Problem (8)
A velocity field is given by u = cx2 and v = cy2 , where c is a constant. Determine the x
and y components of acceleration. At what point (or points) in the flow field is the
acceleration zero?
Problem (9)

The velocity of air in the diverging pipe is shown in the sketch above. The inlet velocity
at station (1) is V1 = 4t ft/sec and velocity at station (2) is V2 = 2t ft/sec, assuming
transient flow.
(a) Determine the local accelerations at points 1 and 2.
(b) Is the average convective acceleration between these two points negative,
zero, or positive?
Problem (10)

A fluid particle flowing along a stagnation streamline, as shown, slows down as it


approaches the stagnation point on the streamline. Measurement of a dye flow along
the streamline indicates that the location of a particle starting on the streamline at a
distance s = 0.6 ft upstream of stagnation point at t = 0 is given approximately by
s 0.6e 0.5t , where t is in seconds and s is in feet.
(a) Determine the speed of a fluid particle as a function of time t, Vparticle (t), as it
flows along the streamline.
(b) Determine the speed of the fluid as a function of position along the streamline,
V = V(s).
(c) Determine the fluid acceleration along the streamline as a function of position,
as = as(s).

Problem (11)

Air flows into a pipe from the region between a circular disc and a cone as shown
above. The fluid velocity in the gap between the disc and the cone is closely
approximated by V = V0R2/r2, where R is the radius of the disc, r is the radial coordinate
and V0 is the fluid velocity at the edge of the disc. Determine the acceleration for r = 0.5
ft and 2.0 ft if V0 = 5 ft/sec and R = 2 ft,

Problem (12)

A layer of oil flows down a vertical plate as shown above, with a velocity of
V V0 / h 2 2hx x 2 j where V0 and h are constants.
(a) Show that the fluid sticks to the plate and the shear stress at the edge of the plate
is zero.
(b) Determine the flow rate across the surface AB.

CONVERSION FACTORS
1 m = 3.28 ft

1 ft = 0.3048 m

1 KM = 0.6215 Mile

1 Mile = 1.609 KM

1 Kg mass = 2.2 lbm

1 lbm = 0.455 Kg mass

1 m3 = 35.32 ft3

1 ft3 = 2.83110-2 m3

UK Gallon = 4.546 Liters

US Gallons = 3.785 Liters

1 N = 0.2248 Lbf

1 Lbf = 4.448 N

Universal Gas Constant = Ru = 8.314103 J/(oK.KgMole) - SI Units


Universal Gas Constant = Ru = 1545.38

ft. Lbf /( 0R.lbmMole) - FPS Units

Universal Gas Constant = Ru = 49.761103 ft. Lbf /( 0R.slugMole) - FPS Units


Specific Gas Constant = Rg = Ru/MWg

MWg = Molecular weight of the gas

AIR Properties
MWair = 28.97 Kg/KgMole

Rair = 287 J/(oK.Kg)

air = 1.225 Kg/m3 at 150 C, 101.32 KPa


air = 0.0023769 slugs/ft3 at 590 F, 14.696 lbf / ft2

Water Properties
water = 1000 Kg/m3

water = 1.938 slugs/ft3

Rair = 1715 ft.lbf /(0R.slug)