A STUDENT’S SYNCHRONOLOGICAL CHART OF THE RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD

“THE REAL HISTORY OF MAN, IS THE HISTORY OF RELIGION, HIS ATTEMPTS TO KNOW, TO SERVE, AND TO LOVE HIS GOD”
THERE HAS BEEN NO ENTIRELY NEW RELIGION FROM THE BEGINNING OF THE WORLD

RIVERS OF LIFE OR FAITHS OF MAN IN ALL LANDS .
BY

Accompaniment to

EXPLANATION OF COLOURS.
GREEN YELLOW GREY CARMINE SUN ANCESTOR THEISM BIBLES PINK SEPIA RED BLUE

MAJOR GENERAL FORLONG, F.R.G.S. F.R.S.E. M.A.I. &c. &c.
YEARS B.C.
10,000
Flourishing Communities and Remains of Man (Dates and Data, p. 4 to 27). 9300 ZOROASTER’S Birth, says Plato, after a Flood which buried the great Island of Atlantis and its Cities. Legendary Rise of SHEMITES or Sun-Worshippers, not the “Semetics” of Philology. Annals of SAIS go back to this (Dates and Data).
[Koothites or Cuthites thought to have preceded Shemites, 12,000 B.C., driven by a cyclical change and deluge from North.—Egyptians claim 14,000 to Hephestus, and 10,000 from Menes to Sethon. The DESATIR OF MEHABIAN (Zoroastrian sect) say that a cyclical deluge took place every 10,000 to 12,000 years. Egypt claims 13,000 B . C . says Herodotus, who was shown effigies of Priests going back 34 3 generations from Sethos, Priest of Vulcan, 713 B.C.]

TREE PHALLIC SERPENT FIRE

PRINCIPAL CHARACTERS, CITIES, AND LEADING RELIGIOUS EVENTS, HISTORICAL AND MYTHICAL.

OBJECTS OF WORSHIP, DEITIES, INCARNATIONS, AND FAITH STREAMS

PRINCIPAL MATTERS IN BIBLES, THEOLOGICAL WORKS, DOGMAS, MISSIONS, LANUGAGES, &c.

YEARS B.C.
10,000

Fetish-like objects, with fossil man, long anterior to this (Dates and Data.) Beginning of reigns of 350 Babylonian kings, which Sargon's tablet of 700 B.C. says preceded him. 9085 Kings of Egypt traced back to this by Bunsen.

9000

8570

WORSHIP OF FETISHES TREE

& CHARMS WORSHIP LINGAM PHALLIC

EVERYWHERE & YONI SERPENT or FAITHS
DATA TOWARDS CALCULATING THE AGE OF THE WORLD, FROM NATURAL PHENOMENA, &c.
Accumulation of Sand and Mud, Memphis (Lyell), . Years required, . . . . . 14,000 A Complete Revolution of Zodiac, . . . . . . . . ,, ,, 25,810 Age of Egyptian Zodiac, calculated by position of signs, . . . . . ,, ,, 15,000 with Capricorn in zenith, . ,, ,, . . . . . ,, ,, 13,083 Indian ,, ,, ,, Virgo ,, . . . . . . ,, ,, 22,575 Pottery under Second Cypress Forest, New Orleans, . ,, . . . . ,, ,, 28,000 Human Bones under Fourth do.. do.,. ,, . . . . . ,, ,, 57,600 Upper Stalagmite Floor of Kent Cavern, ,, . . . . . . ,, ,, 720,000 Cutting back of Niagara Rock, . . . . . . . . ,, ,, 37,000 Cutting back of such channels as Great Canyon of the Colerado of California, 500 miles long, with ,, ,, Millions. vertical side from 1000 to 5000 feet high, . . . . . . To beginning of Glacia Period (J. Croll), . . . . . . . ,, ,, 240,000 For the continuance of do., . . . . . . . . ,, ,, 80,000 Do. do. (Lyell), . . . . . . . ,, ,, 200,000 Egyptians gave Herodotus a List of 330 Kings going back . . . . . ,, ,, 17,000 Progression of Perihelion (Phillips, 979), . . . . . . . ,, ,, 20,937 Revolution of Poles, . . . . . . . . . ,, ,, 2,700,000 Growth of Coral Reefs of Florida, . . . . . . . . ,, ,, 135,000 Tenth Cypress Forest, New Orleans, ,, . . . . . . ,, ,, 158,400 Earth's Cycle of Eccentricity of Orbit round Sun, . . . . . . ,, ,, 515,610 If Aryans of Bacria saw Southern Cross in latitude 40°, them . . . . . ,, ,, 30,000 “ The Earth’s past hisotry extends over hundreds of thousands, perhaps millions of years.” (STRACHEY, Brit. Assoc.) For the Geological History of Earth. (J. CROLL, “Climate and Time.”) . . . . ,, ,, 100,000,000

9000

8300 8150

8000
7500 7300

Priests of SAIS give this as date of Memphic Kings (Plato).. Human remains in Coral, Florida (Professor Agassis). Aryans mostly residing in a common Fatherland, called in Zend ARYANA-VAEDJO, in Sanskrit UTURU-KURU, or table-land of Pamir (Upa-Meru).. Highlands of Northern Hemisphere becoming habitable. Burnt Brick and Pottery at Memphis (Dates and Data). Date of INDIAN ZODIAC (Dupuis). EGYPT a lax confederation of provinces (Bunsen). Egypt, and ALORUS I., King of Kaldia lived. Some say MANETHO I., King of

8000

}

WORSHIP OF ASHER FIRE

FERTILITY

7000
6521

Probable RHEMATIC Age, when a language existed, out of which came Turanian, Aryan, and Shemtic tongues. Date of Egyptian Zodiac of Esne, says Drummond, but others 6450 and 4639. . IZDOOBAR. The Zodiacal Year beginning Aquarius (Mill. of Facts). Social Organization of Iberians, &c. (Strabo). 5688 CREATION (Josephus). CREATION, according to MANETHO. MENES I. reigned in Egypt (M. Dufeu); Abydos or Abu-this his capital. Perihelion crossed Equator N. to S. (Phillips.) Date of SYENE well being under the Tropic. CREATION ERA fixed by Ecunemical Council of Constantinople in 381 A.C. Abysinian and Alexandrian Era of Creation. (Com. Alex, 362 A.C.) CREATION, say Hales, Poole, and Talmud. 5390 Era adopted by Sept. Translators. Babylonian Historical Era—a Tablet of 2280. (Sir H. Rawlinson, following Berossus.) Probable rise of MANETHO’s Egyptian Kings (Mariette Bey.) THINIS Capital of Egypt. Foundation of Great PYRAMID. (M. Dufeu.) . Supposed age of the existing great cypress tree of Oaxaca, Mexico (Lyell). [3 cycles begin. IS, Egyptian Capital of Second Dynasty. 4714 Era from which Julian period is reckoned. CREATION, say Samaritans. 4682 Spring Equinoctial colure enters Taurus. [Meydoon. Memphis, Capital of 3d Dynasty. Union of Upper and Lower Kingdoms. 1st Pyramid-. Egyptian Fourth Dynasty begins. A TETI succeeds MENES. Great Development of Art. HEPHESTUS I., King of Egypt. (Diog. Laertius, Phillips.) Memphis, Capital of Fourth Dynasty. King CEPHRENE builds Twelfth Gizeh Pyramid. Stepped Pyramid of Sakara completed. Pestilence and many supernatural events (Manetho). CREATION, say Usher and Vulgate. Bovine Worship exists. IS, Capital of Fifth Dynasty. Northern Hemisphere dry. (Phillips.) MEMPHIS said by some to be founded by MENES. (Osburn.) SETH’S birth. Elephantine or Sixth Egyptian Dynasty. HEPHESTUS I., King of Egypt. (Dikæarchus, Phillips.) Fifth Dynasty and use of IRON in Egypt. (Col. Vyse). ETHIOPIANS ruling world—great in Religion and Art, especially in Egypt. Memphis, a Capital of Seventh Dynasty.

and ISTAR & ISA DEVA & SIVI ON & ISHA

7000

6200

6000
5800 5641 5600 5550 5509 5493 5344 5150

SUN HELIOS WHEEL OF LIFE BELUS ASH AISH ESH

CREATIVE

VIGOR WARMTH

ISWAR MAHASIVA AM OSIR

Age of flint implements (Dates and Data). Beginning of most ancient kings, as Alorus of Kaldia, taking Berosus’ 318 kings at an average of 24 years from Sargon of Asyria. CREATION, “several thousand years before Moses,” says Pliny. 5872, according to Septuagint (Mill. of Facts); but 5900, says Syncellus. 5700 The so-called FLOOD of Berosus, at the close of the reign of his 10 early kings. Third month and twenty-fifth day is the very exact date of CREATION given by Julius Africanus, the Greek Churches and 5508 many early Fathers, and called the ERA OF CONSTANTINOPLE. Many say that at 9 A.M. marked “the fall of Adam,” and 1 P.M, the promise of Christ. History carried up to this by Indians whom Alexander met. 5369 Beginning of Native Kings of Egypt (Diod. Sic.) 5040 Some ARYANS probably moving south to India and Western Asia. ALORUS, the Civilising Chief of Central Asia; from him possibly the Jewish ADAM. Josephus says he was 4053 years before the Exodus, but his figures taken in detail give 5759 B.C. as CREATION.
N.B.—The names given in the body to these PRIME ROOTS or BASES of faiths are not here placed chronologically. This occurs lower down, as history permits us to trace these ROOTS. This horizontal band, here dividing the downward streams, represents a break in the continuity of the streams, and places the objects standing at the head of the streams in a far remote and unknown period, with names that gradually developed in all lands and amongst all peoples.

6000

FIRE of GOD FIRE of the SUN AR

5000
4862 4790 4750 4658 4450 4347 4235 4235 4004 3950 3890 3870 3712 3690

OSIRIS & ISIS HESIRI MENAPIS ALA & ALITA ALPHA OMEGA AL & OM or MITRA & IL or EL ADÃM & ADMI A NER, BET or FORM or OF & RA & ATHOR MYLITA ELOHIM ADÃMA EVA N NIN SERPENS

5000

4000

AGNI MENVES BEL BAL BA - AL THE SUN OF RIGHTEOUSNESS MITRA SOURCE of ALL FERTILITY CREATIVE HEAT EGYPTIAN SACRED TAURUS - APIS AGNUS-DEI HEPHAISTUS or ILIOUN ANCESTOR WORSHIP ILUS MOUNTAIN WORSHIP EVERYWHERE RITUAL

TEMPLE OF OSIRIS at Abu-this, from which came the “table of Abydos” and Oracular Temple to Ptah, “the Revealer” and Fecundator, Memphis. Medical Works and a regular Ritual for the Dead in Egypt. Man evinces consciousness of a Spiritual World and its Immortality (Dates and Data). Pelusium and Isthmus drying.
The year 4714 is 1st year of Solar Cycle, or the DOMINICAL letter; of the Meteoric or Moon Cycle, the GOLDEN number; and the Cycle of Indication or Roman taxation period, lasting 15 years. These three cannot again occur together till 3266 a.c.

4000

3500
3426 3400

NAR,

BEGINNING OF REIGN OF MENES OF EGYPT. Maritte-Bey says . . . . 5004 Brugsch ,, . . . . 4455 Lepsius . . . . ,, 3896 Bunsen ,, . . . . 3623

FLOOD of Septuagint. (Phillips.) IS, a Capital of Eighth Dynasty, 3043. Some Writers here put Foundation of Egyptian Monrachy. In Egypt Phthah, or Vulcan, or Hephestus. Fire-Worship. (Mill. of Facts).

3300
3290

Egyptians call themselves RUT-TUMMU, “the Race of Men,” par excellence. Herakleopolis Capital of Ninth Dynasty.

ELS the ABODE EL

3400 Some writers place this as age of Great Pyramid. 3369 Date of the Chinese Patriarch TAE-HAOU, “the Resplendent One,” “Adam, or Great Male.” Worship of Mountains, Rivers, Wells, and Caves.
The sum of all MANETHONIAN DYNASTIES shows a difference of 364 years, varying from 4655 to 5049. There were 26 dynasties of 172 years each. Christian O.T. CHRONOLOGY varies as much as 2115 years.

3500

SERAPHIM SCORPIO GENERATIVE WILL PASSION FERTILE FORCE PYTHON

Probable period of Wars of SOORAS and ASOORAS, India.

3300

3258

DELUGE. (Syncellus and Julius Africanus.)
ASSYRIAN SACRED TABLET

3200
3180 3179 3160 3146 3130

Jemsheed (Bailly); if so Persepolis invents cycle of 1440 years. HELIOS AND OURANOS WORSHIP. An Inscription in Soosiana by Koothites. (Baldwin.) KRONOS, a predecessor of early Menes, King of Egypt. (Mill. of Facts.) IS, a Capital of Tenth Dynasty. DAGON invents Plough. Sothic Cycle. Flood. (Josephus.) OSIRIS—TATUS or TOTH. Planets named—Hieroglyphs—Priests—Arts. Jupiter, Son of KRONOS, reigns in Crete, and his brother BELUS in Babylon. 3101 HINDOO ERA of Kaliyoog begins—Hephestus or Fire. Egypt. The Southern Cross hid to Northern Europe. Hindoo Tables, very accurate and ancient. (Strange.)

Jewish Flood, say Hales, Jackson, &c. HINDOOS had determined mean motions of Saturn and Jupiter (Mill. of Facts.) 3100 3100 3000

3200

ANIMAL WORSHIP EVERYWHERE CREATIVE OURANUS & GE HOA or HEA FORCE TYPHON

Krishna, King of Dwaraka in Goozerat, said to have died. (William’s Indian Epics.)

ARYANS in Southern India. (Strange’s Legends of Old Testament.)

3100

3100

3064

Egyptian Pictures of Asiatics and Negroes. Ben-Hasan’s tomb built. BABYLON built. (Philo Byblius.) Egyptian Dynasty of D. Siculus begins. Time of AUTEFAA, King of Egypt, who, along with dogs, appears on Tomb of 10th or 11th century B.C. Probable time of Zoroaster (Bunsen).

Greeks give Leaders of the Wars of Gods and Titans mostly thus:—

3000

ARYANS crossing Indus. (J. Fergusson.) 2990 Giants or Nephelim, says Old Testament. Some say Wars of PANDOOS and KOOROOS in Upper India. 2950 NOAH’S birth. (Usher.) Rama, the Sun chief, worships the Lingam. (Wheeler’s Hist. of India, ii. 353.) TITANS or Aleti, probably study husbandmen. (Phillips.) Serpent-worshipping races ruling over most of world. About this time, say some, Kronos divided Europe and Western Asia between his children. He founded Etruria.

2998 2950

FLOOD (Samaritan Bible.)

2994, THEBES, a Capital of Eleventh Dynasty. Established worship at Tombs and in Temples, and

WARS

OF

JOVEVITES & TITANITES LINGAITES & YONITES

OF SOLAR

AND

LUNAR &

WORSHIPPERS KOOROOS

Kronos (Sun). His Son, Jupiter. ,, Apollo. His Nephew, Neptune. Half-brother, Mars. Son of Mars, Hercules. Brother, Osiris. Tot or Ta-autus.

Astarte and Family, wife of Kronos and mother of Titans (Darkness). Pontus the Titan. Belus of Babylon. Typhon or Winder Son of Kronos.

3000

First Chinese Emperor FOHEE. himself as God’s Vicegerent

Typhon generally shown as victorious, driving Gods out of Egypt and killing Osiris. The Greeks gave to Astarte . . . . Phenicia and Syria. Belus . . . . Mesopotamia and Kaldia. Dodus, the Dodonian Jove Crete. Athene . . . . Atika. Mars . . . . Thrace. Dagon, or Ahsi-Eretz, or Lower Egypt. OSIRIS . . . Toth or Ta-autus . . Upper Egypt Poseidon or Neptune . Barytus.

Empire of OURANOS and GE. (Phillips.) Iron in China.

PANDOOS

2900
2872 2850 2834 2830 Zodiacal Year beginning with Aquarius. War of Titans, or Gods and Men, Lingamites and Yonites. Jewish Writers say “Sons of God marry Daughters of Men.” Eclipses recorded in CHINA—KRONOS and JUPITER versus ASTARTE and TYPHON and BELUS. BELUS accused of scaling Heaven. ATLAS, Son of Ouranos and Ge. MENES begins to reign. (Phillips, agreeing with Champollion.) A Menes, say many writers. Obelisk at ON. Egypt’s Twelfth Dynasty ruling at IS.—OSIRTASEN say some. 2722 CHINESE Cycle. PYRAMIDS, say some writers.. Egyptian Labyrinth HWANGTI, Emperor of China, said to be first historical. 2650 2640 Rise of Thirteenth Egyptian Dynasty. Capital ABYDOS, some say IS. CHINESE Cycle and Zodiac fixed. ARYANS rising over TURANIANS, probably Cuthites or Aithiopians. ABRAM. (Josephus, from Mill. of Facts.). Nimrod is Belus, says Hales, and probably Asher, the Lingam. AFGHANS, known as the KOFES on Kooba River, Zohoks or Doozok’s Country. CHINA, an Empire with Animal Worship. Babylonian authentic history beings. Following great cities known with a complete Theogony and Thelogy: UR or EREK, Akad, Kootha, Kalneh, Larsa, Borsipa, Babel, Nipoor, Sipara, Kisu, Asher, Nineveh, Eridu, Resen, Kala, Reho-Bothair, Gangana, Harish-Kalama, Amarda, &c.

2900

}

2800

2782 2750

KRONUS THE DODONIAN

BAITULIA or SUN-STONES everywhere common.

NAGA or SERPENT ATMÁN or SPIRIT OF LIFE

2850 CHINESE Worship of TORTOISE. Kaldians call ANAT, Queen of Heaven, Mâya; Belat, wife of Bel, Mother of the Gods, and ISHTAR, the eldest Daughter of Heaven and Earth, Passion and Love. Kaldia has two accounts of Creation.

The above signififies Faiths and Races, Light and Darkness, Summer and Winter, Osiris and Nox.

Kaldians teach that from TAUTHE (male) and APASON (female)—the two great principles of nature—proceeded gods and men. They produce Moymis, “the only-begotten Son,” but who has no progeny. Chaos is presided over by Ti-saiat and Ti-amut, the SEA—a female power called Thalat-th by Berosus. Elu is father of the gods whom Zu, a wintry god, insults. Fabled Oanes. The Dragon of the Sea is called Karkar-Tiamat, Karkar being a sea-coast city.
(Though a writer’s name is often shown after a statement, it is not to be assumed that he made such dogmatically or without reserve.)

2800

2700

2700

THE TWELVE KALDIA

GREAT GODS OF EVERYWHERE

DYAUS IN ONE FORM or THE SELF-EXISTENT

DYUSKY
2605 ABRAM’S birth, according to Samartian Bible and the Septuagint (Phillips.)

2600
2576 2554

ANOTHER INDRA SKY, BRIGHTNESS VAROON or WATERS ABOVE AND ON EARTH SOMA MITHRA-SUN ATMOS or ATMOSPHERE OR BREATH called SWERGA

ADAM is worshipped. (Gregorie.)

2600

ANAT

BELTIS

ISHTÁR

NÃTS or SPIRITS HOMA

Kaldians call the angels of heaven IGEGE, and earthly angels ANUN-Naki. They say earth is peopled with genii, of which Sedu, Gallu, &c., are prominent.)

SANSKRIT ARYANS to INDIA. INDRA is Soora-Pater, or Theön-hupatos—Sun, Father, or Ruler of Gods. Kaldians call Sin, the Moon God of Ur, Brightness; Merodak of Babylon, Prince of Gods—Lord of Briths; Shamas of Larsa and Sipara, Judge of Heaven and Earth ; Nirgal of Kootha, God of War ; Ninip of Nippor, Destroyer of the Wicked. VRITRA is the Rainccloud and then Darkness. Serpent Worship all over Kabool Valley. Birth of Zohak, Serpent King. Period of Rishis, as Manoo (not the lawgiver), Brigoo, Angeras, Atarvan, &c., “Gods” and “Friends of God,” and “Sons of God.” Indra overcomes the Rakshasas, as does a later Jove the TITANS. “The Key-note of all Religions” now struck. (Müller’s A.S. Lit., 538.) Date of RIG-VEDA. (Haug.) Dravidian Indians, probably pushed south by Aryans, drive out aboriginal tribes. Both Dravidians and Central Indians supposed to be of Central Asian extraction, but of a very remote date.

2500
2460 2450 2440 Some SKYTHIC Races expel Kooths, probably other Skooths, from Babylon. Birth of SHEM, says Usher. Elamites overrun Babylon. (Geo. Smith.) Egypt’s Dynasty of Elephantites rise. Worship of Elephas. EGYPT and PHENICIA mentioned in ancient histories. The Two King SOOPHI reigning in Egypt. 2367 2348 Chinese Astronomers. YAHO, Emperor. A free written language and metal coinage. FLOOD of Ogyges. ASHER founds Asyria. Do. Genesis. (Usher and Vulgate.) CHINA has a Board of Astronomers under Emperor YAO.

2500

KNEF

PHTA AMON or HAMON

PHRE or KEM

INDRA AGNI ATMAN THE HOLY SPIRIT HEAVEN

2400

2400
The Trinity of Kaldia is Anoo, Bel, and Hea—Sky, Sun, and Fire—Water. [There is now springing up east and west a BELIEF IN ONE GOD, IMMORTALITY, REVELATIONS from God, MEKNEF is a Universal Creator. (Eusebius.) TEMPSYCHOSIS, and PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY to God. MAYA, Primeval Mother, same as Anat, Beltis, or Ishtar. It is taught that God hates sin and loves righteousness, and Chinese Annals of the Tortiose said to be 1000 years old.—Cuniform writing. that self-denial, ascetiicism, and sacrifice please him. Some say future bliss is final ABSORPTION INTO HIS Emperor YAO receives a Long-robed People from South. SPIRIT, or acceptance by him.] KALDIAN Phallic Faith

ANOO

2300
2286 2280 2250 2234

THEBES built by King OSMANOYAS. Pharoahs in Memphis (Josephus.) KUDUR NANHUNDI King. Elam ravages Erek—takes Gods. Jacob goes to Egypt. Fourteenth Dynasty. XIOS Capital of HYKSOS kings. Asyrian Historical Era. Date of a Table stating Babylon to have been conquered by Medes (Kuths?) BABYLON flourishes.* Tower of BABEL. Izdubar or Nimrod restores Kaldian Kingdom. Astronomical Observations for 1903 years—KALISTHENES to ALEXANDER. [(Smith) NINEVEH built by ASHER. From AMON-OUPHIS springs FIRE or PHTA, with a descendant HORUS. An Egyptian Inscription of time of SESOURTESEN III. City of MEMPHIS. NINUS, King of Nineveh. Egyptian PYRAMIDS by Kings SOOFIS and JOOESOOFIS. SAN or ZOAN, Capital of Fifteenth Dynasty. Great inroads of Arabian Shemites. . BABYLON begins Astronomical Tables, which extend to 331 B.C. ,, conquered by BELUS, Son of NINUS. Koothites settling in Ireland. HERAKLES and DIONYSUS conquer India, says Metasthenes. BACCHUS and OSIRIS wear tiger-skins and have their cars drawn by tigers. Kingdoms of Subartu and Martu (in Syria). Gutim or Goim mentioned. Egypt’s Dynasties of Xoites and Shepherd Kings prominent.—Memphite Dyn. falls NINUS takes Babylon. Asyrian Empire. FIRST PYRAMID. HERAKLES perished in Spain. (Sallust.)—TAAUTANUS writes Ten Books of Religious Laws. Queen SEMIRAMIS, wife of Ninus, invades India. (Sir R. Phillips and others.) Her army said to be two millions strong.—Probable time of ZOROASTER. (Haug.) Sankuniathon, the Historian. (Manetho.) ABRAM. (Vulgate.) UREK, a King of Kaldia, capital Ur, and which remained so to 1850. Very many tablets relate events beyond this period. Southern Kaldia called SUMIR. TYRE celebrated for its dyes. (Phillips.) OSIRIS as Judge of Dead is shown as PLUTO or HADES or the SHADES—Winter.

2300

2200
2188 2134 2124

BEL - SUN NEITH AMON NEU DAGON AMON THEMI NISROCH NEBO

ASHER APIS OR NUMIS, THE CHNOPHIS MOUT CHONS SIVAIK RA HAKE or SATURN ASHTAROTH ATHYR or VENUS

ORMAZD REMBA RAMHEADED PÁVANA or BÁVANA THE MÀTCH YÁMA TVASHRTI or BRÀHM BRAHMA RUDRA or

AUM OM ZOROASTER FISH 1ST AVATÁR YIMA

SUN and PHALLIC Worship everywhere. RIGVEDA.—Merchant Ships of a hundred oars crowd the Eastern seas. Rise of AVATARS or Incarnations of God. 2259 Prayers for Dead in Egypt. (Bunsen.) A Hell for eternal punishment unknown. (Sanskrit Texts, v. 302.) The Creator cures and accepts his children and is their friend. PUT a place of punishment. Berosus puts ZOROASTER here. Aryans again descending on India. SHEMITES of Arabia moving North-East and West. The SOLARITES in Mesopotamia trying to destroy DRAGONITES. Diospolites rise. (Usher.) Also Herakleopolites of Fourth and Fifth Egyptian Dynasties. PHRE worshipped in Egypt, as RA the Rising and ATMOU the Setting Sun. 13th October 2127, the Chinese record an Eclipse. DYAUS and PRITHVI—Heaven and Earth—OURANOS and GAIA, Parents of the Gods. SIKYONIA established. The cow Timou worshipped as Venus. ARYANS call Indians Dasyus.

VULCAN A or SOLAR GOD VISHNOO SIVA

SOORYA SOMA AGNI VACH USIIAS MAROOTS PRITHVI VAYOO AP or AB NADY VRITRA AHI ASVINS PURJUNYA

The DEVAS or Gods of the Vedas Sun. Moon. Fire. Speech. Dawn. Storm. Earth. Wind. Water. Stream, Darkness. Clouds. The Twins. Rain.

2200

2100
2080 2059 2017

BAAL-ZEBUB TMOU THE SACRED COW AMENTES or HADES NEBO NEPTE FIRE BELUS HEAVEN MYLITA DAGON or FISH OSIRIS EARTH URANIA VENUS EARTH MITRA NINUP

RIMMON WATER ADONIS NEITH LOVE ALITTA BUBASTIS ISIS, HORUS, or ORUS

2000

Egypt teaches of a Hell or Hades—Amentes. This or ealier, probable age of Babylonian Flood legends as read on tablets. Chinese Creed becomes Monotheistic. (Rev. C. Gutzlaff.) [Geo. Smith. GREEKS say Dionysus now conquers Ethiopia and India, going by water. ARYANS abounding all over Northern India. Sami-Rãmeses of India, the possible SEMIRAMIS of Asia Minor. SIVA is Egyptian Khem, his symbol the Lingam. Anoo of Babylon has a Sacred Grove and TREE OF LIFE. ,, Phta. Kaldia speaks of a god NER who dwells in Hades. AGNI Knef. ARYANS move down from Panjab among Central Indian and Dravidian Races of South India. Sumir BRAHMA ,, and Akad form one Babylonian empire. Babylonian Bel is also called Elu, who has as Sakti (Queen) Ishtar. She is also called wife of Dumuzi or Tamuz (Sun) King of Erek. (Geo. Smith.)

2100

2000

1913

KEDERLAOMER, King of ELAM, according to Jews, but unknown to Tablets. Knef, Neith, and Snake-worship at Esne. EGYPT conquers Asyria and holds to 14th century. Tuoth-de-Danaans settle in Ireland. (Keane and others.) ABRAM circumcised. (Usher.) Rise of Phenicians. ARGOS built by Inakus. ASYRIAN MYLITA. ARABIAN ALITA. ISMA-DAGON, First King of Asyria, 1850-1820. (Tablets.) MEMNON of Egypt invents Letters. Karak, capital of Kaldia. EGYPT—First King of Fifth Theban Dynasty—history becomes accurate. SAMSI VOOL I., Asyria, 1820-1800. Builds temple at Asher to Anoo and Vool. JEWISH EXODUS. (Josephus.) King TOTHMOSIS. ABRAM (Usher); but no such name found in Talbets till 677 B.C. (Smith). SAMSI VOOL II., Asyria. Kuthites or Aithiopians moving everywhere. OGYGES, King of Atika. EXODUS. (Mill. of Facts.) Flood of Ogyges of Atika. ILU-BA, King of Asyria (Tablets) builds a “House of Salvation.” Egyptian Tombs with Doric Pillars. Beni-hassan. Egypt shuts up all her land. THOTHMES, King of Egypt. Abysinians from Sind. THEBES and KARNAK. End of Hyksos—Seventeenth Dynasty. ZOROSTRIANS settling in IRAN. AITHIOPIANS pressing hard on lower Egypt. BEL-KAP-KAPU, King of Asyria. Larsa becomes capital of Babylonia. Temple at Edfou to APOLLO. Eighteenth Egyptian Dynasty. Amen-Ophis or Ahmes. Pelasgi worship DOHEUS, VULCAN, &c. ADASI or BEL-BANI, King of Asyria. A BELUS ruling over Babylon KABOORA is in Egypt ANUBIS, and in Greece KERBEROS. CHINA—Reign of TOIWOO. Seventy-six Kingdoms send Embassy. KERKOPS founds ATHENS. Minos’ Laws. SARGINA or SARGON, King of Akad. – 1622 THOTHMES III. (Brugsch.) Zoroastrianism called Magianism in Persia. Date of Arundel Tables. ISHMA-EL, son of Abuha, is name of a witness in Babylon. (Geo. Smith.) TYRE built. TATARY has Arts and Commerical Laws. IRIHA VOOL or ASHER-NADIN-AHI, King of Asyria. Hamurabi conquers Babylon and holds ARES and POSEIDON reign in Greece. (Parian Chron.) [for 250 years. ARYANS all over Persia. FLOOD of Deukalion. Stories of Moses. AMOON-MAI RAMESES—HELLEN King of Greece, meaning rule of Solarites. CADMUS builds THEBES and gives letters. SESOSTRIS or TOTHMES. ASHER NIRARI I, or ABU-DAN, King of Asyria. Danaus at ARGOS. Merepthah, King of Egypt. MOSES. Nineteenth Dynasty, Egypt. RAMESES’ Conquests. Oracle of THEMIS. EDUTH (“Testimony”), symbol of Deity in [Jewish Ark. UTICA and CADIZ built by Phenicians. IS, Capital of Egypt. DORIANS. ASHER-BEL-NISISU, King of Asyria, 1450-1430. AMENOPHIS II., King of Egypt. JARASANDA, King of Magada. AYOODYA of Rama destroyed. BUZUR-ASHER, King of Asyria, 1420-1400. CERES to Greece. PERSIANS sacrifice to VENUS and URANIA. SAHA-DEVA, King of Behar or Magada during War of Pandoos and Kooroos. ASHER-UBALID, King of Asyria, 1400-1370. KITA attacking Egypt. (Gladstone.) MARIS or MÈNOPHERES, King of Egypt. Rameses II., 1394-1328 or 1407-1341. SIDON, the flourishing capital of Phenicians. BEL-NIRARI, King of Aysria, 1370-1350. Ethiopia conquered by Egypt. BUDIL, King of Asyria, 1350-1330. VOOL NIRARI I., Lybians and Akaians attacking Egypt. (Gladstone.) Trojan War. BABYLON now under Asyria. [1330 -1300. HERAKLES. Temples to VULCAN. Medinel Abou of Egypt. SHALMANESER I., King of Asyria, 1300-1270, builds a palace. Nineveh. –1250. RAMESES II, according to many authors. Rama-ites putting down Dravidians. Dominance of Solar Faiths. Oracle of APOLLO in Greece. Phenicians flourish. Twentieth Egyptian Dynasty. THESEUS reigns in Athens. Pythian Games instituted. TIGULTI-NINIP I., 1270-1240. Asyria conquers Egypt. Accurate Egyptian history. Athens dedicated to Athene. Lunar Zodiac—INDIA. HELEN carried to TROY. BEL-KUDUR-UZUR, 1240-1220. TROJAN WAR. (Parian Chron.) Gladstone says 1285 to 1345. Ninip-bal Asher. SHANG Dynasty destroyed—King of China to Korea. SETHOS I. of Egypt. ASHERDAN I., 1200-1170. Hittites attacking Asyria. TROY captured. Similar War in every Aryan land. (Cox.) SIDON fallen. (Gladstone). MUTAGIL-NUSKU, King of Asyria, 1170-1150. AYODYA, Capital in Oud.—“The Blessed.” ASHER-RISILIM, 1150-1120. HINDOOS give Astronomical Calculations. King DAVID rising. THSIN Dynasty begins in Shansi (China); ends 677 B.C. TIGLATH-PILESER I., 1120-1100. CHINESE under King TCHEOU observe obliquity of Ecliptic. Fo formed present Chinese Alphabet, and book of Y or Transformation. Kymri invade Asia. (Eusebius.) Chinese write Work on Trigonometry. Great grammarian Paout-she. DELHI as INDRAPRESTA. KODRUS, King of Athens, dies. SAMSI VOOL III., 1080-1060. SAMUEL, the Hebrew Judge and Priest. DAVID, King of Israel, according to Jews. CHING Dynasty rules in Honan, and on to 477 B.C. ASHER-RUBER, King of Asyria. HESIOD, says Herodotus. Some IONIANS leave Greece for Asia Minor. HOMER. Solomon’s Temple finished. ASHER NIMATI, King of Asyria. Asyrians carving the Sacred Tree Legends. Persia mentioned for first time on Asyrian monuments. ARYAN Language and People in Valleys of Indus and Ganges. SAMOS built. Some PSALMS of the HEBREWS. CHINA—Emperor MOOWANG of Chen Dynasty, 1001, 946. Visits West. Troica Poems ascribed to Homer. ASHERDAN, King of Asyria, 930-913. SPARTA has Laws by LYKURGUS. VOOL NIRARI II., King of Asyria, 913-891. Samen Breach, a Keltic Chief, settles in Ireland (Samen = Sun). City of Kalah rises to greater importance. PHIDON, King of Argos, coins Money and gives Weights and Measures. CARTHAGE founded by DIDO. Phenecians. ASHERDAIN PAL rules Asyria. AHSER NAZIR PAL, 885. SHALMANESER II., 860-825. NINEVEH destroyed by Arbakes. King SARDANAPALUS. Manoo says nothing of India south of Narbada. SAMSI VOOL IV., 825-812. Praswanath, 23d Tirtankar of Jains. PUL, King of Asyria. [ramis” His wife “Samaramat” thought to be “SemiIVALOOSH or VOOL NIRARI III., 812-783. SHALMANESER III. ASHERDAN III., 773-755. 15th June—Total Solar Eclipse—Nineveh. ROMULUS, 753 A.U.C. TEARKON, King of Ethiopia. ASHER NIRARI II., 755-745. ISAIAH writes. TILGATH PILESER II, takes Damascus; reigns 745-727. SHALAMESER TO 722. Babylonian Lunar Cycle of 1805 years and 712. SENAKERIB, King of Asyria. SARGON, 722-705. Egyptian Sethos, Priest of Vulcan. Katan, Founder of South Arabia. “Hittites” or Syrians captured. Egyptians told Herodotus that 345 generations of men had existed between 713 B.C. and first Egyptian King. SENAKERIB makes great sacrifices to Hea on sea-coast. Olam-Fodla, Keltic King, settles in Ireland; re-establishes Taltine Games at Tara. ESARHADON invades Judea; reigns 681-668, and marches to Thebes; annexes Egypt. SKYTHIANS moving South, West, and East, overrun all Asia Minor. Egyptian ports open. Egyptian History very correct, begins with 26th Dynasty. ASHERBANIPAL, 673-626. PSAMETIKUS ruling Egypt ; restores Ancient Laws and Religion. Elam conquered. NINEVEH destroyed by Medes and Babylonians. ASHEREBILILI, last king. PEGU—Monarchy. Nineveh IMPERIAL LIBRARY is now a debris of some 10,000 Tablets. JEREMIAH—NEBUKADNEZAR—TARQUIN I. of Rome. Solar Eclipse. 586 JERUSALEM—Temple destroyed. SOLON. LINGAM and LARES, with DIANA Worship at ROME. Solar Eclipse of THALES. Earth, he says, is a sphere—636, 546. Fall of Tyre. 568 Zedikia killed. Jews in Babylon. 560 Obelisk of Dura worshipped. CYRUS destroys BABYLON, makes Pesargadi his capital. AMASES, King of Egypt. EZRA.—CAMBYSES II., 529-522, conquers Egypt.—THEBES destroyed. AJATASATRU, King of Magada, 35th. Boodhist Faiths spread West. Cambyses stabs Apis; Phallic worshippers roused all over Western Asia; King killed. PYTHAGORAS teaches Transmigation and Theism. DARIUS I., 521-486, King of Persia, Titanic Keltæ crossing Alps to Armorika. Belgæ on move west. 493 League of Thirty Latin HERODOTUS.—NEHEMIAH and Ezra. 2nd Temple of Jerusalem. ARISTIDES. [Cities. Solar Eclipse, GREECE.—Walls of JERUSALEM rebuilt. XERXES, K. of Persia, 485-465. -25 ARTA-XERXES I. (Long.) King of Persia succeeds. Ezra says he went to Jerusalem in seventh year of Arta-Xerxes. Magada ceases to be an independent kingdom. Meton, Greek Astronomer.—PHIDIAS. Athenian fleet destroys Phenician. NUMA’S Religious Laws : no Idols allowed.—SOKRATES.—ANAXAGORAS. Ezra writes Old Test., which his followers continue doing to 292. “Simon the Just.” GRECIAN Temple to THESEUS.—PROTAGORAS. DARIUS NOTHUS reigns at Soosa, [424-405. ARTA-XERXES II. Mnemon, 405-359. Andrasimoondoo, Capital of Ceylon.—PLATO. HOMER of present ILIAD. (Paley.) NANDAS Dynasty.—ROME taken by Gauls, 390. THEBANS defeat SPARTA at LEUKTRA.—KOOSAI seizes the Kaba of Meka. THEBES of Egypt destroyed by ALEXANDER. ARTAXERXES III., Oleus, 359-338. ARISTOTLE writes that MAGI are more ancient than Egyptians. -7 ARSES, Kg. of Persia. 336-331 DARIUS III., Codomanus. 333 Darius loses battle of Issus. ARBELA. End of Aka-Menidæ. 326 ALEXANDER in India—blots out Asyria. Seleukus Niktator. 317 GREEKS expelled India, Patna capital. Megasthenes, ambassador of Seleukos, gives list of 150 Indian Kings. Seleukidan Era begins. 309 Final rescension of TRIPITAKA. 3d Boodhist Council. Berosus, Kaldian Priest, writes, 330-260. 292 or 283 Simon the Just and others complete O.T. PALMYRA flourishes under Odenatus, and Queen ZENOBIA is now destroyed by Rome. PARIAN Chronicle, date of.—Mencius of China writes 4th. SHOO. ASOKA, 52d from Pandoo and Kooroo War.—241 Third BOODHIST Council at Patna. Kingdom of Parthia. 247-214 TIRIDATES I. of Arsakidæ. to 221 CHINESE conquering TATARS.—Topes in Ceylon.—PTOLMEY of Egypt conquers MAHENDRA, son of Asoka, to Ceylon. [Bactria. ASOKA dies.—LATS erected. 216 HANNIBAL. CHINESE annex YOONAN and advance to Oxus.—Great Wall. -196 ARTABANES I. PRIAPATIUS, 196-181. PHRAATES I., to 174. 174-136 MITHRIDATES I. PHRAATES II. to 128. Belgæ of Britain now called Keltæ. Chinese first learn of INDIA or YINTOO.—Emperor WOOTE of Han Dynasty. NUMA’S Laws resuscitated at Rome. Jerusalem Temple plundered by Antiochus Epiphanes and Statue of Jupiter Olympus set up. Makabees restore Jerusalem Temple. ROME destroys PHENICIA.—Hipparchus and Zodiacal Astronomy. ATRABANES II., 128-124. BACTRIAN Kingdom overthrown by SKYTHIANS. ROME worships MITHRA. MITHRADATES II., 124. KATAK, BOODHIST Caves.—Saka seizes Sistan and Korasan. CICERO.—SALLUST.—JULIUS CÆSAR invades South Britain; assassinated, 44. OUJEIN, Boohist Buildings.—LIVY.—HINDOO Era of Samvat or Vikram-Aditya, 56-58. VIRGIL.—HORACE.—GAUL conquered. Serpent worship very Languid. The Third Jewish Temple, called Herod’s, built. DIODORUS. OVID. The original copies of NUMA’S Laws unreadable. PHRA-ATES IV., 37 to ? Phra-atakes, ORODES II. VONONES I. AUGUSTUS is Emperor. CHRIST, Year of Birth and Death uncertain.—HEROD died, 2. B.C TIBERIAS succeeds AUGUSTUS. 16 ARTABANUS III., King of Parthian Empire; dies, 42. -35 Pontius Pilate Procurator. L. Vitellius, Consul of Syria. CALIGULA, 37. CLAUDIUS, 41. ROMANS finally wipe out PHENICIANS.—PLINY elder. VARDANES I. of Parthia. -69 Nero. 50 Claudius Cesar conquers Britain and Kelts to the Forth. STRABO.—FOISM, with CONFUCIANISM and TAOISM, State Religions. VESPASIAN.—TITUS destroys JERUSALEM, 70; VOOLASGES I. sends him a crown of gold. Samoondri—Prome Era established. 78, Alaric invades Europe, the ALANI having been so successful. Boodhist Era, SAKA established. PAKORUS II., 78-107. KARLI—Boodhist CAVE.—JOSEPHUS dies.—SALIVAHANA, King of Paitan-Godavain. PLINY younger.—AYOODYA said to be rebuilt. Some say Ezra’s IV. Book written. SAMOODA reigns at Pagan, Capital of Barma. MITHRADATES IV., to 113. IGNATIUS, Bishop of Antioch, martyred.—Egisippus, Ecclesiastical Historian. TRAJAN overrunning Mesopotamia. 130-149 VOLOGASES II. ; VOLOGASES III to 191. JUDEANS banished and 580,000 destroyed.—ADRIAN, Emperor, 117-138. Yields up MesoChina examining Rome’s Astronomical Writings. Kosroes, 113-130 [potamia. BRAHMANS rule in Telingana.—ANTONINUS PIUS, Emp, 138-161. M. AURELIUS succeeds. CELSUS, a Roman Philosopher, and PAUSANIAS, a Greek Historian, writing. -192 COMMODUS, Emp.—Ireneus, Bishop of Lyons. MITHRAS Worship dies out at Rome.—HEERA of Irak founded by Arabians. Emperor SEVERUS dies at York. ARTABANUS IV. 215-225 Battle of Hormazd. [nidæ. China receives Coloured Glass from West. Hans Dynasty begins. 226 ARDASHIR I. of SasaSHAPOOR I., founder of Sasanian Dynasty of Perisa, which ends 650; HORMAZD I. succeds, -55 Emperor DECIUS.—Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage. VARARAN I. to II., 294. [273. Temple of DIANA of Ephesus destroyed. Persia captures Roman Emperor; rules all MesoEmperors VALERIANUS and GALLIENUS, 256-271; CLAUDIUS, 271-273. [potamia. SENA.—Boodhist Buildings, Ceylon.—Christians are persecuted. ROME sends a second Embassy to China. NARSES of Persia, 294-303. Dionysus’ Bassarica.—EUSEBIUS writing history of Christianity. -310 HORMAZD. SHAPOOR II. to 381. DIOCLETIAN Emperor to 287. Dahta Vansa written. Ceylon receives Boodha’s Tooth. Emperor CONSTANTINE. 325 NICENE COUNCIL.—DIKAN.—DANISHWER. CONSTANTINOPLE, Capital of Empire. Revival of Serpent-Worship. Balk under Persian Sasinidæ. 342 TIRIDATES King of Armenia, embraces Christianity when [very old. AFGHANISTAN TOPES, and great collecting of Boodhist Records. CHANDRAGOOPTA, the last Boodhist Emperor. Lotus and Lingam emblems of Buddha. CHRISTIANS divide into EASTERN and WESTERN CHURCHES, Collect Writings. PALLADIUS, Hermit and Christian Bishop.—SCHOLASTIKOS goes to India. THEODISIUS’ Final Decree abolishing “Heathenism.”—Empire divided. Emperor Chao sends Embassy to Boodhist King of Magada. Christians are now of importance in Persian Empire. 420 Do. begin to persecute; burn a Chinese Vessels numerous in Persian Gulf; NANKIN the Capital. [Zoroastrian Capital. PANDOO Invasion from Kashmeer.—LEO, Pope of Rome. The Boohist MAHA VANSOO. BOODHISM declares the World Round and Solid, and says there are millions of other worlds. -455 Invasion of Europe by Atala’s Huns and their return. Coinage Common. [Bards. Ostro-Goths invade Italy; and in 455 Vandals through Africa. Many Keltic and Welsh Romans leave Britain; and 448, Saxons invade. 468 Council of Laodicea settles Christian ROMAN EMPIRE (Western) ends; ODOACEE, King of Italy. [Canonical Books. Nonas writes his Dionysiaca.—Hesychios lives. 499 Boodhist Priest discovers America. [(Leland). BOODHA GOOPTA, a Boodhist King of Magada, sends Embassy to China. Keltic Bards, Taliesen, Merddin. The Triads, Llywarch. A Copper-plate mentions the Mahâ-Bhârata. Tatars, Turanians, and Skythians Boodhists. Boodhist Comm. Era begins, and sacred line, “Om manipadmi hum,” or, “Oh the Jewel in the Lotus,” common. Mazdak, communist and athiest, and sect destroyed in Persia by Kosree Noosherwan. He has Plato and Aristotle translated from Greek, and Hitopadesa from Indian languages. Angles invade Britain. MAHOMED born ; died 644. ST. PAUL’S, LONDON, building on a Temple of DIANA. SAMARKAND, the Athens of the East. Saganian Sculptures often in Pelevi. Harsha B. Era. KOSROE II. ravages Syria and Egypt; vows he “will put down the worship of a crucified God.” Receives letter from Mahomed to “worship one God,” and not the Sun. -632 KOHAB II. 636 Omar Kalif enters Jerusalem as conqueror. Saracens driving out last Sasanian King. 632-641 YEZDIGIRID III. falls—last of Sasanidæ. Egypt, Syria, and Persia are ISLAMITES—Orisa BRAHMANICAL. SIL-ADITYA, King of Malwa, conquers Magada ; dies 648—a Boodhist. Tolteks occupy AnaChinese Emperor, YUAN TSANG, seeks aid of MAHOMEDANS. [huak. MAHOMEDANS settle in Yoonan.—King of Kabol a Turk.—Ganzi a Boodhist. ALFRED resists a Papal Mandate. 707 Mahomedans masters of Africa. Saracens and Moors extirpate Visigoths from Spain. Winifred, a monk of Wessex, under the name of Boniface, goes on his first mission to Germany. Egbert, abbot of Iona, translates the Four Gospels into Anglo-Saxon. CHARLES MARTEL DEFEATS SARACENS in Valley of Loire. Arabs and Persians in Chinese Ports.—Arabs invade Sind. A Brahman King of Pegu builds Rangoon or Kama’s City. CHRISTIAN ERA first used in books. 755 Temporal Dominion of the Pope commences. Lombards overthrown. 786 HAROON AL RASHID, Kalif. TOPES at SARANAT, near Benares. CHARLEMAGNE crowned Emperor of the West by Pope Leo at Rome. Almagest of Ptolmey translated into Arabic. The Lia-fail, or “Stone of the King,” removed by Kenneth II. to Scone. Establishment of Novogorod by Ruric the Pirate. Beginning of Russian Empire. CAVES at ELORA, called India Sooba. ALPHONSO the Great. Europe priest-ridden—THE DARK AGES. ALFRED of England has established Saxon Dominion ; reigns 872-901. Bible translated into Saxon. No town in or about Persia without its Fire Shrine. (Ibn Hankal.) Law issued in England for Prayer on Saturdays. Arab Geographers write of Western India. Modern Arabic invented by Maläk. Many Normans becoming Christians. JAIPAL, Hindoo King of Lahore, conquered by SOOBOOKTOOGREEN of Gazni. MAHMOOD of Gazni succeeds. Date of Present Oldest Hebrew MSS. of OLD TESTAMENT. Northmen discover America to Hope Bay.. Fulbert, Bishop of Chartres, establishes a School of Theology. CAVES at AJANTA.—CANUTE, King of England. JAIN Temple of Samnat destroyed by MAHMOOD. JAIN Temple, ABOO of Vimalasa.—HILDEBRAND Pope. “Truce of God,” for Regulation of the Seasons, &c., published in France. Anahuak abandoned by Tolteks. TURKS take BAGDAD. HAROLD, King of Saxons, conquered by WILLIAM the Norman. Death of MALEK SHAH; Fall of Toorkestan Empire. KIVA or Khorasim a great kingdom. Learning revived at Cambridge. 1118 The Order of Knights-Templars instituted. MEXICO founded.—CHARLES IV. of France. TANJORE Temple—Chola Dynasty.—Portugal a Monarchy. MONGOLS invade China through Yoonan. EDRISA, Arabian Philosopher, says Earth is 27,000 miles in circumference. Chichemecas take Anahuak. IRELAND conquered. GHENGIS KHAN, 1163 to 1226. His movements force Siberians into North America. MARCO POLO travelling. The great Tschu in China. FOURTH CRUSADE. Law issued in Scotland for Prayer on Saturdays. Inquisition established.—JOHN, King of England, offers aid to Saracens. Russia conquered by Tatars.—MOSLEMS now supreme in India. KABLAI KHAN rules in Yoonan. Pekin new capital. [land. BAGDAD and KALIFAT destroyed by MONGOLS. 1264 Popular Representation in EngPagan destroyed by KABLAI KHAN.—CHINA again conquered by MONGOLS. Martaban made Capital of Pegu, which, with Pagan Capital of Barma is destroyed. EDWARD I. removes the Lia-fail, or “Stone of the King,” to Westminister. Pope excommunicates PHILIP, King of France. 1325 MEXICO built.—Gunpowder. Ibn Batula to China.—Mahd. Toglak conquers Bengal and the Karnatik. AVA, the Capital of Barma.—MAHMEDANS in Rangoon. Kambodia conquered by SIAM.—Cannon used.—TIMOOR, 1335-1405. Siberians reach West Greenland, driven on by Red Indians. Schism of Double Popes, which continues 38 years. Kathay sends Embassy to TIMOOR. Second JAVA Empire falls. Statute for Burning of Heretics passed. Henry IV. Pegu rules Arakan, and Prome employs Europeans. JAIN Temple of Sad rebuilt by Kamboo Rana of Ooderpore. JAIN Tower, Chitore, built by Kamboo Rana. Portuguese Mission to JAPAN.—PRINTING in Europe. The Bible is printed by Gutenberg at Mayence, 1450-56. THOMAS-A-KEMPIS, COLUMBUS, CAXTON, THE MEDICIS. Verd Islands discovered by Portuguese. 1486 Cape of Good Hope discovered by B. Diaz. Cabot finds Esquimaux in Labrador. COPERNICUS.—Saracens out of Spain.—MACHIAVELLI. Copernicus observes the Vernal Equinox. Tatars driven out of Kiva.—UZBEG’S Rule.—Portuguese Settlements in Malaka. MEXICO plundered.—Portuguese visit China. Socinians deny TRINITY.—Spanish Conquest of Peru. Portuguese get Makao.—Kabol independent. French Voyage to India and China.—ERASMUS.—LUTHER.—TASSO. Spaniards to Phillipines.—MARY, Queen of Scots. JAPAN conquers Korea and holds it six years.—CALVIN. Newspapers. Dutch to China.—CHRISTIANITY now introduced into Japan and expelled in 1638. Discovery of Australia by the Portuguese. A New Translation of the Bible begun. SHAKESPEARE.—LORD BACON.—Logarithms.—DESCARTES.—KEPLER. CHINA: Mings fall, Manchoos succeed. GALILEO.—HAMPDEN.—Barometers. CHARLES I. beheaded.—HARVEY.—BUNYAN.—CARDINAL MAZARIN. Kingdom of Kiva falls.—CROMWELL dies.—MILTON, 1608-1674. Earthquake at Pekin, 300,000 killed.—East India Company as “Tea-Traders,” 1680. Russia aids Kiva.—JAMES II. dies.—AURANGAZEB, Emperor, 1618-1707. LOCKE, KANT, GIBBON, BURNS, HUME, ISAAC NEWTON, VOLTAIRE. Beginning of Protestant Missions to India. PETER the Great dies.—ABDOOL WAHAB. SWEDENBORG. ALOMPRA, King of Barma, conquers Pegu, 1757-58.—BUFFON. AMERICAN War. Population 2,000,000 whites, and half-a-million blacks. Independence recognized. Macarthy received by Emperor at Pekin.—French Revolution ; Louis XVI. beheaded. BONAPARTE conquers at Marengo.—CUVIER.—FICHTE. CHINESE Edict against CHRISTIANITY. HONG-KONG taken : Emperor closes China. Taylor urges THEISM.—COMPTE. First American Railroad. STRAUSS, RENAN. Treaty of Tien-sin; Toleration of Christianity. Kiva a Tributary to Russia. 1812 1841 1842 1854 1860 1861 KOREANS massacre CHRISTIANS. Canton ransomed. Champollion. Shanghai taken; Five Cities opened. Japan treats with Europe. Capture of Peking. Canton given back.

KOORMA or TURTLE

SECOND AVATÁR

VISVA-DEVAS, certain Gods or Genii. All ARYANS worshipping their Ancestors, and offering sacrifices, food, and oblations at their shrines or graves. Do. burning the dead and putting ashes in urns. Sacred wood used for the pyres; black cows and goats are sacrificed.

1900
1856 1822

VIAKUNTA A HEAVEN of VISHNOO SAKTIS or CONSORTS OF GODS VARÁHA or THIRD AVATÁR BOAR

HASTINAPOOR, capital of a powerful ARYAN Kingdom. (Upham.) Sodom and Gomorrah destroyed. (Usher.) Babylonian Festival of SAKEA, in which masters serve their servants. Egyptians say the dead go to AMENTI, where OSIRIS now presides. VISHOO and SIVA both worship the Lingam and Yoni. Anoo and Anat, Bel and Beltis, everywhere prominent. VEDIC or KANDAS Era ends. MANTRA Era begins, with Moral, Social, and Ecclesiastical Laws. (II.) YAGUR-VEDA—Hymns for Sacrifices. The SAMA-VEDA (III.) VEDAS in their present form, according to Prof. Whitney. AYOODYA, a great city. Probable time of Ramâyana scenes, also of wars at Hastinapoor, mentioned in Mahâbhârâta. ATARVA-VEDA—for Bishops—also for Prayers and Sacrifices. Great Festivals at Winter Solstice common, Parents Worshipped by Children; all Superiors by Inferiors; cattle and tools adorned and honoured. Great Festivals at Vernal Solstice common. Devoted to rejoicings and lasciviousness. RIVERS are adored as Gods, and people go to be purified by bathing in or being sprinkled by their waters. They are female, and denote fertility. Babylonian inscriptions now become much bolder and clearer. REMBA is the Venus of INDRA’S Heaven, same as ISIS, [Note.—For Julian Year add or SKANDA is the God of War. PAVANA is Pan. subtract 4174 from Christian. A.U.C., or Year of Rome, is KOOVERA, Wealth. 753 B.C. First Olympiad was MEROO is the Hill of God—Heaven. Sargon found in a cradle of bulrushes on Euphrates. 776 B.C., and one occurs every SIVA, commonly called ISWARA or ESWARA, the Supreme God, same as OSIRIS. four years.] HOMA, called Painless Tree of Life and Knowledge. Akadian ceases to be a spoken language in Babylonia: Records being translated into Shemitic. (Sayce.) Babylon ruled from this till 1300 by foreigners, usually called Arabs, and Kings of Sumir and Akad, or Lower and Upper Babylonia. Capitals still Ur, Karak, Larsa, and Akad. Only in this century is Shemitic language in use. (Sayce.) The ZENDAVASTA, containing the YASNA, VESPERED, VINDIDAD. Zohok or Dozook of Kabool Valley mentioned. THEBES and MEMPHIS not mentioned in Zendavesta ; neither Persis nor Persians.

1900

1800
1796 1778 1768 1740

VE DA

1800

NÁRASIMVA HALF MAN NYSA NUSA IS ASTARTE ASHÉRA JANUS JUPITER HERA IOJUNO MILKOM MOLEK or MELKARTH or or HEAVEN ISHTÁR ASTORETH SABAOTH AM-ON AGATHODEMON DIONYSUS ADONIS TOTH or MERCURY RA or RAM THE “TESTIMONY” a SYMBOL of YAHVEH CERES, SIDI VENUS, BACCHUS OPS or RHEA CHIUN or KIUN. THE LINGA in ARGA or SRI-LINGA MAHA-DEVA LINGAM ESWÁRA KAILÁSA AND

the and

FOURTH AVATÁR HALF LION
D ZEN TA S AVE

1700

1700

1640 1634

1600

1574 1550 1532 1529 1510

ISA the

1600

HINDOO HEAVEN

1500
1480 1460 1450 1430 1426

ASMODEUS of Z. AVESTA

Egypt uses the civil year of 365 days, called Tho-this, or Dog-star.

AESH

is

MADEVA

Abydos Tablet shows offerings made to ancestors. Hebrews said to leave Egypt. Hellenes of Greece believe in One Universal Deity. (Pritchard, Egyptian Mythology, 36.) 1434 Death of 24th Jain Tirtankâra. Vindidad says ARYAN King Jamshed built his city in a land of six months light and six months darkness. Deu-kal-ion called father of Greek Hellenes.

1500

1400
1355 1320

JAVHEH, EDUTH ALEIM or ELOHIM the MALE & FEMALE LOGOS CHEMOSH

WAMÁNA (THE DWARF) DYAUS SKY POOROOSHOO-RAM

FIFTH

AVATÁR

UPANISHADS. Some writers place VEDAS in their present form as low as this. Pandoo and Kooroo War. (Cunningham.) BRAHMÂNAS. THEBES and its Religions in full vigour from 1600 to 1100. (Gladstone.) 18th and 19th Dynasties. Some place Wars of PANDOOS and KOOROOS described in Mahâbhârata of 3d century. An Egyptian poem likens a chief to the great Asyrian hunter Kazartu. (Smith.) Pandoo and Kooroo War. (Professor Wilson.) JEWISH EXODUS. MEREPTHAH, the Egyptian King. (Gladstone.)
[Note.—The same events, books, or persons, often appear several times and at wide intervals, which merely shows that some good reasons have been advanced by different authors. This is especially the case as to the Indian Epics, Abram, the Flood, &c.]

1400

1300

1300 1260 1234 1218

1200
1184

ZEUS VULCAN HERAKLES or HERCULES SHADAI “THE SHEDDER” THE SAKOTH BENOTH RO-T-AMENTI OSIRIS or ASER, or OSER A-ESH ADAM SET or SETH

SIXTH

AVATÁR

Sanskrit ARYANS to EUROPE and Lunar to India. BRAHMANISIM proselytising East Coast of India. An oppressive Phallic faith. Mahâbhârata or Wars of Lunar ARYANS. ELEUSINIAN MYSTERIES at Athens.

or the

HINDOO INDRA THE TRINITY or TRIMOORTI

1300

Fervent worship of Asher all over Euphrates and Tigris Valleys. His temple is called “The Mountain of the World,” and is enriched by Shalmaneser. Probable time of Conquest of Lanka or Ceylon by RAMA or SOLARITES. GANESA is now the God of Wisdom—the Eastern JANUS—a Male Sophia, son of Parvati, the Hindoo Isis. Egypt, Greece, and all Asia burning SACRED FIRE. OSIRIS, called Ro-t-amenti, Judge of Dead and Hell; the Greek Radamanthus. RAMAYANA Epic. Vindidad anterior to this. (Haug.) Egypt building Temples and Monuments at Abydos. GAROODA, an Eagle-headed Deity—the Vehicle of Vishnoo. Egyptian THEBES still flourishing (Gladstone). Human Sacrifice everywhere. EOLIAN Colonies migrating. Temple of Anoo and Vool restored at Asher. Worship of OAKS. Western ARYANS use only Oak to burn their dead. 1110 “The Long-Robed People” again send Embassy to China. Return of Heraklidæ.

RAMA the

SEVENTH

AVATÁR

1200

1107

1100
1070 1022

1000
986

DEMETER ASHERA YONI PRIAPUS ADÁMA AITHEROS SERAPIS THE VERNAL THAMMUZ HEKATE HERMES THEMIS RHEA IAO HELIOS ZEUS POSEIDON PLUTO SELENE, IO, IUNA

Abbott’s Theban Papyrus of 16th Year of RAMESES IX mentions King ANTEFAA and his dogs as on a tomb about 3000 B.C.

1100

CERES PYTHON EVE PHANES-CHAOS THE SOORYA-APIS TAURUS BACCHUS HERCULES ARTEMIS DIANA MINERVA NEITH

SARASWATI THE HOLY RIVER or CONSORT DEVA-MATRI OR THE HEAVENLY KÂMA, LOVE LAKSMI or SRI KRISHNA THE EIGHTH KÁLIYA or TYPHON NÁGA or NAKA

OF BRAHMA MOTHER

Many Egyptians called after Nimrod. (Smith.) Kingdom of Lacedemon. The NITA-SASTRAS, or Hindoo Works on Morals, &c. SERPAIS, or the Sun of Taurus, now presides over AMENTI or HADES—Sanskrit Adhas. ATARKANDA of Ramâyâna possibly about this time. MAHABÁRATA, by Vyasa, speaks of NIHILISM. TUMULI with Urns of Ashes of Dead, first mentioned by HOMER.

AVATÁR

1000
No Jewish Records of this or a prior age, though David and Solomon are supposed to have existed. RAMA. (Bentley.) Woods and Groves called Bâns and Up-bâns. HINDOOS colonising Pegu, and calling places after Râma. JAMSHID, King of Persia, married a Daughter of MOOWANG, Emperor of China. Wars with Serpent Races. KALIYA, the Great Serpent, slain by KRISHNA, or a triumph of Solar Faith. PUT, the Hindoo Place of Tormet, from which the PUTRA, or Son, can alone release a parent. Asyrian Empire tottering. CODE OF MANOO describes Hindoo Society of this century, and therefore held to have been written. India has intercourse with Kathay or Western China. SANSKRIT Language waning. (Muir.) Poem of HARI-VANSA or Pedigree of KRISHNA. Jonah. Great Temple to Ishtar, Nineveh. Greeks say the Good go to Elysian Fields of Bliss. Mecedonia a Kingdom. Damascus real Capital of Western Asyria. Chinese King HWANSTENG. Stone Pillars carved at Dibou, now in Confucian Temple, Pekin ; their age between 827 and 782. KAPILA’S PHILOSOPHY. Bull and Wheel common Images. Lydia a Kingdom. Temple to NINIP built at Kalah, and called BIT-SIDA after that at Borsipa. Great Temple to MERODAK built at Nineveh. FIRST GREEK OLYMPIAD, 776. The Penates of Etruscans are a Trinity—Pales, Ceres, and Fortuna. (Servius.) Moozazir, Capital of Ararat. Great God HALDI on high rocky hill ; his Goddess is Bag-masti. Women attached to Temples, dance and offer themselves to the Gods and Worshippers. LAWS of MANOO. (J. Fergusson.) SANKYA Philosophy. Greeks and Latins offering Funeral Sacrifices. A Serpent Race invading Northern India. SANSKRIT no longer spoken. Rape of Sabines. NUMA said to rule in Rome. Old HEBREW forgot. All Syria under Asyria. Inhabitants changed about, and people of SAMARIA Merodak the chief God of Asyrian Empire, and Ishtar the Goddess. [lost sight of. RAMAYANA probably written ; long oral. A Naga King rules Magada. SARGON invades all Arabia and Armenia. Continued interchanging of tribes by Asyrian monarchs to destroy nationalities. Asyria possesses a great Imperial Library. ESARHADON restores Babylon and great Temples, and returns all her Gods from Asyria. JHAVH destroys Asyrian Army, say Jews. Indians say their RIGVEDA has 1028 Hymns, only readable by the priests. 668 Date of an Asyrian Tablet going back to 1600 B.C. Sema Tsien’s History of China begins. The First Fourteen BOOKS of Jewish OLD TESTAMENT. Media, Babylon, and Egypt uniting against Asyria. JAIN Preceptor, 24 Tirtankár. SYRIA all Phallic Worshippers. BOODHA’S birth, 623; death, 543. Egypt adopts the Demotic or Enkorial Alphabet. BOODHA preaching at GYA. LAOTSEE born, 604. All Europe burning Sacred Fire. JOEL written (Dr. Oort). ASYRIAN Cuniform Edicts. ARYANS going south of NARBADA. AJATASATROO builds PATNA. 560 KANOJ, Capital of Brahmanism. TAO-TSE Bible promulgated. OOJEIN embraces Boodhism, and so do most Turanians. CONFUCIUS born; died, 478: wrote “Spring and Autumn,” and a History embracing from 721 to 480. BOODHIST Sacred ERA: his death. TRIPITAKA compiled by 1st Council. SINHALA’S Son conquers Sinhala or Ceylon. 551 543

900
886 820

900

800

783 765 750

800

JAH

THE MONAD

THE DUAD
LIKENG

AND

TRIAD

HADES VESTA--FIRE THE TAO PHEBE ATHENA BOODHA THE 9th AVATÁR
KA TA IPI TR

700
680 670 664 607 603

700

B
O

O

600

589 585 573 538 528 523

600

D

IAW

H

J
A

DARIUS I. carves Behistan inscription ; coins gold and silver. Magiphonia or slaughter of Magi of Ekbatâna.

I

500
490 478 465 450 450

YASKA VEDAS written. Sanchi and Satdar Cahityas, 480. CONFUCIUS’ Lykeng. 2d King Mahâvânsoo Dynasty rules Ceylon from Vigitapoora, near Damhool. No pre-Bood. inscriptions found in Ceylon (GoldCuniform writing ceasing. 495 Athens dedicates a Temple to Mercury. 496 First Temple to Ceres at Rome. [schmidt.) Cyrus.—Behistan Inscription. ANAXAGORAS teaches ONE GOD, 500-428. Marathon, 490. GREEKS win Battles of Platea and Mykale, 22d September 479. CTESIAS writes of Persia and India in Ionic dialect. TARQUIN II. puts SYBILLINE Books in Capitol. XERXES draws troops from India. (Herod.) 453 Vaisala, Second BOODHIST Synod.—Jain KALPA SOOTRA written ; part of SOOTRAS or JAIN Bible. 425 NANDA, First of Ten Nanda Kings of Magada. PATNA finished by UDAYA. Ramayana current. GROVE Worship everywhere. Mahâbârata current. Peepal Tree planted in Ceylon by King DUGDHA CAMINI. Probable date of Barahut. Boodhist Sculptures quoting words of Tripitaka. Greek Alphabet gets its 24 letters. BOODHIST Images dressed. YEMEN sacrificing to Sun, Moon, Stars, and all Arabia kissing the Black Stone of MEKA. JAIN Images naked. BOODHA called JAIN ESA. 360 MENCIUS preaching Confucianism. One Siceitus writes from Alexander’s Army. DRUIDS firm believers in a Supreme Being. (Higgins, C. D., 283.) MANETHO, Egyptian Priest, names Egyptian Dynasties 5000 years back. 340 Siamese Era of T’A-KOODAM or Descent of Boodha. PTOLMEY PHIL. has Vulgate translated. PYRRHO, Sceptic. 330 Hebrew CHRONICLES written. 325 CHANDRAGOOPTA’S succession to throne of Magada is 1st of Mauryan Dynasty, and 49th from Pandoo War. Boodhist’s Trinity. ZENDAVESTA into Greek. THATOON, in Pegu, falls. 291 CHANDRAGOOPTA dies; succeeded by his son BINDOOSAN. BOODHISM dominant in India. Ataka written in Pali. Palmyra under ZENOBIA has a great SUN Temple. ZENO teaches STOICISM. EUCLID writes. 274 ASOKA, Viceroy OUJAIN; and 263, King of Magada. 250 Rock Inscriptions ; Pillars, 236. 242 BOODHIST 3d Synod. 241 BOODHISTS in Thatoon. 250 ARSAKES, 1st of Arsakidæ. Various POORANANS, and some say, Parts of RAMÁYANA and later MAHÁBÁRATA written. 240 Epic of Lunar Race. BOODHIST Mission to China and Pegu. Asoka’s Fourth Son, Rahanman, to Ava. 242 Boodhist 3d Synod. OLD TESTAMENT into Greek SEPTUAGINT. DHAMAPADA, Boodhist Ethics. ASOKA’S Son—SOOJASAS, reigns in Patna. Asoka’s Hindoo Son, JALAKA, reigns in Kashmeer ; his other Son, KOONALA, in Panjab. 180 ECCLESIASTICUS written. 140 to 186 China under Emperor HIASWATY, Hun Dynasty. Second Sanchi Tope. Book of ISAIAH known in Egypt. BO TREE Worship, Ceylon and Gaia. In Britain Druids retire to Wales, Mona, and Islands. 157 Nagas of East Coast, India, gathering Boodhist Relics. JUDAS MAKABEUS. PALI ceasing to be spoken. 122 China tries to reach India, but fails. Menander rules Panjab, Kabol, and Sind, 165 to 130. (Sooráshtra.) Religion being still hereditary, so is Property ; hence wills unknown, those performing funeral rites inheriting. Firdusis’ JEMSHED or YIMA. Firidoon has GURSHAP for Kersapa. Athwya and Thraetona are Sons of Soma. Some UPA-POORÁNAS inculating Brahmanism. KÁLIDÁSA writes the Sakoontâla. Ceylon Boodhist Bible written. 76 The LALITA-VISTARA, (Páli) Pita Katya, and Commentaries. Atakáta by Mahendra. 92 76-65 SANATROCES, King of Arsakidæ. PHRAATES III., 66-60. MITHRADATES III., to 56. ORODES I., to 37. King KADAFISES, a SKYTHIAN Boodhist, builds Kanikpoor, Kashmeer ; rules Western India. KANISHKA succeeds KADFISES, who ruled to 33 B.C. China conquers all Eartern Toorkestan. Vikramaditya, King of Oujain. 52 Consul Crassus plunders Syrian Temples. 59 BOODHISM in Gobi. Parthia holds for a time Syria and Asia Minor. NAGER JOONA converts King of East Panjab, MILINDOO, to Boodhism. Dagoba, Wheel and Tree Worship vigorous. Thousands of Indian Boodhists to China, Java, Siam, Anam, &c. 15 B.C., China makes Taoism a State Faith. 33 Some Jews commit atrocities in Babylonia, and many are therefore murdered. 37 ARTABANUS, King of Parthia, throws incense on Sacred Fire, and images of Roman Army on Euphrates. 40 50,000 Jews massacred in Babylonia. 25 B.C. to 50 A.C., PHILO. 44 Apollonius visits India. Roman London founded. SANCHI Tope of Bilsa Group. Boodhism Bhopal. 74 JAVANESE Era Boodhistical. Alani Skyths descending on Asia Minor. VESPASIAN, Emperor of Rome, from 69 to 79. TITUS, to 81. DOMITIAN, 81 to 96. NERVA, 98. TRAJAN, Jan. 98 to Aug. 117. Polycarp said to be Bishop of Smyrna. SANSKRIT understood only by a learned few. Clemens Romanus, Bishop of Rome. China conquering up to East of Caspian, and sends an officer to Rome. Aryans rising over Parthian Turanians. 115 Great Earthquake at Antioch. 130 TEMPLE of JERUSALEM rebuilt to JUPITER. Arrian the Historian. Papius, Bishop of Hierapolis. JAIN Faith in full vigour. 133 Skythic Alani again descending on Asia Minor. 150 PTOLMEY’S Geography. FIRDUSI’S ZOHAD-AZHI-LAKA-AHI, or Serpent Races, conquering Thraeton or more ancient Trita. 164 Roman Army brings first Pestilence to Europe from Babylon. JUSTIN MARTYR. 166 ROME sends Embassy to China. Marcus Aurelius, 161-180. CHRISTIANS preaching in Europe. Emperors D. JULIANUS and S. SEVERUS, 193-211. CLEMENS of Alexandria finds Brahmans worshipping Herakles and Pan, and Boodhists “Pyramids, in which are bones of a God.” 170 Bishop of Sardis mentions Canonical Gospels. MAHABHARTA written. (Cunningham.) TERTULLIAN. VOLOGASES V. to 215. 201 Emperor SEVERUS overruns Babylonia ; removes 100,000 captives from Ctesiphon; annexes Adiabene. Boodhagosa’s works on History, Grammar, &c. 216 Caracalla destroys Sacred Tombs at Arbela, where Seth is entombed. 217 Carcalla murdered when visiting a Temple of the Moon. Battle of Nisibis. Rome pays 1 ½ million pounds. 222 INDO-SKYTHIAN Power declines. ANTONINUS HELIOGABALUS Emperor, 221-224. ORIGEN. St. Gregory. 224 SKANDA GOOPTA reigning from Goojerat to Ganges. 227 Roman Embassy to Cochin China and those parts. ROME pays Tribute to GOTHS. CHRISTIANS in Bactria. ZOROASTRIANISM revives in Persia. Serpent Worship driven from Persepolis by Fire Worship. Julius Africanus’ History. Manikeus martyred in Persia ; calls himself the promised Paraklete. Lucian, Presbyter of Antioch. Porphyry in India describes Boodhist Faith. Peter, Bishop of Alexandria. Hesychius’ New Greek Bible, Alexandria.

500

I

S M

BELL & DELPHIC APOLLO ODIN THOR FREYIA NEPTUNE

DRAGON

N S

400

385 371 335 338 331

ORACLE & PYTHON FRIGA MOON SEA

400

DURM

312

Conc SANG retion AS )

GOD & MATTER called CO-ETERNAL
O.T . JE SEP WISH TUA G’T .
in DA d) SH

ASH

SO OT RA

300
284 250 245 242

300

(M

(Matt

BU

er)

200

(Their

214

200

181 169 166 147 120

PUCHACA the GOD OF MITHRA

MAE PERU

VIVASWAT or VIVANVAT SON OF SOMA YÁMA the SON OF YIMA

100
92 56 21

100

KRISAVA KERBAS

AP TY A

27 47 54 65 69 73 93

JESUS CHRIST DAWN OF CHRISTIANITY

100
107 109 116 135 166 180

AT HW YA

O 14

4

O

FATHER AND SON CHRIST IS THEOS LOGOS KROM ODIN FRIG CHRISTIANS NOW SEPARATING FROM OLD FAITHS
THE CHRISTIAN BIBLE OF OLD & NEW TEST.

HOLY GHOST WORSHIPPED DOVE DE THOR FREYIA
CHRISTIAN NEW TEST

SATAN

200

SPOUSE BEL

AHI

THR

AET ON IA

100

SERPENT

AZHI

LAKA

211 222 240 254 260 270 272 284

200

300

303 307 321 329 330 360

FREY PRI-APUS IS STILL TUISKO

EVERYWHERE WORSHIPPED

400

CHRIST’S DIVINITY DENIED & MAINTAINED BELUS SERAPIS AND KRONOS SOPHIA or VIRGIN WITH A GENERAL CHAOS OF BELIEFS

451 453 560 476

500
539

MITHRAS FIRE I-ER

VIRAF & SUN TOTH I-AR or I-AL FIEDNEIMD

ZARVAN TOT ALLAH THAO TA TAO

Zoroastrians destroy the Images of Sun and Moon, and deified Kings and Seers of Armenia. 319 First GOOPTA Era begins. He rules from Nepal to Western Ghâts. Last Boodhist Emperor. His Inscriptions on Rock [Oodagir. 334 CHRISTIAN See in Bactria and Khorasan. DIPA-VANSOO written. (Müller.) Shapoor II. shuts up Christian Churches because the sect opresses others. 341 Council of Ephesus. Bandehesh and Minokhired written, and MAHA-BANSO and present edition of MANOO. One Theophilus Indicus from Sekotra speaks of Christian Churches in India. (Neander.) 363 Emperor JULIAN advances against Persia ; next year Rome yields up all Mesopotamia. 378 Visigoths destroy Roman Army under Valens. AMRAVATI built. BRAHMANS from Matoora to Panjab. PELEVI language and PALI . Boodhagôsa to Ceylon ; translates Atakâta into Pâli. ARDASHIR II. 381-385. SHAPOOR III. Council of Carthage declares the two Books of Esdras Canonical. FAHIAN, China to India, 399 to 413. 398-410 Normans and Goths overrunning Europe and sack Rome. 404 VARARAN IV. or KERMANSHAH succeeded by YEZDIGIRID I. 420. YEZDIGIRID II. 448. 407 Alans conquer Central Europe. 409 Vandals and Sueves invade Italy; and 429, Vandals pass into Africa. 419 Visigoths settle in Spain. The DHAMAPADA. A Copperplate mentions Wars of Bârata. 411 A Kalpa Sootra by Badrabahoo. CHANDRAGOOPTA II., the Great Boodhist King.—400 to 430— calls himself Vikram-Aditya of Samvat Era, 57 B.C. Translation of ZENDAVESTA. Moses of Khorene writes. 458 HORMAZD III. and FIRUZ. 450 Babylonian GEMARA—TALMUD. SANSHIN preaches a Reformed Faith in China. 484-488 PALASH ; KOBAD to 498. BRAHMANISM again becomes dominant in India. KOOMARA, 430. SKANDAGOOPTA, 440 to 452. CLOVIS, King of Franks, becomes CHRISTIAN. Boodhagosa’s Commentaries on Tripitaka. GREEK CHURCH now wholly separates from ROMISH. JAMASP, 498 to 531. Temple of Zeus at Olympia burned. Jerusalem GEMARA. 502 SOONG-YOON, Chinese Boodhist, to India. A CHRISTIAN Era spoken of. 518 HOEISENG to India, collects Boodhist Literature. 531-579 KOSROE I. or NUSHERWAN. LATIN still commonly spoken. BOODHISM, with Fire Worship, at Balk. 530-550 Cosmas writes his Cosmos that earth is flat and the Sky is Heaven. 573 Pegu built by Emigrants from Thatoon. 568 LOMBARDS destroy GEPIDÆ. 573 70,000 Parthians move to Crete. 587 Sitang or Tsit-toung built by King of Pegu. Athanasian Creed must have now existed. HEGIRA, 16th JULY 622. SILADITYA of Balabi protects JAINS. King of Byzantium, MAURICE. THEOPHYLACHUS, Historian. 579-591 HORMAZD IV. 591-628 KOSROE II. succeeds as King of Perisa. Magada Empire overthrown by Sil-Aditya, who dies 645. 629 Emperor HERACLIUS restores Holy Cross to Jerusalem. Is commanded by Mahomed to renounce Christianity. 635 NESTORIAN Church in China. HWEN-TSANG to India, 629-645. Droovasena reigns, 632-650. 638 Boodhism introduced into Siam (Crawford.) HARSHA VARDHANA, King of Northern India, rules as a Boodhist King at Kanoj. 643 His Great Procession to Kanoj; Dies, 648. AJANTA built. MAHOMEDANS conquer Persia under General KALEB. ABOO BEKR, Kalif. BENARES has 100 Siva Temples to 30 Boodhist Monasteries. Kalinga has few Boodhists. MAHOMEDANS preaching in China. SARNAT, Boodhist Stoopa Benares. 680 Council of Constantinople, last of six Ecumenical. India—PRAKRIT Languages only current. BEDE, 672-735, writing Eclesiastical History. Debal, Chief Port of Sind. SUN Worshipped over all Western India.

300

400

500

547 569 596

600

607 615 628 638 640 650

600

700

Z O R O A S T R I A N I S M

704 712 715 721 732 746 748 774

700

N RA KO

YAH IAH GOD ODEN WODEN GOTH

730 749 757 770

Fifty-six CHINESE MONKS to INDIA, and write Itineraries. BOODHIST triumphs in Barma. Africa has now rejected Christianity and become Mahomedan. Brahmanabad, Sind, destroyed by Earthquake. SIVAISM greatly revives in India by Preaching of Sankara-Acharya. The First Boodhist King of BARMA. CHRISTIANITY preached to Germans.

H

C

R

M

DIE DIETH DEUS GOT

TOOTLE

S

I

827 842 862

DI

S

M

800

ALLAH TA-AL

M

771-784 CHARLEMAGNE Christianising Europe ; checks Normans, who are now settling in France and Germany. Zoroastrian Poet, DAKIKI. BENARES gives Brahman King to Central India. Many POORANAS said to have been written. Thuringian Germany burned their dead up to this, when a law of Charlemagne stopped it China proscribes NESTORIANS. 850 BRAHMAN Dynasty begins to reign in Kábol.

800

DEVA

M

U

S

N

I

TLOQE

Various TANTRAS reviving Phallic Ideas and Faiths in India. Jain Priest Jaina Siva. JAINISM revived under AMOGAVERSHA, King of Konjeveram. Christianity strives to keep Europe in darkness, and shut out all learning. TATARS ravage China, 9th to 11th centuries. 970 King of Kashgar embraces MAHOMEDANISM. Eric “the Red” settles with Northmen in W. Greenland. 964 CHINIE, from China to India, with 300 Pilgrims.

A

939 950 958

S

S

900

M

H

E

A

O

I

C

E

S

O

N

D

I

KODA

C

976 977

N

GUD

I

H

E

I

S

900

E

K

D

1000
1007 1025 1032 1033 1051 1066 1092

Paper long known to Chinese—made from Cotton. 1001 India invaded by Mahomed of Gazni ; its authentic and continued history begins. PAZEND Language. Toorkistan tries for Empire. FIRDUSI’S SHA-NAME. Aboo-Rihan’s History. 1074 BOODHISM in Java, and Fall of First Java Kingdom. King of Bohemia obliged to pay tribute to the Holy See. 1080 ANAURATA, Barmese King of Pagán, destroys Pegu—Capital, Thátoon—In subjection 200 years. First CRUSADES. Basein, great port for Ceylon. Siberians said to be Remnants of European Aborigines. (Lubbock.) 1133 Popular respresentation in Arragon and in 1169 in Castille. 1144 1147 1187 Hemachandra, a Jain Writer of Goojerat. Second CRUSADE. JERUSALEM taken by SALADEEN. Kanoj Patan Kingdom falling.

I

1000

O

U

O

H

N

A J O O

E

A

F N

O

E

C H

1110 1125 1139 1153 1170 1172

R

S

1100

H

T

BOK

S

I

BOOG

1100

G

C H U R

C

O

B

1200
1203 1204 1238 1258 1280

JAPAN heard of through Marco Polo. MOSELMS conquer Bengal ; Nadya the Capital. 1215 Magna Charta. Laterna Council at Rome affirms CHRIST’S Divinity. 1220 Khiva and Persia conquered by MONGOLS. Sriharsha writes NAISHADA. ALTAMASH, Emperor of India. Arabian Abdoolfeda writes Universal History. ROGER BACON. Telescope. Alphonso, King of Castile, spends £ 80,000 on Astronomical Tables. 1263 First Church built in Nazareth. 1290 The JOOTAKAS of Boodhism translated from Pali into Ceylonese. 1300-1307 Rashi Doodeen, Vizier of Persia, writes. 1316-1330 Travels of Friar and Oderic to India and China. DANTE writing La Divina Commedia ; b. 1265; d. 1321. 1330 Bengal annexed to Delhi by Mahomed Tooklook. Paper from Rags.

1200

1300
1302 1345 1364 1370 1378 1398

1300

R O M A N

&c.

BOODHISM supplanting OPHIOLATRY in Anam. 1330-1340 Pigolotti writes regarding Routes to Kathay. Hafiz the Poet flourishing. 1338-1353 John de Marignotti travels. The Golden Bull. 1361 TURKS take Adrianople. ZENDAVESTA translated into Sanskrit. CHAUCER. WYCLIFFE. BOCCACIO. TREE, SERPENT and FIRE Worship, with CHRISTIANITY in Europe.

1400
1401 1405 1439 1449 1460 1474 1497

S,

GOORU NANUK

1500
1515 1521 1525 1536 1565 1592

PROTESTT . BIBLE

E

GRANTH

Spread of Protestant principles in England. VEDAS translated by Sayna. JOHN HUSS, in 1407, interdicted by France. Joan of Arc. Europe hearing of Pegu. Samarkand—Emperor ALAK BEG studies Astronomy. 1452 Guinea discovered by Portuguses. TURKS take Constantinople, which has 450 Christian Churches. Gaur, the Capital of Bengal. King of Herat sends Embassy to China. 1453 Vatican Library. “FEASTS OF LIGHTS” very Holy in China, in February and March. 1489 Maps of American Coast. 1492 West Indies discovered. 1497 Vasco de Gama to East Indies. CHRISTIANS denouncing Serpent Worship in Europe. 1499 Amerigo Vespucci discovers South America.

1400

W

J

P R O T E S T N AT S

THE

GRANTH or SEIK BIBLE GOVIND

JAIN Temples of Satroonjáya and Pàlitána. 1526 WILLIAM TYNDALE translates New Testament—Put to death. One POORANA said to have been written. BABER, Emperor of India, 1526 . XAVIER dies, Makao, 1552. CALVIN burns Servetus. 1531 England abolishes Papal Authority. 1545 COUNCIL OF TRENT. Demand for Open Bibles. AKBAR, 1556-1605. Celebes worship Sun. 1568 MAHOMEDANS conquer Bengal and Orissa 1570 Spaniards discover Angkor, Boodhist Capital, of Kamboia. Bartholemew Massacre, 1572. 1575 ROME sends Priests to China.

1500

1600

GOORU

1662-1667 [sic.] Benedict goes from Agra to Kathay. Holland seizes Portuguese Eastern Settlements. 1619 Act to Burn Witches passed (Bacon). CATHERINE DE MEDICI. Cochin China massacres English and Dutch Traders. English Settlement at Madras. 1622 Pope GREGORY XV, institutes Laws for Propagation of CHRISTIANITY. 1667 Royal Society of London. Bayle, Historian. Judge Hale condemning Witches. Khiva, Bokhara, and Khokan become Khanates. 1678 Habeas Corpus. 1685 Revocation of Edict of Nantes. 1688 English Revolution. ROME sends Missions everywhere. CHARLES XII. of Sweden. 1724 China expels Jesuits.—Pekin Earthquake, 1731, loss, 180,000 persons. 1728 Academy of St. Petersburg. 1736 Naweb of Arcot wipes out Southern Hindoo Kingdoms.—Göttingen Universty. 1730 1753 KOULI KHAN, King of Persia, conquers Moguls. British Museum. Birth of real and accurate Astronomy in Europe.

1605 1607 1644 1649 1658 1667

1600

1700
1704 1725 1750 1770 1782 1793

1700

1800

T

H

E

O

S

B

R

A

H

M

1774-9 Oxygen and Hydrogen discovered. 1788 Galvanism.—J. Bryant’s Mythological History. 1798 Vaccination. 1804 BONAPARTE Emperor. Moscow burned, 1812. Steamers, 1813. 1815 BONAPARTE defeated at Waterloo. 1837 Queen Victoria Crowned. 1851 Rise of TA-PINGS, who preach Doctrines of Christianity ten years—Leader, Tien-le. 1833 Slaves Emancipated—Railways. BRAHMO SOMAJES or THEIST Churches springing up all over India. ALL REVELATIONS being called in question, and ACCURATE HISTORICAL CRITICISM insisted on by the educated. 1829 Catholic Disabilities removed. 1830 George IV. dies. [Bill. 1832 English Reform

1812

1826 1840 1858 1873

1900 Accompaniment to General Forlong’s “Rivers of Life.”

MIRACLES AND REVELATIONS BECOMING DISCREDITED. PHYSICAL AND M E S C I E N C E S A N D GREAT RENAISSANCE OF LEARNING. T U R E , ORA L. U R AT A TRUE CC W ITH OLD FAIT F N R AP A , , SECUL ARIS PREHENSION O M HS ISM M, IS E MAT DE TH ERI A LIS M, AND SUPERSTITIONS
SCOTT & FERGUSON, ENGRAVERS & LITHOGRAPHERS. EDINBURGH.

1800

1900 All Rights reserved. Entered at Stationers’ Hall.

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