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COLLEGE OF INTERNATIONAL

STUDENTS
COLLEGE OF WATER CONSERVENCY AND HYDROPOWER
ENGINEERING

ACADEMIC YEAR 2014-2015,

MODULUS: Water Resources Planning and


Management

STUDENT ID: M2014028

STUDENT NAME: BAGARAGAZA ROMUALD

MAJOR: WATER CONSERVANCY AND HYDROPOWER


ENGINEERING

WATER RESOURCES PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT BY BAGARAGAZA Romuald M2014028

Lecturer Module Leader: sina

ASSIGNMENT NO. 3
QUESTION NO. 3
The Reservoir A supplies water for a certain area, and its inflow and the regional water demand of
each period is shown in the following table. The initial effective amount of storage of the reservoir
is 500,000 m3 and the effective storage capacity of the reservoir is 1 million m 3. Please calculate
the available water supply process of each period.
period
inflow104 m3
water demand10 m
4

150

100

50

50

100

200

300

100

Answer for question 3

period
1
2
3
4
4
3
inflow10 m
150
100
50
50
4
3
water demand10 m
100
200
300
100
Case 1 you distribute 100% for each period
Total in reservoir104 m3 200
200
50
50
4
3
Water demand10 m
100
200
300
100
4
3
Allowable water 10 m
100
200
50
50
4
Remain in reservoir10
100
0
0
0
3
m
Case 2 you partial distribution
Total in reservoir104 m3
200
200
150
80
4
3
water demand10 m
100
200
300
100
4
3
Allowable water10 m 100
100
120
80
4
Remain in reservoir10
100
100
30
0
3
m
Case 3 partial Distribution taking into account future
users.
4
3
Total in reservoir10 m
200
200 100
50
4
3
water demand10 m
100
200
300
100
4
3
Allowable water10 m
100
150 100
50
4
Remain in reservoir10
100
50
0
0
3
m
Water demand, prediction and forecasting is a long processes that also requires the
mathematical and logical knowledge. This means that here on our exercise we
combined all these knowledge, that makes me to calculate the available water supply
in three case as it is on the above table and as I am going to discuss the three cases
WATER RESOURCES PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT BY BAGARAGAZA Romuald M2014028

below.

We know that
INPUTS = OUTPUTS S
Where: INPUTS = P + ExIn + RET
OUTPUTS = Eta + Outflow + ABS
P = Precipitation
ExIn = External Inflow
RET = Returned water
ETa = Actual Evapotranspiration
Outflow = The total volume of actual outflow
ABS = The total volume abstracted from the system, from surface and
groundwater resources, intended for any use
S = Change in Storage.
In our case study we are assuming our water quantity is 500,000 m3 this means is
available water after removing all loss, as it described in the above formula.
Case 1: 100% Distribution
Before I start my work, first I distribute or rename our four period into:
Period 1 = Domestic water
Period 2 = Agriculture
Period 3 = Public water
Period 4 = Industries
We are going to distribute water 100% for domestic and industries
Types of user
Domestic Agriculture Public Industries
water
water
water
water
4
3
Total in reservoir10 m
200
200
50
50
4
3
Water demand10 m
100
200
300
100
4
3
Allowable water 10 m
100
200
50
50
4
Remain in reservoir10
100
0
0
0
3
m
Case one here we distributed water without taking into account the future usage, as
you can see I tried to distributed by taking into account the water demand for each
type of user but after we supply water for Domestic water and Agriculture, we had
water scarcity problem. This is caused by the capacity of our storage reservoir which
hold only 1 million m3 and also it was the same as on the last period (Industries water)
where the deficit was 50 104 m3. this method is simple and easy but finally you
do not meet your aims throughout your season. But also we meet with the limitation
of storage reservoir.

WATER RESOURCES PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT BY BAGARAGAZA Romuald M2014028

Case 2 you partial distribution


Almost equal distribution here we distribute like 50% up to 75%.
Types of user
Domestic Agriculture Public Industries
water
water
water
water
4
3
Total in reservoir10 m
200
200
150
80
4
3
water demand10 m
100
200
300
100
4
3
Allowable water10 m
100
100
120
80
4
Remain in reservoir10
100
100
30
0
3
m
Case two here we distributed water by taking into account the future users, as you can
see we tried to distributed by taking into account the water demand for each type of
user, where we tried to adjusted our storage and our inflow, after that we find that it is
efficient if we distribute 50 % and 75% of water demand for some users and we
succeeded as you can see on the analyzed above table. In addition this technics is
more effective because we will be able to distribute water to the consumers
throughout all season, I want to mean in these four period of usage, even if water will
not be enough 100% but we will have at least 75% water supplied to the consumers.
And you can see that our storage reservoir is adjusted.
Case 3 partial Distribution taking into account future users.
Types of user
Domestic Agriculture Public Industries
water
water
water
water
4
3
Total in reservoir10 m
200
200
100
50
4
3
water demand10 m
100
200
300
100
4
3
Allowable water10 m
100
150
100
50
4
Remain in reservoir10
100
50
0
0
3
m
This is another that I can distribute water on these four consumers. On the above table
I supplied 100 percent domestic water and then 75% to the agriculture because
agriculture in the main in that region than industries. So this means that industry water
will be taken into account but no need to distribute % percent even in the public
water. Normally water planning is a very important issue in water supply project. Hi
in this exercise we have a limit of storage reservoir normal is small but it doesnt
matter as water planner engineer I tried to distribute available water for those 4 types
of consumers.
Conclusion
Water demand is not a simple project, because it is influenced by the living standard of population,
or types of industries in general country. Water demand forecasting is long process where it
requires a deeper knowledge of per capita water consumption. But here, we tried to supply water
WATER RESOURCES PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT BY BAGARAGAZA Romuald M2014028

according to the priority areas.

WATER RESOURCES PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT BY BAGARAGAZA Romuald M2014028