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Combined Footing Analysis and Design

P1
Dimensions:

P2

M1
Col 1

Col 2

Length, x (m)

0.40

0.45

Width, y (m)

0.40

0.45

Distance, xp (m)

5.5

Distance, xb (m)

0.4

Distance, xa (m)

0.8

M2
fy
d

Col. 1

Col. 2

Material Properties:
Concrete strength, f'c (Mpa)

20.0

Tensile strength, fy (Mpa)

276

Allow soil pressure, qa (kPa)

Xb

Xp

240.0

Xa

Loads
Service Loads
Col Loads

DL

LL

Wind

Eq

Assume weight of footing as 10% of column loads

P1(kN)

935.0

625.0

0.0

0.0

P2(kN)

1070.0

715.0

0.0

0.0

M1(kN-m)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

M2(kN-m)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Load Case

P1(kN)

2371.50

841.50

1778.63

1778.63

Case 1: 1.4DL + !.7LL

P2(kN)

Case 2: 0.9DL + 1.3WL

Factored Loads

2713.50

963.00

2035.13

2035.13

M1(kN-m)

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Case 3: 0.75(1.4DL + 1.7LL + 1.7WL)

M2(kN-m)

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Case 4: 0.75(1.4DL + 1.7LL + 1.87EQ)

Suggested Footing Dimensions


Width Left,b (m)
Width Right,a (m)
Area (m2)

2.30

Distance, Xb (m)

0.4

2.30

Distance, Xa (m)

0.8

2.30

Distance, Xb (m)

0.4

2.30

Distance, Xa (m)

0.8

Length, L (m)

6.670

Length, L (m)

6.70

15.33

User Input Footing Dimensions


Width Left,b (m)
Width Right,a (m)
Area (m2)

15.41

Check User Input Footing Dimensions


Allowable. Soil Pressure, qa (kPa)

Thickness, t (m)
Effective depth, d(m)

1.200
1.112

Uniform upward pressure, qu (kN/m)

758.96

240.00

Maximum. Soil Pressure, qmax (kPa)


Minimum. Soil Pressure, qmin (kPa)
Check User Input Effective Depth
Max. wide beam shear, Vw (kN)

1944.45

>

Wide beam shear strength, Vc1 (kN)

1091.61

O.K.

Max. punching shear, Vp (kN)

2625.75

>

Punching shear strength, Vc2 (kN)

1513.59

O.K.

Area of Steel
Steel Diameter (mm)

36

for top reinforcement,

As(mm2)

1017.88

Steel Diameter (mm)

36

for bot reinforcement,

As(mm2)

1017.88

Details
x

V (kN)

M (kN-m)

Rn

min

actual

As (mm2)

s(mm)

0.000

0.00

0.0025

0.200

151.79

0.0025

0.229

0.00

17.887

0.02

0.0025

0.000058261

2780

366.14

0.600

-1916.13

0.0025

3.125

0.00

-2768.34

2.49

0.0025

5.675

1935.57

0.0025

6.042

0.00

0.0025

6.125

-436.40

145.04

0.13

0.0025

0.000474016

2780

366.14

6.700

0.00

0.0025

0.009790937 10887.5217

S= 93.49

S= 366.14

S= 366.14

93.49

DESIGN of COMBINED FOOTING (Axially Loaded)


Project:
CAMP JOHN HAY MANOR 2E
INPUT
MATERIALS:
Concrete:

f'c
Steel:
fy
Concrete Unit Weight:
Concrete Cover :
Soil Unit Weight. :
Soil Brg. Cap :
Main Bar:
Temp. Bar :

Date:
Mark:

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

20.7
414
23.56
75
16
478
20
16

MPa
MPa
kN/m3
mm
kN/m3
kPa
mm
mm

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

317.4
74.57
571
684.84
263.19
1406

Kn
Kn
Kn
Kn
Kn
Kn

3/11/2016 9:20

CF-1

FOOTING LOADS:
Col 1 :

Col 2 :

PDL
PLL
Pu
PDL
PLL
Pu

DIMENSIONS:

column 1
column 2

thickness
length
width
depth
col thk
col width
col thk
col width

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

T
L
B
H
t
b
t
b
X1
X2
X3

A required
A provided

1406.199
0.7
4.4
1.8
1.2
0.3
0.5
0.3
0.5
0.01
2.68
1.13
2.95
7.92

m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
mm2
mm2

SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS :
N.G.L.

note: proper computations must be done for x1 to x3


in order that the load resultant coincides w/ the
center of gravit of the footing.
If x1 or x3 is zero, input must be 0.01.

col
1

col
2
3/20

4/20

OUTPUT:

Pu
SOIL PRESSURES:
qnet
qult
Wushort
Wulong
Eff. Depth, dL
Eff. Depth, dS
Eff. Width,

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

MOMENTS:
Along long direction:
@center of col. 1 :
between columns:
@center of col. 2 :
Along short direction:
@ face of column:

453.886
249.66
781.22
449.39
565.00
555.00
1147.50

kPa
kPa
kN/m
kN/m
mm
mm
mm

Pu

Wu

=
=
=

0.03
-271.54
458.66

kN-m
kN-m
kN-m

165.03

kN-m

=
=
=
=

4.49
-431.82
770.31
-501.07

kN
kN
kN
kN

SHEARS:
Along long direction:
@ left Face of col1
@ right Face of col1
@ left Face of col2
@ right Face of col2

ACTUAL STRESSES vs. ALLOWABLE :


V punching actual
=
Vpunching allowable
=
V beam actual
=
Vbeam allowable
=

0.63
1.52
0.60
0.76

MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

safe against punching shear!


safe against beam shear!

=
Actual Soil Pressure: Ptotal / Areaactual
actual ftg.wt.
Ptotal =
ftg.wt.+ Paxial

188.34

kN

Ptotal
Total Weight
=
1528.3
q
Actual Soil Pressure
=
192.97
actual
qallow
All. Soil Pressure
=
478.00
Actual soil pressure is less than allowable; Safe!

kN
kPa
kPa

ADOPT:

REINFORCEMENTS:
Along Long Direction:
As1
=
3439.1304 mm2
As2
=
3439.1304 mm2
Temperature Bars:
Along Short Direction:
As3
=
2153.6413 mm2
Temperature Bars:

1.8
B

Provide
Provide
Provide
Provide
Provide

X
X

4.4
L

X
X

0.7
T

11 pcs
-11 pcs
-16 mm @

20
20
150

mm-
mm-
mm

7 pcs
-16 mm @

20
150

mm-
mm

combined footing

bottom bars
top bars
on center
bottom bars
on center
5/20

6/20

combined footing

@ columns
b/n columns.

within Be

7/20

8/20

COMBINED FOOTING
INPUT DATA: @ 4/B
Concrete Strength, f'c
Steel Yield Strength, fy
Reduction factor,

Column size, b
h
owable Soil Pressure, Ps
Unit Weight of Soil, SOIL
Main Reinforcement,
FOOTING AREA:
PDL =
PLL =
PU =

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

650
517
1789

27.6
414
0.90
0.85
600
600
6.00
###
16
20

MPa
MPa
(for flexure)
(for shear)
mm
mm
ksf
kPa
kN/m3
mm2

PDL =
PLL =
PU =

kN
kN
kN

PTOTAL = 1167 kN

1098
698
2724

kN
kN
kN

PTOTAL = 1796 kN

h = 2.0

m.

t = 0.6 m.
Allowable qNET = Ps - (soil x h) - (concrete x t)
= 241 kPa
AREA = P/qNET = 12.3 m2
A = length x width
L = 6.00 m
W = 2.05 m
say W = 5.00 m

THICKNESS:
TRY t = ### mm
de = ### mm
check for punching shear:
PTOTAL = 1796 kN

c+d=
bo = 4(c +d) =

1805
7220

mm.
mm.

qAVE = R/A = 98.77 kPa


Vp = ### kN
Vup = 2240.8 kN
Vcp =

check for beam shear:


dL = dAVE + /2
= 1215.0 mm.

### kN

Vup < Vcp


safe for punching shear

1789

1.00

2724

9.225

1.30

354.63 kN/m
0.6

0.6

2050.00
354.63
0

-461.02
-1221.49

COMBINED FOOTING
INPUT DATA: @ 4/B
Concrete Strength, f'c
Steel Yield Strength, fy
Reduction factor,

Column size, b
h
owable Soil Pressure, Ps
Unit Weight of Soil, SOIL
Main Reinforcement,
FOOTING AREA:
PDL =
PLL =
PU =

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

650
517
1789

27.6
414
0.90
0.85
600
600
6.00
###
16
20

MPa
MPa
(for flexure)
(for shear)
mm
mm
ksf
kPa
kN/m3
mm2

PDL =
PLL =
PU =

kN
kN
kN

PTOTAL = 1167 kN

1098
698
2724

kN
kN
kN

PTOTAL = 1796 kN

h = 2.0

m.

t = 0.6 m.
Allowable qNET = Ps - (soil x h) - (concrete x t)
= 241 kPa
AREA = P/qNET = 12.3 m2
A = length x width
L = 6.00 m
W = 2.05 m
say W = 5.00 m

THICKNESS:
TRY t = ### mm
de = ### mm
check for punching shear:
PTOTAL = 1796 kN

c+d=
bo = 4(c +d) =

1805
7220

mm.
mm.

qAVE = R/A = 98.77 kPa


Vp = ### kN
Vup = 2240.8 kN
Vcp =

check for beam shear:


dL = dAVE + /2
= 1215.0 mm.

### kN

Vup < Vcp


safe for punching shear

1789

1.00

2724

9.225

1.30

354.63 kN/m
0.6

0.6

2050.00
354.63
0

-461.02
-1221.49

1237

COMBINED FOOTING
crete Strength, f'c = 28 MPa
l Yield Strength, fy = 414 MPa
eduction factor, =### (for flexure)
=### (for shear)
Column size, b = 600 mm
h = 600 mm
e Soil Pressure, Ps =### ksf
= 192 kPa
t Weight of Soil, SOIL = 16 kN/m3
Reinforcement, = 25 mm2
FOOTING AREA:
PDL = ### kN
PLL = ### kN
PU = ### kN

PDL = ### kN
PLL = ### kN
PU = ### kN

PTOTAL = 824 kN

PTOTAL = 824 kN

2.50

###

552.10
0

h = ###m.

t = ###m.

Allowable qNET = Ps - (soil x h) - (concrete x t)


=###kPa
AREA = P/qNET = ## m2
A = length x width
L =### m
W =### m
say W = 1.5 m

551

THICKNESS:
TRY t =### mm
de =### mm
check for punching shear:
PTOTAL = 824 kN

c+d=
bo = 4(c +d) =

900
3600

mm.
mm.

qAVE = R/A =

110
kPa
Vp = 735.01 kN
Vup = 1117.2 kN

Vcp =

check for beam shear:


dL = dAVE + /2
= 312.5 mm.

1619.2 kN

Vup < Vcp


safe for punching shear

kN

1237 kN

5.00

2.50

220.84 kN/m
###

552.10

-552.10
###