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USN

TE61

## B. E. Degree (Autonomous) Sixth Semester End Examination (SEE), June 2015

Digital Communication
(Model Question Paper I)

Time: 3 Hours ]

## [ Maximum Marks: 100

Instructions to students:
2. Question No. 1, 2 and 7 are COMPULSORY
3. Answer ANY ONE from Question No. 3 and 4
4. Answer ANY ONE from Question No. 5 and 6

1.

a)
b)

c)
2.

a)

With a neat block diagram, explain the operations of digital communication [06Marks]
system. Explain the functioning of each block.
A signal g(t) = 2cos(400t) + 6 cos(640t) is sampled at the rate of 500
samples/sec. If the sampled signal is passed through an ideal low pass filter [08Marks]
with cut off frequency 400Hz, find
i.
G(f) &Sketch the spectrum of the sampled signal.
ii.
G(f) & its spectrum .
iii.
The components that will appear at the filter output.
Mathematically show how can you recover an original signal from its samples [06Marks]
using ordinary samples of finite duration.
Show that the signal to quantization noise power ratio of a uniform quantizer is
[08Marks]
=

b)
c)
3.

a)
b)

c)

[06Marks]
For a binary PCM signal, determine L if the compression parameter = 100
and the minimum [SNR]o,dB = 45dB. Determine the [SNR] o,dB with this value
of L.
Compare DM with DPCM.
What is ISI? Derive an expression for Nyquist pulse shaping criteria for
distortion less baseband binary transmission.
For a binary sequence 111000110101 draw the digital format waveforms
corresponding to
i.
Polar Manchester coding waveform.
ii. Bipolar NRZ waveform.
iii.
8-ary signaling waveform.
Discuss the various properties of line codes (digital formats).

[06 Marks]
[08Marks]
[06Marks]

[06 Marks]

## Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bangalore-560056

(An Autonomous Institution Affiliated to Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belgaum)

(Page 1 of 2)

4.

5.

a)
b)
c)
a)
b)
c)

6.

a)

b)

7.

a)

OR
Discuss base band transmission of M-ary data.
What is Eye pattern? Explain how it is helpful in understanding the ISI
problem.
Explain the working of a BPSK transmitter and receiver. What are the
drawbacks of BPSK system?
Estimate the power spectral density of a BPSK signal.
Describe the concept of minimum shift keying. Show the coded waveform for
bits 00, 10, 11 & 01.
OR
What is spread spectrum technique? How are theyclassified.Explain the
A slow FH/MFSK system has the following parameters:
The number of bits/MFSK = 4 and
The number of MFSK symbol/hop = 5
Calculate the processing gain of the system.
Briefly explain the properties of matched filter.
Consider the signals S1(t), S2(t), S3(t) and S4(t) as given below :

[06 Marks]
[07 Marks]
[07 Marks]
[08Marks]
[04 Marks]
[08 Marks]

[12Marks]

[08Marks]

[04Marks]

b)

Find an orthonormal basis for these set of signals using Gram Schmidt [10Marks]
orthogonalization procedure.

c)

[06Marks]

## Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bangalore-560056

(An Autonomous Institution Affiliated to Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belgaum)

(Page 1 of 2)

USN

TE61

## B. E. Degree (Autonomous) Sixth Semester End Examination (SEE), June 2015

Digital Communication
(Model Question Paper II)

Time: 3 Hours ]

## [ Maximum Marks: 100

Instructions to students:
2. Question No. 1, 2 and 7 are COMPULSORY
3.Answer ANY ONE from Question No. 3 and 4
4. Answer ANY ONE from Question No. 5 and 6

1.

a)

Let E denote the energy of a strictly bandlimited signal g(t). show that E may be [04 Marks]
represented in terms of the values of g(t) taken at nyquist rate as follows.
E=1/2W

2.

b)

[08Marks]

c)

Obtain the expression for Fourier transform of sampling function h(t) used for flat top
sampling. Hence explain aperture effect with the help of spectral diagrams. Bring out
the difference between aperture effect and aliasing effect.
[08Marks]

a)

## Four messages bandlimited to W, W, W and 3W are to be time division multiplexed,

with W being 2000Hz. Set up a TDM scheme for the same and find speed of the
commutator insamples per second.
With a suitable block diagram, explain the functioning of a PCM system.
[06Marks]

b)

c)

A PCM system which employs uniform quantization and produces a binary output is
[06Marks]
given an input signal whose amplitude varies from +4volt to -4volt and having
average power of 40mW. Calculate the number of bits/sample if the required signal to
noise ratio is 20dB.
Explain the principles of Delta modulation. With relevant figures and mathematical
expressions explain the functioning of DM transmitter & receiver.

## Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bangalore-560056

(An Autonomous Institution Affiliated to Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belgaum)

[08 Marks]

(Page 1 of 2)
3.

a)

b)
c)

4.
a)

A binary data sequence is 0110011.,sketch the waveform for the following formats :
[06Marks]
(i)NRZ Unipolar (ii) RZ polar (iii) NRZ Bipolar. Discuss the merits and demerits of
theseformats.
Obtain an expression for the power spectral density of NRZ Unipolar format.
[08Marks]
Discuss the ISI problem and explain how Nyquist pulse shaping criterion is helpful in [06 Marks]
eliminating it.
OR
The binary data 001101001 are applied to the input of a duo binary system. Construct [06 Marks]
the duo binary codes output and corresponding receiver output.Assume that precoder is
used.
What is meant by Eye Pattern in the data transmission system? Explain.

b)

5.

c)
a)
b)

c)

6.

a)
b)
c)

[07 Marks]
[07 Marks]

## Write a note on Adaptive Equalization.

For the binary sequence 01101000,Explain the signal space diagram for coherent
QPSK system. Draw the respective waveforms.

[06Marks]
[08Marks]

With neat block diagrams,explain the DPSK transmitter and receiver. Illustrate the
generation of DPSK signal by assuming binary input sequence.
A binary FSK system transmit data at a rate of 2Mbps over a AWGN channel.The noise [06Marks]
iszero mean with PSD No/2=10-20 W/Hz.The amplitude of received signal in the absence
is 1V.Determine the average probability of error for Coherent detection of FSK.
OR
Consider the PN sequence 000100110101111.Demonstrate the properties of the PN
sequence.

[06Marks]

## Define the processing the processing gain and jamming margin.

[04Marks]
[10Marks]

7.

a)

b)

Derive the expression for SNR of a matched filter, impulse response and output of the [12Marks]
matched filter.
Draw and explain the block diagram of correlation receiver.
Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bangalore-560056
(An Autonomous Institution Affiliated to Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belgaum)

[08Marks]

(Page 1 of 2)

USN

TE61

## B. E. Degree (Autonomous) Sixth Semester End Examination (SEE), June 2015

Digital Communication
(Model Question Paper III)

Time: 3 Hours ]

## [ Maximum Marks: 100

Instructions to students:
2. Question No. 1, 2 and 7 are COMPULSORY
3. Answer ANY ONE from Question No. 3 and 4
4. Answer ANY ONE from Question No. 5 and 6

1.

a)
b)

State and prove sampling and reconstruction of low pass signals using Nyquist criterion.

[08 Marks]

## A low pass signal x(t) has a spectrum X(f) given by,

[06Marks]

X(f) =

(i)
c)

2.

a)
b)

Sketch the spectrum X(t) for |f| < 200 Hz if x(t) is ideally sampled at
fs=300Hz .
[06Marks]
(ii) Repeat part (i) for fs=400Hz.
With a neat block diagram and waveform, explain TDM.
Derive an expression for output SNR of the quantizer and show that (SNR)o= 1.8 + 6 N [10 Marks]
in dB if a sinusoidal signal is quantized.
What is the necessity of non uniformquantization ? Explain Companding.
Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bangalore-560056
(An Autonomous Institution Affiliated to Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belgaum)

[04Marks]

(Page 1 of 2)
c)

3.

a)

b)

4.

## Obtain an expression for the PSD of Bipolar NRZ format.

[08 Marks]

a)
b)

What is correlative coding ? Explain duo binary coding with and without precoding.

a)

a)
b)
c)

7.

Given the binary sequence 011010110,Construct Polar NRZ , unipolar NRZ, Bipolar, [05Marks]
Manchester and Natural quaternary line codes .

Derive the Nyquist criterion for distortion less baseband binary transmission and [07Marks]
mention its practical limitation and solution for it.
OR

b)

6.

[06Marks]

c)

c)
5.

Explain with suitable block diagram how ADPCM is used to code speech at low bit rate.

a)

## What is equalization ? Explain adaptive equalization for data transmission.

What is Eye pattern ? Explain in detail.
How are digital modulation techniques classified with neat block diagrams,
explain (i) BPSK transmitter (ii) Coherent BPSK receiver.

[08Marks]
[06Marks]
[06Marks]
[12Marks]
[08 Marks]

Derive an expression for the average probability of symbol error of Coherent FSK
system .
OR
With neat diagram, explain the transmitter and receiver of slow frequency hop spread [10Marks]
M-ary frequency shift keying system.
Distinguish between Slow and Fast frequency hopping.
Explain the application of spread spectrum technique to code-division multiple access.

[06 Marks]
[04 Marks]

## A signal S(t) of duration T sec is as follows :

[08Marks]
S(t) = +a/2 for 0< t <T/2.
= -a/2 for T/2 < t <T
(i)
Determine the impulse response of a filter matched to this signal and sketch
it as a function of time.
(ii)
Plot matched filter output as a function of time.
(iii)
What is the peak value of the output.
Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bangalore-560056
(An Autonomous Institution Affiliated to Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belgaum)

(Page 1 of 2)
b)

[04Marks]

c)

## Explain the importance of geometric interpretation of signals. Illustrate the geometric

representation of signals for the case of a 2-dimensional signal space with 3 signals.

[08 Marks]

## Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bangalore-560056

(An Autonomous Institution Affiliated to Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belgaum)