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Topic 9.

8 Chemical Reactions Flashcards Set


a substance or molecule that

participates in chemical reaction


a substance that forms in a chemical


Chemical Energy

the energy released when a chemical

compound reacts to produce new

Exothermic Reaction

chemical reaction in which energy is

released to the surroundings as heat

Endothermic Reaction

Chemical Equation

Mole Ratio

Synthesis Reaction

a chemical reaction that requires energy


a representation of a chemical reaction

that uses symbols to show the
relationship between the reactants and

the relative number of moles of the

substances required to produce a given
amount of product...

reaction in which multiple substances

combine to form a new compound

Decomposition Reaction

a reaction in which a single compound

breaks down to form two or more
simpler substances

Combustion Reaction

the oxidation reaction of an organic

compound in which heat is released

Double- Displacement Reaction

Oxidation-Reduction Reaction

a reaction in which a gas, a solid

precipitate, or a molecular compound
forms from the swapping of a pair of
cations between a pair of anions

any chemical change in which one

species is oxidized and another species
is reduced


a substance that changes the rate of a

chemical reaction without being
consumed or changed

Collision Theory

atoms, ions, and molecules can react to

form products when they collide with
one another, provided that the colliding
particles have enough kinetic energy.



the reactant in reactions catalysed by


a measure of the amount of solute

dissolved in a given amount of solvent
or solution


Moles of solute per litre of solution.

Mass percent

(Grams of solute / Grams of solution) x



Limiting reactant

Excess reactant

The reactant that limits the amount(s)

of the other reactant(s) that can
combine and the amount of
product(s) that can form in a chemical

The reactant that there is so much of

that it is not completely used up in the
chemical reaction


In the equation: 2 C6H10 + 17

O2 12 CO2 + 10 H2O
2 moles of C6H10 react with (a)___
moles of O2 ----->
to make (b)____ moles of CO2 and
(c)____ moles of H2O.
(Fill in the blanks)

Relative atomic mass (Ar)

Relative molecular mass(Mr)

the number to the left of the formula for

a substance in a chemical equation;
indicates the number of moles or

A. 17
B. 12
C. 10

the ratio of the

average mass of atoms of an element to
1/12 of the mass of a carbon-12 atom

the sum of the relative atomic

masses of the atoms making up an
ionic substance

To balance a chemical equation, it

may be necessary to adjust the


A chemical equation is balanced


The same number of each kind of atom

appears in the reactants and in the

This quantity can be used in the

same way as moles when
interpreting balanced chemical

This is conserved in every

ordinary chemical reaction

Particles or molecules


How is the rate of a chemical

change expressed?

What four factors influence the

rate of a chemical reaction?

Activation energy

rate of chemical change (reaction rate)

is usually expressed as the amount of
reactant changing per unit time or
amount of a product produced per unit

the rate of a chemical reaction depends

- temperature,
- concentration,
- particle size (surface area) , and
- the use of a catalyst.

the minimum energy that colliding

particles must have in order to react.

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