Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 19

# Name _______________________________________ Angles & Lines

1 (a) Choose the word from this list which describes an angle of 97.
a c u te

r ig h t a n g le

o b tu se

re fle x

Answer........................................................................................................

(1)

N o t d ra w n a c c u ra te ly

(b)
97

44
x

## Calculate the value of x.

.............................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................
Answer x = ............................................................................degrees

42

90

97

(2)

(i)

acute,

(ii)

reflex.

(1)
(1)

## 2) The diagram shows a rectangle.

3x

2x
N o t to s c a le

## Work out the value of x.

.............................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................
Answer x = ........................................... degrees
(2)

3.

## a) Write down the values of a and b.

b
N o t d ra w n a c c u ra te ly
50

110

## Answer a = ...................... degrees,

4)

b = ..................... degrees

(2)

## In the diagram AB is parallel to CD.

B

C
b

35
112

a
A

c
D

In each case give the size of the angle and your reason
(i)

Angle a. .. degrees

Reason.....
(i)

Angle b. .. degrees

Reason.....
(i)

Angle c. .. degrees

Reason.....

(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

## Questions about Triangles

5. a)

56
N o t d ra w n a c c u ra te ly

x
B

## Triangle ABC is isosceles.

AB = AC.
Work out the size of angle x.
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................

Answer degrees

b)

(3)

## ABC is an isosceles triangle with AB = BC

B
x
n o t d ra w n a c c u ra te ly

124
A

## Calculate the size of the angle marked x.

......................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
Answer .................................................... degrees
(3)

6).

## PQR is any triangle.

Q
a

b
P

Explain why x = a + b
......................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................
(2)
7.

## In the diagram CB = CD.

A
38

32
C

(i)

T h e d ia g ra m is n o t
d ra w n to s c a le .
x

y
D

## Calculate the size of the angle marked x.

...............................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................
Answer .................................................... degrees (2)

(ii)

## Calculate the size of the angle marked y.

...............................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................
Answer .................................................... degrees (2)

iii)

Does AB = BD?

## Give a reason for your answer.

....................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................ (2)

BCA = 52

## 8) ABC is a triangle BAC = 73

CD is parallel to AB.

## Find the value of BCD (marked x in the diagram).

B

N o t d ra w n
a c c u ra te ly
x
A

73

52
C

.....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................
Answer ................................... degrees
9.

(3)

BE is parallel to CD.
A
q

130

155

p
C

## (i) Write down the size of angle p.

Answer ................................... degrees

(ii)

(1)

## Work out the size of angle q.

..............................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................
..
Answer ................................... degrees

(2)

## Questions about Quadrilaterals and other Polygons

10. The four angles of a quadrilateral are 3x, x, 4x and 2x.
2x
4x
n o t d ra w n a c c u ra te ly

3x
x

## Calculate the value of x .

..
..
Answer x = .... (3)

11)

## The names of five shapes are given.

Parallelogram triangle rectangle

trapezium

hexagon

## Complete these statements.

Shape P is called a ....................................
Shape Q is called a ...................................
Shape R is called a ...................................

(3)

12) A quadrilateral with 4 equal sides and 4 right angles is called a square.
What is the mathematical name given to:
(a) A quadrilateral with 4 equal sides but no right angles? ............................................

(1)

(b) A quadrilateral with 2 pairs of opposite sides equal but no right angles? ........................

(1)

(c) A quadrilateral with adjacent sides equal and 1 pair equal angles? .............................

(1)

13)

## The diagram shows a rhombus.

One angle is 46
m

N o t d ra w n
a c c u r a t e ly
46

## Calculate the size of the angle marked m

Show your working.
..

.........
(2)
14.
3 .4 c m
B

2 .7 c m
A
5 .2 c m

(a)

## Give the mathematical name of this shape.

Answer ....................................................
(1)

(b)

(1)

(c)

(1)

(d)

## State whether angle B is acute, obtuse or reflex.

Answer ....................................................
(1)

(e)

## Angle A = 70 degrees, calculate the size of angle B

Answer .................................................... .

(2)
15. QRS is a quadrilaterl.
PQ = PS and QR = SR.
P

r
R

(a)

## What is the mathematical name for this quadrilateral?

Answer..........................................................................................................(1)

(b)

## Calculate the size of:

i) angle PQR

Answer................................................................................(1)

ii) angle r

.Answer............................................................................ (1)

42
x 37
N o t to sc a le

## Work out the size of angles x, y and z.

......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................
Answer x =....................................... degrees
y = ...................................... degrees

z = ...................................... degrees

(3)

17. (a)

## The diagram shows a rectangle PQRS with X on PQ and Y on RS.

P

N o t to s c a le

40
Y

(i)

## Which of the following correctly describes the quadrilateral PXYS?

Rhombus parallelogram

trapezium

kite

oblong

Answer ...........................................
(1)
(ii)

## RX = RY and angle XRY = 40.

Work out the size of angle QXR and angle XYS.
....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................

.Answer

(3)

## 18. A parallelogram ABCD is shown.

A

B
r
110

N o t to s c a le

30

DB is a diagonal.
Angle BDC = 30.
(a) What is the size of angle r ?

## Angle DBC = 110.

.............................................................................................................................
Answer ...................................... degrees
(b)

(1)

## What is the size of angle s?

.............................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................
Answer ...................................... degrees

(2)

19.
A
y

not to scale
E

ABCD is a square.
(a)

(b)

## (ii) angle EBC.

......................

(2)

## (i) the angle marked x, .......................................................................................

...............................................................................................................

x = (1)

## (ii) the angle marked y, .......................................................................................

...............................................................................................................

y = (1)

N ot
d ra w n
a c c u ra te ly

## The slabs are used to make a path.

All the slabs are the same shape and size.
The slabs are arranged as shown in the diagram.

c
110

N ot
d ra w n
a c c u ra te ly

## Work out the size of the angle marked c.

..................
........................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................... c = (2)
21. (a)

e

d
c

a
b

(i)

## What is the mathematical name given to a shape with 5 sides?

.....................................................................................................................
(1)

(ii)

## Explain why the shape in the diagram is not regular.

.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
(1)

(b)

(i)

## The angles a, b, c, d and e have been marked on one of the shapes.

Mark the positions of angles a, b, c and e on the other two shapes.

d
c

d
d

(2)
(ii)

## The three angles c, d and d fit together exactly.

Angle c is 66.
Calculate the size of angle d.
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
Angle d = (2)

A

x
y

E
z

(a)

(i)

..........
..........
Angle x = (2)

(ii)

..........
..........
Angle y = (2)

(b)

(i)

..........
..........
(1)

(ii)

..........
..........
Angle z = (2)

## Questions about Congruent & Similar Shapes

23. Here is a regular octagon.

E
D

B
A

(a)

24

## Write down a triangle that is:

(i)

right angled

...............................

.(1)

(ii)

congruent to triangle E

...............................

.(1)

(iii)

isosceles.

............................... .

(1)

4 7

6 3
T

5 .2 c m

5 .2 c m

4 7
4 7

70
A

5 .2 c m

5 .2 c m

5 .2 c m

7 0
D

70

4 7
C

6 3

7 0
5 .2 c m
E

6 7

6 3

## Which two of triangles A, B, C, D and E are congruent to triangle T?

Answer Triangle .................. and Triangle ..................

(2)

## 25. ABC is a triangle.

The point P lies on AB and the point Q lies on AC.
PQ is parallel to BC.

BC = 12 cm,

PQ = 8 cm and AQ = 6 cm.

6 cm
N o t d raw n
a c c u ra te ly
Q

8 cm

x
C

12 cm

## Calculate the length QC, marked x on the diagram.

............................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................
Answer QC = . cm

(3)

26
N o t d ra w n to s c a le
50
23 cm

15 cm

50

60
1 8 .4 c m

(a)

70
x cm

## Show clearly that these two triangles are similar.

........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................... (2)

(b)

## Calculate the value of x.

..............................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................

## ...............................................................................................x = ................... (3)

27. In the diagram AB, PQ and DE are parallel. AC = CE. AB = 15 cm. AC = 9 cm. CQ = 8 cm.
15 cm
B

9 cm
C
8 cm
P

(a)

.........
.........
.........

(b)

(2)

## Calculate the length of PQ.

.........
.........
....... PQ = .. cm (3)

## 28. One of the earliest cameras was the pinhole camera.

Rays of light pass from the object through a small pinhole and form an upside down image
on the photographic film at the back of the camera, as shown in the diagram.
N ot
d ra w n
a c c u r a te ly
o b je c t
20cm

p in h o le
10cm
1 m

im a g e

c a m e ra

## The photographic film is 10 cm from the pinhole.

An object 20 cm high is held 1 metre from the front of the camera.
How high will the image be?
...................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................................................

Answer = .. cm (3)