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Name _______________________________________ Angles & Lines

1 (a) Choose the word from this list which describes an angle of 97.
a c u te

r ig h t a n g le

o b tu se

re fle x

Answer........................................................................................................

(1)

N o t d ra w n a c c u ra te ly

(b)
97

44
x

Calculate the value of x.


.............................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................
Answer x = ............................................................................degrees

(c) Here is a list of angles. 8

42

90

97

(2)

132 205 281 333

From the list, write down an angle which is


(i)

acute,

Answer .............................................. degrees

(ii)

reflex.

Answer ................................................. degrees

(1)
(1)

2) The diagram shows a rectangle.

3x

2x
N o t to s c a le

Work out the value of x.


.............................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................
Answer x = ........................................... degrees
(2)

Questions about Angles and Parallel Lines


3.

a) Write down the values of a and b.


b
N o t d ra w n a c c u ra te ly
50

110

Answer a = ...................... degrees,

4)

b = ..................... degrees

(2)

In the diagram AB is parallel to CD.


B

C
b

35
112

a
A

c
D

In each case give the size of the angle and your reason
(i)

Angle a. .. degrees

Reason.....
(i)

Angle b. .. degrees

Reason.....
(i)

Angle c. .. degrees

Reason.....

(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

Questions about Triangles


5. a)

56
N o t d ra w n a c c u ra te ly

x
B

Triangle ABC is isosceles.


AB = AC.
Work out the size of angle x.
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................

Answer degrees

b)

(3)

ABC is an isosceles triangle with AB = BC


B
x
n o t d ra w n a c c u ra te ly

124
A

Calculate the size of the angle marked x.


......................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
Answer .................................................... degrees
(3)

6).

PQR is any triangle.


Q
a

b
P

Explain why x = a + b
......................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................
(2)
7.

In the diagram CB = CD.


A
38

32
C

(i)

T h e d ia g ra m is n o t
d ra w n to s c a le .
x

y
D

Calculate the size of the angle marked x.


...............................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................
Answer .................................................... degrees (2)

(ii)

Calculate the size of the angle marked y.


...............................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................
Answer .................................................... degrees (2)

iii)

Does AB = BD?

Give a reason for your answer.

....................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................ (2)

BCA = 52

8) ABC is a triangle BAC = 73

CD is parallel to AB.

Find the value of BCD (marked x in the diagram).


B

N o t d ra w n
a c c u ra te ly
x
A

73

52
C

.....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................
Answer ................................... degrees
9.

(3)

BE is parallel to CD.
A
q

130

155

p
C

(i) Write down the size of angle p.


Answer ................................... degrees

(ii)

(1)

Work out the size of angle q.


..............................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................
..
Answer ................................... degrees

(2)

Questions about Quadrilaterals and other Polygons


10. The four angles of a quadrilateral are 3x, x, 4x and 2x.
2x
4x
n o t d ra w n a c c u ra te ly

3x
x

Calculate the value of x .


..
..
Answer x = .... (3)

11)

The names of five shapes are given.


Parallelogram triangle rectangle

trapezium

hexagon

Three of them are drawn below.

Complete these statements.


Shape P is called a ....................................
Shape Q is called a ...................................
Shape R is called a ...................................

(3)

12) A quadrilateral with 4 equal sides and 4 right angles is called a square.
What is the mathematical name given to:
(a) A quadrilateral with 4 equal sides but no right angles? ............................................

(1)

(b) A quadrilateral with 2 pairs of opposite sides equal but no right angles? ........................

(1)

(c) A quadrilateral with adjacent sides equal and 1 pair equal angles? .............................

(1)

13)

The diagram shows a rhombus.


One angle is 46
m

N o t d ra w n
a c c u r a t e ly
46

Calculate the size of the angle marked m


Show your working.
..

.........
(2)
14.
3 .4 c m
B

2 .7 c m
A
5 .2 c m

(a)

Give the mathematical name of this shape.


Answer ....................................................
(1)

(b)

Mark with X s two sides which are parallel.


(1)

(c)

Mark with Y s two sides that are perpendicular.


(1)

(d)

State whether angle B is acute, obtuse or reflex.


Answer ....................................................
(1)

(e)

Angle A = 70 degrees, calculate the size of angle B

Answer .................................................... .

(2)
15. QRS is a quadrilaterl.
PQ = PS and QR = SR.
P

r
R

(a)

What is the mathematical name for this quadrilateral?


Answer..........................................................................................................(1)

(b)

Angle PSR = 130 degrees .

Angle QPS = 55 degrees

Calculate the size of:


i) angle PQR

Answer................................................................................(1)

ii) angle r

.Answer............................................................................ (1)

16. The diagram shows a rectangle.


42
x 37
N o t to sc a le

Work out the size of angles x, y and z.


......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................
Answer x =....................................... degrees
y = ...................................... degrees

z = ...................................... degrees

(3)

17. (a)

The diagram shows a rectangle PQRS with X on PQ and Y on RS.


P

N o t to s c a le

40
Y

(i)

Which of the following correctly describes the quadrilateral PXYS?


Rhombus parallelogram

trapezium

kite

oblong

Answer ...........................................
(1)
(ii)

RX = RY and angle XRY = 40.


Work out the size of angle QXR and angle XYS.
....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................

.Answer

Angle QXR = ..................... degrees

Angle XYS = ................... degrees


(3)

18. A parallelogram ABCD is shown.


A

B
r
110

N o t to s c a le

30

DB is a diagonal.
Angle BDC = 30.
(a) What is the size of angle r ?

Angle DBC = 110.

.............................................................................................................................
Answer ...................................... degrees
(b)

(1)

What is the size of angle s?


.............................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................
Answer ...................................... degrees

(2)

19.
A
y

not to scale
E

ABCD is a square.
(a)

BEC is an equilateral triangle.

Write down the size of

(i) angle ABC, .............................


(b)

(ii) angle EBC.

......................

(2)

Calculate the size of

(i) the angle marked x, .......................................................................................


...............................................................................................................

x = (1)

(ii) the angle marked y, .......................................................................................


...............................................................................................................

y = (1)

20. The diagram shows a slab in the shape of a symmetrical pentagon.


N ot
d ra w n
a c c u ra te ly

The slabs are used to make a path.


All the slabs are the same shape and size.
The slabs are arranged as shown in the diagram.

c
110

N ot
d ra w n
a c c u ra te ly

Work out the size of the angle marked c.


..................
........................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................... c = (2)
21. (a)

This diagram shows a shape with 5 sides.


e

d
c

a
b

(i)

What is the mathematical name given to a shape with 5 sides?


.....................................................................................................................
(1)

(ii)

Explain why the shape in the diagram is not regular.


.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
(1)

(b)

Three of the shapes are fitted together.


(i)

The angles a, b, c, d and e have been marked on one of the shapes.


Mark the positions of angles a, b, c and e on the other two shapes.

d
c

d
d

(2)
(ii)

The three angles c, d and d fit together exactly.


Angle c is 66.
Calculate the size of angle d.
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
Angle d = (2)

22. ABCDEFGHIJ is a regular decagon.


A

x
y

E
z

(a)

(i)

Calculate the size of the angle marked x.


..........
..........
Angle x = (2)

(ii)

Calculate the size of the angle marked y.


..........
..........
Angle y = (2)

(b)

(i)

What can you say about the lines GH and FI?


..........
..........
(1)

(ii)

Calculate the size of the angle marked z.


..........
..........
Angle z = (2)

Questions about Congruent & Similar Shapes


23. Here is a regular octagon.

E
D

B
A

The octagon is divided into six triangles A, B, C, D, E and F.


(a)

24

Write down a triangle that is:


(i)

right angled

...............................

.(1)

(ii)

congruent to triangle E

...............................

.(1)

(iii)

isosceles.

............................... .

(1)

Triangle T and triangles A, B, C, D and E are not drawn accurately


4 7

6 3
T

5 .2 c m

5 .2 c m

4 7
4 7

70
A

5 .2 c m

5 .2 c m

5 .2 c m

7 0
D

70

4 7
C

6 3

7 0
5 .2 c m
E

6 7

6 3

Which two of triangles A, B, C, D and E are congruent to triangle T?


Answer Triangle .................. and Triangle ..................

(2)

25. ABC is a triangle.


The point P lies on AB and the point Q lies on AC.
PQ is parallel to BC.

BC = 12 cm,

PQ = 8 cm and AQ = 6 cm.

6 cm
N o t d raw n
a c c u ra te ly
Q

8 cm

x
C

12 cm

Calculate the length QC, marked x on the diagram.


............................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................
Answer QC = . cm

(3)

26
N o t d ra w n to s c a le
50
23 cm

15 cm

50

60
1 8 .4 c m

(a)

70
x cm

Show clearly that these two triangles are similar.


........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................... (2)

(b)

Calculate the value of x.


..............................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................x = ................... (3)

27. In the diagram AB, PQ and DE are parallel. AC = CE. AB = 15 cm. AC = 9 cm. CQ = 8 cm.
15 cm
B

9 cm
C
8 cm
P

(a)

Explain why triangle ABC is congruent to triangle CDE.


.........
.........
.........

(b)

(2)

Calculate the length of PQ.


.........
.........
....... PQ = .. cm (3)

28. One of the earliest cameras was the pinhole camera.


Rays of light pass from the object through a small pinhole and form an upside down image
on the photographic film at the back of the camera, as shown in the diagram.
N ot
d ra w n
a c c u r a te ly
o b je c t
20cm

p in h o le
10cm
1 m

im a g e

c a m e ra

The photographic film is 10 cm from the pinhole.


An object 20 cm high is held 1 metre from the front of the camera.
How high will the image be?
...................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................................................

Answer = .. cm (3)