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A SEMINAR ON UNDER WATER WINDMILL-PPT


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SachinThorat

INTRODUCTION TO UNDERWATER
WINDMILL
What is it ???
An Underwater windmill like a device that extracts power from the tides.
Renewable energy technologies are becoming an increasingly favourable
alternative to conventional energy sources to assuage fossil fuel related issues.
Tidal energy offers a vast and reliable energy source. This technology is similar
to wind energy technology, with the rotor blades driven not by wind power but
by tidal currents. The gravitational pull of the moon produces a swift tidal
current, which spins the long blades of the turbine . Which in turn produces
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electricity via different parts of underwater windmill . This Energy derived from
the moon that now helps to power a small arctic village.
NAME JUSTIFICATION
Why it is called as underwater windmill ?
"Basically it's like putting a windmill in the water," said Bjorn Bekken, a project
manager for Hammerfest Strom. Or as its looking like a wind mill & are
installed on the ocean floor and large river bed , that means these are under
the water.

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11

PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION
1

In simple a underwater windmill consists of a number of blades mounted on


a hub (together known as the rotor), a gearbox, and a generator.

The hydrodynamic effect of the flowing water past the blades causes the
rotor to rotate, thus turning the generator to which the rotor is connected via
a gearbox.

The gearbox is used to convert the rotational speed of the rotor shaft to the
desired output speed of the generator shaft.

The electricity generated is transmitted to land through cables.

Fig. Underwater Windmill

TYPES :
There are two types of underwater windmill

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3/17/2016 ASEMINARONUNDERWATERWINDMILLPPTfullDownload|MechanicalEngineeringWorld|ProjectIdeas|SeminarTopics|Ebooks(Pdf

Horizontal axis

Vertical axis

In horizontal axis underwater windmill , the rotor shaft is parallel to the


direction of the flow of water.
In vertical axis underwater windmill , the rotor shaft is perpendicular to the
direction of the flow of water.
ABOUT TURBINES
1

The turbines can convert kinetic hydro energy into power ranging from 25
kW to 250 kW, depending on turbine size and current.

Kinetic energy is converted to mechanical power in a nacelle within the


turbine.

WORKING
Underwater ( tidal) turbines are a fairly straightforward concept, as
far as cutting-edge energy technology goes.
They are essentially windmills installed onto an ocean floor or river
bed.
The underwater current produced by the tides spins blades
arranged like an airplane propeller.
These turbines are attached to a gear box, which is connected to
an electrical generator.
This produces the electricity that is carried by cable to shore.
Once it's plugged into an electrical grid, the electricity can be
distributed.
Advantages:
The advantages of under water windmill is much more than the
disadvantages:-

Uses Tidal energy ,which is a clean and renewable source of


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energy
Have lesser impact on the environment
Low running cost
Long lifetime with little maintenance
Reduces the dependence upon fossil fuels
CONCLUSION
Tides play a very important role in the formation of global climate as well as the
ecosystems for ocean habitants. At the same time, tides are a substantial
potential source of clean renewable energy for future human generations.
Depleting oil reserves, the emission of greenhouse gases by burning coal, oil
and other fossil fuels, as well as the accumulation of nuclear waste from
nuclear reactors will inevitably force people to replace most of our traditional
energy sources with renewable energy in the future . Tidal energy is one of the
best candidates for this approaching revolution. Development of new, efficient,
low-cost and environmentally friendly hydraulic energy converters suited to
free-flow waters. This type of machine, moreover ,can be used not only for
multi-megawatt tidal power farms but also for mini-power stations with
turbines generating a few kilowatts. Such power stations can provide clean
energy to small communities or even individual households located near
continental shorelines, straits or on remote islands with strong tidal currents.

Download: UNDER WATER WINDMILL.pptx

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