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Algebra ANSWERS!

1.

C = 4d + 3m oe

3
B3 for C = 4d + 3m
[B2 for 4d + 3m only,
B1 for 4d or 3m or C = 4d + 3m]
[3]

2.

C = 10(n + 3)

3
B3 for C = 10(n + 3) oe such as C = (n + 3) 10
(B2 for correct RHS or C = n + 3 10, C = 10n + 3 etc
B1 for C = some other linear expression in n or n + 3 10,
10n + 3 etc)
NB: C=n scores no marks
[3]

3.

(a)

12m

1
B1 for 12m

(b)

48c + 12m

2
B2 for 48c + 12m
(B1 for 48c)

(c)

Unbiased suitable question with response boxes


B1 for unbiased suitable question
B1 for suitable response boxes

[5]

4.

(a)

7y

1
B1 for 7y oe

(b)

21y

7y 3
M1 for7y 3
A1 for 21y or y21
[3]

5.

(a)

2x + 2x + 10
4x + 10
2
B2 for 4x + 10
(B1 for 2x + 2x + 10 oe)

(b)

4x + 10 = 34
6

2
M1 for 4x + 10 = 34 or 34 10 4
A1 cao
[4]

6.

(a)

x+10+2x+x+90+(x+20) = 360
M1 for x+10+2x+x+90+x+20 or 5x+120 or an indication of
adding the terms on the paper
A1 cao
NB: algebra seen in (b) can attract marks in (a)

(b)

5x + 120 = 360
5x = 240
x = 48
Smallest angle is x + 10 = 58
M1 for simplifying to at least 5x+120 = 360 (their equation)
A1 x = 48 or 48 seen cao
B1 ft (adding 10)
NB: M1 A1 can be awarded if this work is seen in (a)

[5]

7.

(a)

1
B1

(b)

2
2y = 8 3

2
M1 for 2y = 8 3 oe
A1
[3]

8.

2x = 3 5

M1 for 2x = 3 5
A1
[2]

9.

4x = 16
4

2
M1 for 4x = 19 3 oe or 19 3 4
A1 cao
[2]

10.

(a)

p=3
2p = 6

(b)

2
M1 for 7p 5p = 8 2 or 2p or 6
A1 cao

11

7r 5r = 20 2

7r 2

M1 for 7r + 2 = 5r 20 or 5 5 = r 4 or
7r
2
r 4
5
7r 5r = 20 2 or 5
A1 cao
[4]

11.

6
7

4 x = 6x 2
4 + 2 = 6x + x
6 = 7x
6
7 =x

4 x
M1 for 4 - x = 2 3x 2 1 or 2 2 = 3x 1
M1 for correct process to separate x and non-x terms
ft ax + b = cx + d (a, b, c, d 0)
A1 cao
[3]

12.

(a)

4y 2y = 8 1
3.5
2
M1 for 4y 2y = 8 1
A1 cao

(b)

2t + 10 + 13
2t + 23

2
M1 for 2t + 10
A1 cao
[4]

13.

(a)

3
5

5 3x = 2x + 2
5 2 = 2x + 3x
B1 for 2x + 2 seen OR 2.5 1.5x = x +1
M1 for correct rearrangement of 4 terms
3
5
A1 for
oe
(b)

3, 2, 1, 0, 1, 2
B2 (B1 for 5 correct and not more than one incorrect integers)

2
[5]

14.

(a)

15

6x + 2 = 4x 28
2x = 30
M1 for 6x + 2 = 4x 28 (or for
A1 for 15
B1 for (x + y)(x + y 3)
(b)

1.5

6x
4

x=74)

15 2x = 4 3
3

15 12 = 2x
M1 for 15 2x = 4 3
M1 for 15 12 = 2x
A1 for 1.5 oe
(c)

(d)

(i)

(x 21)(x 2)
B2 for (x 21)(x 2)
(B1 for (x 21)(x 2))

(ii)

2 and 21

(x + y)(x + y 3)
B1ft

1
[9]

15.

(a)

(x 5)(x + 3)
B1 (x 5)(x 3)
B1 cao

(b)

5 or 3

1
B1 cao
[3]

16.

(i)

(x 3)(x 4)
B1 cao

(ii)

x = 3, x = 4

(x 3)(x 4) = 0
M1 for (i) = 0 provided (i) is of the form
(x + a)(x + b) where a and b are integers
(SC: If M0, B1 for x = 3 or x = 4)
[3]

17.

(a)

2 5 + 5 3 = 10 15 =
M1 substitute e.g 2 5 and 5 3 or 10 and 15
A1 cao
(b)

73

3
2

54 7
5 16 7
2

M1 substitution e.g 5 4 7; do not accept 54 7


2
M1 5 16 7 or 5 4 4 7 or 80 7 (NB 4 as 4 4)
A1 cao
[5]

18.

(a)

7
T = 15 + 8

(b)

9.5 oe

2
M1 for 5 3 + 2 4 or better
A1 cao
3
4

16 = 35 + 2y
2y = 19

M1 for 16 = 5 7 + 2y or better
M1 for 2y = 16 35
A1 cao
[5]

19.

(a)

1
B1

(b)

6 3x
2

2y = 6 3x oe
M1 2 or 3x correctly
A1 cao oe
[3]

20.

u 30
t= 7

7t = u 30

u 30
B2 for t =

oe

u
30
t
7 or for the correct application
(B1 for 7t = u 30 or 7
of one of the two algebraic steps)
[2]

21.

4n 1

2
B2 for 4n 1
(B1 for 4n + k , where k is any integer)
[2]

22.

5n + 1

2
B2 oe
(B1 for 5n seen)
NB: n = gets B1 max
[2]

23.

5n 3oe

2
B2 for 5n 3oe
[B1 for 5n + k where k is a constant, k 3]
[2]

24.

4n 1 oe

2
B2 for 4n 1 oe
(B1 for 4n + k, k any integer including 0, n 1)
[2]

25.

(a)

(i)

a + 3b
2
B2 for a + 3b oe
(B1 for a or 1a or 3b)

(b)

(c)

(ii)

2x + x
B2 for 2x +x oe
(B1 for 2x or x or 1x)

(i)

8x 12
B1 oe

(ii)

pq p
2
B1 oe accept p q p p or better

5p + 16

1
2

15p + 10 10p + 6
B2 for 5p + 16 oe
(B1 for any two terms correct from 15p, +10, 10p, +6)
[8]

26.

(a)

x > 2

5x > 2 12
x> 10/5
M1 for process to separate x and non -x terms
A1 cao
(b)

x 2x 24

x 6x + 4x 24
M1 for at least 3 correct terms
A1 cao
[4]

27.

(a)

6x 4x < 7
x < 3.5 oe
2
M1 for 6x 4x < 7
A1 for x < 3.5 as final answer

(b)

y + 3y + 4y + 12
2
y + 7y + 12
M1 for at least 3 correct terms
A1 cao

[4]

28.

(a)

pq p

1
2

B1 oe accept p q p p or better
(b)

5p + 16

15p + 10 10p + 6
B2 for 5p + 16 oe
(B1 for any two terms correct from 15p, +10, 10p, +6
6

[3]

29.

(a)

1
B1 cao

(b)

1
B1 cao
[2]

30.

(a)

x 2x 24

x 6x + 4x 24
M1 for any 3 terms correct
A1 cao
(b)

6x (2x 3y)

2
B2 for 6x(2x 3y)
(B1 for either x(12x 18y) OR
2x(6x 9y) OR 3x(4x 6y)
OR 6x(ax by) where either a 2 or b 3
[4]

31.

(a)

(i)

p
3
B1 cao

(ii)

B1 cao
(iii)

B1 cao
(b)

3t + 4t

2
3

B2 for 3t + 4t
3
3
(B1 for either 3t or 4t seen or 3t + 4t then an error)
[5]

32.

(a)

(i)

x
1
B1 cao

(ii)

12

1
B1 cao

(b)

t + 2t 8

2
B2 for fully correct
(B1 for 3 out of 4 terms from t + 4t 2t 8)

(c)

2, 1, 0, 1, 2, 3
B2 for fully correct
(B1 for 2, 1, 0, 1 , 2, 3 with either 2 omitted or 4 included,
or both, or any five integers correct only and no incorrect
integers)

[6]
7

33.

(a)

1
B1 cao
7 3

(b)

6w y

2
7

B2 cao (B1 for any 2 of 6, w , y )


[3]

34.

5ab

2
B2 cao
4
(B1 for 2 of 5, a, b correct)
[2]

35.

(a)

x +3x 28

x 4x + 7x 28
2
M1 for 4 terms correct ignoring signs (e.g. x , 4x, 7x, 28) or 3
2
terms with correct signs (e.g x , 4x, 7x , 28)
A1 cao
(b)

y + 2y

2
B2 cao
4
2
B1 for y or 2y

(c)

p(p + 6)

2
B2 for p(p + 6) or p (p + 6)
(B1 for p(ap + b) where a, b are numbers or p + 6 seen on its
own, or part of an expression)

(d)

3x(2x 3y)

2
2

B2 (B1 for 3(2x 3xy) or x(6x 9y) or 3x())


[8]

36.

(a)

1
B1 cao

(b)

12

1
B1 cao

(c)

53

5e f

2
B2 cao
5
3
(B1 for either e or f )
[4]

37.

(i)

1
B1 cao

(ii)

6q

2
B2 for 6q

6q 9
3
5
4
2
(B1 for sight of q or 3q 2q or 3q 2q
or 6 q q q q q q or final answer of the form
6
kq , k 0)
[3]