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DIMENSI VISUAL

RANCANG KOTA
RANCANG KOTA MINGGU #09

RESPON VISUAL
Sensory

Efek awal dari/pada visual

Formal

Faktor komposisi, pola

Ekspresif

Pengetahuan/
informasi di balik
tujuan (kritis)

Simbol

Elemen budaya/makna

CAKUPAN VISUAL
Elemen Dasar
Point, line, wall, plane, solid volume, open volume

Variabel

Number, position, direction, orientation, size, shape (form),


interval, texture, density, color, time, light, visual force, visual
inertia.

Organisasi

Objectives: diversity, unity, genius loci.


Spatial cues: nearness, enclosure, interlock, continuity, similarity, FG.
Structural elements: balance, tension, rhythm, proportion, scale.
Ordering: axis, symmetry, hierarchy, datum, transformation.

ELEMEN
DASAR
VISUAL

ELEMEN DASAR
All Pictorial form begins with the point that
sets itself in motion The point moves
and the line comes into beingthe rst
dimension.
If the line shifts to form a plane, we obtain a
two-dimensional element.
In the movement from plane to spaces, the
clash of planes gives rise to body (threedimensional).
A summary of the kinetic energies which
move the point into a line, the line into a
plane, and the plane into a spatial dimension.
Paul Klee

TITIK

TITIK

GARIS

GARIS

BIDANG

VOLUME

VARIABEL
VISUAL

JUMLAH

POSISI

POSISI

POSISI

ARAH

ORIENTASI

UKURAN

WUJUD

UJUD

INTERVAL

TEKSTUR

DENSITAS

DENSITAS

WARNA

WARNA

WAKTU

CAHAYA

CAHAYA

GAYA & INERSIA VISUAL

ORGANISASI
VISUAL

PRINSIP ORGANISASI
Basic objectivity: unity, diversity, genius loci
Spatial cues: nearness, enclosure, interlock,
continuity, similarity, gure and ground.
Structural: balance, tension, rhythm, proportion,
scale.
Ordering: axis, symmetry, hierarchy, datum,
transformation.

LANDASAN
UMUM

UNITAS

DIVERSITAS

GENIUS LOCI
The genius loci or the spirit of the place refers to the
special, unique quality one place has over another.
Genius loci is intangible but is a highly valued aspect
when attached to an area, which helps to make it
sensitive.
Genius loci can be vulnerable because the factors
contributing to it may be difcult to identify.

KETERIKATAN
RUANG

SPATIAL CUES
Isyarat dari ruang/rasa ruang yang memicu manusia
untuk merespon melalui kegiatannya.
Gestalt Psychology, an inuential movement that
happens to be associated with principles, nearness,
enclosure, interlock, continuity and gure and
ground.

KEDEKATAN

KETERBUKAAN

INTERLOCK

INTERSECTING

KEMENERUSAN

KESAMAAN

FIGURE & GROUND

STRUKTUR

KESEIMBANGAN

TENSION (TEKANAN)

TENSION (TEKANAN)

RITME

RITME

PROPORSI

SKALA

ATURAN

AKSIS

SIMETRI

SIMETRI

DATUM

TRANSFORMASI

APLIKASI

1.New Downtown Hub: Retail, Office, Residential & Hotel


Touhy Avenue

2. Focal-point Monument
3. Focal-point Monument in Traffic Oval

4. Focal-point Monument
New Mixed-Use Hub:
Retail & Residential

Existing Village Hall

5. Mixed-Use Hub: Retail & Residential

Pratt Avenue

Crawford Avenue

6. Residential Infill

North

7. New Retail Hub

Devon Avenue

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Building Setback
Line
R.O.W. Line

Sidewalk
Line

B
B

Maximum 3 Floors/ 38 Feet

C
Building Setback
Line
R.O.W. Line

B
Sidewalk
Line

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Pocket Parks

Well-articulated Facades

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2
1

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REFERENSI
Bell, S. (2004) Elements of Visual Design of the Landscape,
2nd ed., Spon Press, New York
Ching, F.D.K. (1979) Architecture: Form, Space and Order,
Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.
Cullen, G. (1995) Concise Townscape, Architectural Press,
London.
Garret, L. (1967) Visual Design: A Problem Solving
Approach, Van Nostrand Reinhold, Oxford.

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MULAILAH
OBSERVASI TUGAS!

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TERIMA
KASIH