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# ME-213

MECHANICS OF
SOLIDS
Dr. Khalid Rahman
Ph:2351

Email: khalid.rehman@giki.edu.pk

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Instructor:Dr. Khalid Rahman
Room No. G11 (FME Faculty Lobby)
Tel: 2351
Email: khalid.rehman@giki.edu.pk
Teaching Assistant:

Engr. Tayyab

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Books

Text book:
Mechanics of Materials, by F.P. Beer, E.R.
Johnston, John T. Dewolf & David F. Mazurek, 6th
Edition

Reference book:
Mechanics of Materials, by R.C. Hibbeler, 8th
Edition

MecMovies 2.0
http://web.mst.edu/~mecmovie/

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

Assignment
Quizzes (announced)
Project Assignment
Midterm Exam
Final

10%
10%
10%
30%
40%

## No make-up quiz, assignment session or

exam
Attendance requirement as per
institutes policy
GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Course Outline

## Normal and shear stress, Strain, Material,

Factor of safety, Stress concentration.
Pressurized thin walled cylinder, Simple
position
techniques,
Statistically
indeterminate member, Thermal stresses,
Combined stresses, Mohr circle, Combined
GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Course Learning Outcomes (CLOs)
The purpose of the course is to provide students with the means of
analyzing and designing various machine and load bearing structures.
CLO
No
CLO1
CLO2
CLO3

CLO4

CLO5

CLO Statement
Upon the completion of the course the student should be
able to:
Understand the concepts of stress and strain, normal stress and
strain, shear stress and strain, general state of stress
Solve the stresses and deformation of members under axial and
Solve the stresses and deflection of the beam structure under
Solve the principal stresses in component produced by
combined loads (axial, bending and torsional) and calculate
stresses in thin walled spherical or cylindrical pressure vessels.
Solve problems on the stability of columns under axial loads
(Buckling) and apply understanding of strain energy concept to
determine the stresses and deformations in structures subjected

PLO
Engineering
Knowledge
Problem
Analysis
Problem
Analysis

Blooms
Taxonomy

C2
C3
C3

Problem
Analysis

C4

Problem
Analysis

C4

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Lect.
No.

Topics
Chapter 1 Introduction Concept of Stress

## Bearing Stresses in Connection, Application to the Analysis and Design of Simple

Structures, Method of Problem Solution

Conditions; Components of Stress,

## Design Considerations, Problems

6

Law; Modulus of Elasticity, Elastic versus Plastic Behavior of a Material, Repeated

Problems Involving Temperature Changes

## Poissons Ratio, Generalized Hookes Law, Shearing Strain

Stress Concentrations, Plastic Deformations

10

Problems

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Lect.
No.

Topics
Chapter 3 Torsion

11

12

13

14

15

## Introduction, Symmetric Member in Pure Bending, Deformations in a Symmetric

Member in Pure Bending, Stresses and Deformations in the Elastic Range

16

17

18

19

20

## Introduction, Shear and Bending-Moment Diagrams, Relations Among Load, Shear,

and Bending Moment

21 &22

## Design of Prismatic Beams for Bending

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Lect. No.

Topics
Chapter 6 Shearing Stresses in Beams and Thin-Walled Members

23

24

Types of Beams

25

26

Problems

27

28

## Statically Indeterminate Beams

29

Method of Superposition

30

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Lect. No.

Topics
Chapter 7 Transformations of Stress and Strain

32

Shearing Stress

33

34

35

## Stresses in Thin-Walled Pressure Vessels

36

37

Problems

Chapter 10 Columns
38

## Introduction, Stability of Structures, Eulers Formula for Pin-Ended Columns,

Extension of Eulers Formula to Columns with Other End Conditions

39

40

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Lect. No.

Topics
Chapter 11 Energy Methods

41

## Introduction, Strain Energy, Strain-Energy Density, Elastic Strain Energy for

Normal Stresses, Elastic Strain Energy for Shearing Stresses

42

Strain Energy for a General State of Stress, Impact Loading, Design for Impact

43

44

45

Problems

Monday
11:30 ~ 13:00

Wednesday
10:00~11:30

Thursday
10:00~11:30

Friday
11:00~13:00

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Assignment, Quiz and Project Schedule
Assignment and Quiz Session at FME Quiz & ED Hall (Time: 6:30PM)
Assignment Session (Tuesday)

Chapter

1 (1% weightage)

4 (1% weightage)

1

## 26th April 2016

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Suggested Problems for Assignment Session
Chapter

Problems

1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 1.8, 1.10, 1.12, 1.15, 1.18, 1.23, 1.28, 1.32, 1.38, 1.41, 1.45,
1.48, 1.51, 1.61, 1.62, 1.65, 1.67, 1.70

2.1, 2.6, 2.13, 2.14, 2.15, 2.18, 2.21, 2.24, 2.28, 2.33, 2.39, 2.40, 2.41, 2.44,
2.51, 2.58, 2.59, 2.61, 2.67, 2.74, 2.75, 2.78, 2.93, 2.96, 2.97, 2.105, 2.107
2.113, 2.125, 2.128, 2.130, 2.131, 2.132, 2.133, 2.134

3.1, 3.2, 3.7, 3.8, 3.11, 3.12, 3.19, 3.21, 3.23, 3.27, 3.32, 3.36, 3.42, 3.43,
3.48, 3.51, 3.52, 3.53, 3.57, 3.58, 3.70, 3.72, 3.74, 3.76, 3.84, 3.86, 3.87,
3.154, 3.155

4.4, 4.8, 4.9, 4.15, 4.18, 4.19, 4.22, 4.26, 4.31, 4.33, 4.3, 4.39, 4.42, 4.55,
4.65, 4.66, 4.100, 4.102, 4.104, 4.106, 4.102, 4.127, 4.129, 4.140, 4.145,
4.146, 4.148, 4.149.

5.3, 5.8, 5.16, 5.22, 5.23, 5.27, 5.28, 5.32, 5.33, 5.44, 5.45, 5.52, 5.67, 5.68,
5.69, 5.70, 5.79, 5.85, 5.90, 5.93

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
As an Engineer, two questions you want to answer
whenever you design something.
1. Is the material strong enough?
2. Is the material stiff enough?
We will learn to answer these questions in this
course
Main objective of course is to provide the
engineering methods of analyzing various machines
and structures
Design and analysis of a given structure involve the
determination of stresses and deformation
GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Pre-requisite

ME-211 Statics

## Classification and equivalence of Force system

Free body diagrams
Torque
Mending moment and shear force diagram
(Beams)
Moments of Areas

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
ME-211 Statics

Surface Forces
Concentrated forces (F)
Linear distributed forces (F/L)
Distributed forces (F/L2)

Body Forces
Force due to gravity (F)
(Acts through the centroid of the body.)

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
ME-211 Statics

Types of Supports

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
ME-211 Statics

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
ME-211 Statics

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
ME-211 Statics

Question:
In Statics, what useful means did you use to
show all the forces or moments?

Free-body diagrams (FBD) are used to show
all the forces and moments acting at a joint or
on a member.

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Application of Statics to Mechanics of Solids

acting on a body.
Knowing the external loads does not tell us
if the member can safely carry the loads.
For Mechanics of Solids, we will determine
within a body.

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Determining Internal Force (IF)

## Cut a convenient section though the body

where the IF are to be determined.
Sketch free-body diagram showing all the
external loads and the IF acting both normal
and parallel to the section. Directions of IF
are assumed.
Compute the magnitudes and the directions
of the IF.

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Magnitudes and Directions of IFs

Question:
How can you determine the magnitudes and
directions of the internal forces?

Use equilibrium equations to compute the
resultant internal forces.
If the resultant is negative, the assumed
direction is incorrect.

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Example

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Question:
Is it sufficient to determine the magnitudes and
directions of the internal forces acting on a
section?

It is not sufficient. You need to know the
intensity of the resulting forces associated with
internal forces.

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Definition of Mechanics of Solids
Study of the interactions between bodies and the forces
acting on them.

## Description of Mechanics of Solids

Derive relationships between applied loads and internal
Study the stresses and deformations that result when
mechanical components and structures are loaded by
external forces.
Study failure mechanisms, material behavior, complex
GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Stress
Stress is the intensity of internal forces. It can also be
defined as force per unit area , or intensity of the force
distributed over a given section

SI Units
1 kPa

103 Pa

103 N/m2

1 MPa

106 Pa

106 N/m2

1 GPa

109 Pa

109 N/m2

British Units
1 psi

1 lb/in2

1 ksi

1000 lb/in2

Kip/in2
GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
1. Introduction - Concept of 7. Transformations
Stress
Stress and Strain

of

## 2. Stress and Strain - Axial 8. Principal Stresses Under

3. Torsion

9. Deflection of Beams

4. Pure Bending

10. Columns

## 5. Analysis and Design of

Beams for Bending

## 11. Energy Methods

6. Shearing
Stresses
in
Beams and Thin-Walled
Members
GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Examples

## GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Examples