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ME-213

MECHANICS OF
SOLIDS
Dr. Khalid Rahman
Ph:2351

Email: khalid.rehman@giki.edu.pk

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Instructor:Dr. Khalid Rahman
Room No. G11 (FME Faculty Lobby)
Tel: 2351
Email: khalid.rehman@giki.edu.pk
Teaching Assistant:

Engr. Muhammad Usman


Engr. Tayyab

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Books

Text book:
Mechanics of Materials, by F.P. Beer, E.R.
Johnston, John T. Dewolf & David F. Mazurek, 6th
Edition

Reference book:
Mechanics of Materials, by R.C. Hibbeler, 8th
Edition

MecMovies 2.0
http://web.mst.edu/~mecmovie/

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Grading Policy

Assignment
Quizzes (announced)
Project Assignment
Midterm Exam
Final

10%
10%
10%
30%
40%

No make-up quiz, assignment session or


exam
Attendance requirement as per
institutes policy
GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Course Outline

Normal and shear stress, Strain, Material,


Factor of safety, Stress concentration.
Pressurized thin walled cylinder, Simple
loading tension, torsion and bending,
Deflection with simple loading, Super
position
techniques,
Statistically
indeterminate member, Thermal stresses,
Combined stresses, Mohr circle, Combined
loading, Buckling, Energy method.
GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Course Learning Outcomes (CLOs)
The purpose of the course is to provide students with the means of
analyzing and designing various machine and load bearing structures.
CLO
No
CLO1
CLO2
CLO3

CLO4

CLO5

CLO Statement
Upon the completion of the course the student should be
able to:
Understand the concepts of stress and strain, normal stress and
strain, shear stress and strain, general state of stress
Solve the stresses and deformation of members under axial and
torsion loading
Solve the stresses and deflection of the beam structure under
given loading
Solve the principal stresses in component produced by
combined loads (axial, bending and torsional) and calculate
stresses in thin walled spherical or cylindrical pressure vessels.
Solve problems on the stability of columns under axial loads
(Buckling) and apply understanding of strain energy concept to
determine the stresses and deformations in structures subjected
to both static and impact loadings.

PLO
Engineering
Knowledge
Problem
Analysis
Problem
Analysis

Blooms
Taxonomy

C2
C3
C3

Problem
Analysis

C4

Problem
Analysis

C4

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Lect.
No.

Topics
Chapter 1 Introduction Concept of Stress

Introduction Static Review

Force and Stresses, Axial Loading: Normal Stress, Shearing Stress

Bearing Stresses in Connection, Application to the Analysis and Design of Simple


Structures, Method of Problem Solution

Stress on an Oblique Plane, Under Axial Loading, Stress Under General Loading
Conditions; Components of Stress,

Design Considerations, Problems

Chapter 2 Stress and Strain Axial Loading


6

Introduction, Normal Strain Under Axial, Loading, Stress-Strain Diagram, Hookes


Law; Modulus of Elasticity, Elastic versus Plastic Behavior of a Material, Repeated
Loadings; Fatigue

Deformations of Members Under Axial Loading, Statically Indeterminate Problems,


Problems Involving Temperature Changes

Poissons Ratio, Generalized Hookes Law, Shearing Strain

Further Discussions of Deformations Under Axial Loading, Saint-Venants Principle,


Stress Concentrations, Plastic Deformations

10

Problems

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Lect.
No.

Topics
Chapter 3 Torsion

11

Introduction, Stresses in a Shaft, Deformations in a Circular Shaft

12

Stresses in the Elastic Range, Problems

13

Angle of Twist in the Elastic Range, Statically Indeterminate Shafts,

14

Design of Transmission Shafts, Stress Concentrations in Circular Shafts

Chapter 4 Pure Bending


15

Introduction, Symmetric Member in Pure Bending, Deformations in a Symmetric


Member in Pure Bending, Stresses and Deformations in the Elastic Range

16

Deformations in a Transverse Cross Section

17

Bending of Members Made of Several Materials, Stress Concentrations

18

Eccentric Axial Loading in a Plane of Symmetry, Unsymmetric Bending

19

General Case of Eccentric Axial Loading

Chapter 5 Analysis and Design of Beams for Bending


20

Introduction, Shear and Bending-Moment Diagrams, Relations Among Load, Shear,


and Bending Moment

21 &22

Design of Prismatic Beams for Bending


GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Lect. No.

Topics
Chapter 6 Shearing Stresses in Beams and Thin-Walled Members

23

Introduction, Shear on the Horizontal Face of a Beam Element

24

Determination of the Shearing Stresses in a Beam, Shearing Stresses in Common


Types of Beams

25

Longitudinal Shear on a Beam, Shearing Stresses in Thin-Walled Members

26

Problems

Chapter 9 Deflection of Beams


27

Deformation of a Beam under Transverse Loading, Equation of the Elastic Curve

28

Statically Indeterminate Beams

29

Method of Superposition

30

Application of Superposition to Statically Indeterminate Beams

Lecture 31 Beam Analysis using ANSYS

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Lect. No.

Topics
Chapter 7 Transformations of Stress and Strain

32

Introduction, Transformation of Plane Stress, Principal Stresses; Maximum


Shearing Stress

33

Mohrs Circle for Plane Stress, General State of Stress

34

Application of Mohrs Circle to the Three-Dimensional Analysis of Stress

35

Stresses in Thin-Walled Pressure Vessels

Chapter 8 Principal Stresses under a Given Loading


36

Stresses under Combined Loadings

37

Problems

Chapter 10 Columns
38

Introduction, Stability of Structures, Eulers Formula for Pin-Ended Columns,


Extension of Eulers Formula to Columns with Other End Conditions

39

Design of Columns under a Centric Load

40

Design of Columns under an Eccentric Load

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Lect. No.

Topics
Chapter 11 Energy Methods

41

Introduction, Strain Energy, Strain-Energy Density, Elastic Strain Energy for


Normal Stresses, Elastic Strain Energy for Shearing Stresses

42

Strain Energy for a General State of Stress, Impact Loading, Design for Impact
Loads

43

Work and Energy under a Single Load,

44

Deflection under a Single Load By the Work-Energy Method

45

Problems

Office Visit Time

Monday
11:30 ~ 13:00

Wednesday
10:00~11:30

Thursday
10:00~11:30

Friday
11:00~13:00

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Assignment, Quiz and Project Schedule
Assignment and Quiz Session at FME Quiz & ED Hall (Time: 6:30PM)
Assignment Session (Tuesday)

Chapter

27th Jan 2016

1 (1% weightage)

9th Feb 2016

2 and 3 (2% weightage)

23rd Feb 2016

4 (1% weightage)

29th March 2016

5 and 6 (2% weightage)

19th April 2016

7 and 9 (2% weightage)

3rd May 2016

8 and 10 (2% weightage)

Quiz Schedule (Tuesday) (each 2.5% weightage)


1

16th Feb 2016

2nd March 2016

5th April 2016

26th April 2016

Project Assignment Due-date

26th April 2016


GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Suggested Problems for Assignment Session
Chapter

Problems

1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 1.8, 1.10, 1.12, 1.15, 1.18, 1.23, 1.28, 1.32, 1.38, 1.41, 1.45,
1.48, 1.51, 1.61, 1.62, 1.65, 1.67, 1.70

2.1, 2.6, 2.13, 2.14, 2.15, 2.18, 2.21, 2.24, 2.28, 2.33, 2.39, 2.40, 2.41, 2.44,
2.51, 2.58, 2.59, 2.61, 2.67, 2.74, 2.75, 2.78, 2.93, 2.96, 2.97, 2.105, 2.107
2.113, 2.125, 2.128, 2.130, 2.131, 2.132, 2.133, 2.134

3.1, 3.2, 3.7, 3.8, 3.11, 3.12, 3.19, 3.21, 3.23, 3.27, 3.32, 3.36, 3.42, 3.43,
3.48, 3.51, 3.52, 3.53, 3.57, 3.58, 3.70, 3.72, 3.74, 3.76, 3.84, 3.86, 3.87,
3.154, 3.155

4.4, 4.8, 4.9, 4.15, 4.18, 4.19, 4.22, 4.26, 4.31, 4.33, 4.3, 4.39, 4.42, 4.55,
4.65, 4.66, 4.100, 4.102, 4.104, 4.106, 4.102, 4.127, 4.129, 4.140, 4.145,
4.146, 4.148, 4.149.

5.3, 5.8, 5.16, 5.22, 5.23, 5.27, 5.28, 5.32, 5.33, 5.44, 5.45, 5.52, 5.67, 5.68,
5.69, 5.70, 5.79, 5.85, 5.90, 5.93

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
As an Engineer, two questions you want to answer
whenever you design something.
1. Is the material strong enough?
2. Is the material stiff enough?
We will learn to answer these questions in this
course
Main objective of course is to provide the
engineering methods of analyzing various machines
and structures
Design and analysis of a given structure involve the
determination of stresses and deformation
GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Pre-requisite

ME-211 Statics

Classification and equivalence of Force system


Free body diagrams
Torque
Mending moment and shear force diagram
(Beams)
Moments of Areas

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
ME-211 Statics

Surface Forces
Concentrated forces (F)
Linear distributed forces (F/L)
Distributed forces (F/L2)

Body Forces
Force due to gravity (F)
(Acts through the centroid of the body.)

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
ME-211 Statics

Types of Supports

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
ME-211 Statics

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
ME-211 Statics

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
ME-211 Statics

Question:
In Statics, what useful means did you use to
show all the forces or moments?

Answer:
Free-body diagrams (FBD) are used to show
all the forces and moments acting at a joint or
on a member.

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Application of Statics to Mechanics of Solids

In Statics, you determined external loadings


acting on a body.
Knowing the external loads does not tell us
if the member can safely carry the loads.
For Mechanics of Solids, we will determine
internal forces which are the loadings acting
within a body.

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Determining Internal Force (IF)

Cut a convenient section though the body


where the IF are to be determined.
Sketch free-body diagram showing all the
external loads and the IF acting both normal
and parallel to the section. Directions of IF
are assumed.
Compute the magnitudes and the directions
of the IF.

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Magnitudes and Directions of IFs

Question:
How can you determine the magnitudes and
directions of the internal forces?

Answer:
Use equilibrium equations to compute the
resultant internal forces.
If the resultant is negative, the assumed
direction is incorrect.

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Example

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Question:
Is it sufficient to determine the magnitudes and
directions of the internal forces acting on a
section?

Answer:
It is not sufficient. You need to know the
intensity of the resulting forces associated with
internal forces.

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Definition of Mechanics of Solids
Study of the interactions between bodies and the forces
acting on them.

Description of Mechanics of Solids


Derive relationships between applied loads and internal
load intensities and deformations
Study the stresses and deformations that result when
mechanical components and structures are loaded by
external forces.
Study failure mechanisms, material behavior, complex
structure and advanced topics.
GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Stress
Stress is the intensity of internal forces. It can also be
defined as force per unit area , or intensity of the force
distributed over a given section

SI Units
1 kPa

103 Pa

103 N/m2

1 MPa

106 Pa

106 N/m2

1 GPa

109 Pa

109 N/m2

British Units
1 psi

1 lb/in2

1 ksi

1000 lb/in2

Kip/in2
GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
1. Introduction - Concept of 7. Transformations
Stress
Stress and Strain

of

2. Stress and Strain - Axial 8. Principal Stresses Under


Loading
a Given Loading
3. Torsion

9. Deflection of Beams

4. Pure Bending

10. Columns

5. Analysis and Design of


Beams for Bending

11. Energy Methods

6. Shearing
Stresses
in
Beams and Thin-Walled
Members
GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Examples

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
Examples

GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology