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Worksheet 15 (Ch 12, 13, 14)

1. After placing ammonium carbonate in a container it is found that the total pressure of all the gases for the
following reaction at equilibrium is 1.45 atm.
(NH4)2CO3(s) <=> 2 NH3(g ) + H2O(g) + CO2(g)
What is Kp for the reaction?
a. 0.0691
b. 17.7
c. 0.363
d. 0.0173
e. 2.10

2. The best choice of the following for a buffer that will be effective at pH of 1.8 and 25 degrees C, would be an
acid component with a Ka equal to
a. 3.0 x 10-8 b. 1.9 x 10-9 c. 5.6 x 10-6 d. 6.6 x 10-4 e. 5.9 x 10-2
3. For the reaction, SnO2(s) + 2 CO(g) <=> Sn(s) + 2 CO2(g), Kp is 0.025 at 500 oC. With the system at
equilibrium, if the amount of SnO2(s) is doubled, then the partial pressure of CO2(g) will
a. double

b. change unpredictably

c. quadruple

d. remain the same

e. decrease

4.4. At a certain temperature, the percent dissociation (ionization) of chlorous acid, HClO2, in 1.63 M solution water
is 10.0%. Calculate the value of Ka for chlorous acid at this temperature.
a. 6.5 x 10-3
b. 1.6 x 10-1
c. 1.8 x 10-2
d. 1.0 x 10-1
e. 2.7 x 10-2
5. For which reaction will Kp be smaller than Kc at 25 oC?
a. N2(g) + 3 H2(g) <=> 2 NH3(g)
b. CO2(g) + C(s) <=> 2 CO(g)
c. O3(g) + NO(g) <=> NO2(g) + O2(g)
d. H2(g) + F2(g) <=> 2 HF(g)
e. N2O4(g) <=> 2 NO2(g)

6. What is the pH of a solution prepared by dissolving 0.075 mol of Ba(OH)2 in water to give 545 mL of solution?
a. 0.56
b. 13.44 c. 12.84 d. 0.86 e. 13.14

7. At a given temperature, Kp = 25 for the reaction, N2O4(g) <=> 2 NO2(g).


For which equation is the value of Kp equal to 5?
a. NO2(g) <=> 1/2 N2O4(g)
b. 4 NO2(g) <=>2 N2O4(g)
c. 1/2 N2O4(g) <=> NO2(g)
d. 2 NO2(g) <=> N2O4(g)
e. 2 N2O4(g) <=> 4 NO2(g)
8.

If the activation energy for the reverse reaction is less than the activation energy for the forward
reaction, the reaction is
a. faster in the forward direction
b. a equilibrium
c. endothermic
d. exothermic
e. faster in reverse direction

9. Consider the reaction A(g) <=> 2 B(g) for which Kp = 0.15. In which of the following case(s) will the reaction
proceed to the right?
p(A)

p(B)

1.0 atm

1.0 atm

0.010 atm

1.0 atm

1.0 atm

0.010 atm

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

X and Y only
X only
X and Z only
Y only
Z only

10. Kw is known to increase with increasing temperature. A solution whose pH = 7 at 60 oC would therefore be
a. acidic
b. has [H3O+] = [OH-]
c. neutral
d. has [OH-] = 1 x 10-7
e. basic
11. Consider the reaction, CO(g) + 3H2(g) <=> CH4(g) + H2O(g) for which Ho = -206 kJ.
Which of the following changes would drive the reaction at
I. Adding of H2(g)
equilibrium to the left?

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

II, IV, V, VII, VIII


II, V, VII, VIII
I, II, III, VII
I, III, VI
E. I, III, IV, VI

II. Removing CO(g)


III. Reducing the volume of the container
IV. Adding a catalyst.
V. Increasing the volume of the container.
VI. Decreasing the temperature.
VII. Increasing the temperature.
VIII. Adding CH4(g).

12. Ozone reacts with nitrogen dioxide according to the equation, 2 NO2(g) + O3(g) => N2O5(g) + O2(g). The rate
law is found to be rate = k[NO2]2[O3]. Which of the following mechanisms is consistent with the rate law?
a. NO2(g) + O3(g) <=> NO5(g) fast equilibrium

NO5(g) + NO5(g) => N2O5(g) + 5/2 O2(g) slow

b. 2 NO2(g) + O3(g) <=> N2(g) + 7/2 O2(g) fast equilibrium

N2(g) + 5/2 O2(g) => N2O5(g) slow

c. NO2(g) + NO2(g) => N2O2(g) + O2(g) slow

N2O2(g) + O3(g) => N2O5(g) fast

d. NO2(g) + NO2(g) <=> N2O4(g) fast equilibrium

N2O4(g) + O3(g) => N2O5(g) + O2(g) slow

e. NO2(g) + O3(g) => NO3(g) + O2(g) slow

NO2(g) + NO3(g) => N2O5(g) fast

13. A vessel that is at equilibrium contains 0.400 atm each of H2(g), I2(g) and HI(g). All of the HI is then removed
and the vessel is allowed to return to equilibrium. What is the new pressure of HI(g)? H2(g) + I2(g) <=> 2 HI(g)
a. 0.533
b. 0.400
c. 0.800
d. 0.267
e. 0.133
14. Calculate the pH of a 0.60 M solution of aniline(C6H5NH2, Kb = 3.8 x 10-10.)
a. 9.18 b. 11.60 c. 4.82
d. 9.42
e. 2.40
15. Which of the following statements is false regarding the equilibrium constant Kc?
a. Kc is unitless
b. Kc is independent on the initial concentrations.
c. Kc for a reaction at a particular temperature always has the same value.
d. The numerical value of Kc depends on the form of the balanced equation.
e. Kc for the reverse reaction is the negative of Kc for the forward reaction.

16. Picric acid has been used in the leather industry and in etching copper. However, use in the laboratory has
become restricted because it loses water on standing and can become shock sensitive and explode. At a
particular temperature, it has an acid dissociation constant of 0.42. What is [H3O+] for a 0.20 M solution of
picric acid?
a. 5.4 x 10-1 M
b. 8.4 x 10-2 M
c. 1.5 x 10-1 M
d. 7.1 x 10-3 M
e. 2.9 x 10-1 M

17.

Calculate Kc for the gaseous reaction, 2 NO + O2 <=> N2O4 given:


NO(g) + 1/2 O2 <=> NO2 K = 2.40 x 108
N2O4(g) <=> 2 NO2(g) K = 2.50 x 10-4

a. 9.60 x 1011
b. 6.00 x 104
c. 3.84 x 1015
d. 1.44 x 1013
e. 2.30 x 1020

18. Consider the following mechanism:


Cl2 => Cl+ + ClCl- + H2S => HCl + HSCl+ + HS- => HCl + S
What is the role of chlorine? A. intermediate B. Catalyst C. reactant

D. product

19. Consider the following equilibrium: PCl5(g) <=> PCl3(g) + Cl2(g). 4.0 mol of PCl3(g) and 4.0 mol of Cl2(g) are
placed into a 10.0 L flask at 300 oC and allowed to come to equilibrium. Analysis shows that 1.4 mol of Cl2(g) are present.
Determine the value of Kc at this temperature.
a. 13
b. 0.48
c. 0.75
d. 0.075
e. 4.8
20. What is the conjugate acid of HSbO42-?
a. H3O+
b. H2Sb2c. SbO43d. SbO42e. H2SbO4-