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SUMMARY OF AS-LEVEL ORGANIC CHEMISTARY!

Hey folks I know exams are just around the corner and you might be a bit
tensed with Organic chemistary.I am pretty sure about that!!!Here is a
complete list of Organic reactions. Descriptions would be posted soon (If
possible)
ALKANES
PREPARATION
Cracking
Thermal
Catalytic
Hydrogenation of alkane
REACTIONS
Combustion
Complete combustion
Incomplete combustion
Free radical Substitution Reaction Halogens/halogenation
ALKENES
PREPARATION
Cracking
Dehydrogenation Of alkanes
Dehydration of alcohols
Dehydrohalogenation from Halogen Alkanes
REACTIONS
Combustion
Mild oxidation
Full oxidation
Addition reactions (Electrophilic addition)
Hydrogen (Hydrogenation)
Steam (Hydration)
Hydrogen Halides (Hydro-Halogenation)
Halogens (Halogenation)
HALOGEN ALKANES/ALKYL HALIDES
PREPARATION
Free radical substitution of alkanes with halogens
Electrophilic addition of hydrogen halides to alkenes
Nucleophilic substitution of alcohol with PX5/PX3/SOX2 (X could be any
halogen)
Electrophilic addition of halogens to alkenes
REACTIONS
Nucleophilc substitution reactions
SN1
SN2
Hydrolysis
Reaction with KCN/NaCN

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Elimination reactions (Dehydrohalogentaion)


NITRILES
Reactions of nitriles
Reduction
Hydrolysis
Acidic Hydrolysis
Basic Hydrolysis
Reaction with Ammonia
ALCOHOLS
PREPARATION
Electrophilic addition of steam to alkenes
Hydrolysis of alkyl Halides
Mild oxidation of alkenes
Reduction of aldehydes
Reduction Of ketones
Reduction of carboxylic acids
Fermentation
REACTIONS
Reaction with Na metal
Nucleophilic substitution of alcohol with PX5/PX3/SOX2 (X could be any
halogen)
Oxidation of alcohols
Primary
Secondary
Tertiary
Combustion
ALDEHYDES
PREPARATION
Mild oxidation of Primary Alcohols
REACTIONS
Nucleophilc addition of cyanide Ion (formation of Cyanohydrin)
Reduction
KETONES
PREPARATION
Oxidation of secondary Alcohols
REACTIONS
Nucleophilc addition of cyanide Ion (formation of Cyanohydrin)
Reduction
CARBOXYLIC ACIDS
PREPARATION
Oxidation of aldehyde
Full oxidation of primary alcohols
Acidic hydrolysis of nitriles

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REACTIONS
Combustion
Reduction of Carboxylic acids
Formation of esters
Reaction with bases
Reaction with reactive metals
Reaction with carbonates
Formation of acyl chlorides (A2)
ESTERS
PREPARATION
Reaction of alcohol and carboxylic acid
REACTIONS
Acidic Hydrolysis
Basic hydrolysis

PREPARED BY WALEED BIN KHALID. FOR ANY QUERIES FEEL FREE TO


CONTACT!
EMAIL:WBKPRINCE12@GMAIL.COM
*YOU MAY ALSO FIND ME ON FACEBOOK USING THIS EMAIL
ADDRESS!!