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FELIX, Daphne C

Research 1


March 31, 2016, 1:30-4 TTh


The drainage system is that series of pipes which receives, carries, and removes waste and rain
water, other liquids, and human excreta from fixtures to a sewer or other disposal receptacle.
This system is divided into several sections, each of which is defined below.
Parts of drainage system
House sewer: That section of pipe which runs between the house drainage system and the
connection to the public sewer or septic tank. House sewers should convey the waste of only one

House drain: The lowest piping in a house drainage system, this pipe receives the discharge
from soil, waste, and other drainage pipes, and then carries such discharge to the house sewer.
The house drain ends just outside the front or foundation wall of the building, and operates by

References: http://www.plumbing-basics.com/drainage/
google images

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Soil stack and pipe: Any line of pipe which carries the discharge of water closets. The term
"stack" refers to the vertical runs of such piping.

Waste stack and pipe: All pipe receiving the discharge of fixtures other than water closets. An
indirect waste pipe does not connect directly with either the house drain or the soil or the waste
stack, but usually ends over and above the overflow rim of fixture that is water-supplied, trapped,
and vented.

References: http://www.plumbing-basics.com/drainage/
google images

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Trap: Refers to a fitting or device constructed to prevent the passage of air or gas back through a
pipe or fixture, without materially affecting the flow of sewage or waste water.

Vent piping: Provides ventilation to the drainage system and prevents trap siphonage and back
pressure from clogging or contaminating the drainage system. Local ventilating pipe is a duct or
pipe connected to the house side of a fixture or trap through which foul vapors may be removed
from a room.

Sub-house drain: Any portion of the drainage system which cannot drain by gravity but which
still handles the disposal of waste sewage.

References: http://www.plumbing-basics.com/drainage/
google images

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Other definitions of smaller parts of the drainage system include:

Fixture: Any receptacle intended to receive or discharge water or water-carried waste into the
drainage system.

Main: Any system of horizontal, vertical, or continuous piping to which fixtures are connected
either directly or through the use of branches.

Branch: That part of the plumbing system which extends from the main to a fixture.

References: http://www.plumbing-basics.com/drainage/
google images

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Leader: Any vertical line of piping which receives and carries rain water.

Fitting: Any one of a number of devices used to connect pieces of pipe or change the direction of

References: http://www.plumbing-basics.com/drainage/
google images

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