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How many international commercial AM

broadcast channels (assume BW=10 kHz) can fit
into the bandwidth occupied by a commercial
FM broadcast channel (assume BW=200 kHz)?
A. 20
B. 200
C. 10
D. 5
2. _______ is an arrangement of conductors
electromagnetic field in response to an applied
alternating voltage and the associated
alternating electric current.
A. transmission lines
B. antenna
C. counterpoise
D. stub
3. Distortion is caused by:
A. creation of harmonics of baseband
B. baseband frequencies mixing with
each other
C. shift in phase relationships between
baseband frequencies
D. all of the above
4. A sound wave that moves back and forth in the
direction of propagation is an example of which
of the following types of wave motion?
A. Longitudinal B. Composite
D. Concentric
D. Transverse
5. Radio-frequency waves cannot be seen for which
of the following reasons:
A. Because the human eye detects only
magnetic energy
B. Because radio-frequency waves are
below the sensitivity range of the
human eye
C. Because radio-frequency waves are
above the sensitivity range of the human
D. Because radio-frequency energy is low
6. A unique band of frequencies within the
wideband frequency spectrum of the medium is
allotted to each communication channel on a
continuous time basis.
A. Time Division Duplexing (TDD)
B. Frequency Division Duplexing (FDD)
C. Frequency Division Multiplexing (FDM)
D. Time Division Multiplexing (TDM)

7. The process of modifying a high-frequency

carrier with the information to be transmitted is
A. Multiplexing B. Telemetry
C. Modulation D. Detection
8. A signal is measured at two different points. The
power is P1 at the first point and P2 at the
second point. The dB is 0. This means
A. P2 is zero
B. P2 equals P1
C. P2 is much larger than P1
D. P2 is much smaller than P1
9. A carrier is modulated by three audio tones. If
the modulation indexes for the tones are 0.3,
0.4, and 0.5, then what is the total modulation
A. 0.636
B. 1.2
C. 0.707
D. 0.9
10. Calculate the power in one sideband of an AM
signal whose carrier power is 50 watts. The
unmodulated current is 2 A while the modulated
current is 2.4 A.
A. 22.1 W
B. 31.4 W
C. 50 W
D. 25 W *11W
11. What is the carrier power in one sideband of an
AM signal whose carrier power is 300 W, with
80% modulation?
A. 300 W B. 96 W
C. 150 W D. 48 W
12. An AM transmitter is modulated by two sine
waves at 1.5 kHz and 2.5 kHz, with modulation of
20% and 80% respectively. Calculate the
effective modulation index.
A. 82%
B. 85%
C. 80%
D. 78%
13. At 80% modulation J3E, what is the percentage
power saving?
A. 16.67%
B. 66.67%
C. 75.75%
D. 87.87%
14. What will be the deviation caused by a 3-kHz
tone if the modulation index is 3?
A. 4.5 kHz
B. 9 kHz
C. 0 kHz
D. 6 kHz

15. Using Carsons rule, what is the approximate

bandwidth of an FM signal with a modulation
index of 2 being modulated by a 5-kHz signal?
A. 15 kHz
B. 10 kHz
C. 30 kHz
D. 45 kHz
16. Determine the modulation index of a standard
FM broadcast having a hypothetical maximum
carrier frequency deviation of 12 kHz and a
maximum modulating frequency of 4 kHz.
A. 6
B. 5
C. 3/2
D. 3
17. What is the modulation index of an FM
transmitter whose frequency deviation is 50 kHz,
while its actual frequency is 10 kHz?
A. 100
B. 5
C. 0.5
D. 3

22. A diode generator is required to produce 12 V

of noise in a receiver with an input impedance of
75 and a noise power bandwidth of 200 kHz.
Determine the current through the diode in
A. 39.8 mA
B. 0.398 mA
C. 3.98 mA
D. 398 mA
23. A 20,000 resistor is at room temperature
(290K). Calculate the threshold noise voltage for
a bandwidth of 100 kHz.
A. 56.58 V
B. 5658 V
C. 565.8 V
D. 5.658 V
24. An amplifier with an overall gain of 20 dB is
impressed with a signal whose power lvel is 1
watt. Calculate the power output in dBm.
A. 50 dBm
B. 62.61 dBm
C. 31.45 dBm
D. 45.67 dBm

18. The local FM stereo rock station is at 96.5 MHz

Calculate the local oscillator frequency and the
image frequency for a 10.7 MHz IF receiver.
A. LO= 105.7 MHz, IMAGE= 127.9 MHz
B. LO= 107.2 MHz, IMAGE= 117.9 MHz
C. LO= 105.2 MHz, IMAGE= 117.9 MHz
D. LO= 107.2 MHz, IMAGE= 127.9 MHz

25. In a microwave communication system,

determine the noise power in dBm for an
equivalent noise bandwidth of 10 MHz.
A. -121.4 dBm
B. -169.28 dBm
C. 117.89 dBm D. -103.98 dBm

19. Which oscillators preferred for carrier

generators because of their good frequency
D. Crystal

26. The signal power in the input to an amplifier is

100 W and the noise power is 1 W. At the
output the signal power is 1W and the noise
power is 40 mW. What is the amplifier noise
A. 87.5 dB
B. 31.67 dB
C. 6.02 dB
D. 16.13 dB

20. The resistor R1 and R2 are connected in series at

300K and 400K temperatures respectively. If R1
is 200 and R2 is 300, find the power produced
at the load (R1 = 500) over bandwidth of 100
A. 0.496 fW
B. 5.78 pW
C. 0.15 fW
D. 52.48 pW

1. For a BPSK modulation with a carrier frequency

of 80 MHz and an input bit rate of 10 Mbps,
determine the minimum Nyquist BW.
A. 1 MHz
B. 5 MHz
C. 10 MHz
D. 2.5 MHz

21. What is the effect on the signa-to-noise ration in

a system (in dB) if the bandwidth is doubled,
considering all other parameters to remain
unchanged expect the normal thermal noise
only. The S/N will be ______.
A. S/N ratio is decreased by 1/16
B. S/N ratio is decreased by 1/4
C. S/N ratio is decreased by 1/8
D. S/N ratio is decreased by

2. What is the channel capacity for a signal power

of 200 W, noise power of 10 W and a bandwidth
of 2 kHz of a digital system?
A. 8.779 kbps
B. 9.128 kbps
C. 4.751 kbps
D. 6.143 kbps
3. Baseband transmission of a digital signal is
possible only if we have a ______ channel.
A. low-pass
B. low rate
C. bandpass
D. high rate

4. QAM stands for:

A. Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
B. Quadrature Amplitude Masking
C. Quadrature Amplitude Marking
D. Quadrature Alternate Modulation
5. Which layer of the OSI model is responsible for
reliable network communication between end
nodes and provides mechanisms for the
establishment, maintenance, and termination of
virtual circuits, transport fault detection and
recovery, and information flow control?
A. Network Layer B. Transport Layer
C. Data Link Layer D. Physical Layer
6. What is the principal difference between the
asynchronous and synchronous transmission?
A. The clocking is derived from the data in
synchronous transmission
B. The clocking is mixed with the data in
synchronous transmission
C. The bandwidth required is difficult
D. The pulse are difficult

12. Which is true of asynchronous bit system?

A. They use continuous signals to transmit
B. They use intermittent signals to transmit
C. They are commonly used for
D. They require an external clocking device
13. A method that relies upon transmitting and
receiving devices to maintain their own internal
clock is ______.
A. synchronous B. bisynchronous
C. isochronous
D. synchronous
14. A network that spans the earth is called _______.
A. An enterprise network
B. A wide area network
C. A metropolitan area network
D. A global network
15. A modem is _____.

7. In a peer to peer network, which of the following

may acts as both client and a server?
A. A dedicated server
B. A peer computer
C. A dedicated station
D. A standalone computer

A. Device that converts computer digital signal

to an analog signals to use with telephone lines
B. Device that can receive and transmit
electromagnetic signals across the transmission
C. Device that converts analog signals into
digital signals
D. Connectivity device between computers

8. A _____ is a set of rules that governs data

A. forum
B. protocol
C. standard
D. timing

16. Which IEEE standard was created to satisfy the

LAN needs of industrial automation?
A. IEEE 802.4
B. IEEE 802.5
C. IEEE 802.6
D. IEEE 802.7

9. In ______ transmission, the channel capacity is

shared by both communicating devices at all
A. Simplex
B. Half-simplex
C. Half-duplex
D. Dull-duplex

17. What does the acronym TCP/IP stand for?

A. top core protocol / international
B. telephone communications policy /
internet procedure
C. traffic communications protocol /
information protocol
D. transport control protocol / internet

10. Which topology

A. Ring
C. Star



B. Bus
D. Mesh

11. The _______ layer is responsible for moving

frames from one hop (node) to the next.
A. physical
B. data link
C. network
D. transport

18. URL address identify all except the following

A. e-mail server
B. physical location user
C. users network
D. ISP server