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Data Sufficiency Problem 1


Each question is followed by two statements. You have to decide whether the
information provided in the statements is sufficient for answering the
question.

Mark A

If the question can be answered by using one of the statements alone,


but cannot be answered by using the other statements alone.

Mark B

If the question can be answered by using either statement alone.

Mark C

If the question can be answered by using both statements together, but


cannot be answered by using the either statement alone.

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Mark D

If the question cannot be answered even by using both the statements


together.

1.

What are the ages of two individuals, X and Y ?


(I) The age difference between them is 6 yr.
(II) The Product of their ages is divisible by 6.
(a) A

2.

(b) B

(c) C

(d) D

(c) C

(d) D

(c) C

(d) D

Is x + y z + t even ?
(I) x + y + t is even.
(II) t and z are odd.
(a) A

3.

(b) B

What is the number X ?


(I) The LCM of X and 18 is 36.
(II) The HCF of x and 18 is 2.
(a) A

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(b) B

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4.

What is the length of the rectangle ABCD ?


(I) Area of rectangle is 48 sq. unit.
(II) Length of diagonal is 10 unit.
(a) A

5.

(b) B

(c) C

(d) D

What is the first term of an arithmetic progression of positive integers ?


(I) Sum of the squares of the first and the second term is 116.
(II)The fifth term is divisible by 7.
(a) A

6.

(b) B

(c) C

(d) D

What is the price of bananas ?


(I) With Rs 84, I can buy 14 bananas and 35 oranges.
(II) If price of bananas is reduced by 50%,then we can buy 48 bananas in Rs 12.
(a) A

7.
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(b) B

(c) C

(d) D

What is the area of the triangle ?

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(I) Two sides are 41 cm each.


(II) The altitude to the third side is 9 cm long.
(a) A

8.

(b) B

(c) C

(d) D

What is the profit percentage ?


(I) The cost price is 80% of the selling price.
(II) The profit is Rs 50.
(a) A

9.

(b) B

(c) C

(d) D

What is the value of x, if x and y are consecutive positive even integers ?


(I) (x y)2 = 4
(II) (x + y)2 100
(a) A

(b) B

(c) C

(d) D

If x, y and z are real numbers, is z-x is even or odd ?

0
(I) xyz is odd.
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(II) xy + yz + zx is even.
(a) A

(b) B

(c) C

(d) D

Answer
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

Detailed Solution
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9 Comments
dipak

September 23, 2015 at 10:40 PM

ans of que 9 is C
Reply

ElitmusZone Post author

September 24, 2015 at 6:46 AM

Hello Deepak,
Your analysis about the below questions is incorrect.
Statement (1) (x =2, y = 4), (x = 4, y = 6), (x = 6, y = 8)
Statement (2) (x = 2, y = 4), (x = 4, y = 6)
Statemeat (1) and Statement (2) x={2, 4}
We have to find the unique value of x.

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Reply

Gaurav

September 26, 2015 at 1:19 AM

D is right answer for 9.


Reply

abhishek pradhan

October 5, 2015 at 10:28 AM

the ans for ques 9 is A cause we get the unique value of x in statement 2 . where it is said
(a+b)^2 <100
and only one case fits here i.e X=2,Y=4 rather the value X=4,Y=6 gives the value 100 where
it doesnt suit the question cause the condition says the value cant be equal or greater
than 100
Reply

Chandrajeet Yadav

November 3, 2015 at 5:02 AM

Abhishek !
Plz read statement 2 again it bcoz says (x+y)^2 <= 100 implies x+y <= 10
so x=4, y=6 or fit for this inequality.
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Chandrajeet Yadav

November 3, 2015 at 4:38 AM

for Q 5 :
statement 1 gives a=10 or -10 and b = 4 or -4
we dont know that from which term will be first and second term
so if we use statement 2 then we can be sure about first and second bcoz we have info
about 5th term
so answer should be option C
Reply

ElitmusZone Post author

November 5, 2015 at 5:35 PM

In Q No. 05, It is clearly mentioned that arithmetic Progression of POSITIVE INTEGER.


Please dont consider the negative numbers.
Further, Arithmetic Progression will be 4, 10, ..
Reply

Neha

February 1, 2016 at 2:47 AM

The answer of question 2 must be A as it can be answered by statement II alone


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Mukul

February 16, 2016 at 8:12 AM

No neha, It must be c. You are saying that Statement II is enough to give ans, as t
and z are odd => t-z=even, so being even of x+y+t-z will depend on the sum of x+y
(as t-z is even already from statement II) but statement II is not saying about the
sum of x and y. So, it may be possible that sum of x and y become odd one time and
become even next time. So, we cant judge about the x+y+t-z from II statement alone.
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