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SCIENCE-MATCH POINT

A ringing bell cannot be heard on the surface of moon. Why?


The moon does not have any atmosphere
to propagate sound waves.
What is ballistics?
It is the science of projectiles.
Give one element which is used in making semiconductor devices.
Germanium.
Name the instrument used to measure radioactivity.
Geiger Counter.
What is Electrum?
It is a natural alloy of gold and silver. (55% to 85%)
What is metrology?
It is the scientific study of weights and measures.
The filament of an electric bulb is made of ________
Tungsten
Water has maximum density at _______ (temperature)

4 C

The chemical formula of Plaster of Paris may be given as ______.


2CaSO4.H 2O
The element most abundantly found in the earths crust is ______.
Aluminium
The form of phosphorus used in making safety matches is ______.
Red phosphorus
The element present in the largest amount in rocks and minerals is
______.
Silicon
The purest form of iron is called _____.
Wrought iron

K KUNDAN

An alloy that finds use in making heating elements for electric heating
devices is _____.
Nichrome
Water is a good solvent of ionic salts because it has a high ____ moment.
dipole
A superconductor is characterised by ____ permeability.
Zero

The main constituents of pearls are calcium carbonate and _____.


Magnesium carbonate
Mesons are found in ____ rays.
Cosmic
The age of ancient geological formations is generally estimated by the
_____ method.
Carbon dating
The ____ is employed as a moderator in a nuclear reactor.
Graphite
Amalgams are alloys that contain ____ as one of the constituents.
mercury
The property of a substance to absorb moisture from the air on exposure is called _____.
Deliquescence
The element that is obtained from sea weeds is _____.

Iodine
Radioactive disintegration of uranium ultimately results in the formation
of _____.
Lead

Radioactive pollutant had been in the news, owing to its occurrence in


building materials is ______.
Thorium
_____ is positively charged particles emitted by radioactive elements?
Alpha rays
The heat-resistant variety of glass is _____ glass.
Pyrex
The synthetic fibre that is known as artificial silk is _____.
Rayon
In the process of vulcanization, natural rubber is heated with _____.
Sulphur
Bagasse, a by-product of the sugar manufacturing industry, is used in
the manufacture of ______.
Paper
The first synthetic fibre made by the human was _____.
Nylon
Sensitive instruments can be shielded from external magnetic effects by
surrounding them with a _____ shield.
Brass
A mixture of water and alcohol can be separated by _______.
Distillation
Ordinary cooking oil can be converted into vegetable ghee by the process
of ______.
Hydrogenation
Light energy gets converted into chemical energy in the process of ______.
Photosynthesis
A substance that readily changes into vapour without need of heating is
said to be highly _____.
Volatile
The final products of combustion of ethane are ______ and water.
Carbon doixide
The process by which an organic compound breaks down into simpler
compounds on heating to high temperatures is known as ______.
Pyrolysis
The hydrometer is an instrument used to measure _____ of liquids.
Specific gravity
The kilohertz is a unit that measures the ____ radiowave frequencies.
electromagnetic
The dynamo is a device used for conver ting ____ energy into _ ___
energy.
Mechanical; electrical
The jet plane engine works on the principle of _____ momentum.
Linear
A sailor in a submarine can see objects on the surface of the sea with
the help of a ______
Periscope
The device that separates light into its component wavelengths is the
_____.
Interferometer
The working of the quartz cyrstal in the watch is based on the _____
effect.
Piezo
Thermo-couple is used to convert heat energy into ______ energy.
electrical
______ occurs due to elongation of the eye balls.
Shortsightedness
People have eyes of different colours e.g. brown, black or blue, depending upon the particular pigment present in the ____.
Iris
The biological death of a patient means death of tissues of the _____.
Brain

K KUNDAN

The membrane that protects the developing embryo from desiccation is


_____.
Amnion
The unit of classification of plants and animals is _____.
Species
The pH of human blood is between _____.

7.5-8

A person suffering from protanopia or colourblindness, has difficulty in


distinguishing between the _____ and ____ colours.
green; red
The clotting of blood vessels is called _____.
thrombosis
The life of an RBC (red blood corpuscle) in the human blood is approxi
mately ____ days.
120
The RBCs (red blood corpuscles) are formed in the _____.
bone marrow
The graveyard of RBCs would refer to the ____.
spleen
The gland in the human body popularly called the Adams apple is the
____ gland.
thyroid
The _____ produces the cortisone hormone in humans.
adrenal
The saliva that is excreted by the salivary glands contains an enzyme
called ____.
ptyalin
When the lens of the eyes becomes foggy, the disease indicated is ______.
Cataract
The blood pressure in humans is connected with the _____ gland.
Adrenal
The human skin layer is rendered impervious to water by ______.
Keratin
The image formed on the retina of the eye is _______ and inverted.
real
The rate of metabolism is directly regulated by the ____ gland.
thyroid
_____ hours food takes in a normal human being to reach the end of
the intestine for complete absorption.
12
The form of heart disease characterised by an inadequate supply of blood
to the heart is known as _____.
Angina
A person suffering from ______ would be advised to wear cylindrical
glasses.
Astigmatism
The colour of the skin is due to the presence of a substance called
______.
Melanin
The inspection and dissection of a human body after death is called
___ _.
Autopsy
Veins differ from arteries primarily in their ____ to control the direction
of flow.
Valves
Impure blood from all parts of the body enters the heart through the ____.
Right auricle
The development of sex organs in humans is controlled by the ____
gland.
Pituitary
The human skull comprises ____ bones.
5

K KUNDAN

What does the funny bone refer to a _____.

nerve

The element present in the largest amount in the human body is ____.
Oxygen

_____ is the diploid number of chromosomes in the human body.

From _____ stage of the silkmoth silk is obtained.

46
Cocoon

______ is used in the manufacture of bread because of its ability to pro


duce CO2.
Yeast
The bats are able to fly in the dark because their wings produce _____.
Ultrasonic waves
The ant can see the objects all around it due to the presence of _____
eyes.
Compound
The only snake that builds a nest is the _____.
King cobra
The organs that perform the same function, while being morphologically
different, are called _____ organs.
Analogous
With a rise in temperature, the speed of sound _____.
Increases
From which part of the plant is turmeric obtained?

Stem

A substance that can act both as an acid and a base is known as ____.
Amphoteric
Cyanide acts as a poison by directly affecting the ____ and respiratory
system.
Cardiac
Drugs used for relieving pain is called _____.
Analgesics
Epilepsy is a disease of the ____ system.

Nervous

The disease that is characterized by an inflammation of the memberanes


covering the brain and spinal cord is _____.
Meningitis
Amnesia is related to the loss of ______.
Memory

K KUNDAN

A cricket ball will get thrown to the maximum distance, if it is flung at


an angle of _____.
45
The X-ray can be employed as a means of treatment in the case of ____
diseases.
Cancerous
The Blight disease of potato can be cured by _______.
Bordeaux mixture
The cotton fibre is extracted from the _____ of the plant.
Seed

The cell organelle that functions as the powerhouse of a living cell


is______.
Mitochondria
The metal whose ion is involved in stomatal regulation in plants is
_______.
Potassium
Animal semen for the breeding of animals remains fertile for a long
time at _____ temperature.
-196 C
Pulse crops are able to fix atmospheric nitrogen owing to their _____.
Root nodules
The plastids that make the flowers and fruits conspicuous to animals,
for the purposes of pollination and dispersal, are _____.
Chromoplasts
The part of the cell that is essential for the synthesis of protein is _____.
Ribosome
Herbicides are the usual method employed for the elimination of _____.
Weeds
For safe storage to be ensured, the moisture content of foodgrain at the
time of harvesting should not be higher than _____ per cent.
14%

Benzoate

The preservative used in tomato sauce is sodium

The presence of _____ makes cork cells impervious to water.


Suberin
Who was the scientist who had first recognized and named the nucleus?
Robert Brown
_______ are tumour-inducing genes.
Oncogenes
What fraction of the total suns rays reaching the earth is used up by
the plants in the process of photosynthesis is _____ per cent.
1%
The t erm used to denot e sever al indiv iduals of a species living
together in a locality is _____.
Biocommunity
The ten per cent law pertaining to the transfer of energy in a food
chain had been given by _____.
Kindemanns
For plant metabolism, sulphur, calcium and magnesium constitute _____.
Macronutrients
Nitrogen fixation is performed by ____ algae.
Blue-green
Cross-pollination, the process of deposition of pollen on the stigma of
another, is called ______.
Allogamy
Biodegradable water may normally be converted into useful substances
with the help of _____.
Bacteria
Nut rients get r ecycled in the atmosphere with the help of cert ain
microorganisms called _____.
Decomposers
The species to which humans belong is ____.
Homo sapiens

K KUNDAN

Life is believed to have appeared to earth about ____ billion year ago.
3.6
Compared with the human chromosome number of 46, the chimpanzee,
gorilla and orangutan have _____ chromosome.
48
The evolution of the human species took place mainly in the continent
of ______.
Africa
The telegraphic code had been developed by ____.
Samuel Morse

Faraday

The laws of electrolysis had been propounded by ____.

The Indian scientists who is identified with the measurement of plant


growth is _____.
Meghnad Saha
The recipient of the Nobel Prize for the development of wireless telegraphy was ______.
Marconi
Ornithology is the study of _____.
Birds
Gun powder had been invented by _____.

Roger Bacon

What is the study of life in outer space called _____.


Entomology refers to the study of ________.
The average salt content of sea water is ______ per cent.

Exobiology
Insects
3.5%

Dr Hargobind Khurana is credited with the discovery of the synthesis of


_____.
Genes
Petrology refers to the study of the ______ in the earths crust.
Rocks
The transistor had been invented by _____.
Shockley
A person standing in front of a mirror, upon finding that his image is
larger than himself may conclude that the mirror is _____.
Concave

The time period of a

pendulum, when taken to the moon, would _____.


Increase
When cream is separated from milk, the density of milk _____.
Increases
In a lamp, oil rises up the wick because of the _______.
capillary action
Cream gets separated from milk being churned due to ____ force.
Centrifugal
Burns caused by steam are much more severe than those caused by even
boiling water because steam contains ____ heat.
latent
The sitting sun looks oval in shape because of _____ of the sun rays.
Refraction
A shaving blade, when placed gently on water, floats because of _____.
Surface tension
If the same force a acts upon two bodies, one heavy and one light, for the
same time, then both the bodies acquire the same ______.
Momentum
When the speed of a body is doubled, its kinetic energy becomes _____.
Quadrupled
A person climbing a hill bends forward in an attempt to increase _____.
stability
The science dealing with the study of phenomena at very low temperatures is known as _____.
Cyrogenics
The part of the sun that is visible during total solar eclipse is called
______.
Corona
The technique of recording and reproducing tridimensional images of
object is called ______.
Holography
The device used for measuring the depth of the sea is called ____.
Fathometer
Residential houses generally get 220 V AC. The value 220 represents
____ voltage.
Effective
Radiocarbon dating is a technique used to estimate the age of fossils. To
estimate the age of the earth, one would employ _____ dating
Uranium dating
Pollination by insects is called _____.
Ontomophily

K KUNDAN

The organ whose malfunctioning results in jaundice, and to which excessive consumption of alcoholic drinks causes damage, is the _____.
Liver
The worm that enters the intestine by penetrating the skin is _____.
Hookworm
The phenomenon of red snow in some arctic and alpine areas occurs
due to growth of a/an ____.
algae
The phenomenon of some plants developing fruits without fertilization
is called _____.
Parthenocarpy
A ______ is a substance that increases the speed of reaction.
catalyst

Gobar gas contains in a predominant proportion ______.


Methane
Natural rubber is made strong and bouncy by adding to it ______.
Sulphur
The smallest possible unit of a chemical compound is ______.
Molecule
The phenomenon involved in the process of dialysis, used on patients
with affected kidneys, is _______.
Osmosis
The most abundant element in the human body is _______.
Oxygen
The particles that display a dual nature of being both particles and waves
are _____.
Electrons
In the earths crust, aluminium is found as _______.
Bauxite
The liquid used as the refrigerant in refrigerators is ______.
Liquid ammonia
The substance that the body usually loses during dehydration is ______.
Sodium chloride
The National Chemical Laboratory is situated in _______.
Pune
A medicinal substance given to prevent a disease, or against the intake
of poisons is called _____.
Antidote
The compound used in anti-malarial drugs is ______.
Chloroquin
Carbon, graphite and diamond are together called _____.
Allotropes
The metal among the following that pollutes the air of a big city is _____.
Lead
The type of glass is used in making lenses and prisms is _____.
Flint glass
The cat alyt ic pr opert ies of a substance may be best def ined as a
phenomenon of _____.
Adsorption
The unit for measuring the pitch of frequency of sound is ______.
Decibel
The nautical mile is a unit of distance used in _____.
Navigation
In an engine run on diesel, ignition is caused through _____.
Compression
The component of an electronic watch that corresponds to the pendulum of a pendulum clock is the ______.
Crystal oscillator
Reflex actions are a function of the autonomous ______ system.
Nervous
Oil from the germanium plant, used in making perfumes, is extracted
from its ______.
Stems
The organ in the human body that accumulates iodine is the _____ gland.
Thyroid
The sugar that is present in considerable amount in the blood is _____.
Glucose

The maximum temperature that the human skin can tolerate without
getting blisters is ______.
40 C
The strongest of all muscles in the human body is the ______ muscles.
Thigh
German silver is an alloy of copper, zinc and _____.
nickel
Monazite is an ore of _______.

Thorium

Old written material, that cannot be read easily, can be read by ________
rays.
Infrared
Chronometer measures ________.
Time
Very small intervals of time can be accurately measured by _______.
Atomic clocks
The electrolyte in an ordinary dry cell is ______.
Ammonium chroride
A foreign particle that stimulates the formation of antibodies is called a/
an ______.
Antigen
In humans the body temperature is regulated by the ____ gland.
Hypothalamus
The function of the tongue in snakes is to _____ the food.
Smell
In the skin of which area have maximum density of sweat glands ______.
Armpits
An enzyme that works in an acidic medium is _______.
Pepsin

K KUNDAN

Plants utilize nitrogen in the form of _____.

A deficiency of iron in the diet causes ______.

The healing of wounds can be hastened by vitamin ______.

Nitrate

Anaemia
K

Wilsons disease is caused by an excess in the human body of _____.


Copper
Vitamin B-complex represents a group of __________ vitamins.
11
The specific test for the detection of tuberculosis is the _____ test.
Mantouxs
Transfer of genetic information from one generation to the other is
accomplished by the ______.
DNA
The study of the relation of plants and animals to their surroundings
is called _______.
Ecology
Origin of Species is a path breaking book written by ______.
Charles Darwin.
The complete conversion of glucose in the presence of oxygen into carbon dioxide and water, with release of energy is called ______.
Aerobic respiration
Ergotism is caused due to consumption of ________.
Contaminated grains.
The unit for measuring the distance of stars from the earth is _____.
Light year
The science of growing grapes in the Mediterranean region is called
______.
Viticulture.

The major chemical compound found in human kidney stones is ______.


Calcium Oxalate.
One astronomical unit is the average distance between the earth and the
_____.
Sun
Unit of electric current is ______.
Ampere.
The water content in cows milk is approximately _____ per cent.
80%
Yeast is a good source of vitamin _____.
B complex.
The spherical shape of small drop of rain is due to ________.
Surface Tension
The metal that is generally mixed with gold to make ornaments is _______.
Copper
The SIM card is used in _______.
Cellular Phones.
At _________ temperature all molecular motion ceases.
Absolute zero/-273 K.
The chromosomal abnormalities present in unborn child (while still in
his mothers womb) may be found by a technique called ______.
Amniocentesis.
Water that contains calcium and magnesium is called _________ water.
Hard.
Mycology refers to study of ______.
Fungi.
The normal speed of sound is _______.

332 m/sec.

K KUNDAN

The double Helix structure of DNA molecule had been proposed by _______
and ______.
Watson, Kirck.
Light waves are ______ in nature.
electromagnetic.

_______ techniques can be used to establish the paternity of child.


DNA finger printing.
Soap is prepared by boiling causative soda with ______.
fats.

The greenish-yellow colour seen on the hard boiled egg is due to the
formation of ______.
Hydrogen Sulphide.
Camel uses its hump for storing ______.
fats
The virus of AIDS affects the growth of _______ in blood.
T-cells
The chemical employed as a fixer in photography is ______.
Sodium Thiosulphate
Kilowatt is a unit of _______.
Power
Tape of tape recorder is coated with _______.
Ferromagnetic powder.
Name at least four human diseases caused by viruses.
Chicken pox, measles, rabies and poliomyelitismall-pox
had been eliminated from the planet earth.
Give the names of five hormone-producing glands-present in the human
body.
Thyroid, Pituitary, Suprarenal, Pancreas and Testis.
In which year was small-pox eradicated?
In May 1980, WHO formally announced that small-pox
had been eliminated from the planet earth.

Second largest human organ.

Human face has ________ bones

Liver

The weight of copper contained in the average human brain:


6 mg
14

Who held more than 1300 patents for his inventions?


Thomas Alva Edison
What is the drug used to increase the output of urine?
diuretic
The hardest natural substance
Diamond
The two elements that give water a salty taste
Yellow fever is a disease carried by:

Sodium and Chloride


mosquitoes
Insulin

What regulates the amount of glucose in blood?

Two

How many adrenal glands are there?

Electricity flows from (negative to positive/positive to negative)


negative to positive
_______ is the natural sugar in the milk.
Lactose
Hereditary diseases such as haemophilia are caused by defective _______.
genes
The life expectancy of a blue whale?
90 years
The number of wings on a housefly?

Two pairs (4 wings)

Cats spend _____ hours asleep a day.

16

K KUNDAN

A kilowatt is 1000 watts. What about a megawatt?


Give the common name for iron oxide.

1,000,000 watts
Rust

What is the common name for rubella

German measles

How long does our body take to digest an apple?


About an hour and a half