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Assignment # 1

313
CASTILLO, Justine Camille C.
A

MECH
3ChE-

(28 points) Answer the following questions briefly.


1. Differentiate Mechanics of Deformable Bodies (Strength of Materials) from
Statics.
- The mechanics of deformable bodies deals with how forces are distributed
inside bodies, and with the deformations caused by these internal force
distributions. On the other hand, statics deals solely with the mechanics of
rigid bodies, which do not deform under the influence of forces.
2. Define stress and strain.
- Stress is the force per unit area applied to a material. Strain is the response
of a system to an applied stress.
3. Give the unit of stress in the English, Metric and SI.
- English: lb/in2 or psi; Metric and SI: N/m2 or Pa(Pascal)
4. Convert 10 psi to N/m2.
-

10

lb
1 inch
x(
)
2 0.254 m

N
=
( 4.4482
1 lb )

68947.55 N/m2

5. Enumerate the 3 different types of stress and define each.


- Tensile stress tends to stretch or lengthen the material and acts normal to
the stressed area
- Compressive stress tends to compress or shorten the material and acts
normal to the stressed area
- Shearing stress tends to shear the material and in plane to the stressed
area at right angles to compressive or tensile stress
6. Convert 1500mm2 to m2.
-

1500 mm 2 x (

m
)
1000 mm

= 1.5x10-3 m2

7. Determine the stress in MPa if P=180kN and A=1200mm 2?

1000 mm
m

180 kN
S=

1200 mm 2

8. What is Mohr circle?


- Mohrs circle is a geometric representation of the 2-D transformation of
stresses and is very useful to perform quick and efficient estimations, checks
of more extensive work, and other such uses.
9. What is Thermal Stress?
- Thermal stress is created when a change in size or volume is constrained due
to a change in temperature.
10.Give the unit of thermal stress.
- Psi or Pa

11.State Hookes Law.


- Hooke's Law states that the restoring force of a spring is directly proportional
to a small displacement.
12.Compute for the surface area of a disc (Do=50mm, Di=10mm)
-

SA ( inner )= (

10 2
) =25 mm 2
2

SA ( outer ) = (

50 2
) =625 mm 2
2

SA Disc=625 25 =1884.96 mm 2

2
m
=1.885 103 m 2
1000 mm

13.Give the unit of the Modulus of Elasticity, Coefficient of Thermal Expansion in SI.
- Modulus of elasticity: N/m2; Coefficient of Thermal Expansion: K-1 or 1/K
14.Compute the surface area of the circle (m2) where D=15mm.
-

SA= (

2
15 2
m
) =176.71 mm2
=1.767 104 m2
2
1000mm

15.Compute the surface area of a pentagon (m2) whose side is 10mm. (s=10mm)
-

SA=

1
2
5(5+2 5) s

= 172.05mm

m
=1.72 104 m2
1000 mm

16.Enumerate the types of beams according to their support and define each.
- Simply supported beam - a type of beam that has pinned support at one end
and roller support at the other end. Depending on the load applied, it
undergoes shearing and bending. It is the one of the simplest structural
elements in existence.
- Cantilever beam - fixed at one end and free at other end
- Overhanging beam - beam that has one or both end portions extending
beyond its supports. It may have any number of supports
- Continuous beam - has more than two supports distributed throughout its
length
- Fixed beam - a type of beam whose both ends are fixed
17.Define concentrated load, distributed load and line load.
- Concentrated load - a force applied at a single point on a beam or structure
- Distributed load - an external force which acts over a region of length,
surface, or area
- Line load - characterized by the load intensity, a function of distance
measured along the line of distribution