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Specification: 68.

Duncan, OK

Revision: R

Date: November 3, 2010

Specification Paint Steel Multi-Coat System With Organic Zinc-Rich Primer For OffShore and Coastal Areas

1. Scope
1.1 This specification governs requirements for the application of a paint system designed to protect steel
against corrosion in coastal and off-shore marine environments. Color requirements should be specified in the
applicable drawing notation or project specification.
Note: This specification replaces 68.00101.
1.2 This specification should not be used to paint non-ferrous metals such as aluminum, copper, and galvanized.
Refer to specifications 68.00103 and 68.00104 for painting these materials. This specification may be used
exclusively to paint steel equipment when stainless steel components comprise a small percentage of the total
surface area. Caution: Although the maximum service temperature of this paint system is 300F, zinc-rich primer
must not be used on stainless steel parts that could be exposed to temperatures above 780F due to the potential
for liquid metal embrittlement caused by melted zinc particles. Large surface areas of bare stainless steel should
be painted in accordance with specifications 68.00103 and 68.00104. Specification 68.00102 should be used
when painting over existing coatings on any material.
1.3 The paint system required by this specification is normally applied to bare blast-cleaned steel on new or
previously existing equipment, components, and structures. Due to manufacturing constraints, most new
equipment received for painting at the Duncan Manufacturing Center paint shop will have been assembled from
components already painted in accordance with this specification.
This equipment will require spot repair and touch-up in accordance with paragraphs 4.4 and 6.6.
1.4 The paint manufacturer or Duncan Technology Center metallurgy team shall be contacted with
any questions concerning surface preparation, the use or application of the coating material, mixing, application
conditions, drying schedules, or equipment.
2. Referenced Documents (Latest Revision)

68.00103 (Duncan) Paint System for Non-Ferrous Metals, Brush-Blasted

68.00104 (Duncan) Paint System for Non-Ferrous Metals, Not Brush-Blasted
68.00102 (Duncan) Paint System, 2-Coat
68.00121 (Duncan) Approved Paint Products
AE-C-001 (Arbroath) Organic Zinc Rich Primer
AE-C-004 (Arbroath) Multipurpose Primer
AE-C-003 (Arbroath) Polyurethane Topcoat

SSPC: The Society for Protective Coatings Standards

2.2.1 SP 1 Solvent Cleaning
2.2.2 SP 10/NACE No. 2 Near-White Metal Blast Cleaning
2.2.3 VIS 1 Dry Abrasive Blast Cleaning Guide and Reference Photographs
2.2.4 SP 2 Hand Tool Cleaning
2.2.5 SP 3 Power Tool Cleaning
2.2.6 SP 11 Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal
2.2.7 PA 2 Measurement of Dry Coating Thickness with Magnetic Gages

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68.00110 Rev. R


ISO International Standards

2.3.1 8501-1 Visual Assessment of Surface Cleanliness, Steel Preparation Grades
2.3.2 8503-1 Surface Roughness Characteristics of Blast-Cleaned Steel Substrates, Comparators


ASTM Standards
2.4.1 D4417 Field Measurement of Surface Profile of Blast Cleaned Steel
2.4.2 D4414 Measurement of Wet Film by Notch Gages

3. Coating Materials

Coatings and Film Thickness


First Coat - organic zinc-rich primer 3 to 4 mils (76-102 microns). See paragraph 6.4.
Second Coat - epoxy primer 3 to 4 mils (76-102 microns).
Third Coat - polyurethane color coat 2 to 3 mils (51-76 microns).
Clear Coat - polyurethane clear coat 0.5 to 1.5 mils (13-38 microns). See paragraph 6.7.

3.2 The coatings listed in 3.1.1, 3.1.2, and 3.1.3 are required as a minimum on steel painted in accordance with
this specification, except as noted in 1.3. See paragraph 6.7 for use of clear coat.

The paint system in 3.1 shall be comprised of approved products given in specification 68.00121.

3.4 Without clear coat, this specification is equivalent to the combination of Arbroath Specs AE-C-001, AE-C004, and AE-C-003.
4. Surface Preparation Procedure

All weld spatter will be removed. All welds that are not smooth shall be ground smooth.

4.2 All visible oil, grease, soil, drawing and cutting compounds, and other soluble contaminants shall be removed
in accordance with SSPC-SP 1 (Solvent Cleaning). Surfaces known or suspected to be contaminated with
chlorides or salt deposits should be steam cleaned, pressure-washed, or scrubbed with a stiff brush using fresh
4.3 Except as noted in paragraph 4.4, all steel surfaces shall be prepared by blast cleaning to a minimum of
"Near-White" in accordance with SSPC-SP 10/NACE No. 2 or ISO 8501-1 Sa 2-1/2. The surface profile produced
by blast cleaning shall be 2.0 +/- 0.5 mils (51 +/-13 microns). Visually compare the blast cleaned surface with
appropriate standard as per Method-A of ASTM D4417 or ISO 8503-1. Visual standard SSPC-VIS 1 should be
used in conjunction with the applicable surface preparation standard to verify surface condition. Surface profile
should be checked at least once per shift.
4.4 The following procedures shall be used when blast cleaning is impractical due to structural configuration or
unsuitable for use on new equipment with components that may be damaged or contaminated by grit.
4.4.1 Bare metal surfaces such as welds, joints, connections, and structural attachments shall be hand
tool cleaned (SSPC-SP 2) or power tool cleaned (SSPC-SP 3) as required to remove loosely adherent
materials. These surfaces shall be further prepared by power tool cleaning to bare metal in accordance with
4.4.2 All loose or damaged paint shall be removed with hand or power tools back to a tightly adherent
paint surface and feather-edged.
4.4.3 Painted surfaces shall be mechanically abraded with hand or power tools to provide a uniformly
roughened surface for subsequent topcoats. Except for leveling out uneven surfaces, mechanical abrading
is not required to roughen fully cured polyurethane topcoats that will be coated with an adhesion promoter
(see paragraph 6.6).


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68.00110 Rev. R
5. Equipment
5.1 The coating applicator shall ensure that equipment is adequately sized and in proper operating order for
each application.
5.2 Spray equipment, lines, etc., must be clean. The compressed air used for blasting and spraying shall be free
of contamination by oil and water.
5.3 If necessary, the paint or equipment manufacturer should be consulted for pressure data (air and fluid) for
conventional spraying or when using airless equipment.
6. Paint Application
6.1 Each paint product shall be properly catalyzed and mixed in accordance with the paint manufacturer's
recommendations prior to application.
6.2 The total dry film thickness (DFT) range for this paint system shall be 8 to 13 mils (203 to 330 microns).
See paragraph 3.1 for target DFT ranges for individual coatings. In order to achieve the proper
DFT, wet film thickness measurements (WFT) should be performed during the application of each
coat in accordance with ASTM D4414. Dry film thickness measurements should be performed in accordance with
SSPC-PA 2. Unless otherwise specified, reporting of film thickness measurements is not required.
6.3 Each coat of the system should normally be applied according to the coating manufacturers
recommendations and should be allowed the proper drying time before the application of subsequent coats.
The recommended application conditions such as temperature and humidity must be observed. The temperature
of the steel surface shall be at least 5F (3C) above the dew point, and not falling, prior to painting.
6.4 The zinc-rich primer shall only be applied to a bare, blast-cleaned steel surface. When applying the zincrich primer, the coating must be constantly stirred by use of a constant agitation pot to prevent settling of zinc
6.5 To reduce the possibility of pin-holing and blistering, a mist coat consisting of a light coat of intermediate
epoxy primer should be applied over the zinc primer. Allow a minimum of 5 minutes for the solvents to flash off.
This shall be done before application of the full thickness of wet film.
6.6 Epoxy primer shall be used to spot prime or touch-up welds, various joints and connections, small repaired
or reworked areas, and unpainted structural attachments that have been power tool cleaned to bare metal. This is
normally required on new equipment that has been assembled from pre-painted components. Unless otherwise
specified, all paint accessible areas on this equipment shall receive one or more applications of polyurethane color
coat after touch-up with epoxy primer. Dry film thickness for all touch-up and recoating shall meet the
requirements of paragraph 6.2. Adhesion promoter 100035554 (Jones Blair 45000), when used in lieu of
mechanical abrading, shall be applied from 0.2 to 0.5 mils (5-13 microns) to components with fully cured
polyurethane topcoats prior to recoat.
6.7 All spray accessible surfaces on built equipment should receive an application of clear coat after the final
color coat has been applied. Separate parts and components shall not be clear coated unless otherwise specified.
Caution: excessive build-up of coating thickness may result in yellowing.
6.8 To ensure coating continuity, primers and topcoats should be applied by brush in areas that are difficult to
spray or have restricted access. These areas should include but are not limited to edges, corners, bolts, nuts,
fitting connections, brackets and welds. All brush-coating (striping) shall be performed prior to the primary spray
6.9 Narrow crevices formed by joined structural components or discontinuous welds should be thoroughly spotprimed by brush coating and filled with paintable, high quality, polyurethane sealant (100035555-white or
100035556-gray) or other suitable filler material.

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68.00110 Rev. R

6.10 Coatings that undergo a change in consistency or appearance during application should be discarded. The
catalyzed coating pot life must not be exceeded.
6.11 Prior to the application of a coat, any damage or defects in a previous coat shall be repaired. Completed
coating systems that are damaged shall be restored to the full system originally specified. Runs, sags, and drips
will be avoided.
7. Material Storage The coating applicator shall ensure that the coating materials are stored securely, under cover,
and within a temperature range that suits the product.
8. Material Control Coating material that has deteriorated during storage as evidenced by a change in consistency
or appearance, (jellied, lumps, moisture, etc.), shall be discarded. All coatings shall be used in correct rotation,
according to the manufacture date, with the latest stock used last.


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