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M3H221742 Design of Steel Structures

Design of Beams
(Conforming to Concise Euro code3)

Lathi Raj

Contents

Design of

Laterally Restrained Beams

Laterally Unrestrained Beams

Euro codes contd..


Structural Steel Sections Types contd..

Structural Steel Sections


Conforming to
BS 4-1:2005 :
Structural steel sections. Specification for hot-rolled section
Applies to : universal beams; universal columns; universal bearing piles;
joists; structural tees cut from universal beams; structural tees cut from
universal columns; parallel flange channels.
Mass, length and depth tolerances for taper flange joists and channels are
also given.

BS EN 10034:1993 :
Structural steel I and H sections. Tolerances on shape and dimensions

Euro codes contd..


Structural Steel Sections Types contd..

Structural Steel Sections

A section shall be designated by the serial size in millimeters and mass per unit length
in Kg/m.
Ex: UB/UB 914x419x388 indicates a beam with D=921.0mm, B= 420.5mm at 388Kg/m
Euro Code (CEC3)

Along the
member

Major Axis

Y
Z

Minor Axis

Figure 1.1: Dimensions and axes of sections

BS EN 1993-1-1:2005
EN 1993-1-1:2005 (E)

Classification of Cross Sections


The four classifications are identical: C-EC3 designate the steel grades as
Fe 430 or S275
C-EC3
Class 1

Plastic

Class 2

Compact

Class 3

Semi Compact

Class 4

Slender

Classification of Cross Sections contd..


Clause 5.5

Class1 can form a plastic hinge with the rotation capacity


required from plastic analysis without reduction of the
resistance.

Class 2 can develop their plastic moment resistance, but


have limited rotation capacity because of local buckling.

Class3 the stress in the extreme compression fibre of the


steel member can reach the yield strength, assuming an
elastic distribution of stresses, but local buckling is liable to
prevent development of the plastic moment resistance.

Class4 local buckling will occur before the attainment of yield


stress in one or more parts of the cross-section.

Classification of Cross Sections contd..


Clause 5.5

The classification of a cross-section depends on the width to


thickness ratio of the parts subject to compression.

Compression parts include every part of a cross-section


which is either totally or partially in compression under the
load combination considered.

The various compression parts in a cross-section (such as a


web or flange) can, in general, be in different classes.

A cross-section is classified according to the highest (least


favourable) class of its compression parts.
Alternatively the classification of a cross-section may be
defined by quoting both the flange classification and the web
classification.

Classification of Cross Sections contd..

Classification of Cross Sections contd..

Design of Beams

Design of Beams contd..

Shear Force

Design of Beams contd..

Shear Force contd..

Laterally Unrestrained Beams


(Lateral Torsional Buckling)

Laterally Unrestrained Beams


(Lateral Torsional Buckling)

Laterally Unrestrained Beams


(Lateral Torsional Buckling)

Laterally Unrestrained Beams


(Lateral Torsional Buckling)

L : buckling length (Length between the restraints)


iz : Radius of gyration about the minor axis

Laterally Unrestrained Beams


(Lateral Torsional Buckling)

Laterally Unrestrained Beams


(Lateral Torsional Buckling)

Laterally Unrestrained Beams


(Lateral Torsional Buckling)

Laterally Unrestrained Beams


(Lateral Torsional Buckling)

Laterally Unrestrained Beams


(Lateral Torsional Buckling)

SCI PUBLICATION P362 Page 57

Laterally Unrestrained Beams


(Lateral Torsional Buckling)

Web Buckling Resistance


(Using the Concise Document)

the procedure for web buckling resistance is done


based on web buckling strength corresponding to

/ i,

i radius of gyration for web

0.7d

N R A f c A / M 1 ; A 1.0, M 1 1.0
A beff t w

Web Buckling Resistance


(Using the Concise Document C-EC3)

the procedure for web buckling resistance NR is done


based on web buckling strength fc corresponding to

Thank You