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PARTIAL FRACTIONS

4.

a x2
2

Model Questions
NON-REPEATED LINEAR FACTORS
1.

x
1 a
b

k
x

a
x

b
k
x

a
x


1) a-b

2)a+b

3)ab

1)

1
1

a( a x ) 2a ( a x )

2)

1
1

3a (a x ) 2a (a x )

3)

1
1

2a( a x ) 2a( a x)

4)

1
1

2a( a x ) a ( a x )

4)1

Ans:

Ans:

2.

2x 1
5
3

(a, b)
( x a )( bx 1)
x a bx 1
1) (2,-1) 2) (-2,-1) 3) (-2,1)
4) (2,1)

Ans:

5.

3.

x 2 10 x 3

x 1x 2x 3
1)

3
9
10

x 2 x 3 x 1

2)

13
9
3

x 2 x 3 x 1

1) 2

1
1
5

2(x 1) 2(x 1) x 2

2) 2

1
1
15

2(x 1) 2(x 1) x 2

3) 2

1
1
15

2(x 1) 2(x 1) x 2

4)

9
13
3

3)
x 3 x 2 x 1

Ans:

2x 3 1

(x 1)(x 1)(x 2)

1
1
15

2(x 1) 2(x 1) x 2

Ans:

9
13
3

4)
x 2 x 3 x 1

MATHEMATICS

REPEATED LINEAR FACTORS

x4 2

( x 1)2 ( x 1)

6.

1) x 1 4( x 1) 2( x 1) 2 4( x 1)
2) x 1

5
3
5

4(x 1) 2( x 1)2 4(x 1)

5
3
3

3) x 1
2
4(x 1) 2(x 1) 4(x 1)
4) x 1

5
5
3

2
4(x 1) 2(x 1) 4(x 1)

9.

1
A BxC

AB
(x1)(x 2x2) x1 (x1)2 1
2

1) 2

2) -1

3) 1

4) 0

Ans:

Ans:

NON-REPEATED QUADRATIC FACTORS


7.

Ax1
x
1

A
2
2
(1 x x )(x 2) 1 x x x 2
1) 3

2) 2

3) 4

4) 1

10.

x 12
3

x x

A Bx C
A
2
Sin 1
x x 1
C

1)

If

1
A Bx C
A
2
Tan 1 =
2
2 then
x( x a ) x x a
B

1)

3
4

2)

3)

4)

Ans:

Ans:

11.
8.

a2
x2
b2
k 2 2 2 2 k
2
2
( x a )(x b ) x a x b
2

1) 1 2)

1
2
a b2

3)

1
2
a b2

4)

1
2
b a2

2)

3) -

4)

Ans:

Ans:

MATHEMATICS

12.

x 1

IMPROPER FRACTIONS

x 2
x 2

2
2
2 2 ( x 2 x 1) 2 2 x 2 x 1

1)

x2 x 1
B
C
A

A BC
14.
2
x 1 x 12
x 1

x 2

x 2
2

2) 2
x 2x 1 x 2x 1

3)

x 2

2 ( x 2 2 x 1)

2)2

3)0

4)1

Ans:

x 2
2 x

2
2
2
2
(
x

2
x

1
)
2
2
(
x

2
x

4)

1) 3

2x 1

2 x
x

Ans:

15.

x3
A
B C
k

k
(xa)(xb)(xc)
xa xb xc
1) abc

2) a+b+c 3) ab+bc+ca

4) 1

Ans:
REPEATED QUADRATIC FACTORS
13.

x 4 24 x 2 28

( x 2 1) 3
1)

1
22
5
2 2 2 3
x 1 (x 1) (x 1)

2)

1
22
5
2
2
2
x 1 ( x 1)
( x 1) 3

1
22
28
2
2
3) 2
2
x 1 ( x 1)
( x 1) 3

16.

If

x4 1
2
17
Ax 2 Bx C

,
(x 1)(x 2)
x 1 x 2

then C =
1) 5

1
23
4
2
2
4) 2
2
x 1 ( x 1)
( x 1) 3

2) 3

3) 7

4) 1

Ans:

Ans:

MATHEMATICS

NUMBER OF PARTIAL FRACTIONS


17.

2x 3
Number of Partial Fractions of 2 2
x ( x 1) 3
1) 5

2) 7

3) 8

4) 6

If the remainders of the polynomial f(x) when divided


by x-1,x-2,x-3 are 1,3,7 then the remainder of f(x)
when divided by (x-1)(x-2)(x-3) is
1)11
2)x2 - x+1 3)x2+x+1 4)12

Ans:

Ans:

18.

21.

Number of partial fractions obtained


from

3x 5
( x 1) 3 ( x 2 1) 2

1) 5

2) 4

22.
3) 6

If the remainders of the polynomial f(x) when divided


by x+1, x+2, x-2 are 6, 15, 3 then the remainder of

f x when divided by

4) 3

Ans:

x 1 x 2 x 2 is
1) 2 x 2 3 x 1
3) 2 x 2 x 3

2) 3 x 2 2 x 1
4) 3 x 2 2 x 1

Ans:

19.

3x 2 70x 93
The number of partial fraction of
is
(x 1)4
1) 3

2) 4

3) 5

4) 2

Ans:

KEY

20.

1) 1

2) 3

3) 2

4) 3

5) 1

6) 3

7) 1

8) 3

9) 4

10) 1

11) 3

12) 4

13) 1

14) 4

15) 4

16) 3

REMAINDER THEOREM

17) 3

18) 1

19) 1

20) 3

The remainder obtained when the polynomial


x4 - 3x3 + 9x2 - 27x + 81 is divided by x - 3 is
1) 0
2) 3
3) 81
4) 27

21) 2

22) 1

Ans:

MATHEMATICS

PRACTICE QUESTIONS
NON-REPEATED LINEAR FACTORS
1.

If

3x
2
1

x 6 x a x 6 x a

then a=
1.2

2. -3

3. 3

4-2

Ans:

5.

2.

If

1
A
B

1 2x 1 3 x 1 2x 1 3x

then 2B=
1. A

1.
2. 2A

3. 3A

4. -3A

Ans:

1 x 6 x2
3.

If
1. 1

x x3

x3

If
2 x 1 x 2 x 3

A
B
C

x 1 x 1 x then A=

2. 2

3. 3

B
C
D

2 x 1 x 2 x 3 then A=

1
2

2.

1
50

3.

8
25

4.

27
25

Ans:

3x

6..

4. 4

then a : b =
1) 1 : 2
2) -2 : 1

Ans:

If x a x b x a x b

3) 1 : 3

4) 3:1

Ans:

REPEATED LINEAR FACTORS


4.

x 1
A
B

2 x 1 3x 1 2 x 1 3x 1

2. 5

ax b
1
3

2
(3x 4)
3x 4 (3x 4)2

then a+b =
1) 3
2) 4

16 A 9B
1. 4

If

3. 6

4. 8

3) 5

4) 6

Ans:

Ans:
5

MATHEMATICS

NON-REPEATED QUADRATIC FACTORS

8.

A
B
C
3x 4

If
2
x 1 x 1 x 1 x 1 x 12

10.

then A=
1.

7
4

1
4

2.

3.

10
3

3x 1

(1 x x 2 )(2 x)
1)

x
1
x
1

2) 2
x x 1 x 2
x x 1 x 2

3)

x
2

x x 1 x 2

4. 1

Ans:

4)

x
2

x x1 x2
2

Ans:

9*

2x 2 x 1

(x 1)3
2
1) x 1

2
2) x 1

11.

3
2

x 1
3

x 1

x 1

then q =
1) 1

x 1

3x 3 2x 2 1 Ax B
Cx D
2
2
,
If
4
2
x x 1
x x 1 x qx 1
2) 0

3) 1

4) 2

Ans:

2
3
2

2
3
3) x 1
x 1 x 1
2
3
2

2
3
4) x 1
x 1 x 1
Ans:

MATHEMATICS

REPEATED QUADRATIC FACTORS

x 4 24 x 2 28
12.

If

Ax B Cx D
Ex F

2
2
3 then A=
2
x 1 x 1
x2 1

1. 1

2. -1

3. 0

REMAINDER THEOREM

15.

4. 2

Ans:

The remainder obtained when the polynomial


1+x+x3+x9+x27+x81+x243 is divided by x - 1 is
(EAMCET 1991)
1) 1
2) 4
3) 0
4) 7

Ans:

16.

IMPROPER FRACTIONS
13.

The remainder obtained when x64 + x27 + 1 is divided


by x + 1 is
(EAMCET 1992)
1) 3
2) 2
3) 1
4) -1

Ans:

x3
A
B
C
1

( x a) x b( x c)
x a x b x c
then A =

If

1)

a3
(c b)(c a )

a3
3)
( a b )( a c )

2)

a3
(b c)(b a )

4) 1

Ans:

17.

The remainder obtained when the polynomial


x 4 3 x 2 2 x 3 is divided by x- 2 is
1) 3
2) -4
3) 4
4) -3

Ans:

NUMBER OF PARTIAL FRACTIONS


14.*

Number of Partial Fractions of


1) 2

2) 4

3) 3

3x2 70x 93
x5

KEY

4) 5

Ans:

1) 3

2) 3

3) 1

4) 3

5) 1

6) 2

7) 2

8) 1

9) 2

10) 1

11) 3

12) 3

13) 3

14) 3

15) 4

16) 3

17) 4
7

MATHEMATICS