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Delegates Name:

Beldie, Iustin

Nation Represented:

Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela

Committee:

1st committee of the General Assembly - (DISEC)

School:

Nyborg Gymnasium

The issues brought before the 1st committee The issues of the Disarmament and International
Security Committee (DISEC) are the following:
i.
The development of cyber warfare and possible threat to international
security
ii.
Disarmament and non-proliferation of nuclear, chemical and biological
mass destruction and conventional weapons
iii.
Combating the use of barrel bombs in conflict situations
The delegation of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela aims for peace in the region, and for
a good relation with its partners. The Republic also aims for solving this issues as best as
possible, through diplomacy and debate.

i.

The development of cyber warfare and possible threat to international security


Cyberwarfare is a modern way of conducting war, affecting everyone,
including the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Cyberwarfare is defined by actions
carried out by a state or a non-state actor against another state for purposes of
disruption or damage. To ensure digital safety, the Bolivarian Republic has supported
the Argentine Republic and the Federative Republic of Brazil1 in building a shield for
the South American cyberspace. The biggest aggressor in the region are the United
States of America, which penetrate the cyberspace without permission. The Federative
Republic of Brazil was proven one of the most affected countries.
The United States of America also aggress the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela 2, by
building electronic databases capable of emitting radio signals to interfere with other
nations internet network. These databases can cause great damage to the Venezuelan
internet network, which is used by more than 50% of the population, and therefore the
Bolivarian Republic considers this a threat to its national security.
The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is currently developing drones for defence
purposes3, as the republic has no interest in armed attack. Nevertheless, the Bolivarian

1 http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/world/brazil-argentina-push-forjoint-cyber-shield-for-south-america/article5386962.ece
2 http://lainfo.es/en/2014/06/05/u-s-prepares-cyber-warfare-against-venezuela/
3 http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-18446112
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Republic opposes the Unites States drone attacks, such as the attacks on the Syrian
Arab Republic.
In order to solve the possible threat to international security, the Bolivarian Republic of
Venezuela seeks international cooperation against oppressing nations that put the
international security at risk, by passing resolutions against unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)
attacks. Since UAVs are cheaper than traditional aircraft, and do not require manned support
inside them, it is much more threatening to the international security. To ensure that such an
event will not happen, The United Nations 1st committee (DISEC) of the General Assembly
together with the General Assembly must come to an agreement where drone usage is
suitable and where it is not. The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela would support drone usage
for defence purposes, since the republic has interest in protecting its citizens.
Regarding cyberattacks, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela would like to see
international cooperation against this problem. Since cyberwarfare can affect the majority of
civilians, it needs to be prevented before it happens. The Bolivarian Republic would also like
protection from its enemies and aggressors.
ii.
Disarmament and non-proliferation of nuclear, chemical and biological mass
destruction and conventional weapons
Weapons of mass destruction are highly dangerous and therefore the United Nations
are working on disarming them, as seen in the United Nations Security Council
Resolution 18874, which restricts the usage of weapons of mass destruction. All of the
South American states are considered Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zones, and therefore
claim to possess no weapons of mass destruction. However, since weapons of mass
destruction are a global issue, every nation is concerned, including the Bolivarian
Republic.
The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela does not possess any weapons of mass
destruction5, and has shown little interest in pursuing development. Since the republic
gets most of its energy needs from petroleum, nuclear power is not needed, and
therefore nuclear facilities are minimal. The Bolivarian Republic has ratified the
Chemical Weapons Convention in 1997, the Biological and Toxin Weapons
Convention in 1975 and the Tlatelolco Treaty in 1968, proving the republics
contribution to the international safety.
The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela condemns all weapons of mass
destruction6 and wishes to pass resolutions and treaties in order to eliminate these
weapons progressively with no exceptions. The Republic would like to discourage the
usage of weapons of mass destruction, and thereby further encourage disarmament of
4 UN Resolution 1887: http://www.cfr.org/international-organizations-andalliances/un-security-council-resolution-1887-non-proliferation/p20316
5 http://www.nti.org/country-profiles/venezuela/
6 http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/venezuela/index.html
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these weapons. These arms are can cause immense damage to the planet and therefore
threaten the international security. Therefore, weapons of mass destruction have no
place in the modern society. However, the Bolivarian Republic wishes to maintain
peaceful usage of nuclear power and research.

iii. Combating the use of barrel bombs in conflict situations


Barrel bombs are civilian made bombs made of TNT that cause thousands
deaths ,because they are inaccurate and highly dangerous. These kind of bombs are
mostly used in Syrian Arab Republic by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and
since the start of the civil war have caused thousands of civilian deaths. The South
American nations have not used any barrel bombs, but since Syrian refugees are
spreading all over the world, this issue needs to be solved.
7

The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is not a user of barrel bombs, and does not
support the usage of these weapons. The republic was also supportive in resolutions
passed against barrel bomb usage, such as Resolution 2139 of the United Nations
Security Council8, as long as it did not affect the sovereignty of its partner, the Syrian
Arab Republic. Since these kind of bombs are used by the Islamic State of Iraq and
the Levant, which are official enemies of over 60 members of the United Nations
(such as the United States of America, the French Republic and the Russian
Federation), this issue needs to be resolved
The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is willing to pass any resolutions against barrel
bombs as long as no interests of the republic or its allies are infringed. A possible
solution would be restricting the TNT supply reaching the Syrian region by making a
TNT embargo.

7 https://munnyborg.files.wordpress.com/2016/01/ga1i3.pdf
8 Resolution 2139: http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?
symbol=S/RES/2139(2014)
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