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© Ted Kenefick


Our Wild India expedition is an exciting adventure in search of India’s great diversity of birds, reptiles, and mammals as we explore the heartland of this incredibly dynamic subcontinent. From bustling cities, remote villages, exquisite World Heritage Site temples and tombs to spectactular mountains, mighty rivers, and dense jungle habitats, our 19-day expedition reveals the dramatic diversity of India’s landscapes and wildlife, and showcases more than 5,000 years of human history.

We begin with a detailed look at the splendid sights of Old and New Delhi, and a visit to Khajuraho’s exquisite 1,000-year-old Hindu temples. Our foray into the wild heart of India includes prolonged stays in three magnificent national parks where we seek out the very best of India’s wildlife experiences.

In central India, we spend our days in Bandhavgarh and Kanha national parks. There we travel by 4 x 4 vehicles, and occasionally elephant-back, as we traverse wildlife-rich habitats— grasslands, woodlands, hill forests, and swamps—as we look for langurs, macaques, and sambar deer, all the while searching for the elusive wild dog (dhole) and the increasingly rare Bengal

tiger. Both parks present fine photographic possibilities as we view herds of chital (spotted) deer; seek out the scarce, local swamp deer; the massive Indian bison or gaur; and tigers are always

a possibility. Our tours to India regularly encounter more than 200 bird species and over

20 species of mammals. The birds here include a colorful array of barbets, orioles, rollers,

waterfowl, and woodpeckers.

Next we travel to the northeast, to spend three full days in beautiful Kaziranga National Park,

a World Heritage Site, with grasslands, swamps, lagoons, and woodlands backing on to the

mighty Brahmaputra River, where herds of wild water buffalo are often seen in the dawn mist, and where we have excellent opportunities to photograph the Asian one-horned rhino. While scanning pools to watch a wide range of waterfowl, which sometimes includes the rare greater adjutant, we keep a watchful eye for elusive otters and the herds of Asian elephant that sometimes come down to bathe and drink.

Wildlife is the vibrant focus of our explorations, but no day goes by without the sensory cornucopia that is the culture of India. Daily doses of ‘incidental’ culture serve to extend our wildlife experience to an in-depth awareness of ancient and modern India. I hope you will join me on this multi-faceted expedition to wonderful, wild India—a country of beguiling surprises, that challenge the imagination.

Kind regards,

wild India—a country of beguiling surprises, that challenge the imagination. Kind regards, Mark Brazil Expedition Leader

Mark Brazil

Expedition Leader




Depart the USA on your international flight to Delhi, India.



Arrive in Delhi late this evening and transfer to our hotel.



Our full day exploration of both Old and New Delhi allows us to take in the elegant district where we pass the President’s House and India Gate in New Delhi, enjoy a rick- shaw ride past the imposing Jama Majzid and the Red Fort in Old Delhi before delving into the narrow alleys of the market. Here, in a multitude of brightly bedecked stalls, Indians shop for everything from wedding jewels to spices, and silk brocades to sweets. After the exciting bustle of the market we visit the more contemplative Gandhi memorial and enjoy lunch at one of Delhi’s fine restau- rants. Later we explore another of the city’s major highlights, and one of India’s many World Heritage Sites, the impressive Qutab complex including Qutab Minar. Dinner and overnight at our hotel in Delhi.


After breakfast we take a morning flight to Khajuraho, the once opulent capital of the Chandela dynasty. This afternoon we visit the World Heritage Site complex of 1,000-year-old Hindu temples famous for their fabulously detailed scenes of daily life including erotic carvings. The sculpted exte- rior of the Temple of Kandariya is considered one of India’s great artistic masterpieces. Dinner and overnight at the Jass Radisson in Khajuraho.



This morning we journey overland through the scenic landscapes of forests, hills, and picturesque villages where women conduct their daily business clad in brightly colored saris. We arrive this afternoon at remote Bandhavgarh National Park. Formerly a maharajah’s private hunting preserve, the area was designated a national park in 1968 and is now famous as one of the very best places to view Indian wildlife and to seek out the rare and endangered Bengal tiger. Dinner and overnight for the next four nights at the Bandhavgarh Jungle Lodge.


© Jonathan Rossouw DAYS 6 – 8
© Jonathan Rossouw
DAYS 6 – 8


We have three full days exploring this scenically diverse park set among the Vindhya Hills of Madhya Pradesh. We travel by 4 x 4 vehicles and take elephant rides, when possible, to track tigers. Expect excitement and the thrill of the hunt as your mahout, or elephant handler, guides his elephant over forested ridges, through thick bamboo and under- growth, or across shallow rivers.

In the lowlands of the park, we look for wild boars, several deer species including muntjac, or barking deer; the sambar; and the chital, or spotted deer, plus keep and eye out for their predators, the elusive leopard and tiger. In the trees overhead we watch for Rhesus macaques and hanuman langurs, and bird watching in the area is phenomenal. In the lodge’s gardens, the flowers and fruit trees attract the green bee-eater, white-bellied drongo, and plum- headed parakeet.



After breakfast an overland journey takes us across a hilly terrain, through extensive teak forests, and open agricultural areas to Kanha National Park. This wonderful park, even more remote than Bandhavgarh, is often referred to as the Ngorongoro of India,


© Jonathan Rossouw

the Ngorongoro of India, PAINtED StORK © Jonathan Rossouw chItAL / SPOttED DEER © Ted Kenefick


© Ted Kenefick

although Kanha is greener and its surrounding hills are more densely wooded. Dinner and overnight for the next four nights at the Kanha Jungle Lodge.

DAYS 10 – 12


We spend three days devoted to wildlife viewing in Kanha’s beautiful wild country of forests and plains—a true wilderness and the inspiration for Rudyard Kipling’s classic, The Jungle Book. The diverse topography provides the ideal habitat for animals, and photographers discover great opportunities to “capture” the wildlife.

Again, we use 4 x 4 vehicles (and elephants

when possible) to explore the riches of Kanha. Expect to encounter herds of chital, the endemic swamp deer or barasingha, sambar, wild boar, and langur monkeys. This area

is also the best place to look for the gaur,

a bison-like animal and the largest of all

bovids. With luck, other possible species include Indian wild dog, jackal, sloth bear, or perhaps even a rare chousingha—the world’s only four-horned antelope.

The rich birdlife of the park includes such specialties as lesser whistling-duck, crested treeswifts and jungle owlets, Alexandrine parakeets, little cormorants, and Indian pond-herons.

NEPAL FLY DRIVE CHINA Delhi Kaziranga National Park BHUTAN Jorhat Guwahati Khajuraho BANGLADESH Bandhavgarh
NEPAL FLY DRIVE CHINA Delhi Kaziranga National Park BHUTAN Jorhat Guwahati Khajuraho BANGLADESH Bandhavgarh
National Park
National Park
National Park

DAY 13


After one last morning game drive we depart for Raipur. Driving through rural India is to be constantly exposed to ‘incidental’ culture as we pass through villages and farm- land. We board an evening flight to Kolkata (formerly Calcutta). Overnight at the ITC Sonar Bangla Hotel.

DAY 14


This morning we transfer to the airport for our flight to Jorhat, upon arrival we depart for Kaziranga National Park passing tea estates and lush rural countryside. In the late after- noon we may have time for a short stroll of the area surrounding our lodge on the border of Kaziranga National Park. Here we spend the next four nights at Diphlu Lodge, situated on the Diphlu River in a setting of supreme natural beauty.

DAYS 15 – 17


We have three full days to explore this amazing World Heritage Site; a 165-square- mile reserve that borders the Brahmaputra River and Mikir Mountain Range. The country here is mostly flat—a luxuriant tangle of thorny rattan cane, elephant grass, evergreen forest, and shallow marshland.

The various ranges of the reserve offer visitors excellent opportunities to see and photograph the many one-horned Indian rhinoceros and wild Asiatic water buffalo. The rhinos are of special interest and are the main focus of our attention, along with the population of Asian elephant that also occurs here. Other highlights are wild boar, the abundant hog deer, and the locally common swamp deer or soft-ground barasingha. Birds abound at Kaziranga as well: there are flocks of bar-headed geese; hordes of ducks; grey- headed and Pallas’ fish eagles; red-breasted parakeets; oriental darters; herons and egrets of all shapes and sizes; black-necked, lesser adjutant, Asian open-billed storks, and many, many more species to keep our bird enthusiasts busy.

DAY 18


After breakfast depart Kaziranga for Guwahati where we will connect with our flight to Delhi. Arrive Delhi late in the afternoon where we will have day rooms at the Delhi Radisson Hotel before transferring to the airport late this evening.

DAY 19


Depart Delhi on independent homeward flights.

MEET OUR LEADER: MARK BRAZIL Mark developed an interest in nature, especially birds, while growing
MEET OUR LEADER: MARK BRAZIL Mark developed an interest in nature, especially birds, while growing



Mark developed an interest in nature, especially birds, while growing up in Worcestershire, England. He pursued academic interests in biology during studies in England and Scotland, and earned his Ph.D. from Stirling University, Scotland, for his work on avian ecology and behavior in Iceland. Ornithological research, natural history consultancy for TV and Radio companies, and guiding naturalists and wildlife photographers have taken him to all seven continents. Fascinated by island biology, he is a leading authority on the natural history of Japan, where he was a professor of biodiversity and conservation at Rakuno Gakuen University near Sapporo. In addition to being a field naturalist, he is a columnist, author, and editor. His books include Wild Asia: Spirit of a Continent; The Birds of Japan; The Whooper Swan; and, most recently, A Field Guide to the Birds of East Asia. In addition to his passion for islands, Mark enjoys Asia in all its diversity. He began visiting South Asia more than 20 years ago and has made multiple visits to the regions of India included in our itinerary; he has been leading expeditions to India for Eco-Expeditions since 2006.

© Jonathan Rossouw

to India for Eco-Expeditions since 2006. © Jonathan Rossouw KhAJuRAhO tEmPLE WHAT TO EXPECT Travelers to



Travelers to India should be aware that, although the accommodations on these programs are en suite, when away from major towns, the standards, although clean and cheerful, are sometimes below three-star Western standards. Prospective participants should also be aware that some days of the program entail traveling for extended periods by air and car, which can be quite strenuous. We will mail a complete list of recommended clothing and a suggested reading list to you approximately five months prior to departure. Despite the occasional delays and sometimes bumpy conditions, our expeditions to India receive rave reviews from those travelers who possess a sense of humor, flexibility, and a true spirit of adventure.

© Ted Kenefick


The acceptance of your reservation form and deposit by Zegrahm Expeditions, Inc d/b/a Zegrahm Expeditions and Eco-Expeditions, located at 192 Nickerson Street, Seattle, WA 98109 (hereinafter with its affiliates, owners, officers, agents and employees collectively referred to as “ZE” or “Company”) creates a contractual relationship between ZE and you, the customer/participant in the travel package by ZE. Please read the following information carefully. After reading the terms and conditions located in this brochure, please visit our Web site at www.zeco.com/terms to review the entire set of terms and conditions for your expedition. In order for your expedition reservation to be completed, you must indicate your acceptance of the terms and conditions found in this brochure and on www.zeco.com/terms by signing your Reservation Form and returning it to the Company.

RESERVATIONS: 25% of the expedition fare, along with a completed and signed Reservation Form, will reserve a place for you on this ZE program. The balance of the expedition fare is due 120 days prior to departure. Air fare is due at time of issuance. All prices are quoted in U.S. dollars and must be paid in U.S. dollars. Credit cards accepted for deposit only. ZE reserves the right to decline to accept any individual as a trip member for any reason whatsoever.

CANCELLATION AND REFUND POLICY: Notifica- tion of cancellation must be received in writing by ZE. At the time we receive your written cancellation, the following penalties will apply:

• 120 days or more prior to departure: $500 per person

• 60 through 119 days prior to departure: 50% of expedition fare

• 1 through 59 days prior to departure: 100% of expedition fare

Some air fare may be nonrefundable. Once an expedition has departed, there will be no refunds from ZE for any unused portions of the trip. The above policy also applies to all extensions and independent travel arrangements made in conjunction with this program.

TRIP CANCELLATION AND INTERRUPTION INSURANCE: We strongly advise that all travelers purchase trip cancellation and interruption insurance as coverage against a covered unforeseen emergency that may force you to cancel or leave an expedition while it is in progress. A brochure describing coverage will be sent to you upon receipt of your reservation.

SHARE POLICY: Accommodations on all ZE programs are based on double occupancy. If you are traveling alone and wish to share accommodations, a roommate will be assigned to you whenever possible. When pairing roommates, we will always pair participants of the same sex. All shared accom- modations are nonsmoking. If it is not possible to pair you with a roommate, you may be asked to pay a single supplement for the land portion of the program. For tours booked with Eco-Expeditions only: upon booking you will be required to pay a Single Supplement, if we are able to pair you with a roommate the supplement will be refunded. Please note that single accommodations are limited and cannot be guaranteed throughout.

MEDICAL INFORMATION: Participation in a ZE program requires that you be in generally good health. It is essential that persons with any medical problems and related dietary restrictions make them known to us well before departure. We can counsel you on whether the expedition you have selected is appropriate for you. The tour leader has the right to disqualify any participant at any time during the tour

if he or she feels the participant is physically incapable and/or if a participant’s continued participation will jeopardize either the individual involved or the group. There will be no refund given under these circumstances.

RESPONSIBILITY: ZE is the qualified professional tour operator that organizes and administers your expedition. ZE acts only as the agent for any transportation carrier, hotel, ground operator, or other suppliers of services connected with this expedition (“other providers”), and the other providers are solely responsible and liable for providing their respective services. The passenger tickets in use by the carriers shall constitute the sole contract between the carriers and the passenger; the carriers are not responsible for any act, omission, or event during the time tour participants are not aboard their conveyance. ZE shall not be held liable for (A) any damage to, or loss of, property or injury to, or death of, persons occasioned directly or indirectly by an act or omission of any other provider, including but not limited to any defect in any aircraft, watercraft, or vehicle operated or provided by such other provider, and (B) any loss or damage due to delay, cancellation, or disruption in any manner caused by the laws, regulations, acts or failures to act, demands, orders, or interpo- sitions of any government or any subdivision or agent thereof, or by acts of God, strikes, fire, flood, war, rebellion, terrorism, insurrection, sickness, quarantine, epidemics, theft, or any other cause(s) beyond their control. The participant waives any claim against ZE for any such loss, damage, injury, or death. By registering for the expedition, the participant certifies that he/she does not have any mental, physical, or other condition or disability that would create a hazard for him/herself or other participants. ZE reserves the right in their sole discretion to accept, decline to accept, or remove any participant on an expedition and reserves the right without notice to withdraw any part or all of the trip and to make such changes as may be necessary. ZE shall not be liable for any air carrier’s cancel- lation penalty incurred by the purchase of a nonrefundable ticket to or from the departure city of the expedition. Baggage and personal effects are at all times the sole responsibility of the traveler.

SELLER OF TRAVEL: The Company is a Registered Seller of Travel in Washington State, #601281961; California Seller of Travel #2031043-40. Registration as a seller of travel does not constitute approval by the State of California. The Company is not a participant in the California Travel Consumer Restitution Fund.

IMPORTANT–PLEASE READ: Your purchase is subject to additional terms and conditions that apply to your ZE program. To view the complete set of terms and conditions (the “Customer Agreement”), please visit our Web site at www.zeco.com/terms (the “Web site”). By signing your Reservation Form, you acknowledge that you have received, agreed to, and read the Customer Agreement and your signed Reservation Form constitutes acceptance of the Customer Agreement. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THE CUSTOMER AGREEMENT LOCATED ON THE WEB SITE YOU WILL NOT BE ABLE TO PARTICIPATE IN YOUR ZE PROGRAM. Upon receipt of your Reservation Form, a copy of the Customer Agreement will be sent to you along with the confirmation package for your ZE program. Should you have any questions, please call ZE at 1-800-628-8747 or


Zegrahm Expeditions, Inc d/b/a Zegrahm Expeditions and Eco-Expeditions 192 Nickerson Street, Seattle, WA 98109

Cover photos: © Jonathan Rossouw (Tiger & Local People); © Ted Keneflick (Common Kingfisher).

© Alison McClure



To see a tiger requires infinite patience and perseverance, but the sight of your first tiger is one of life’s great moments. They are the essence of power and beauty portrayed in an unhurried, silent walk or a charge towards a herd of chital.

In recent times the tiger has become a symbol of India’s wilderness, a striped ambassador that, sadly, is in serious decline. At the turn of the 19th century, there were thought to be over 40,000 tigers in India alone; by 1972, they numbered just 1,800. According to the latest tiger census report released on February 12, 2008 by the National Tiger Conservation Authority, the current tiger population of India has fallen further (as a result of poaching) and is now within the range of 1,165 to 1,657 individuals. Nevertheless India continues to support more than half of the world’s tiger numbers.

Larger and more powerful than lions, tigers are solitary hunters and rely on their exquisite camouflage to approach prey closely before pouncing. Each tiger has a unique paw-print, set of stripes, and facial markings, allowing them to disappear from view in the forest or on the plains, like a phantom. They are hunters of immense and awesome power with the speed and agility to catch a peacock in mid-flight and the strength to bring down a mature gaur (bison). One 330-pound tigress was once seen dragging a one-ton gaur over 50 yards into cover. On average, they kill three times a week.

Fossil evidence suggests that the tiger originated in Siberia and then spread southward. In present times they are equally at home in Himalayan high altitude, cold coniferous forests, and the steaming mangrove swamps of the Sunderbans Delta. Unlike most cats, tigers enjoy water and are good swimmers. Some tigers hunt mostly in the water and feed on fish, sea turtles, and water monitors.

The tigress produces a large litter of up to six blind, helpless kittens, but only two will normally survive. The gestation period is just 110 days and the youngsters can stay with their mother until they are two-and-a-half years of age.

India is to be applauded for its bold initiative in tiger conservation, which began in 1972 with the launch of Project Tiger. Only time will tell if this magnificent predator will once again thrive or sadly, go the way of the dodo.

will once again thrive or sadly, go the way of the dodo. Giving You the World
Giving You the World
Giving You the World

192 Nickerson Street #200 Seattle, WA 98109 USA


Tel: 206-285-4000

Toll-free: 1-800-628-8747

Fax: 206-285-5037

E-mail: info@zeco.com

Web site: www.zeco.com

MARCH 17 – APRIL 4, 2011


© Ted Kenefick

NAME #1 (as it appears on passport)

(preferred name)

NAME #2 (as it appears on passport)

(preferred name)






PHONE (home)



I AM/WE ARE: o Nonsmokers



o Share (roommate to be assigned)

o Smokers

o Single


Enclosed is a deposit check for $

(25% per person of the program fare)


Charge the 25% per person deposit to: o VISA

o MasterCard

o American Express

Card Number


Authorized Cardholder Signature


(Note: Credit cards accepted for deposits only)

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: My signature below indicates that I have, on the date shown, read and understood the terms and conditions for my travel package located in this brochure as well as the complete set of terms and conditions located at www.zeco.com/terms and I acknowledge that these terms and conditions affect my legal rights and agree to be bound by their terms. My signature also signifies my intention to relieve and indemnify Zegrahm Expeditions, Inc d/b/a “Zegrahm Expeditions and Eco-Expeditions”, its owners, officers, directors, employees, affiliates, agents, contractors and subcontractors from any liability for personal injury, property damage or wrongful death which I might suffer during my participation in the scheduled trip.





Please complete and return this Reservation Form with your deposit to:

Giving You the World
Giving You the World


192 Nickerson Street #200 Seattle, WA 98109 USA


Tel: 206-285-4000

Toll-free: 1-800-628-8747

Fax: 206-285-5037

E-mail: info@zeco.com

Web site: www.zeco.com

Reservation requests may also be made online at www.zeco.com.




MARCH 17 – APRIL 4, 2011



$10,980 per person, double occupancy

Limited to 20 expedition members.

$3,980 single supplement*

© Jonathan Rossouw

members. $3,980 single supplement* © Jonathan Rossouw INCLUDED: All accommodations and group meals; group

INCLUDED: All accommodations and group meals; group transfers; guided excursions as stated in the itinerary; entrance fees for parks, reserves, etc.; $50,000 of emergency sickness/ accident medical expenses and $75,000 in evacuation insurance;** camera fees for one still and one video camera per person; all gratuities; domestic air transportation within India.

NOT INCLUDED: All air transportation except as listed above; excess baggage charges; airport arrival and departure taxes; transfers for independent arrivals and departures; passport and/or visa fees; accident/baggage/cancellation insurance; camera fees in excess of one still and one video camera per person; items of a personal nature such as laundry, bar charges, alcoholic beverages, e-mail/fax/telephone charges.

AIR FARE: A tentative flight schedule is available upon request. Eco-Expeditions will contact you approximately 180 days prior to the departure of this program to finalize your flight plans. As of May 2010, the approximate economy air fare as listed in the itinerary is $1,150 for New York/Delhi/New York. Additional fares from other cities will be quoted as needed.

All rates are per person, quoted in U.S. dollars, and must be paid in U.S. dollars. Rates and itineraries are subject to change.

*A limited number of single accommodations are available.

**Insurance is underwritten by National Union Fire Insurance Company of Pittsburgh, Pa. The Policy will contain reductions, limitations, exclusions and termination provisions. All coverages may not be available in all states.

kanha jungle lodge


© Greg Homel