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# ORDRE DES INGNIEURS DU QUBEC

## SESSION DE MAI 2013

Toute documentation permise
Calculatrices : modles autoriss seulement
Dure de lexamen : 3 heures

## Problem 1 (15 pts)

A 1,5 m square footing is subjected to a contact pressure of 270 kPa. The wet unit weight of the
cohesive soil supporting the footing is estimated to be 1750 kg/m3, and groundwater is known to
be at great depth. Determine the minimum depth of test boring based on the following criterions:
1. That test borings in cohesive soils should be carried at least to a depth where the increase
in stress due to the foundation loading is less than 10% of the applied load. (5 pts)
2. That test borings in cohesive soils should be carried at least to a depth where the increase
in stress due to the foundation loading is less than 5% of the effective overburden
pressure. (5 pts)
3. Discuss the number of boring needed for the foundation design. (5 pts)
Problem 2 (15 pts)
A square footing 1,8 m by 1,8 m is to be installed 1,8 m below ground level on a sand stratum.
Standard penetration tests were conducted on the construction site and the average values of N
are presented in table 1. Determine the allowable soil pressure for a maximum settlement of 25
mm using Peck abacus given in figure 3.
a) If the groundwater is known to be at depth; (7 pts)
b) If the groundwater is 1,8 bellow ground level. (8 pts)
c) Table 1 Penetration resistance with depth
Depth
1,5
3
4,5
6
7,5

N
7
8
9
11
12
1

## Problem 3 (20 pts)

A strip of wall footing 1 m wide is located 2 m below the ground surface. Supporting soil has a
unit weight of 1800 kg/m3. The results of laboratory tests on the soil samples indicate that the
supporting soils cohesion and angle of internal friction are 20 kPa and 24o, respectively.
Determine the allowable bearing capacity, using a factor of safety of 3:
a) If the groundwater is known to be at great depth; (7 pts)
b) If the ground water is 1 m bellow ground level; (7 pts)
c) If the ground water is 2,5 m bellow ground level. (6 pts)
Problem 4 (25 pts)
A retaining wall is shown in Figure 1,
a) Determine the diagram of active earth pressure at long term (on the right of retaining
wall) and passive earth pressure on the left of wall (with and without surcharge); (9 pts)
b) Examine the stability against overturning (with surcharge); (8pts)
c) Examine the stability against sliding (with surcharge). (8 pts)
Temporary surcharge = 50 kPa

Clay
Sand
=17 kN/m3
=24o
c=10 kPa

Concrete, =24kN/m3

2m
4m
Figure 1

Problem 3
2

## Problem 5 (25 points)

A rectangular footing 4 m by 4 m is to be installed 2 m below ground level on a cohesive soil as
shown in Figure 2. The footing will be subjected to an inclined load (15o compared to the
vertical) of 2200 kN before the filling of excavation. After the filling, the footing will be
subjected to an inclined load (15o) of 3000 kN. Determine:
a) The factor of safety F.S against sliding before the filling. (8 pts)
b) The factor of safety F.S against bearing capacity failure before the filling. (9pts)
c) The factor of safety F.S against bearing capacity failure after the filling. (8 pts)
15o

1m

Compacted sand
=20 kN/m3
=35o

1m
4m

Clay
=17 kN/m3
Cu=50 kPa

Figure 2

Figure 3

Problem 5

Abacus de Peck
3