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serving the Geothermal Designer & Contractor Community !!!

Hydronic System Design


Geothermal Nuances
presented by

John D. Manning, PE
President

Earth Sensitive Solutions, LLC

October 15, 2014

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The Great
Hydronic
Heist

Robbery by Fujiwara
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serving the Geothermal Designer & ContractorTrain
Community
!!!

Do you design or
install hydronic
systems using
water-to-water
heat pumps?
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If yes,
do you follow the
manufacturers
instructions?
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The distribution
system will dictate
the required
temperature to meet
the load.

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110 oF

120 oF
120 oF

120 oF

130 oF

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Key Question
Why are we sending the hottest
(or Coldest) water in the system
back to the buffer tank where it
is mixed and diluted to a lower
temperature before we send it
to the load?
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But, first.
Lets discuss the
importance of the
distribution system to
overall system
performance
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Understanding the Load


Every applica,on is unique and must be fully understood
Residen,al hea,ng loads will fall between 11 23 BTUH/
Sq Foot
A room-by-room load calcula,on is required to design the
distribu,on system
To cover those really nasty days, I would use a 1.25 safety
factor ,mes the design load
Unlike boilers, you cannot turn up the temperature to
hide your sins!!!
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Lets pick a Radiant System


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Output at 120 F & Rv = 0.5

16.5

280

Floor Area

280

8,680

Maximum Floor Output

4,620

7,000

Desired Maximum Output

7,000

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BTUH/SF Required for Maximum

25

110

Corresponding Temperature

148

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Lets pick a Fan Coil


BTUH @
MPH
FCXi
120 oF EWT

024
036
048
060

7,171
10,791
14,480
16,734
27,287
30,131
40,684
57,474
74,779

20
30
40
50
80



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120 oF

110 oF
120 oF

110 oF
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Why is this Important?


Doing a li3le
interpola8ng the
resul8ng COP
improvement
associated with a 10
degree reduc8on in
Load Side EWT is over

16%
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Special Thanks to
Jens Ponikau

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and How about Controls?


Important Strategies:
Outdoor Reset
Demand Enabled
WILO Stratos Pump
Heat Pumps
Hydronic
Supplemental Heat
Delayed by 3 to 6
Hours
Manual Changeover to
Cooling
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We
Could
Build
One
For
You.
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or for a more modest system.


NEMA 1 Enclosure with full
length hinged cover

DPDT Plug-in Relays with indicator LED & locking test


bu3on.

Fully adjustable 8me delay relays preset at factory for


op8mal performance and reliability.

Demand Enabled Control Logic to enable heat pump


only when there is a call for either hea8ng, cooling or
water hea8ng. Essen8ally elimina8ng unnecessary run
8me to maintain a tank temperature.

Clearly labelled, easily accessed, and generous

space for point-to-point eld wiring, supported with


system wiring diagrams.

DIN mounted compact array of relays that are easily


tested, serviced and have LED indicators.

Point-to-Point eld wiring connec8ons which are easily


accessed, labelled and have plenty of space for excess
eld wire.

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supply

o
t

d

ne
Desig f DomesHc
o
100% terYear
a
Hot W und!
Ro

37,
Supp 500 BTU
H of
lem
avai ental He
la
a
extr ble for t
eme
wea cold
ther

Can handle
as many fan
coil and
radiant
zones as you
need!

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Bottom Line
It is often said that geothermal costs too much.

Frankly, I think we are failing to maximize


the value. Through simple design
techniques and a fundamental
competence in the design community we
can sell the technology at a competitive
price and actually deliver outstanding
value!
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The Power of Choice !!


Thank you !!!
Questions ????
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