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Procedure for Painting

PROJECT CODE

PROJECT NAME : SISTEMA DESULFURIZACION DE GASES DE

Purpose

ESCAPE PARA LA UNIDAD 1 CENTRAL BOCAMINA

For Review

PACKAGE NAME: SEMI DRY FGD SYSTEM

For Approval

DOCUMENT No. : WD946-EZ300-00009

For Construction

TITLE

: Procedure for Painting

For Bid

OWNER

: ENDESA S.A.

For Information

2013-02-15

Rev.
No.

DATE

H.J Cho

PREP

Owner:

Contractor:

J.W Kim D.M. Choi

REVIEW

For Construction

APPR

REVIEW

REVIEW

DESCRIPTION
STX Heavy Industries

ENDESA S.A.

APPR

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Procedure for Painting

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Contents
1.
2.
3.
3.1.
3.2.
4.
4.1.
4.2.
4.3.
4.4.
4.5.
4.6.
4.7.
5.
6.
7.
8.
8.1.
8.2.
8.3.
8.4.
8.5.

SCOPE ..................................................................................................................................... 2
GENERALS ............................................................................................................................. 2
CODES AND STANDARDS .................................................................................................... 2
Steel Structure Painting Council (SSPC) ................................................................................. 2
ISO 12944 ................................................................................................................................ 2
APPLICATION ......................................................................................................................... 2
Surface to be painted. .............................................................................................................. 2
Surface not to be painted ......................................................................................................... 3
Surface Preparation ................................................................................................................. 3
Painting..................................................................................................................................... 4
Protection of Stainless Steel .................................................................................................... 6
Galvanizing ............................................................................................................................... 6
Touch-up Painting ..................................................................................................................... 7
TESTING & INSPECTION ....................................................................................................... 8
STORAGE OF PAINTS .......................................................................................................... 10
SAFETY ................................................................................................................................. 10
COATING SYSTEM ................................................................................................................11
Application of Materials ...........................................................................................................11
Painting System ......................................................................................................................11
Safety Color Code .................................................................................................................. 15
Final Painting .......................................................................................................................... 15
Piping Color Code .................................................................................................................. 17

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Procedure for Painting

1.

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SCOPE
This procedure covers the surfaces preparation and application of protective coating for
SISTEMA DESULFURIZACION DE GASES DE ESCAPE PARA LA UNIDAD 1 CENTRAL
BOCAMINA.

2.

3.

GENERALS
1)

All regulations including storage of paint, handling, surface preparation, painting work,
safety, etc, shall be in compliance with KS, SSPC and paint manufacturers specifications.

2)

All painting procedures shall be in compliance with the requirements of SSPC-PA1, this
technical specification and the manufacturers recommendations.

CODES AND STANDARDS


Codes and standards not specified hereafter shall be in compliance with Korean industrial
Standard. The others shall comply with following SSPC standard.

3.1.

Steel Structure Painting Council (SSPC)


1)

SSPC-PA1

: Shop, field and Maintenance Painting

2)

SSPC-PA2

: Measurement of Dry Film Thickness with Magnetic Gages

3)

SSPC-PA Guide 3

: A Guide to Safety in Paint Application

4)

SSPC-SP1

: Sol vent Cleaning

5)

SSPC-SP2

: Hand Tool Cleaning

6)

SSPC-SP3

: Power Tool Cleaning

7)

SSPC-SP5

: White Metal Blast Cleaning

8)

SSPC-SP6

: Commercial Blast Cleaning

9)

SSPC-SP8

: Pickling

10) SSPC-SP10
3.2.

: Near-White Blast Cleaning

ISO 12944
Paints and varnishes - Corrosion protection of steel structures by protective paint systems

4.

APPLICATION

4.1.

Surface to be painted.
1)

General
a) For the selection of painting system, the supplier shall take into account each material
to be painted, insulation, service temperature, etc. If necessary, the constructor who is
carrying out field coating shall execute touch-up painting for shop coating and field
application in accordance with painting standard.
b) All equipment for field weld surface, in case of not using a good weld ability paint,
shall be protected with masking tape or adhesive material within 75mm of field weld.
c) Machined surfaces, bolts, valve stems, gasket surfaces shall be protected with anticorrosive petroleum solvents in accordance with the manufacturers instruction.

2)

Paint of fitting and flanges shall match that of piping.


a) Field fabricated brackets, clips, nozzles, manways, attachments, flanged connections

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paint shall match the surfaces of main parts of the equipment.


4.2.

Surface not to be painted


The surfaces of the following products shall not be painted and shall be protected during
painting work.

4.3.

1)

Galvanized, stainless steel, nickel, brass, bronze, copper, lead and aluminum

2)

Non-metallic surfaces : rubber, plastic, glass, gaskets

3)

Metal jacketing over insulation

4)

Concrete foundation surfaces

5)

Machined surfaces, threads and contact surfaces

6)

Valve stems, gland and bonnet bolts, packing and exposed bonnet gasket surfaces

7)

Nameplates and identification tags

8)

Surfaces of field welding parts

Surface Preparation
1)

All surface of carbon steel & Alloy steel shall be blasted, unless otherwise specified,
using dry blasting abrasive only. Blast cleaning shall be carried out in accordance with
surface preparation of coating system in this procedure.

2)

The surface of the component shall be blasted within 2hours prior to coating the
component. If the relative humidity is greater than 80%, blast immediately prior to coating.
Blast cleaning shall not be conducted when the temperature of the surface is less than 3
above dew point of the surrounding air.

3)

Primed areas which suffer damage must be spot blasted or wire brushed, according to
the damage, on site to a degree of cleanliness P Sa 2 1/2, St3 before touching up.

4)

Weld slag and residue, dust or other residue shall be removed completely before painting.

5)

Second coating shall not be applied until the first coating is completely dry in accordance
with the paint manufacturers instructions.

6)

Surface preparation for field coating shall include removal of all mill scale, rust and
foreign matters by compressed air or soft brush, or by water cleaning. Oil or grease shall
be removed by adequate solvent with does not detrimentally effect the surface of first
coat. Zinc dust shall be removed completely on the parts coated with inorganic zinc rich
primer before application of the following coatings.

7)

Oil, grease, and other rust on the surface to be painted shall be cleaned with solvent or
water washed before blast cleaning in accordance with SSPC-SP1.

8)

The surface preparation of masking taped parts shall be in accordance with SSPC-SP3.

9)

The Supplier shall submit surface preparation procedure recommended by Supplier prior
to use.

10) All surfaces shall be blast cleaned whenever possible. When that is not possible (Thin
metal sheet) alternative cleaning shall be done. Such as Pickling, or Power Tool Cleaning.
11) The abrasive employed in blasting shall be such that it will produce a surface roughness
in compliance with specifications. The abrasive shall be dry, clean and free from soluble
contaminants and shall not be reused. Abrasive contaminated with sea salt shall not be
used.

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12) The abrasives used for blast-cleaning shall be graded flint, grit, shot or silica sand and
shall be such that they will produce and average keying profile on the blast-cleaned
surface of not more than 120 microns.
13) Saddles or other structure supporting equipment to be rotated during the paint process
shall be a minimum of 1meter in height.
14) No blast cleaning shall be performed during the rainy season. The blasted surface shall
be maintained free of frost or moisture.
15) The blast cleaning compressor shall provide moisture free air with adequate capacity. Oil
and moisture must be purged from compressor system prior to commencing blasting
after any compressor shutdown. Contaminant level is to be checked using a white-clean
cloth.
16) A power-operated wire brush which provides surface gloss shall not be used for cleaning.
17) Shop painted surface shall be protected during surface preparation.
18) All machined surfaces, including flange faces, shall be suitable covered to prevent
damage during surface preparation.
19) Masking tape from shop painting or other adhesive materials shall be removed
completely.
20) Steelwork protected by shop primer after arrival on site must be cleaned of salt, sand, oil,
etc. before the first coat of paint is applied on site. Shop primer damaged during
transport must be rectified by blast or brush cleaning, depending on the damage, and
coating before application of the site coats as bellows
Impurity
Removal
Dust, loose deposits
Vacuum-cleaning, brushing
Adhesive deposits
Power brushing
Oils, greasy impurities
Use of detergent additives by agreement
Salt deposits
Rinsing
Damages,
Burns,
Weld Disc sanding to St 3 according to ISO 8501-1:1988 or
Smoke, Marking, Corroded abrasive sweeping to Sa 2 1/2 According to ISO 8501areas
2:1994.
White Rust
Fresh water hosing and scrubbing with stiff brushes.
a) Surfaces to be coated must be dry and free of all dirt, mildew, chalk, spent abrasive
and any other contaminant of foreign material that could inhibit adhesion.
b) Shop coated surfaces shall be thoroughly cleaned before the application of the prime
coat
21) Should any phase not meet the standard required during inspection, Supplier shall carry
out necessary rectification in accordance with this specification
4.4.

Painting
1)

Painting work shall be performed when the substrate surface is in dry condition. All the
rust, sand, shot ball, grit, oil, grease shall be removed completely.

2)

Where practical, outdoor exposed steel (except stainless steel) bolts, nuts and washers,
including general grade high tensile friction-grip bolts (referred to in B.S. 3139 and S.B.
4395, Part 1) shall be dichromated and subsequently centrifuged.

3)

All carbon steel shall be treated in accordance with this specification.

4)

No paint area such as machined surface (metal to metal contacted surface), bolt threads,

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etc shall be coated with rust preventive oil. (Tectyl 506 or equivalent)
5)

Painting shall be commenced within 4 hours after surface preparation. If some sign of
rust might occur even within 4 hours, surfaces shall be prepared again in accordance
with the specification.

6)

Painting shall be proceeded within the temperature limits specified by the manufacturers
recommendation. The general conditions are as follows:
a) Atmospheric temperature
-

The optimum temperature range will be 15~32. In general, painting shall not
be proceeded below 10 or above 38.

Painting shall not be carried out when the steel surface temperature is less than 3
above the dew point.

b) Humidity
-

As the humidity during the painting give much effect on the dry time, the optimum
humidity for painting will be the range of 40-80%. Painting shall be done within the
humidity range of paint manufacturers recommendations.

c) Others
-

Painting shall not be executed outdoors when weather conditions are unsuitable
(i.e. foggy, rainy and windy day). Indoor painting shall only be carried out with
supervisors permission.

If chemical contamination occurs between coats, then water or solvent cleaning


shall be applied before re-coating.

7)

Use of paint thinner shall be in strict accordance with paint manufacturers data sheets.
The thinners shall conform to the paint manufacturers recommendations.

8)

Field welds on items which have been shop coated with inorganic zinc primer shall be
properly prepared before field touch up primer and finishing coats. Slag occurred in
welding work and slag residue shall be removed completely. Grinding or power tool
cleaning shall be executed to comply with SSPC_SP3.

9)

Faying surface of bolted connection (high tension bolted areas) shall be masked to
prevent application of all but the qualified inorganic zinc rich primer. After bolting (high
tension bolted areas), these area shall be coated in accordance with the qualified coating
system.

10) Painting shall be carefully performed at all edges, corners, crevices, rivets, bolts and nuts,
welds and other complex shapes that may be sensitive to rusting. (stripe coating)
11) Dry film thickness (D.F.T)
a) To the maximum extent practical, the coats shall be applied as a continuous film of
uniform thickness and free of pores. Overspray, skips, runs, sags and drips shall be
avoided.
b) The different coats shall not be of the same colour.
c) The minimum total dry film thickness of the paint system shall be as recommended in
the following Coating system below. The D.F.T is given in microns (millionths of a
meter).
12) All parts shall be shop-painted including finishing coats as far as possible. Field painting
will be limited to touch-up repairs to shop finish coats damaged during erection, and field
preparation and painting of field weld areas.

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13) Insulated equipment and piping shall be painted with primary coat only on the equipment
surface subject to addressing Contractors comments on the Suppliers painting
specification.
4.5.

Protection of Stainless Steel


1)

The sand blasting and coating shall not be applied on the surface of austenitic stainless
steel and high alloy steel.

2)

Paint, dust, soil(mud clay) and foreign matter on the surfaces of austenitic stainless and
high alloy steel shall be removed with water first. Contaminant not removed by water
shall be cleaned by stainless steel brush. The surfaces of carbon steel shall not be
applied with the brush. Oil and grease shall be removed not by aliphatic or chlorinated
solvent but by clean rags and pure(unstained) aromatic solvent.

3)

Before surface painting, the welding areas of austenitic stainless, high alloy steel and
carbon steel shall be protected as follows.
a)

Large C.S attachment parts (C.S skirt welded to S.S vessel)


-

Where the service temperature is lower than 149, epoxy type paint shall be
coated on each side of 300mm coverage at S.S and C.S welding parts.

Where the service temperature is higher than 150, the modified silicone shall be
coated on each side 300mm coverage at S.S and C.S welding parts.

b) Small C.S attachment part (clips, brackets, flange welding etc.)


-

Where the service temperature is lower than 149, two coats of epoxy type paint
shall be applied to cover the C.S completely.

If the service temperature is higher than 150, two coats of modified silicone shall
be applied. Coating shall be over lapped at least 25mm on the surface of S.S

4.6.

Galvanizing
1)

Galvanizing works shall conform in all respect to ASTM A153 and B.S. 729, B.S. 3083
and B.S.C.P. 2008 and DIN 50976 and to KSD8308 whatever requires the higher quality
and shall be performed by the hot dip process, unless otherwise specified.

2)

It is essential that details of steel members and assemblies which are to be hot-dip
galvanized shall be designed in accordance with B.S. 4479.

3)

Vent-holes and drain-holes shall be provided to avoid high internal pressures and airlocks during immersion, which may cause explosions, and to ensure that molten zinc is
not retained in pockets during withdrawal.

4)

All defects of the steel surface including cracks, surface laminations, laps and folds shall
be removed in accordance with B.S. 4360. All drilling, cutting, welding, forming and final
fabrication of unit members and assemblies shall be completed, where feasible, before
the structures are galvanized. The surface of the steelwork to be galvanized shall be free
from paint, oil, grease and similar contaminants in accordance with DIN 55928, part 4
and DIN 50976. The weight of zinc coating per unit area has to be noted in the
manufacturing documents in accordance with DIN 50976.

5)

The minimum average coating weight shall be as specified in Table 1 of B.S. 729 or
Table 2, DIN 50976, whatever requires higher quality, and the minimum thickness of
galvanizing shall be 4mils(100).

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6)

Structural steel item shall be initially grit-blasted to B.S. 4232, second quality (Sa 2 1/2),
or by pickling in a bath and the minimum average coating weight on steel section 5mm
thick and over shall be 900 g/m2.

7)

Galvanized contact surfaces to be joined by high-tensile friction-grip bolts shall be


roughened before assembly so that the required slip factor (defined in B.S. 3294, Part 1
and B.S. 4604, Part 1) is achieved. Care shall be taken to ensure that the roughening is
confined to the area of the mating faces.

8)

Protected slings must be used for off-loading and erection. Galvanized work which is to
be stored at the works or on site shall be stacked so as to provide adequate ventilation to
all surfaces to avoid wet storage staining (white rust)

9)

Small areas of the galvanized coating damaged in any way shall be restored in
accordance with DIN 55928, part A and DIN 50976 by:
a) Cleaning the area of any weld slag rust and other impurities and by thorough wire
brushing to give a metallic clean surface.
b) Application of suitable number of coats of zinc rich paint containing more than 90%
w/w of zinc in dried film
c) The dry film thickness shall exceed at least as of the desired galvanization.
d) The restored area shall not to exceed 1% of the galvanized surface.

4.7.

Touch-up Painting
1)

The Supplier shall touch up before erection in jobsite all destroyed or damaged surfaces
during delivery.

2)

Touch-up painting shall be with brush or airless spray after SSPC-SP3 cleaning. If the
touch up area is wide and blasting operation is possible, spray coating method shall be
applied after re-blasting.

3)

The Supplier shall provide sufficient quantity of touch-up paint of the same types and
colors as applied for shop painting. The Supplier shall provide not less than 5% of total
paint quantity, unless otherwise specified.
a) Bare steel surface where the surface rusts
-

Areas where surface temperature is below 93, and coated with inorganic zinc
rich primer

Surface preparation

Touch-up : Finish coating in accordance with Painting System after primer


coating with epoxy mastic aluminum 100 DFT.

: SSPC- SP2 or SP3

Areas where surface temperature is between 94~399, and coated with


inorganic zinc rich primer.

Surface preparation

Touch-up : Finish coating in accordance with Painting System after primer


coating with inorganic zinc rich primer 75 DFT.

Areas where surface temperature is between 400~600, and coated with silicone.

: SSPC-SP3

Surface preparation

: SSPC-SP3

Primer and finish coats : Silicone more than 50 DFT.


Areas coated with coal tar epoxy, polyamide epoxy, amine adduct epoxy, phenolic

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epoxy.

Surface preparation

: SSPC-SP3

Primer and finish coatings shall be in accordance with Painting System. But, in
case of the paint which requires the time interval for repainting. Existing film
shall be overlapped with touch-up painting after re-blasting, sand papering, or
sand sweeping.
Areas coated with Alkid water Reducible Primer

Surface preparation : SSPC-SP2 or SSPC-SP3

Touch-up : Finish coating in accordance with Painting System after primer


coating with Alkid water Reducible primer 40 DFT.
Areas coated with modified epoxy.

Surface preparation : SSPC-SP3

5.

Primer and finish coatings shall be in accordance with Painting System. But, in
case of the paint which requires the time interval for repainting. Existing film
shall be overlapped with touch-up painting after re-blasting, sand papering, or
sand sweeping.
Damage areas of primer, intermediate, top-coats where the steel surface does not
rust.

Surface preparation

Touch-up : Finish coating in accordance with the Painting System, sufficient to


re-establish the specified dry film thickness.

: SSPC-SP1

TESTING & INSPECTION


1)

Painting materials, equipment and working conditions shall be tested and inspected
according to the Suppliers quality assurance procedures which shall be submitted for
OWNERs approval.

2)

The minimum check points for testing & inspection are as follows.
a) Paint
-

Inspection of coating and blasting materials in accordance with materials


specifications

Checking of storage conditions of materials

Before Mixing and application of coating material, Check the following information
listed;

Coating material suppliers name

Product name

Product color designation

Product batch number and manufacturing date

Product shelf life


b) Equipment for painting
-

Checking adequateness of coating, cleaning and blasting equipment

c) Surface preparation
-

Checking the condition in accordance with surface preparation specification

Checking the accuracy of surface preparation in accordance with painting

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specification
-

Confirm the blast quality by comparing the blasted surface with SSPC-Vis1 and
verify the height of the anchor pattern profile with an Elcometer roughness gauge
adjusted to profile height

Inspect blasted surfaces immediately before application of the coating as follows

Check dryness by visual inspection.

Check rusting visually. If rusting is detected, surfaces shall be re-blasted until


acceptable.
d) Painting
-

Checking the precision of mixing and screening of inorganic zinc rich primer

Checking the adequateness of environmental condition for paint application

Checking the continuous agitation of inorganic zinc rich paint container during
application

Checking the pot life time of paint

e) Film thickness
-

Checking the wet film thickness of first coat for non-zinc rich primer

Checking the dry film thickness for zinc rich primer

Checking the finish coating of organic coating for making precise film thickness

Checking the film thickness vs. specified film thickness

f) Visual Inspection
-

Check continuously the following coating defects & take immediate corrective
action

Orange peel

Thin film

Film Brush

Over Spray

Surface Contamination

Mildew

Slow Drying Time

Mud Cracking

Blisters

Rust

g) Galvanizing
-

Check appearance

The appearance status after the coating will be confirmed with the visual sight
Galvanized surfaces shall be free from uncoated areas, blisters, flux deposits,
and Lumps, projections, globules, or heavy deposits of zinc which will interfere
with the intended use of the material will not be permitted.
Check Thickness

It will be measured with the Electronic Film Thickness Measuring Device. The
thickness of the coating shall be determined by magnetic thickness gage
measurements in accordance with SSPC-PA2.
h) Adhesion of paint
-

Executing a surface inspection to check bonding between primer and finish

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coating.
-

Checking the drying condition of primer before finish coating

i) Repairs
-

Checking all the repair complete.

j) Drying
3)

Checking the drying condition in accordance with transportation, handling and recoating interval instructions (specifications) of paint manufacturer

The list of equipment for checking the painting procedure is as follows;


a) Surface profile roughness gauge
b) Air temperature gauge
c) Steel surface temperature gauge
d) Hygrometer & dew point calculator
e) Wet film thickness gauge
f) Dry film thickness gauge
g) Other related instruments

4)

The surface preparation shall be checked properly in accordance with SSPC and this
specification

5)

Wet film thickness of non-zinc rich paint shall be checked to make sure dry film thickness
during each application (first, second, third coating).

6)

Dry film thickness of painted area shall be checked in accordance with SSPC-PA2.

7)

Periodic checking shall be carried out for the area which might have adhesion problems
between each coatings.

8)

Tester (elcometer adhesion) or higher qualified method shall be used to check the
adhesion condition for doubtful area.

9)

Finished painting shall be checked by Contractors visual inspections.


a) RE-coating or touch-up which did not follow this specification shall be performed
under the responsibility od the Suppliers expense.

10) The Supplier shall submit an inspection report.


6.

STORAGE OF PAINTS
1)

2)
7.

Paint materials shall be stored in a well-ventilated area, free from spark, flame, heat and
direct rays of the sun. Containers for paint shall be turned regularly in accordance with
paint manufacturers recommendation.
Storage of paint shall be in compliance with the paint manufacturers recommendation.

SAFETY
1)

Painting materials to be used for primer and intermediate, finish coating shall be the
product of the same manufacture. In special cases, other paint can be used after
Owners approval through testing.

2)

All painting materials shall be delivered to the field in sealed containers with testing
reports. All paint containers shall be labeled to show product name and mark of
manufacturer.

3)

Surface preparation, painting working conditions and painting materials shall be in

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accordance with the latest product data sheet published by the paint manufacturer in
addition to the requirements in this specification.
4)

Painting shall be performed with the application of safe working methods considering the
health and safety workers and other personnel.

5)

As painting materials include solvent and other chemical constituents, all prudent
precautions shall be taken to ensure the safety of personnel during storage, handling,
painting and drying.

6)

Most paints contain flammable liquids and are thus a fire hazard. Equipment, lighters,
etc., eating a park or flame shall be kept away from working area. No smoking will be
allowed in working areas. All electric equipment shall be spark free.

7)

Food preparation and eating place shall be separate from painting area.

8)

When indoor coating is required, ventilation shall be provided to prevent workers from
inhaling vapors of solvent, dust and paints. Fan(s) shall be set up at lower section of
work area and ventilator shall be set up at upper section of work area.

9)

Worker shall wear safety mask and face protector.

10) The foothold (or scaffold) shall be set up to insure worker safety and shall be checked
regularly. Safety net shall be provided protect worker.
11) Worker must wear face goggles during painting.
12) When handing painting materials for a long time, worker shall wear gloves, protection
cloth, face protector, food mask and goggles to prevent toxic effects. Protective creams
and lotions are often used on hands, arms and face. If workers skin is stained with paint,
clean the skin with adequate solvent and soap.
13) Adequate fire-fighting equipment shall be installed to protect against a fire in paint
storage place.
8.

COATING SYSTEM

8.1.

Application of Materials
1)

Painting system for complete vendor product


a) The type and number of protective coating for complete vendor items which requires
corrosion protection shall be in accordance with the technical specification of maker
standard.
b) Final color of complete vendor product shall be applied in accordance with Customer
requirements. If final color is not requirement with Customer requirements, it shall be
applied in accordance with manufacturers Standard Color.

8.2.

Painting System
Application

No

Surface
Preparation

Description

No
of
coat

Min.
Paint Type

DFT

()

Remark
Work
Scope

Surface Temp
()

Shop

75~134

Spray Dryer
Absorber(SDA)

Out
side

SP 10

1st

Inorganic
zinc
silicate primer

75

Insulated
-Sherwin
Williams

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Procedure for Painting

In
side

SP 10

Out
side
In
side

Inorganic
zinc
silicate primer

30

Shop

SP 10

1st

Inorganic
zinc
silicate primer

75

Shop

SP 10

1st

Inorganic
zinc
silicate primer

30

Shop

1st

Inorganic Zinc
Silicate primer
H.B Polyamide
Epoxy

75

Shop

75

Shop

75

Shop

st

Out
side

SP 10

2nd
3rd

In
side

SP 10

Atomizer
Tank

Feed

Out
side

SP 10

2nd
3rd

In
side

SP 10

12 of 20

75(continuous.)
134(rarely)

Storage Tank
-Recycle
slurry
storage tank
-Lime
slurry
storage tank

Out
side

SP 10

2nd
3rd

In
side

SP 10

SP 10

Tank
-SDA
make-up
water tank
In
side

SP 10

2nd

FGD Duct

Shell

Hopper
(cone)

SP 10

Polyurethane

Inorganic Zinc
Silicate primer
H.B Polyamide
Epoxy
Polyurethane

1st

Inorganic Zinc
Silicate primer
H.B Polyamide
Epoxy
H.B Polyamide
Epoxy
Inorganic Zinc
Silicate primer
H.B Polyamide
Epoxy

2nd

1st

Silo
Recycle
ash silo
-Lime
storage
silo

Inorganic Zinc
Silicate primer
H.B Polyamide
Epoxy

3rd

3rd

Out
side

Inorganic Zinc
Silicate primer
H.B Polyamide
Epoxy
Polyurethane

-Sherwin
Williams

Shop
75

Shop

75

Shop

75

Shop

75

Shop

75

Shop

75

Shop

40~50

-Sherwin
Williams

40~50

-Sherwin
Williams

After Erection
Site

Glass Flake Lining


1st

Out
side

Polyurethane

40~50

Only for
Transportation
-Sherwin
Williams
Insulated
-Sherwin
Williams
Only for
transportation
-Sherwin
Williams

Glass Flake Lining


1st

Glass Flake Lining


1st

SISTEMA DESULFURIZACION DE
GASES DE ESCAPE PARA LA
UNIDAD 1 CENTRAL BOCAMINA

Fabric Filter

Recycle mix tank

REV No.
PAGE

nd

75

Shop

75

Shop

75

Shop

100

Shop

100

Shop

100

Shop

75

Shop

75

Shop

3rd

Polyurethane

75

Shop

Out
side

SP 10

1st

Inorganic Zinc
Silicate primer

75

Shop

In
side

SP 10

1st

Inorganic Zinc
Silicate primer

30

Shop

Out
side

SP 10

1st

Inorganic Zinc
Silicate primer

75

Shop

40~50

-Sherwin
Williams

40~50

-Sherwin
Williams

AMB

AMB

75~134

Not
Insulated
-Sherwin
Williams
Insulated
-Sherwin
Williams
Only for
transportation
-Sherwin
Williams
Insulated
-Sherwin
Williams

PROJECT

Procedure for Painting

In
side

Outdoor and Off shore


Located
Non
metallic
surface
-Galvanized Steel
-Stainless Steel
-Copper, Bronze
-Aluminum, Nickel

SP 10

st

Structural Steel
- Handrail, Ladder
- Checked Plate
- Piping support

Out
side

2nd

Structural Steel
- Grating,
- Stair Thread

Out
side

Piping
-slurry piping

Out
side

SP 10

SP 10

SP 10

13 of 20
Only for
transportation
-Sherwin
Williams

AMB

Inorganic Zinc
Silicate primer
H.B Polyamide
Epoxy

75

Shop

75

Shop

Polyurethane

75

Shop

1st

Inorganic Zinc
Silicate primer

75

Shop

2nd

H.B Polyamide
Epoxy

100

Shop

3rd

Polyurethane

75

Shop

1st

Inorganic Zinc
Silicate primer
H.B Polyamide
Epoxy

75

Shop

75

Shop

75

Shop

2nd

Polyurethane

AMB

-Sherwin
Williams

AMB

-Sherwin
Williams

Galvanizing will be performed in accordance with ASTM A153,


BS 729, BS3083, DIN 50976, BS 4479, KSD8308 (Refer to
para 4.6)
1st

Inorganic Zinc
Silicate primer

75

2nd

H.B Polyamide
Epoxy

75

Shop

3rd

Polyurethane

75

Shop

Shop
Up to 60

Not
Insulated
-Sherwin
Williams

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

-Fly ash (Pneumatic)

Piping
-Service Air piping
-closed
cooling
water piping
- Maker up water
piping
- Portable water
piping

SP 10

SISTEMA DESULFURIZACION DE
GASES DE ESCAPE PARA LA
UNIDAD 1 CENTRAL BOCAMINA

Shop

3rd

3rd

Piping

10

SP 10

Structural Steel
In
door

30

No painting is needed

1st
Out
door

Inorganic Zinc
Silicate primer

REV No.
PAGE

Out
side

SP 10

Galvanizing will be performed in accordance with ASTM A153,


BS 729, BS3083, DIN 50976, BS 4479, KSD8308 (Refer to
para 4.6)

Agitator

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

AMB

Lime Slaker

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

60~90

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

81~134

Atomizer Cooling Air Fan

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

AMB

Water Pump

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

AMB

Atomizer

All motors are


applied.
Stainless
or
Galvanized
steel is not
needed
to
paint

PROJECT

Procedure for Painting

SISTEMA DESULFURIZACION DE
GASES DE ESCAPE PARA LA
UNIDAD 1 CENTRAL BOCAMINA

14 of 20

Slurry Pump

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

AMB

Air compressor

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

AMB

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

AMB

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

AMB

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

AMB

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

0~90

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

0~90

Jaw crusher

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

0~77

Reversible conveyor

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

0~77

Lump breaker

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

0~77

Air dryer

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

AMB

Motor

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

Weighing hopper feeder


(Lime)
Feed hopper
(Recycle ash)
Bin activator
Vibrating screen
(Lime slurry)
Vibrating screen
(Recycle ash slurry)

1st

11

REV No.
PAGE

Air Receiver Tank

Out
side

In
side

SP 10

SP 10

2nd

Inorganic Zinc
Silicate primer
H.B Polyamide
Epoxy

75

Shop

75

Shop

3rd

Polyurethane

75

Shop

1st

Inorganic Zinc
Silicate primer

30

Shop

Up to 130

-Sherwin
Williams

-Sherwin
Williams

12

Ash handling Vessel

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

20

13

Steam Heater

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

150

Out
side

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

Up to 400

Insulated

14

Valve
-steam piping
Valve
-slurry piping
-Service Air piping
-closed
cooling
water piping
-Make up water
piping
-Portable
water
piping

Out
side

Maker Standard (Shop Finish Painting)

Up to 60

Not
Insulated

Out
door
15

Panel

In
door

Electric Powder Coating (Min.80)

50

Out
door
16

Junction Box

17

Anchor Bolts &


Embedded
Materials

In
door
Out
door
In
door

N/A

Galvanizing will be performed in accordance with ASTM


A153, BS 729, BS3083, DIN 50976, BS 4479, KSD8308
(Refer to para 4.6)

60

AMB

Stainless
Galvanized
steel is
needed
paint
Stainless
Galvanized
steel is
needed
paint
Stainless
Galvanized
steel is
needed
paint

or
not
to
or
not
to
or
not
to

PROJECT

Procedure for Painting

18

Bolts & Embedded


Materials for Steel
Structure

1)

8.3.

REV No.
PAGE

SISTEMA DESULFURIZACION DE
GASES DE ESCAPE PARA LA
UNIDAD 1 CENTRAL BOCAMINA

15 of 20

Out
door
Dacrotized

In
door

Stainless
or
Galvanized
steel is not
needed
to
paint

AMB

Note:1. Final color shall be applied in accordance with Customer requirements.(5.4, 5.5)
If it is not required, it shall be applied in accordance with manufacturers Standard Color.

Safety Color Code


The safety color code is based on ANSI Z535.1 and shall be as follows for the proposal.
The supplier shall be noted that these colors are subject to change in accordance with
employer/engineers approval.
Safety Color

Application

Red

Fire protection and emergency; shall be used for hydrants and associated piping, fire
fighting equipment and facilities, including emergency shutdown controls.

Green

Safety; shall be used for first aid and protective equipment and facilities, sealing
devices, valves, including safety bulletin boards, gas mask boxes, and first aid kits.

Yellow

Caution; shall be used to designate location of physical hazards which might cause
stumbling, falling, tripping.

Orange

Alert; shall be used inside of removable guards for pull-up, shafts, chains, etc., inside
enclosed doors for electrical equipment, etc. Stop valves associated with relief
valves, any valves which for safety reasons are locked open.

Black and Yellow Stripe

Danger; shall be used for dangerous curbs, bottom risers, lap landings of stairways,
exposed and unguarded edges of platforms and walks, lower pulley blocks of cranes,
bumpers of fork lift trucks and cranes, pillar posts and columns in areas hazardous to
personnel (painted up to 2 meters above deck), and dead end passage ways.

Blue

Information; shall be used for informational signs and bulletin boards.

8.4.

Final Painting
This specification states final painting colors, which are based on the RAL numbers as a
Contractors standard, for equipment provided by Seller.

8.4.1.

Standard Colors of Equipment Painting

Item
No.

Description

Color

RAL Code

1.

General indoor equipment, such as STG,


condenser, pumps, etc

Signal White

2.

General outdoor equipment, such as boiler,


pumps, vessels, etc

Signal White

RAL 9003

Desulfurization System Structure

Saphire Blue

RAL 5003

4.

Crane bridges, monorail, trolleys, hoist, etc.,


and other mobile equipment

Signal Yellow

RAL 1003

Remarks

RAL 9003
Except Atomizer

5.

Tanks/Silos

Signal White

RAL 9003

6.

Chimney (Stack)

Traffic Red /
Pure White

RAL 3020 /
RAL 9010

Band (RAL)
- Lime : 1021/4001
- Recycle Ash :
1021/3001

PROJECT

Procedure for Painting

Item
No.

Description

REV No.
PAGE

Color

SISTEMA DESULFURIZACION DE
GASES DE ESCAPE PARA LA
UNIDAD 1 CENTRAL BOCAMINA

16 of 20

RAL Code

Remarks

7.

Grating and tread of platforms and stairways

Galvanized

8.

Checkered plates (steel floor), Galleries,


stairways, kick steps, ladder etc.

Signal White

RAL 9003

9.

Railings for floor, plate, stair

Signal Yellow

RAL 1003

10.

Fire-fighting equipment namely, piping &


fittings, and valves

Signal Red

RAL 3001

11.

Local control panel for mech. equipment


(indoor)

Pebble Grey

RAL 7032

12.

Local control panel for mech. equipment


(outdoor)

Pebble Grey

RAL 7032

13.

Electrical equipment (indoor)

Pebble Grey

RAL 7032

14.

Electrical equipment (outdoor)

Pebble Grey

RAL 7032

15.

Power transformer (external)

Pebble Grey

RAL 7032

16.

Isolated phase busduct

Pebble Grey

RAL 7032

17.

Segregated phase busduct

Pebble Grey

RAL 7032

18.

Control panel (indoor)

Pebble Grey

RAL 7032

note

19.

Control panel (outdoor)

Pebble Grey

RAL 7032

note

20.

Instrument cabinet/rack/terminal box

Pebble Grey

RAL 7032

21.

Control Valve & Manual Valve

Pebble Grey

RAL 7032

22.

Penthouse(SDA, Fabric filter)

Signal White
or Light Ivory

RAL 9003
or RAL 1015

23.

All safety purposes

As per safety
color code

24

Vessel (Ash handling)

Signal blue

RAL 5005

25

Jaw crusher (Ash handling)

Maker
Standard

Maker
Standard

26

Reversible conveyor (Ash handling)

Maker
Standard

Maker
Standard

27

Lump breaker (Ash handling)

Maker
Standard

Maker
Standard

28

Lime Slaker

Maker
Standard

Maker
Standard

Checked plate
for SDA, Duct,
Silo, Tank Item

Except
Atomizer
Cooling Air Fan

PROJECT

Procedure for Painting

Item
No.

Description

REV No.
PAGE

Color

SISTEMA DESULFURIZACION DE
GASES DE ESCAPE PARA LA
UNIDAD 1 CENTRAL BOCAMINA

17 of 20

RAL Code

Remarks

29

Vibrating screen
(Lime slurry)

Maker
Standard

Maker
Standard

30

Vibrating screen
(Recycle ash slurry)

Maker
Standard

Maker
Standard

31

Air Compressor

Maker
Standard

Maker
Standard

32

Air Receiver Tank

Signal blue

RAL 5005

33

Air Dryer

Maker
Standard

Maker
Standard

34

Agitator

Maker
Standard

Maker
Standard

35

Weighing hopper feeder


(Lime)

Maker
Standard

Maker
Standard

36

Feed hopper
(Recycle ash)

Maker
Standard

Maker
Standard

37

Bin activator

Maker
Standard

Maker
Standard

38

Truck Scale

Maker
Standard

Maker
Standard

39

Slurry Pump

Maker
Standard

Maker
Standard

40

Water Pump

Emerald green

RAL 6001

RAL 4001/2003
Band

41

Vent filter
(Fly Ash Silo)

Maker
Standard

Maker
Standard

Maker Standard

42

Vent filter
(Recycle Ash Silo)

Maker
Standard

Maker
Standard

Maker Standard

43

Pug Mill

Maker
Standard

Maker
Standard

Maker Standard

1)

Note : The color code of the control panels shall be determined at the owners review of
the packaged control system.

8.5.

Piping Color Code

8.5.1.

General
1)

8.5.2.

RAL
3001/5005/3001
Band

Piping materials shall be identified and color coded in accordance with ANSI A13.1. All
electrical conduits shall be identified using acceptable industry practice.

The product color code system shall consist of the following;


1)

A colored band around pipe to indicate classification of product

2)

Black lettering and black directional arrow to indicate flow direction between colored

PROJECT

Procedure for Painting

REV No.
PAGE

SISTEMA DESULFURIZACION DE
GASES DE ESCAPE PARA LA
UNIDAD 1 CENTRAL BOCAMINA

18 of 20

bands to identify the specific product within the general classification


8.5.3.

Color code
1)

Final colors shall be as given below. In case of galvanized, stainless steel and heat
isolated pipe, only color band shall be applied instead of painting. The color band shall
be painted around pipe..The banding color code shall be in accordance with the following:
Pipe
Material

Service/Fluid

Color

RAL Code

Closed cooling water

Carbon Steel

Base Emerald green


Band - Beige

Water Supply

Carbon Steel

Base Emerald green


Band
Red lilac/Pastel orange

Potable Water

Carbon Steel

Base Emerald green


Band - Emerald green

Lime Powder

Carbon Steel

Lime Slurry

Carbon Steel

Recycle Ash Powder

Carbon Steel

Recycle Ash Slurry

Carbon Steel

Service Air

Carbon Steel

Instrument Air

Legend

RAL 6001
RAL 1001
-

Base Signal blue


Band - Rape Yellow/
Red lilac
Base - Emerald green
Band - Rape Yellow/
Red lilac
Base Signal blue
Band
Signal
red/Silver grey
Base - Emerald green
Band - Rape Yellow/ Signal
red

CW

RW

Galv.

RAL 6001
RAL 6001

PW

Galv.

RAL 5005
RAL 1021/4001
LS

RAL 5005
RAL 3001/7001

RA

RAL 6001
RAL 1021/3001

RS

Base Signal blue


Band - Signal red

RAL 5005
RAL 3001

SA

Stainless Steel

Base - Signal blue


Band - Signal red /Signal
blue/ Signal red

RAL 5005
RAL
3001/5005/3001

IA

Air to Ashes

Carbon Steel

Base Signal blue


Band - Signal red

RAL 5005
RAL 3001

SA

Fly ash (Pneumatic)

Carbon Steel

Maker Standard

Maker Standard

Pipe Support

SS400

Base - Signal White

RAL 9003

8.5.5.

Directional Arrow
1)

The flow direction shall be indicated by black paint.


The arrow thickness at its widest point shall be equal to the letter height..

Legend
1)

Legend shall be brief, informative, pointed, and simple in full or abbreviated form.
Language shall be sued in English.
Letter height shall be in accordance with the following

Outside diameter (pipe, jacket, insulation)


<40mm
>40mm to 60mm
>60mm to 170mm
>170mm to 270mm

Galv.

RAL 6001
RAL 4001/2003

RAL 6001
RAL 1021/4001

8.5.4.

Remarks

Letter height
mm
12
20
45
65

Galv.

Galv.

PROJECT

Procedure for Painting

Outside diameter (pipe, jacket, insulation)


>270mm to
8.5.6.

REV No.
PAGE

SISTEMA DESULFURIZACION DE
GASES DE ESCAPE PARA LA
UNIDAD 1 CENTRAL BOCAMINA

19 of 20

Letter height
mm
90

Location of Color Bands


1)

Pipes
a) Color bands shall be applied to pipe immediately inside and outside of buildings,
adjacent to and on both sides of walls or partitions, and in other location as necessary
to further identify systems and maintain uniformity.
b) Band shall be applied as following spacing
Pipe Size(DN)
Up to 50
65 to 150
Over 200

2)

Band Spacing(m)
4
7
10

Vessels and Tanks


a) Markings shall normally be applied at the tank centerline but not more than 1.5m (5
feet) up from the base. Markings will normally face any entrance to the vessel area.

8.5.7.

Color Code Sketch for Piping System (Example)


1)

Identification band, legend and directional arrow


a) In case of galvanized and stainless steel, heat isolated;
-

Isolation cladding Base color Band color Base color Isolation cladding

Base color shall be painted upstream and downstream of a band but limited to
between isolation claddings only..

Cladding shall be located to separate painted surface from unpainted surface.

b) As indicated on each pipe at suitable position as following figure:

PROJECT

Procedure for Painting

REV No.
PAGE

SISTEMA DESULFURIZACION DE
GASES DE ESCAPE PARA LA
UNIDAD 1 CENTRAL BOCAMINA

20 of 20

FIGURE 1. Galvanized and stainless steel, heat isolated pipe

FIGURE 2. Ordinary pipe


2)

Identification Band

Outside diameter (pipe, jacket, insulation)


0 to 50 mm
+50mm to 150 mm
+150mm

Identification band
mm
50
100
200

Arrow length
mm
100
150
200