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Dynamics-Connected Bodies
1. Atwoods machine
m1 g T = m1a

a) For body A,

T m2 g = m2 a

For body B,

## Acceleration and tension of the system respectively

( m1 m2 ) g
( m1 + m2 )

And

T=

2m1m2 g
( m1 + m2 )

co
m

a=

are

( m1 + m2 )

( m1 + m2 ) ( m1 + m2 ) ( m1 + m2 )

at
io

m m2
a = 1
g
m1 + m2

n.

b) aCM = ( m1a1 m2 a2 ) = ( m1 m2 ) a = ( m1 m2 ) ( m1 m2 ) g

ed
uc

( m1 + m2 )

For body A,

--- (1)

T2 m2 g = m2 a

--- (2)

sh
i

For body B,

m1 g T1 = m1a

pulley.

1
a
MR 2
2
R

w
.s

(T1 T2 ) R =

ak

1
Ma
2

--- (3)

T1 T2 =

a=

( m1 m2 ) g

m1 + m2 +
2

m1 2m2 + g
2

T1 =
M
m1 + m2 +
2

and

m2 2m1 + g
2

T2 =
M
m1 + m2 +
2

## 3. One object having horizontal motion and other having

vertical motion:
a) For the body at A,

m2 g T = m2 a

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T = m1a

a =

m2 g
( m1 + m2 )

and T =

m1m2 g
( m1 + m2 )

2T

m2 g T = m2 a

T m1 g = m1a

( m2 m1 ) g
( m1 + m2 )

m1 g T1 = m1a
T2 m2 g = m2 a

T1 T2 = Ma

and

( m1 + m2 + M )
m1 [ 2m2 + M ] g
m1 + m2 + M

and

T2 =

m2 [ 2m1 + M ] g
m1 + m2 + M

sh
i

T1 =

( m1 m2 ) g

ed
uc

a=

m1m2 (1+ ) g
( m1 + m2 )

n.

## 4. For the body at A,

T=

And

at
io

a=

co
m

b) If the coefficient of friction between table and the mass is ' ' then

5. Two masses m1 and m2 connected by a string pass over a pulley. m2 is suspended and

ak

T m1 g Sin = m1a

w
.s

m2 g T1 = m2 a

and

## m1m2 [1+ sin]g

(m1 + m2 )

6. m1 g Sin T = m1a
T m2 g Sin = m2 a

Tension (T) =

## m1m 2 (sin + sin )g

m1 + m 2

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m1

m2

m1g

Acceleration,

(m2 m1 sin)g
a=
m1 + m2

sin
g
1

m1cos

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## g(m1 sin m2 sin )

Acceleration (a) =
m1 + m2

90

m2 m1
g
m
g =
g =
3
3m
m1 + m2

co
m

a) a =

T mg = ma

n.

mg = ma

m2 m1
2M M
g =
2M + M
m1 + m2

g =
3

ed
uc

a) a =

at
io

a = g

T Mg = Ma
4 Mg
3

sh
i

T = Mg + Ma =

ak

Mg T1 = Ma

w
.s

T1 = Mg Ma

2 Mg
3

Or T1 =

## 9. Two weights w1 and w2 are suspended as shown. When the pulley is

pulled up with an acceleration g, the tension in the string is
T=

2m1m2
(g + g)
( m1 + m2 )

Or T = 4m1m2 g = 4w1w2

( m1 + m2 ) ( w1 + w2 )

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## 10. Bodies in contact:

a. Consider two bodies m and M which are in contact and placed on a horizontal smooth
surface. Let a force f is applied on the system as shown. Let R be the contact force

f
M +m

ed
uc

2) f R = Ma and R = ma

at
io

1) a =

n.

co
m

f
M +m

ak

1) a =

sh
i

b.

2) f R = ma

R = Ma

w
.s

and

## 11. A uniform rope of length L is

be the mass per unit length of the rope. The tension in the rope at a distance l force the end
where force is applied is given by
a)

a=

F
mL

Ll
F
L

b) T =

## 12. A block of mass M is pulled by a rope of mass m by a force P on a smooth horizontal

plane.
m
M

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p
M+m

F=

Mp
(M + m)

T1 T2 = m2 a

## For the second body,

For the third body,

T2 = m 3 a

m3 F
( m1 + m2 + m3 )

T2 =

T1 =

And

( m2 + m3 ) F

m1 + m2 + m3

sh
i

F
m1 + m2 + m3

ed
uc

at
io

F T1 = m1a

a=

n.

co
m

## If the force (F) acts on m3 , then

( m1 + m2 ) F And
mF
T =
( m1 + m2 + m3 )
(m + m + m )

ak

T2 =

w
.s

14. Masses m1, m2, m3 are inter connected by light string and are pulled with a string with
tension T3 on a smooth table.

T1

m2

T2

m3

T3

m1

## a) Acceleration of the system

a=

T3
(m1 + m 2 + m 3 )

## b) Tension in the string

T1 = m1 a =

m1T3
m1 + m 2 + m 3

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T2 = (m1 + m 2 )a =

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(m1 + m 2 )T3

m1 + m 2 + m 3

w
.s

ak

sh
i

ed
uc

at
io

n.

co
m

T3 = (m1 + m2 + m3) a

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