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[DEVELOPMENT OF PIG EMBRYO: POSTERIOR]

STRUCTURES
DESCRIPTION
LEVEL OF THE LUNG BUDS (STEM BROCHI) AND FORELEG BUDS
Paired posterior cardinal
Most dorsal vein lying in the place occupied
veins
by the common cardinal veins.
syn: postcardinal vein
Pair of bud-like tissue masses from the
dorsolateral sides of the body
Level of the heart
Foreleg bud
Outer layer ectoderm
Apical ridge at the apex of ectoderm
Core mesoderm
interconnections of the ventral rami of the
cervical & thoracic spinal nerves
Brachial plexus
where the nerves of the forelimb branch out
innervates the limbs
small middle hole beneath the pair of dorsal
Esophagus
aorta
pair of vesicles that appear on both sides of
Lung buds
the trachea
thick partition of mesenchyme enclosing the
Mediastinum
trachea and the lung
pair of coelomic cavities on each side of
Pleural cavity
mediastinum where lung buds developed
Parietal pleura
lining of the lateral wall of the pleural cavity
medial epithelial lining of the pleural cavity
Visceral pleura
which will cover the lungs
mesenchymal partition extending across
Septum transversum
the body
blood vessel embedded on the right sie of
Posterior vena cava
the septum transversum
syn: inferior vena cava
occupies a dorsal position in the substance
thick-walled mass below septum
Ventricle
transversum
LEVEL OF THE LIVER AND THE STOMACH
Spinal nerve
arise from the spinal cord by the roots
contains spinal ganglion and sensory
Dorsal root
neurons that differentiate form the ganglion
syn: afferent / sensory root
cells
Ventral root
made up of motor fibers from motor
syn: efferent / motor root
neurons of the basal plate of the spinal cord
THREE (3) BRANCHES OF SPINAL NERVE TRUNK
carries fibers associated with the drsal
parts of the body
Dorsal ramus
skin, deep muscles of the back,
spinal column
carries fibers associated with the ventral
Ventral ramus
and lateral body wall
Ramus communicans
branch from ventral ramus
carries fibers to the viscera by means of

FATE

[DEVELOPMENT OF PIG EMBRYO: POSTERIOR]

Dorsal root ganglion

Mammary ridges
Descending aorta
Sympathetic ganglion

Mesonephric duct

Glomerulus

Mesonephros

Bowmans capsule
syn: glomerular capsule
Malpigian corpuscle
syn: renal corpuscle

glomerulus + bowmans capsule

coiled tubules at the outer lateral portion of


each mesonephros
connected at the corpuscles
horizontally enlarged segment of the
foregut which replaces the esophagus (series)
large mass with strands of cells hepatic
cord and spaces between strands hepatic
sinusoids
divided into: dorsal and ventral lobes
large blood vessels embedded in the liver
drains blood from: subcardinal sinus
sinus venosus
receives blood from: ductus venosus
lies on the right side of the stomach
supported by caval mesentery

Liver

Posterior vena cava

Ductus venosus

Dorsal mesogaster
Omental bursa
Epiploic foramen

pair of ganglion immediately dorsal to the


descending aorta
functional kidney at this stage
retroperitoneal & posterior to the liver
large oval canal along the ventral margin of
mesonephros
knots of blood capillaries at the medial side
of each kidney
very flat epthelium which surrounds the
glomerulus

Mesonephric tubules
Stomach

prevertebral sympathetic chain


medioventral to sympathetic ganglion
darkly nucleated body on both sides of the
spinal cord
fibers leads to the dorsolateral wall of spinal
cord
pair of elevations on the dorsolateral part of
the body
fused dorsal aorta
paired in the branchial region

Hepatogastric ligament

embedded in the septum transversum


holds the stomach in place
mesenchymal cells within it will form the
spleen
closed cavity to the right of the stomach
opens to peritoneal cavity
opening at the omental bursa
mesentery connecting the liver and
stomach
+ + + + + hepatoduodenal ligament

metanephros
Metanephric duct

Female: degenerate?
Male: epididymis, vas
deferens, seminal vesicle

Dorsal omentum

Lesser omentum

[DEVELOPMENT OF PIG EMBRYO: POSTERIOR]


Falciform ligament

Somites

Common bile duct

remnant of the ventral mesentery


attaches the liver to the ventral body wall
LEVEL OF THE COMMON BILE DUCT
44 paired somites
lumen = myocoel
myotome dorsomedian part of the block
dermatome will migrate under epidermis
sclerotome surround spinal cord and
notochord to form vertebral column

Skeletal muscles
Connective tissue of dermis

Duodenum

Posterior vena cava

Hepatic portal vein


Gonad rudiment

Big left & small right

umbilical veins
LEVEL THROUGH THE GALLBLADDER AND UMBILICAL CORD
Hepatic portal vein

Dorsal pancreas
Ventral pancreas

Gallbladder
Pair of umbilical veins

Cranial and caudal limb

of the intestinal loop


Superior mesenteric vein

and artery

Common vitelline vein


Left and right umbilical

arteries
allantois

Small right umbilical vein

& big left umbilical veins

tail
LEVEL THROUGH THE UROGENITAL SINUS AND UMBILICAL CORD

Subcardinal veins
Mesocolon

Mesonephric duct
Urogenital sinus

Rectum
Umbilical veins

Umbilical arteries
Allantois

Umbilical cord
Whartons jelly

LEVEL OF THE HINDLIMB BUD


Hindleg bud

[DEVELOPMENT OF PIG EMBRYO: POSTERIOR]


Pair of mesonephric duct
Mesocolon
Ureter

Spinal ganglia
Ventral roots of the
spinal nerves
Sclerotome
Myotome
Dermatome
Epidermis
Intersegmental arteries

LEVEL THROUGH THE SPINAL NERVE

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