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CALCULATORS

PROCESS DESIGN
EQUIPMENTS
INSTRUMENTATION
PIPING
SOLVED EXAMPLES
CONTRACTORS & SUPPLIERS

PIPING SPECIAL PIPING FITTINGS

8 Blind or Spectacle
Blind
2 Min Read

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An '8 blind' or a 'spectacle blind' is a piping tting


that is used for providing positive isolation. It
consists of a pair of metal discs attached to each
other as shown in the gure.
These metal discs are cut to t between two pipe
anges and usually sandwiched between two
gaskets. One of the metal discs is solid and is
used for blinding or isolating the pipe, during
maintenance. The other metal disc has a circular
hole to match the pipe internal diameter, as
shown in the gure. The function of this disc is to
allow the ow through the pipe during normal
operation.
Two discs are attached to each other using a
metal piece with a small hole in it which can be
used for rotating the 8 blind / spectacle blind. So

valveexerciser

during normal operation the solid disc is outside


elomat.de
the
pipe and hollow disc allows the ow through
tooperatehandwheels,valvesandhydrantsinthe
the pipe. During maintenance this 8 blind is
groundorabove
rotated so that the hollow disc is outside the pipe

while solid disc blocks or isolates the uid ow on

WoodwardControls
one
side of the pipe.

The
name spectacle blind comes from the
Api5ctTubing&Casing
spectacle like appearance of the device and the

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name 8 blind originates from the two circular


discs used to make the device. They are generally
installed
as a
permanent
device to separate
Advertise
with
us
process piping systems.
Advertise directly with us. Get links to your

They areReach
often used
along
block
andofbleed
website.
out to
our with
reader
base

valve assemblies
meant to provide
engineering
professionals.
Email -positive
isolation for maintenance on the process facilities.
admin@enggcyclopedia.com
After that block and bleed valve is closed and
equipment is depressurized and drained, the 8
blind / spectacle blind can be rotated into close
position to provide additional isolation from
process uids entering the maintenance area.
Valves

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The whole idea of a spectacle blind is so that one


can be absolutely sure that an item of equipment
is properly and securely blanked o with no
possibility of any ow or leakage through a valve
during maintenance.
The ow can be diverted to other items of
equipment but not just bypassed around the

blank as this would compromise the safety

function of the spectacle blind. The ow has to


valved o and pressure relieved prior to
loosening ange bolts and swinging the blind.

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Valve trim
The operating parts of a valve which are normally
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exposed

Maintenance Tools for Equipment Maintenance


Maintenance tools used in the following table are
frequently found

Positive Isolation
The primary objective of positive
isolation is to provide a

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positive isolation

spectacle blind

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Valve trim
The operating parts of a valve
which are normally exposed

Maintenance Tools for Equipment Maintenance


Maintenance tools used in the following table are
frequently found

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Positive Isolation
The primary objective of positive
isolation is to provide a

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