Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 8

9/21/2015

TheroleofquantitativetechniquesindecisionmakingprocessFreeManagementEssayEssayUK

(http://www.essay.uk.com)

Free Management essays


Home(http://www.essay.uk.com) / Freeessays(http://www.essay.uk.com/freeessays/index.php)
/ Managementessays(http://www.essay.uk.com/freeessays/management/index.php)
/ Theroleofquantitativetechniquesindecisionmakingprocess(http://www.essay.uk.com/free
essays/management/roleinquantitativetechniquesdecisionmaking.php)

The role of quantitative techniques in decision making


process (/free-management-essays/role-in-quantitativetechniques-decision-making.php)
Abstract:Thesecondhalfofthe20thcenturyhasbeenmarkedbyrapidadvancesofresearchmethodsinrealproblem
solving,withrapidprogressoftheinformationtechnologyandimportantstructuralandinstitutionalchangesthatshapeda
newlandscapeofthecorporateandeconomicenvironmenttowardsglobalizationofmarketsandtrade.Inthatprocess
thecontributionthatquantitativetechniquescanmaketomanagementdecisionmakingissignificant.
Keywords:quantitativetechniques,models,analysis,decision.

Introduction
Inthebusinessworld,andinfact,inpracticallyeveryaspectofdailyliving,quantitativetechniquesareusedtoassistin
decisionmaking.Inordertoworkeffectivelyinamodernbusinessorganisation,whethertheorganisationisaprivate
commercialcompany,agovernmentagency,astateindustryorwhatever,managersmustbeabletousequantitative
techniquesinaconfidentandreliablemanner.Accountantsmakedecisionsbasedontheinformationrelatingtothe
financialstateoforganization.Economistsmakedecisionbasedontheinformationrelatingtotheeconomicframeworkin
whichtheorganizationoperates.Marketingstaffmakedecisionsbasedoncustomerresponsetoproductanddesign.
Personnelmanagersmakedecisionsbasedontheinformationrelatingtothelevelsofemploymentintheorganization,
andsoon.Suchinformationisincreasinglyquantitativeanditisapparentthatmanagersneedaworkingknowledgeof
theproceduresandtechniquesappropriateforanalyzingandevaluatingsuchinformation.Suchanalysisandcertainly
thebusinessevaluationcannotbedelegatedtothespecialiststatisticianormathematician,who,adeptthoughtheymight
beatsophisticatednumericalanalysiswillfrequentlyhavelittleoverallunderstandingofthebusinessrelevanceofsuch
analysis.
Theimportanceofquantitativemethodsformanagers
Thequantitativemethodscontaintwocomponentparts,thequantitativeandmethod,withasymmetricalattentiontothe
quantitativeterm.
Speakingaboutmethod,interestisfocuseduponthesocalledScientificMethod.Scienceisthemasteringofthingsof
therealworld,byknowledgeaboutthetruth.Thetermmethoddrivestodialogueonmethodologyinsciencewhichis
clouded,asthephrasescientificmethodisusedintwodifferentways.Theoneisverygeneral,asaprocessofimproving
understanding.Althoughvague,itisconsideredasapowerfuldefinition,sinceitleavesroomforcriticizingdogmatic
clingingtobeliefsandprejudices,orappreciatingcarefulandsystematicreasoningaboutempiricalevidence.Theotheris
thetraditionalsense,andsupportsthatthereisauniquestandardmethod,whichiscentraltoidentityofthescience.In
effect,scientificprogressrequiresmanymethods,sothereisnotauniquestandardmethod,thoughtaughtasa
straightforwardtestinghypothesesderivedfromtheoriesinordertotestthosetheories.Themoreacceptabledefinitionof
scientificmethodisaprocessbywhichscientists,collectivelyandovertime,endeavourtoconstructanaccurate(thatis
reliable,consistentandnonarbitrary)representationoftherealworld.Thepopularhypotheticdeductivestandard
http://www.essay.uk.com/freeessays/management/roleinquantitativetechniquesdecisionmaking.php

1/8

9/21/2015

TheroleofquantitativetechniquesindecisionmakingprocessFreeManagementEssayEssayUK

methodisexcludingconsiderationoftheprocessofdiscoveryinscience.Rather,researchisdefinedasapenetrating
processoflearningandunderstandingthesubstanceofactualthingsandfacts,byuseofdifferentmethods.The
researchprocessincorporatesformulationofaresearchissueandconstructionofaconceptualframework,byusingall
availableinformationsources.
Thequantitativemethodshaveanumberofattributes,suchas:theyemploymeasurabledatatoreachcomparableand
usefulresults,assumealternativeplansforachievingobjectives,plandata,concerningobservationscollection,
configurationandelaborationbystatisticalandeconometricstochasticmethods,checkdatareliability,choose
appropriatesamplingmethod,usecarefullytheestimatesoftheparametersforforecastingandplanningpurposes,etc.
sincetheyderivefromexpostdataconcerningpast.
Inanincreasinglycomplexbusinessenvironmentmanagershavetograpplewithaproblemsandissueswhichrange
fromtherelativelytrivialtothestrategic.Insuchanenvironmentthequantitativetechniqueshaveanimportantrole.Itis
obviousthatlifeforanymanagerinanyorganizationisbecomingincreasinglydifficultandcomplex.Althoughthereare
manyfactorscontributingtothis,figure1illustratessomeofthemajorpressuresmakingdecisionmakingincreasingly
problematic.Organizationsfindthemselvesoperatinginanincreasinglycomplexenvironment.Changesingovernment
policy,privatization,increasinginvolvementoftheEuropeanUnioncontributetothiscomplexity.Atthesametime,
organizationsfaceincreasingcompetitionfrombothhomeandabroad.
Becauseoftheincreasingcomplexityofthebusinessenvironmentinwhichorganizationshavetofunction,the
informationneedsofamanagerbecomemorecomplexanddemandingalso.Thetimeavailabletoamanagertoasses,
analyseandreacttoaproblemoropportunityismuchreduced.Managersandtheirsupportinginformationsystemsneed
totakefast,andhopefullyappropriate,decisions.Finally,toaddtotheproblems,theconsequencesoftakingwrong
decisionsbecomemoreseriousandcostly.Enteringthewrongmarkets,producingthewrongproductsorproviding
inappropriateserviceswillhavemajorandbigconsequencesfororganizations.
Allofthisimpliesthatanythingwhichcanhelpthemanagerofanorganizationinfacinguptothispressuresand
difficultiesinthedecisionmakingprocessmustbeseriouslyconsidered.Quantitativetechniquesprovideinformation
aboutasituationorproblemandadifferentwaytoexaminingthatsituationthatmaywellhelp.Naturallysuchquantitative
analysiswillproduceinformationthatmustbeassessedandusedinconjunctionwithothersources.Businessproblem
aretackledfromthequantitativeperspective.Thedecisionsthatmustbemadelieatthecentreodtheprocess.These
willbestronglyinfluencedbythechosenorganisatonsstrategywithregardtoitsfuturedirection,prioritiesandactivities.
[4,pg.2]Beforereachingadecisionmanyfactorsandinformationmustbeconsidered.Also,techniqueshavepotentially
importantroletoplayinhelpingadecisionbuttheyarenotsufficientbythemselves.Thisisillustratedinfigure2.A
businesssituationmustbeexaminedfrombothaquantitativeandaqualitativeperspective.Informationandanalysis
fromboththeseperspectivesneedtobebroughttogether,assessedandactedupon.
Wecandefinequantitativetechniqueslikemathematicalandstatisticalmodelswhicharedescribingadiversearrayof
variablesrelationship,andtheyaredesignedtoassistmanagerswithmanagementproblemsolvinganddecisionmaking.
Therearemanyofmathematicalandstatisticaltechniqueswhichcanbeusedtohelpdecisionmakingbymanagersofall
typesofbusinessorganization:largeorsmall,privatesector,publicsector,profitoriented,manufacturing,orservice
sector.Statisticsisdefinedastheprocessofcollectingasample,organizing,analyzingandinterpretingdata.The
numericvalueswhichrepresentthecharacteristicsanalyzedinthisprocessarealsoreferredtoasstatistics.However,in
statisticsweareapplyingnumericalwayofexploration,andmethodofanalysisandsynthesispopulationofnumerical
datadependontheirnatureandextrapolationpurpose.[2,pg.1]Wheninformationrelatedtoaparticulargroupis
desired,anditisimpossibleorimpracticaltoobtainthisinformation,asampleorsubsetofthegroupisobtainedandthe
informationofinterestisdetermined.Collecteddataaretherowmaterialwhichbytreatmentshouldtransformintouseful
quantitativemeasures.[2,pg.19]Thequantitativemodels
Thetransformationofdataintoinformation,alsocalledinformationanalysis,wassupportedbymanagementinformation
systemprocesses.Adequatemodelshelpdevelopquantitativetechniquesinabusinesscontext.Modelsaresimplified
depictionsofrealityandoftentaketheformofanequationorsetofequationsthatdescribesomeeconomicsetting.In
economictheorymodelsaredeterministic.[3,pg.36]Modelscomeinavarietyofformsinbusiness:theyarenotjust
quantitative.Ascalemodelmightbeconstructedofanewofficedevelopment,afinancialmodelmaybedevelopedto
assestheimpactofbudgetchangesonproduct/servicedeliverythemarketingdepartmentmaydevelopamodelin
termsofassessingcustomerresponsetoproductchanges.However,anymodel,nomatterwhatitsformorpurpose,has
onedistinctivefeature:itisanattempttorepresentasituationinasimplifiedform.Whichmodelwillbeadequate

http://www.essay.uk.com/freeessays/management/roleinquantitativetechniquesdecisionmaking.php

2/8

9/21/2015

TheroleofquantitativetechniquesindecisionmakingprocessFreeManagementEssayEssayUK

dependsonpurposeofinvestigationandanalysis.[5,pg.104]Manyoperationalproblemsanddecisionmakinghave
beenbasedonresearchthatdealswithapplicationofmodelorquantitativetechniques.Therearefundamentallyfour
reasonswhyquantitativetechniquesareusedbymanagers:
1. Modelsforcemanagerstobeexplicitaboutobjectives.
2. Modelsforcemanagerstoidentifyandrecordthetypesofdecisions
(decisionvariables)thatinfluenceobjectives.
3. Modelsforcemanagerstoidentifyandrecordpertinentinteractionsandtradeoffbetweendecisionvariables.
4. Modelsforcemanagerstorecordconstraints(limitations)onthevaluesthatvariablesmayassume.
Inquantitativedecisionmakingproblems,differentkindsofformalmathematicalandothertypesofmodelshavebeen
implemented.Allorganizationsinbusinessusemanyquantitativemethodologies,includingnetworkanalysis,forecasting
(regression,pathanalysis,andtimeseries),costbenefitanalysis,optimization(linearprogramming,assignment,and
transportation),sensitivityanalysis,significancetesting,simulation,benchmarking,andtotalqualitymanagement.
Moreover,decisionsupportsystemsandcomputersbasedonthisprogrammedtechniquesareincreasinglybeingused
forenhancingorganizationscapabilities.Recently,therehavebeenrelativelyrapidadvancesintheuseoflargeamounts
ofdataandinthedevelopmentofnewtechniquesfortheiranalysis.
Insomecasesdecisionmakersfacedwithcomplexproblemscannotfind,andperhapsshouldnotseek,thebestpossible
solutions.Qualitativeanalysisisbasedprimarilyonthemanagersjudgmentandexperienceitincludesmanagers
conceptualandinterpersonalabilitytounderstandthatbehavioraltechniqueshelptosolveproblems.Qualitativeanalysis
isconsideredmoreasanartthanascience.Ifthemanagerhashadlittleexperiencewithnoroutineproblems,orifa
problemissufficientlycomplex,thenaquantitativeanalysismightbeaveryimportantconsiderationforthemanagers
finaldecisionmaking.
Quantitativeanalysisconcentratesonthefacts,data,orquantitativeaspectsassociatedwithproblems.Amanagers
educationalandtechnicalknowledgeofquantitativeprocedureshelptoenhancethedecisionmakingprocess.The
managerwhoisknowledgeableinquantitativedecisionmakingproceduresisinamuchbetterpositiontocompareand
evaluatethequalitativeandquantitativesourcesofinformation,orultimately,tocombinealternativestomakethebest
possibledecisions.
Atpresent,seatofthepants,reactivemanagerialstylesarealreadyonthewane,andincreasedemphasisisbeing
placedon"scientific"analysisandplanning.Uptodateexperienceisstillinvaluable,butitmustbeusedwithgreater
discipline.Analysisisnowmorerigorous,andcomputerspermitmorealternativestobeanalyzedingreaterdepth.But,
mostimportant,formalplanningisbeingusedasabasisforaction,notmerelyforproformaexercises.Onahigherand
moreconceptuallevel,quantitativeanalysisisfacilitatingcommunicationwhereitneverexistedbefore.Whenaproblem
hasbeenstatedquantitatively,onecanoftenseethatitisstructurallysimilartootherproblems(perhapsfromcompletely
differentareas)which,onthesurface,appeartobequitedifferent.Andonceacommonstructurehasbeenidentified,
insightsandpredictionscanbetransferredfromonesituationtoanotherthequantitativeapproachcanactuallyfoster
communication.
Thusitisnotnecessaryorevendesirableformodernmanagerstobeskilledpractitionersofquantitativeanalysis.But
theyfrequentlylackeventheabilitytorecognizetherighttoolordatawhentheyseethem,letalonetheabilitytofocuson
thebasicstructureofaproblemratherthanitssituationaluniqueness.Yettheymustbeabletodosoiftheyaretodo
morethangenerateelegantnonsense.Managersmustlearnwhatthevarioustoolsaredesignedtodoandwhatthe
limitsoftheircapabilitiesare.Theymustbeabletounderstandwhatstaffspecialistsareattemptingtoachievebya
particularanalysisandtodiscusstheappropriatenessofalternativeproceduressensibly(whichalsorequiresthe
developmentofadditionalvocabulary).Theymustfullyunderstandthevariablesamodelwillandwillnotconsiderandbe
abletoevaluatewhethertherelationshipsamongthevariablesaresensible.Managerscannotuseananalyticaltool
wiselyunlesstheyfullycomprehendtheunderlyingassumptions,whattheanalysisachieves,whatcompromisesthe
modelmakeswithreality,andhowitsconclusionsaretobeadaptedtochangingcircumstancesandintangible
considerations.Allofthisrequiresamorethoroughknowledgeofoperationsthanofmathematics.
Thedecisionmakingprocess

http://www.essay.uk.com/freeessays/management/roleinquantitativetechniquesdecisionmaking.php

3/8

9/21/2015

TheroleofquantitativetechniquesindecisionmakingprocessFreeManagementEssayEssayUK

Mainturningpointsinthepaceoftheuseofquantitativemethodsarementioned:thescientificmanagementrevolutionof
theearly90sinlastcentury,initiatedbyFredericTaylor,thesocalledKeynesianrevolution,theOperationalResearch
originatedduringtheSecondWorldWar,followedbypostwardevelopmentsofquantitativemethodsfordecision
making,notablythesimplexmethodforsolvinglinearprogrammingproblemsandmanymoremethodological
developments.Ascomplexityrose,attentionmovedtothedynamicinterfaceamongprocessesinachaintooffera
definiteoutput.Ineffect,itis(re)locatedinthethinkingoflogisticsandtheSupplychainmanagement,extendedmore
recentlytothebusinessprocessreengineering.[7,pg.11]Processescontainactivitiesandarerelatedamongeach
otherforspecificends.Theprocessingofrealproblemssolvinginvolvesthefollowingsteps:
1)Identificationofcorporateenvironmentanduncertainconditions
2)ExistenceofIndependentManagementUnits
3)Integratedapproachofactualsituations
4)ImplementationofScientificApproach
Processingisprimarilyamatterofunderstandingthatthenewrealityisexogenouslygiven,irreversibleandoneway
pace.Openmindedcost/benefitanalysisovercomeshesitationandpostponementandproducessynergyeffectsindue
course,whereasthecostofinactionmaybeinsuperablyhigherthantheactionnow.Criticalrolehasthetimingforthe
problemofcompetitivenessinanuncertainenvironment,incorporatingtheprobabilitydistributionsofthevariables
consideredintotheanalysis.Decisionmakingunderuncertaintyconditionsisananalyticframeworkofsearchingfor:
a)Optimalstrategies,asactsfromallpossiblecoursesofaction,choicesundercontrolofthedecisionmaker.
b)Variouspossibleoutcomes,statesofnatureoreventstobeidentified,beyondthecontrolofthedecisionmaker.
c)Determinationofthepayofffunctionbydescribingdifferentcombinationsofactsandeventsandtheresulting
consequences,thepayoffresultingfromtheithstrategyandthejthevent.Apayoffisaconditionalvaluea
conditionalprofit,lossor,maybe,aconditionalcost.Inbuildingupapayoffmatrix,thealternativecoursesofactionand
thepossibleoutcomes(events)mustbeclearlydetermined.
Thetradeoffsamongdecisionsunderuncertainty,withincost/benefitanalysis,usesanumberofbasicprinciples,as
partsofthedecisionmatrix:
theLaplacePrinciple(highestmeanvalueorlowestaveragecost),theMaximinorMinimaxPrinciple(choiceofthe
maximumfromasetofstrategieswithminimumpayoffs,adoptedbypessimisticdecisionmakers.Whilesuchaprinciple
hasthelogicofensuringthatdecisionmakersareinthebestpossiblepositioniftheworsthappens,theprincipledoes
obviouslyignorethepotentiallylargerprofitcontributionsthatcanbemadebyotherdecisions)
theMaximaxorMiniminPrinciple(choiceofthemaximumfromstrategieswiththehighestpayoffs,adoptedbyoptimistic
decisionmakers.Ingeneral,forthisprinciple,decisionmakersdeterminethemaximumpayoffforeachdecisionand
thenchoosethelargestofthese.Thisprinciplehastheadvantageoffocusingonthebestpossibleoutcome.)
theHurwiczPrinciple(choicesomewherebetweentheextremepessimismofthemaximinandtheextremeoptimismof
themaximaxprinciple)
theSavagePrinciple(choiceofactionthatminimizesthemaximumopportunitylossesfromthesocalledregrettable)
theMaximumLikelihoodPrinciple(consideringfirsttheeventthatismostlikelytooccurandchoiceofthecourseof
actionwhichhasthemaximumconditionalpayoff.)
theBayesianDecisionRule(anextensionoftheoptimalstrategychoicebycalculationoftheexpectedpayoffsbyusing
posteriorprobabilities,asadditionalinformationabouteventsisacquired)
theExpectationPrinciple(theoptimalchoicerepresentsthestrategywiththehighestexpectedpayoffs,calculatedby
multiplyingthepayoffvalueswiththeirrespectiveprobabilitiesandaddinguptheseproducts).
Thechoiceindecisionmakingunderriskconditionsdependsonaseriesofobjectiveandsubjectivefactors,tomentiona
few:information,enoughknowledgeoftechnologypossibilities,attitudesagainstrisk,etc.Justfasterandcheaperdata
communicationisnotenoughforgainingcompetitiveadvantage.Decisionsupportsystems,analyticalinformation

http://www.essay.uk.com/freeessays/management/roleinquantitativetechniquesdecisionmaking.php

4/8

9/21/2015

TheroleofquantitativetechniquesindecisionmakingprocessFreeManagementEssayEssayUK

technologyanddecisiontreesarehelpfulindecisionmaking.Themethodsforcreatingandanalysingmodels,
incorporatingmultiplescenariosandmoreexplicittreatmentofuncertainty,involvetwooverlappingdisciplines:stochastic
programmingandarelativelynewfieldofstrategyanalysiscalledscenarioplanning.
Therisksoferrorsinestimatesandpredictivepowerofthescientificmethodsarehigherinphasesofstructuralchanges
toadjustinanirreversiblenewworldaroundus.Scientificmethodsaimatassistingtheadjustmentprocessthatisa
matterofphilosophyandconceptualframeworke.g.themanagementthatservesthefundamentaleconomicaxiom,by
eliminatingthemisconceptionsandcoordinatingeffectivemobilizationoftotalavailableresources.
Testinghypothesesleadstoeitherconfirmationorrejectionofahypothesis.Theories,whichcannotbetested,because,
theyhavenoobservableramifications,donotqualifyasscientifictheories.Ifthepredictionsarefoundtobein
disagreementwithnewexperimentalresults,thetheorymaybediscardedasadescriptiontoreality,butitmaycontinue
tobeapplicablewithinalimitedrangeofmeasurableparameters.

Conclusions
Toaneverincreasingextent,modernmanagementisadoptingandapplyingquantitativetechniquestoaidintheprocess
ofdecisionmaking.Theintelligentuseoftheappropriatetoolscanreduceanotherwisehighlycomplexproblemtooneof
manageabledimensions.Thecollectionofthesetechniqueshasbecomelooselyknownas"decisiontheory,"although
therecertainlyisnosuchthingasanintegratedtheoryofhowtomakedecisions.Nevertheless,onewouldseriously
underestimatetheultimateimpactthesemethodsaregoingtohaveiftheyareviewedasnothingmorethanahandfulof
toolsthataresometimesusedtosolveparticulartypesofproblems.Indeed,thereisagrowingbodyofopinionthat
believesthatthegreatestimpactofthequantitativeapproachwillnotbeintheareaofproblemsolving,butwillratherbe
onproblemformulation.Itwillradicallyalterthewaymanagersthinkabouttheirproblemshowtheysizethemup,gain
newinsights,relatethemtootherproblems,communicatewithotherpeopleaboutthem,andgatherinformationfor
solvingthem.Thusquantitativeanalysiscouldhaveaprofoundeffectonthe"art"ofmanagement.
Source:Essay.uk.comhttp://www.essay.uk.com/freeessays/management/roleinquantitativetechniquesdecision
making.php(http://www.essay.uk.com/freeessays/management/roleinquantitativetechniquesdecisionmaking.php)

Not what you're looking for?


Ifthisessayisn'tquitewhatyou'relookingfor,whynotorderyourowncustomManagementessay,dissertationor
pieceofcourseworkthatanswersyourexactquestion?ThereareUKwritersjustlikemeonhand,waitingtohelp
you.Eachofusisqualifiedtoahighlevelinourareaofexpertise,andwecanwriteyouafullyresearched,fully
referencedcompleteoriginalanswertoyouressayquestion.Justcompleteoursimpleorderform
(http://essay.uk.com/onlineorder/index.php)andyoucouldhaveyourcustomisedManagementworkinyouremail
box,inaslittleas3hours.

Linda
SeniorLecturerinEconomics,EssayUKResearcherTeam.

About this resource


ThisManagementessaywassubmittedtousbyastudentinordertohelpyouwithyourstudies.

Rating:
Rating
4/5(1time)
http://www.essay.uk.com/freeessays/management/roleinquantitativetechniquesdecisionmaking.php

5/8

9/21/2015

TheroleofquantitativetechniquesindecisionmakingprocessFreeManagementEssayEssayUK

Orderacustomessay(http://www.essay.uk.com/onlineorder/index.php)
Downloadthispage
Printthispage
Emailthispage(mailto:?
SUBJECT=Re%3A%20The%20role%20of%20quantitative%20techniques%20in%20decision%20making%20process%20
%20Free%20Management%20Essay%20
%20Essay%20UK&BODY=I%20thought%20you%20might%20find%20this%20useful%3A%20http%3A//www.essay.uk.com/free
essays/management/roleinquantitativetechniquesdecisionmaking.php)
Searchagain(http://www.essay.uk.com/search.php)

Word count:
Thispagehasapproximately3039words.

Share:
Like

Share

Cite:
Ifyouusepartofthispageinyourownwork,youneedtoprovideacitation,asfollows:
Essay.uk.com,Theroleofquantitativetechniquesindecisionmakingprocess.Availablefrom:
<http://www.essay.uk.com/freeessays/management/roleinquantitativetechniquesdecisionmaking.php>[210915].

More information:
Ifyouaretheoriginalauthorofthiscontentandnolongerwishtohaveitpublishedonourwebsitethenpleaseclickon
thelinkbelowtorequestremoval:
Requestremoval (mailto:contact@essay.uk.com?subject=Requestforessayremoval)

http://www.essay.uk.com/freeessays/management/roleinquantitativetechniquesdecisionmaking.php

6/8

9/21/2015

TheroleofquantitativetechniquesindecisionmakingprocessFreeManagementEssayEssayUK

(http://www.essay.uk.com/services/index.php)

About
Weofferprofessionalcustomessaywriting,dissertationwritingandcourseworkwritingservice.Ourworkishighquality,
plagiarismfreeanddeliveredontime.
Essay.uk.comisatradingnameofStudentAcademicServicesLimited,acompanyregisteredinEnglandandWalesunder
CompanyNumber08866484.

http://www.essay.uk.com/freeessays/management/roleinquantitativetechniquesdecisionmaking.php

7/8

9/21/2015

TheroleofquantitativetechniquesindecisionmakingprocessFreeManagementEssayEssayUK

Top pages:
QUANTITATIVETECHNIQUESESSAY(HTTP://WWW.ESSAY.UK.COM/FREEESSAYS/MANAGEMENT/ROLEINQUANTITATIVETECHNIQUESDECISION
MAKING.PHP)
ESSAYWRITINGSERVICES(HTTP://WWW.ESSAY.UK.COM/SERVICES/ESSAYWRITINGSERVICES.PHP)

SAMPLERESEARCHPAPERPROPOSAL(HTTP://WWW.ESSAY.UK.COM/GUIDES/ESSAY/SAMPLERESEARCHPAPERPROPOSAL.PHP)

RESEARCHPAPERVSTHESIS(HTTP://WWW.ESSAY.UK.COM/GUIDES/THESIS/DIFFERENCERESEARCHPAPERTHESIS.PHP)

GLOBALFACTORSANDSTRATEGY(HTTP://WWW.ESSAY.UK.COM/FREEESSAYS/BUSINESS/GLOBALFACTORSSTRATEGY.PHP)

PORTER'SFIVEFORCESMODEL(HTTP://WWW.ESSAY.UK.COM/FREEESSAYS/BUSINESS/PORTERSFIVEFORCESMODEL.PHP)

SAMSUNG'STARGETMARKET(HTTP://WWW.ESSAY.UK.COM/FREEESSAYS/MARKETING/SAMSUNGSTARGETMARKET.PHP)

Most popular areas:


FREEESSAYS(HTTP://WWW.ESSAY.UK.COM/FREEESSAYS/INDEX.PHP)

ESSAYWRITINGGUIDE(HTTP://WWW.ESSAY.UK.COM/GUIDES/ESSAY/INDEX.PHP)

THESISGUIDE(HTTP://WWW.ESSAY.UK.COM/GUIDES/THESIS/INDEX.PHP)

DISSERTATIONGUIDE(HTTP://WWW.ESSAY.UK.COM/GUIDES/DISSERTATION/INDEX.PHP)

SWOTANALYSES(HTTP://WWW.ESSAY.UK.COM/GUIDES/SWOTANALYSES/INDEX.PHP)

WRITERJOBS(HTTP://WWW.ESSAY.UK.COM/RECRUIT/WRITERJOBS.PHP)

FREEPLAGIARISMCHECKER(HTTP://WWW.ESSAY.UK.COM/PLAGIARISMCHECKER/INDEX.PHP)

Contact Us
31ChurchDrive
Daybrook
Arnold
NottinghamNG56JF
Phone:01158968805
Email:contact@essay.uk.com

2015AllRightsReserved. PrivacyPolicy(http://www.essay.uk.com/information/privacypolicy.php) | TermsofService


(http://www.essay.uk.com/information/terms.php) | XMLsitemap(http://www.essay.uk.com/sitemap.xml)

(https://www.facebook.com/EssayUk) (https://plus.google.com/+EssayUk/posts)
(https://uk.linkedin.com/company/studentacademicserviceslimited)
(https://twitter.com/jenessayuk)

http://www.essay.uk.com/freeessays/management/roleinquantitativetechniquesdecisionmaking.php

8/8