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Properties of Materials and Applications, CPE641

TUTORIAL -1
OCTOBER 2014

1. A 800 Ib homogeneous cylinder is supported by two rollers as shown in Fihure


1. Determine the forces exerted by the rollers on the cylinder. All surfaces are
smooth.

Figure 1: The homogeneous cylinder and its support


Free Body Diagram:

Find RA and RB:

F +
x =0
R A cos 60 R B cos 60 =0
R A =RB

(eq. 1)

F +y =0
R A sin 60 + RB sin 60 W =0( eq .2)
(1) (2)
RB sin 60 + RB sin 60 800=0
2 [ R B ( sin 60 ) ]=800
R A =RB =461.8 lbf
2. A curveed slender bar is loaded and supported as shown in Figure 2.
Determine the reactions at at support A.

Figure 2 The curved bar supporting 250 Lb weight


Free Body Diagram:

Find MA:

F +
X =0
A X =0

F +Y =0
A Y 250=0
A Y =25 0 lbf

M +A =0
M A + 250 ( 3 )=0
M A=750 lbf . ft
3. The lawn mover shown in Figure 3 weighs 35 Ib. Determine the force P
required to move the mover at a constant velocity and the forces exerted on the
front and rear wheels by the inclined surface.

Figure 3 The lawn mover


Note: 1 lbf =4.45 N
1 in = 0.0254 m
Free body Diagram:

Find P,RA and RB :

W = 35lbf

F +
X =0
P cos 30 W sin 15 =0

P=

35 sin 15
cos 30

= 10.46lbf

F +Y =0
R A + R BP sin 30 W cos 15 =0 (eq.1)

M +A =0
W cos 15 ( 13 )W sin 15 ( 4 )R B ( 27 )P sin 30 ( 34 ) + P cos 30 ( P sin 30 )=0
35 cos 15 ( 13 ) 35 sin15 ( 4 )R B ( 27 )10.46 sin 30 ( 34 ) +10.46 cos 30 ( 10.46 sin 30 )=0
RB =10.10 lbf
Sub RB = 10.10 lbf to eq.1
RA = -28.94 lbf
4. Determine the forces in members CD, CF and FG of the bridge truss as shown
in Figure 4.

Figure 4 The bridge truss

Note; 1 kip = 4.45 KN


1 ft = 0.3048 m

F +Y =0
R A + R E =30 (eq.1)

M +A =0
10 ( 15 )+ 20 (30 )R E ( 45 )=0
R E=16.67 kip
Sub RE = 16.67kip to eq. 1
RA = 13.33kip
At point A:

F +Y =0
R A +T AB sin30 =0
T AB =

13.33
sin30

26.66 kip

F +
X =0
T AG =T AB cos 30
23.09 kip

At point B:

T BAT BC =0
T BA=T BC
T BC =26.66 kip

At point E:

F +
X =0
T EFT ED cos 30 =0 (eq.1)

F +Y =0
R E +T ED sin 30 =0

T ED=

RE
sin30

33.34 kip

(eq.2)

Sub value in eq.2 to eq.1


T EF =28.87 kip
At point D:

T DET DC =0
T DE=T DC
T DC =33.34 kip
At point C:

F +
X =0
T CB cos 30 T CG sin 30 +T CF sin 30 + T CD cos 30 =0

26.66T CG tan 30 +T CF tan 30 33.34=0

F +Y =0

(eq.1)

26.66 tan 30 T CG T CF +33.34 tan30 =0(eq .2)


Solve e.q 1 and e.q 2 simultaneously:
T CF tan 30 =T CG tan30 +6.68
T CF =T CG +34.64

(eq.3)

Sub eq.3 into eq.1

( 34.6T CG ) tan 30 =T CG tan 30 +6.68


34.64T CG =T CG +11.57
T CG =11.53 kip
T CF tan 30 =11.53 tan 30 +6.68
T CF =23.10 kip
At point F:

F +
X =0
T FG T FC cos 60 +T FD cos 60 +28.87=0

F +Y =0
20+ T FC sin 60 +T FD sin 60 =0
T FD=46.19 kip

(eq.2)

(e.q 1)

Sub eq.2 to eq.1


T FG + 23.10cos 60 + 46.19 cos 60 28.87=0
T FG=5.775 kip

5. A drum of mass 200 Kg is supported by a pair of frames. The second frame is


behind the one shown. The system is as shown in Figure 5. Determine the
forces acting on member ACE.

Figure 5 The drum and its support


Free Body Diagram:

RC =W =mg

9.81
( 2001000
) kN

1.962 kN

F +y =0
R D sin 45 + R E sin 45 W =0

R D sin 45 R E sin 45 1.962 kN=0 (eq.1)

F +
X =0
R D cos 45 R E cos 45 =0
R D=R E

(eq.2)

Sub eq.2 to eq.1


2 R E ( sin 45 ) =1.962
R E=1.3873 kN
R D=1.3873 kN

F +Y =0
R A + R BW =0
R A + R B=1.962 kN

(eq.1)

M +A =0
R B ( 2 )+ W (1 )=0
RB =

1.962
2
0.981 kN

(eq.2)

Sub eq.2 to eq.1


R A =1.9620.981
R A =0.981 kN
6. Determine the internal forces acting on section a-a in the bar rack shown in
the diagram below. Each bar has a mass of 50 Kg

Free Body Diagram:

W 1=
0.4905 kN

W 2=

( 2510009.81 ) kN

0.2453 kN

( 5010009.81 ) kN

F +
X =0
A X B sin27 =0

(eq.1)

F +Y =0
A Y 2 W 1 +B cos 27 =0

(eq.2)

M +A =0
W 1 ( 290 cos 27 ) +W 1 ( 120 cos 63 )+ B ( 580 )=0
0.49 ( 290 cos 27 ) +0.49 ( 120 cos 63 ) +B ( 580 ) =0
580 B=99.48

B=0.172 kN

(eq.3)

Sub eq.3 to eq.1 and eq.2


A Y 2 ( 0.49 ) +0.172 cos 27 =0
A Y =0.827 kN
A X 0.172 sin 27=0
A X =0.078 kN

A= ( A X ) + ( A Y )
( 0.078 ) + ( 0.0827 )
2

0.8308 kN

7. The reaction between thr crutch and the ground is 35 Ib, as shown in the
diagram below. Determine the internal forces acting on section a-a

Free Body Diagram:

F +
X =0

A X 35 sin 25=0
A X =14.79 ft

F +Y =0

A Y 35 cos 25 =0
A Y =31.72 ft

M +A =0
M a .a + ( 35 sin 25 )( 2 )=0
M a .a=29.58 kN

8. Determine the force P required to push the 115- Kg cylinder over the small block
shown in the diagram below

Free Body Diagram:

Determine force P:

W =115 9.81
1128.15 kN

F +Y =0

P sin 20 1128.15 cos 20 + R A + RB sin 41.23 =0

(eq.1)

F +
X =0
P cos 20 RB cos 41.23 1128.15 sin 20 =0

(eq.2)

M +A =0
P cos 20 ( 220 ) +1128.15 sin 20 ( 220 )R B sin 41.23 ( 165.45 )R B cos 41.23 ( 75 )=0

9. An axial load P is applied to a timber block as shown. Determine the normal and
shear stress on the plane of the grain if P = 1500 Ib

Free Body Diagram:

Assume Effective Area= 1ft2


F N =P sin 14
362.883lb

Ft =P cos 14
1455.444 lb

( Eff F. Area )

362.883
1

362.883

lb
2
ft

( Eff F. Area )

1455.444
1

1455.444

lb
ft 2

10. The steel bar shown will be used to carry an axial tensile load of 400 KN. If the
thickness of the bar is 45 mm, determine the normal and shearing stresses on
the plane a-a

Free Body Diagram:

sin 53 =

75
h

( sin7553 )m

h=

93.91 m

Effective . Area , A=45 ( 93.91 )


4225.96 mm

FN
=cos 37
400 kN
F N =319454.204 N
Ft
=sin 37
400 kN
Ft =240726 N

FN
Eff . Area

319454.204
4225.96

75.59 MPa

Ft
Eff . Area

240726
4225.96

56.96 MPa

11.

Free Body Diagram:

sin 37 =

9
AD

AD =14.95 kN
cos 37 =

AB
14.95

AB =11.94 kN

2.25 MPa=

11.94 kN
100 a

a=53.07 mm

Area , A=46

24 2

in2

mm2
2

1
( 25.42 ) mm2

2
24
225 psi

N/mm2
N
2
mm
N
=1.5525
2
1 psi
mm

0.0069
225 psi

F=1.5525

N
15483.84 mm2=24038.6616 N
2
mm

Compresive force,P:
12 24038.6616
=
13
P
P=26.04 kN