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Liverpool F.C.

This article is about the mens football club. For the


womens football club, see Liverpool L.F.C.. For other
uses, see Liverpool F.C. (disambiguation).
Liverpool Football Club (/lvrpul/) is a Premier
League football club based in Liverpool, Merseyside,
England. The club has won ve European Cups, three
UEFA Cups, three UEFA Super Cups, 18 League titles,
seven FA Cups, a record eight League Cups, and 15 FA
Community Shields.
The club was founded in 1892 and joined the Football
League the following year. The club has played at Aneld
since its formation. Liverpool established itself as a major force in both English and European football during the
1970s and 1980s when Bill Shankly and Bob Paisley led
the club to 11 League titles and seven European trophies.
Under the management of Rafa Bentez and captained by
Steven Gerrard Liverpool re-emerged as European champions once again, winning the 2005 UEFA Champions
League Final against Milan in spite of being 30 down at
half time.
Liverpool was the ninth highest-earning football club
in the world for 201314, with an annual revenue of
306 million,[3] and the worlds eighth most valuable
John Houlding, the founder of Liverpool F.C.
football club in 2015, valued at $982 million.[4] The
club holds many long-standing rivalries, most notably the
North West Derby against Manchester United and the
dent and owner of the land at Aneld. After eight years
Merseyside derby with Everton.
at the stadium, Everton relocated to Goodison Park in
The clubs supporters have been involved in two major
1892 and Houlding founded Liverpool F.C. to play at
tragedies. The rst was the Heysel Stadium disaster in
Aneld.[5] Originally named Everton F.C. and Athletic
1985, where escaping fans were pressed against a collapsGrounds Ltd (Everton Athletic for short), the club being wall in the Heysel Stadium, with 39 peoplemostly
came Liverpool F.C. in March 1892 and gained ocial
Italians and Juventus fanslosing their lives, after which
recognition three months later, after The Football AssoEnglish clubs were given a ve-year ban from European
ciation refused to recognise the club as Everton.[6] The
competition. The second was the Hillsborough disaster
team won the Lancashire League in its dbut season, and
in 1989, where 96 Liverpool supporters lost their lives
joined the Football League Second Division at the start
in a crush against perimeter fencing. The team changed
of the 189394 season. After nishing in rst place the
from red shirts and white shorts to an all-red home strip in
club was promoted to the First Division, which it won in
1964 which has been used ever since. The clubs anthem
1901 and again in 1906.[7]
is "You'll Never Walk Alone".
Liverpool reached its rst FA Cup Final in 1914, losing 10 to Burnley. It won consecutive League championships in 1922 and 1923, but did not win another tro1 History
phy until the 194647 season, when the club won the
First Division for a fth time under the control of exMain articles: (18921959), (195985) and (1985 West Ham Utd centre half George Kay.[8] Liverpool sufpresent)
fered its second Cup Final defeat in 1950, playing against
Liverpool F.C. was founded following a dispute between Arsenal.[9] The club was relegated to the Second Division
the Everton committee and John Houlding, club presi- in the 195354 season.[10] Soon after Liverpool lost 21
1

2
to non-league Worcester City in the 195859 FA Cup,
Bill Shankly was appointed manager. Upon his arrival he
released 24 players and converted a boot storage room at
Aneld into a room where the coaches could discuss strategy; here, Shankly and other "Boot Room" members Joe
Fagan, Reuben Bennett, and Bob Paisley began reshaping
the team.[11]

HISTORY

Cup and European Cup in Fagans rst season, becoming


the rst English side to win three trophies in a season.[17]
Liverpool reached the European Cup nal again in 1985,
against Juventus at the Heysel Stadium. Before kick-o,
Liverpool fans breached a fence which separated the two
groups of supporters, and charged the Juventus fans. The
resulting weight of people caused a retaining wall to collapse, killing 39 fans, mostly Italians. The incident became known as the Heysel Stadium disaster. The match
was played in spite of protests by both managers, and Liverpool lost 10 to Juventus. As a result of the tragedy,
English clubs were banned from participating in European competition for ve years; Liverpool received a tenyear ban, which was later reduced to six years. Fourteen Liverpool fans received convictions for involuntary
manslaughter.[18]

Statue of Bill Shankly outside Aneld. Shankly won promotion


to the First Division and the clubs rst league title since 1947.

The club was promoted back into the First Division in


1962 and won it in 1964, for the rst time in 17 years.
In 1965, the club won its rst FA Cup. In 1966, the club
won the First Division but lost to Borussia Dortmund in
the European Cup Winners Cup nal.[12] Liverpool won
both the League and the UEFA Cup during the 197273
season, and the FA Cup again a year later. Shankly retired soon afterwards and was replaced by his assistant,
Bob Paisley.[13] In 1976, Paisleys second season as manager, the club won another League and UEFA Cup double. The following season, the club retained the League
title and won the European Cup for the rst time, but it
lost in the 1977 FA Cup Final. Liverpool retained the
European Cup in 1978 and regained the First Division
title in 1979.[14] During Paisleys nine seasons as manager Liverpool won 21 trophies, including three European
Cups, a UEFA Cup, six League titles and three consecutive League Cups; the only domestic trophy he did not
win was the FA Cup.[15]

The Hillsborough memorial, which is engraved with the names


of the 96 people who died in the Hillsborough disaster.

Fagan had announced his retirement just before the


disaster and Kenny Dalglish was appointed as playermanager.[19] During his tenure, the club won another
three League Championships and two FA Cups, including
a League and Cup "Double" in the 198586 season. Liverpools success was overshadowed by the Hillsborough
disaster: in an FA Cup semi-nal against Nottingham
Forest on 15 April 1989, hundreds of Liverpool fans were
crushed against perimeter fencing.[20] Ninety-four fans
died that day; the 95th victim died in hospital from his
injuries four days later and the 96th died nearly four years
later, without regaining consciousness.[21] After the HillsPaisley retired in 1983 and was replaced by his assis- borough disaster there was a government review of statant, Joe Fagan.[16] Liverpool won the League, League dium safety. The resulting Taylor Report paved the way

3
for legislation that required top-division teams to have allseater stadiums. The report ruled that the main reason for
the disaster was overcrowding due to a failure of police
control.[22]
Liverpool was involved in the closest nish to a league
season during the 198889 season. Liverpool nished
equal with Arsenal on both points and goal dierence,
but lost the title on total goals scored when Arsenal scored
the nal goal in the last minute of the season.[23]
Dalglish cited the Hillsborough disaster and its repercussions as the reason for his resignation in 1991; he was replaced by former player Graeme Souness.[24] Under his
leadership Liverpool won the 1992 FA Cup Final, but
their league performances slumped, with two consecutive
sixth-place nishes, eventually resulting in his dismissal
in January 1994. Souness was replaced by Roy Evans,
and Liverpool went on to win the 1995 Football League
Cup Final. While they made some title challenges under
Evans, third-place nishes in 1996 and 1998 were the best
they could manage, and so Grard Houllier was appointed
co-manager in the 199899 season, and became the sole
manager in November 1998 after Evans resigned.[25] In
2001, Houlliers second full season in charge, Liverpool
won a "Treble": the FA Cup, League Cup and UEFA
Cup.[26] Houllier underwent major heart surgery during
the 200102 season and Liverpool nished second in the
League, behind Arsenal.[27] They won a further League
Cup in 2003, but failed to mount a title challenge in the The European Champion Clubs Cup trophy won by Liverpool
for a fth time in 2005
two seasons that followed.
Houllier was replaced by Rafael Bentez at the end of the
200304 season. Despite nishing fth in Bentezs rst
season, Liverpool won the 200405 UEFA Champions
League, beating A.C. Milan 32 in a penalty shootout
after the match ended with a score of 33.[28] The following season, Liverpool nished third in the Premier
League and won the 2006 FA Cup Final, beating West
Ham United in a penalty shootout after the match nished
33.[29] American businessmen George Gillett and Tom
Hicks became the owners of the club during the 2006
07 season, in a deal which valued the club and its outstanding debts at 218.9 million.[30] The club reached the
2007 UEFA Champions League Final against Milan, as it
had in 2005, but lost 21.[31] During the 200809 season
Liverpool achieved 86 points, its highest Premier League
points total, and nished as runners up to Manchester
United.[32]

2010.[35] Poor results during the start of that season led


to Hodgson leaving the club by mutual consent and former player & manager Kenny Dalglish taking over.[36]
Despite a record 8th League Cup success against Cardi
and an FA Cup nal defeat to Chelsea, Liverpool nished
in eighth position in the 201112 season, the worst league
nish in 18 years and led to the sacking of Dalglish.[37][38]
He was replaced by Brendan Rodgers.[39] In Rodgers rst
season, Liverpool nished in seventh. In the 201314
season, Liverpool mounted an unexpected title charge
to nish second behind champions Manchester City and
subsequently return to the Champions League, scoring
101 goals in the process, the most since the 106 scored
in the 189596 season.[40][41] Following a disappointing
201415 season, where Liverpool nished sixth in the
league, and a poor start to the 201516 season, Brendan
In the 200910 season, Liverpool nished seventh in the Rodgers was sacked in October 2015.[42] He was replaced
Premier League and failed to qualify for the Champions by Jrgen Klopp,[43] who became the third foreign manLeague. Bentez subsequently left by mutual consent[33] ager in Liverpools history.[44]
and was replaced by Fulham manager Roy Hodgson.[34]
At the start of the 201011 season Liverpool was on the
verge of bankruptcy and the clubs creditors asked the
2 Colours and badge
High Court to allow the sale of the club, overruling the
wishes of Hicks and Gillett. John W. Henry, owner of
the Boston Red Sox and of Fenway Sports Group, bid For much of Liverpools history its home colours have
successfully for the club and took ownership in October been all red, but when the club was founded its kit was
more like the contemporary Everton kit. The blue and

2 COLOURS AND BADGE


shirts and white shorts. After various colour combinations in the 1990s, including gold and navy, bright yellow, black and grey, and ecru, the club alternated between yellow and white away kits until the 200809 season, when it re-introduced the grey kit. A third kit is
designed for European away matches, though it is also
worn in domestic away matches on occasions when the
current away kit clashes with a teams home kit. The current kits are designed by Warrior Sports, who became the
clubs kit providers at the start of the 201213 season.[47]
In February 2015, Warriors parent company New Balance announced it would be entering the global football
market, with teams sponsored by Warrior now being outtted by New Balance.[48] The only other branded shirts
worn by the club were made by Umbro until 1985, when
they were replaced by Adidas, who produced the kits until 1996 when Reebok took over. They produced the kits
for ten years before Adidas made the kits from 2006 to
2012.[49]

Liverpools home colours worn from 1892 to 1896[45]

white quartered shirts were used until 1894, when the


club adopted the citys colour of red.[5] The citys symbol of the liver bird was adopted as the clubs badge in
1901, although it was not incorporated into the kit until
1955. Liverpool continued to wear red shirts and white
shorts until 1964, when manager Bill Shankly decided to
change to an all red strip.[45] Liverpool played in all red A version of Liverpools Crest as depicted on the Shankly Gates
for the rst time against Anderlecht, as Ian St. John recalled in his autobiography:
Liverpool was the rst English professional club to have
a sponsors logo on its shirts, after agreeing a deal with
He [Shankly] thought the
Hitachi in 1979.[50] Since then the club has been sponcolour scheme would carry psysored by Crown Paints, Candy, Carlsberg and Standard
chological impactred for danger,
Chartered Bank. The contract with Carlsberg, which was
red for power. He came into the
signed in 1992, was the longest-lasting agreement in Endressing room one day and threw
glish top-ight football.[51] The association with Carlsa pair of red shorts to Ronnie
berg ended at the start of the 201011 season, when StanYeats.
Get into those shorts
dard Chartered Bank became the clubs sponsor.[52]
and lets see how you look, he
said. Christ, Ronnie, you look
The Liverpool badge is based on the citys liver bird,
awesome, terrifying. You look 7ft
which in the past had been placed inside a shield. In
tall. Why not go the whole hog,
1992, to commemorate the centennial of the club, a new
boss?" I suggested. Why not wear
badge was commissioned, including a representation of
red socks? Lets go out all in red.
the Shankly Gates. The next year twin ames were added
Shankly approved and an iconic kit
at either side are symbolic of the Hillsborough memorial
was born.[46]
outside Aneld, where an eternal ame burns in memThe Liverpool away strip has more often than not been
all yellow or white shirts and black shorts, but there have
been several exceptions. An all grey kit was introduced
in 1987, which was used until the 199192 centenary
season, when it was replaced by a combination of green

ory of those who died in the Hillsborough disaster.[53]


In 2012, Warrior Sports rst Liverpool kit removed the
shield and gates, returning the badge to what had adorned
Liverpool shirts in the 1970s; the ames were moved to
the back collar of the shirt, surrounding the number 96
for number who died at Hillsborough.[54]

Stadium

eld, Liverpool announced plans to move to the proposed


Stanley Park Stadium in May 2002.[62] Planning permission was granted in July 2004,[63] and in September 2006,
Main article: Aneld
to grant Liverpool a 999For information on Liverpools abandoned proposed new Liverpool City Council agreed[64]
year
lease
on
the
proposed
site.
Following the takeover
stadium, see Stanley Park Stadium.
of
the
club
by
George
Gillett
and
Tom
Hicks in February
Aneld was built in 1884 on land adjacent to Stanley
2007, the proposed stadium was redesigned. The new
design was approved by the Council in November 2007.
The stadium was scheduled to open in August 2011 and
would hold 60,000 spectators, with HKS, Inc. contracted
to build the stadium.[65] Construction was halted in August 2008, as Gillett and Hicks had diculty in nancing the 300 million needed for the development.[66] In
October 2012, BBC Sport reported that Fenway Sports
Group, the new owners of Liverpool FC, had decided to
redevelop their current home at Aneld stadium, rather
than building a new stadium in Stanley Park. As part of
the redevelopment the capacity of Aneld was to increase
from 45,276 to approximately 60,000 and would cost approximately 150m.[67]
Aneld, home of Liverpool F.C.

4 Support

Park. It was originally used by Everton before the club


moved to Goodison Park after a dispute over rent with
Aneld owner John Houlding.[55] Left with an empty
ground, Houlding founded Liverpool in 1892 and the club
has played at Aneld ever since. The capacity of the stadium at the time was 20,000, although only 100 spectators attended Liverpools rst match at Aneld.[56]
In 1906 the banked stand at one end of the ground was
formally renamed the Spion Kop after a hill in KwaZuluNatal.[57] The hill was the site of the Battle of Spion Kop
in the Second Boer War, where over 300 men of the Lancashire Regiment died, many of them from Liverpool.[58]
At its peak, the stand could hold 28,000 spectators and
was one of the largest single-tier stands in the world.
Many stadia in England had stands named after Spion
Kop, but Anelds was the largest of them at the time;
Kopites in The Kop Stand
it could hold more supporters than some entire football
grounds.[59]
Liverpool is one of the best supported clubs in Europe.[68]
Aneld could accommodate more than 60,000 support- The club states that its worldwide fan base includes more
ers at its peak, and had a capacity of 55,000 until the than 200 ocially recognised Club of the LFC Ocial
1990s. The Taylor Report and Premier League regula- Supporters Clubs in at least 50 countries. Notable groups
tions obliged Liverpool to convert Aneld to an all-seater include Spirit of Shankly and Reclaim The Kop.[69] The
stadium in time for the 199394 season, reducing the club takes advantage of this support through its worldwide
capacity to 45,276.[60] The ndings of the Taylor Re- summer tours.[70] Liverpool fans often refer to themselves
port precipitated the redevelopment of the Kemlyn Road as Kopites, a reference to the fans who once stood, and
Stand, which was rebuilt in 1992, coinciding with the cen- now sit, on the Kop at Aneld.[71] In 2008 a group of fans
tenary of the club, and is now known as the Centenary decided to form a splinter club, A.F.C. Liverpool, to play
Stand. An extra tier was added to the Aneld Road end in matches for fans who had been priced out of watching
1998, which further increased the capacity of the ground Premier League football.[72]
but gave rise to problems when it was opened. A series of The song "You'll Never Walk Alone", originally from
support poles and stanchions were inserted to give extra the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical Carousel and later
stability to the top tier of the stand after movement of the recorded by Liverpool musicians Gerry & The Pacemaktier was reported at the start of the 19992000 season.[61] ers, is the clubs anthem and has been sung by the Aneld
Because of restrictions on expanding the capacity at An- crowd since the early 1960s. It has since gained popular-

4 SUPPORT

ity among fans of other clubs around the world.[73] The 4.1 Rivalries
songs title adorns the top of the Shankly Gates, which
were unveiled on 2 August 1982 in memory of former Main articles: Merseyside derby and Liverpool F.C.
manager Bill Shankly. The You'll Never Walk Alone Manchester United F.C. rivalry
portion of the Shankly Gates is also reproduced on the
Liverpools longest-established rivalry is with fellow
clubs crest.

The Merseyside derby at Aneld in 2006


The Shankly Gates, erected in honour of former manager Bill
Shankly

Merseyside and Liverpool-based team Everton, against


whom the club contest the Merseyside derby. Their rivalry stems from Liverpools formation and the dispute
with Everton ocials and the then owners of Aneld.
Unlike other rivalries, there is no political, geographical
or religious split between Liverpool and Everton.[82] The
Merseyside derby is usually sold out. It is one of the few
local derbies which do not enforce fan segregation, and
hence was known as the friendly derby.[83] Since the
mid-1980s, the rivalry has intensied both on and o the
eld and, since the inception of the Premier League in
1992, the Merseyside derby has had more players sent
o than any other Premier League game. It has been referred to as the most ill-disciplined and explosive xture
in the Premier League.[84]

The clubs supporters have been involved in two stadium


disasters. The rst was the 1985 Heysel Stadium disaster, in which 39 Juventus supporters were killed. They
were conned to a corner by Liverpool fans who had
charged in their direction; the weight of the cornered
fans caused a wall to collapse. UEFA laid the blame for
the incident solely on the Liverpool supporters,[74] and
banned all English clubs from European competition for
ve years. Liverpool was banned for an additional year,
preventing it from participating in the 199091 European
Cup, even though it won the League in 1990.[75] Twentyseven fans were arrested on suspicion of manslaughter
and were extradited to Belgium in 1987 to face trial.[76]
In 1989, after a ve-month trial in Belgium, 14 Liver- Liverpools rivalry with Manchester United is viewed
pool fans were given three-year sentences for involuntary as a manifestation of the cities competition during
manslaughter;[77] half of the terms were suspended.[78]
the Industrial Revolution of the 19th century.[85] The
The second disaster took place during an FA Cup semi- two clubs alternated as champions between 1964 and
nal between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest at Hills- 1967,[86] and Manchester United became the rst English
borough Stadium, Sheeld, on 15 April 1989. Ninety- team to win the European Cup in 1968, followed by Livsix Liverpool fans died as a consequence of overcrowd- erpools four European Cup victories.[87] Despite the 38
ing at the Leppings Lane end, in what became known as league titles and eight European Cups between them[86]
the Hillsborough disaster. In the following days The Sun the two rivals have rarely been successful at the same time
newspaper published an article entitled The Truth, in Liverpools run of titles in the 1970s and 1980s coinwhich it claimed that Liverpool fans had robbed the dead cided with Manchester Uniteds 26-year title drought, and
and had urinated on and attacked the police.[79] Subse- Uniteds success in the Premier League-era has likewise
quent investigations proved the allegations false, leading coincided with Liverpools ongoing drought,[88] and the
to a boycott of the newspaper by Liverpool fans across the two clubs have nished rst and second in the league only
city and elsewhere; many still refuse to buy The Sun more ve times.[86] Nonetheless, former Manchester United
than 20 years later.[80] Many support organisations were manager Alex Ferguson said in 2002, My greatest chalset up in the wake of the disaster, such as the Hillsbor- lenge was knocking Liverpool right o their fucking
ough Justice Campaign, which represents bereaved fam- perch,[89] and the last player to be transferred between
ilies, survivors and supporters in their eorts to secure the two clubs was Phil Chisnall, who moved to Liverpool
from Manchester United in 1964.[90]
justice.[81]

Ownership and nances

in debt (due to leveraged takeover) with losses of 55m,


causing auditor KPMG to qualify its audit opinion.[99]
The groups creditors, including the Royal Bank of Scotland, took Gillett and Hicks to court to force them to
allow the board to proceed with the sale of the club,
the major asset of the holding company. A High Court
judge, Mr Justice Floyd, ruled in favour of the creditors and paved the way for the sale of the club to Fenway Sports Group (formerly New England Sports Ventures), although Gillett and Hicks still had the option to
appeal.[100] Liverpool was sold to Fenway Sports Group
on 15 October 2010 for 300m.[101]
Liverpool has been described as a global brand; a 2010 report valued the clubs trademarks and associated intellectual property at 141m, an increase of 5m on the previous year. Liverpool was given a brand rating of AA (Very
Strong).[102] In April 2010 business magazine Forbes
ranked Liverpool as the sixth most valuable football team
in the world, behind Manchester United, Real Madrid,
Arsenal, Barcelona and Bayern Munich; they valued the
club at $822m (532m), excluding debt.[103] Accountants
Deloitte ranked Liverpool eighth in the Deloitte Football
Money League, which ranks the worlds football clubs in
terms of revenue. Liverpools income in the 200910
season was 225.3m.[104]

John W. Henry of Fenway Sports Group, the parent company of


Liverpool

6 Liverpool in popular culture

As the owner of Aneld and founder of Liverpool, John


Houlding was the clubs rst chairman, a position he held
from its founding in 1892 until 1904. John McKenna
took over as chairman after Houldings departure.[91]
McKenna subsequently became President of the Football League.[92] The chairmanship changed hands many
times before John Smith, whose father was a shareholder
of the club, took up the role in 1973. He oversaw the
most successful period in Liverpools history before stepping down in 1990.[93] His successor was Noel White
who became Chairman in 1990[94] In August 1991 David
Moores, whose family had owned the club for more than
50 years became Chairman. His uncle John Moores was
also a shareholder at Liverpool and was chairman of Everton from 1961 to 1973. Moores owned 51 percent of
the club, and in 2004 expressed his willingness to consider a bid for his shares in Liverpool.[95]

Because of its successful history, Liverpool is often featured when football is depicted in British culture and has
appeared in a number of media rsts. The club appeared
in the rst edition of the BBCs Match of the Day, which
screened highlights of its match against Arsenal at Aneld on 22 August 1964. The rst football match to
be televised in colour was between Liverpool and West
Ham United, broadcast live in March 1967.[105] Liverpool fans featured in the Pink Floyd song "Fearless",
in which they sang excerpts from You'll Never Walk
Alone.[106] To mark the clubs appearance in the 1988
FA Cup Final, Liverpool released a song known as the
"Aneld Rap", featuring John Barnes and other members
of the squad.[107]

Moores eventually sold the club to American businessmen George Gillett and Tom Hicks on 6 February 2007.
The deal valued the club and its outstanding debts at
218.9 million. The pair paid 5,000 per share, or
174.1m for the total shareholding and 44.8m to cover
the clubs debts.[96] Disagreements between Gillett and
Hicks, and the fans lack of support for them, resulted
in the pair looking to sell the club.[97] Martin Broughton
was appointed chairman of the club on 16 April 2010 to
oversee its sale.[98] In May 2010, accounts were released
showing the holding company of the club to be 350m

A documentary drama on the Hillsborough disaster, written by Jimmy McGovern, was screened in 1996. It featured Christopher Eccleston as Trevor Hicks, whose story
is the focus of the script. Hicks, who lost two teenage
daughters in the disaster, went on to campaign for safer
stadiums and helped to form the Hillsborough Families
Support Group.[108] Liverpool featured in the lm The
51st State (also known as Formula 51), in which exhitman Felix DeSouza (Robert Carlyle) is a keen supporter of the team and the last scene takes place at a match
between Liverpool and Manchester United.[109] The club
was featured in a childrens television show called Scully;
the plot revolved around a young boy, Francis Scully, who
tried to gain a trial match with Liverpool. The show fea-

tured prominent Liverpool players of the time such as 7.7


Kenny Dalglish.[110]

7
7.1

HONOURS

Player of the Season

Players
First-team squad
As of 22 January 2015.[111]

Note: Flags indicate national team as dened under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

7.2

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as dened under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Steven Gerrard, four-time winner of the award

7.3

Reserves and Academy

For more details on the academy squads, see Liverpool


F.C. Reserves and Academy Academy squads.

7.4

Former players

Further information: List of Liverpool F.C. players, List


of Liverpool F.C. players (2599 appearances), List of
Liverpool F.C. players (fewer than 25 appearances) and
Category:Liverpool F.C. players

7.5

Player records

For player records, see List of Liverpool F.C. records


and statistics.

7.6

Club captains

Since the establishment of the club in 1892, 45 players Luis Surez, two-time winner of the award
have been club captain of Liverpool F.C.[123] Andrew
Hannah became the rst captain of the club after Liverpool separated from Everton and formed its own club.
Initially Alex Raisbeck, who was club captain from 1899 8 Club ocials
to 1909, was the longest serving captain before being
overtaken by Steven Gerrard who served 12 seasons as
Liverpool captain starting from the 200304 season.[123] 9 Honours
The present captain is Jordan Henderson, who replaced
Gerrard in the 201516 season following Gerrards move For more details on this topic, see List of Liverpool F.C.
seasons.
to LA Galaxy.[124][125]

9.2

European

For honours won by Reserves and Academy teams, see


Liverpool F.C. Reserves and Academy#Honours.
Liverpools rst trophy was the Lancashire League,

9
190001, 190506,
194647, 196364,
197576, 197677,
198182, 198283,
198788, 198990

192122,
196566,
197879,
198384,

192223,
197273,
197980,
198586,

Second Division: 4
189394, 189596, 190405, 196162
Lancashire League: 1
189293
9.1.2 Cups
FA Cup: 7

Replicas of the four European Cups Liverpool won from 1977 to


1984 on display in the clubs museum

196465, 197374, 198586, 198889,


199192, 200001, 200506
League Cup: 8

198081, 198182, 198283, 198384,


which it won in the clubs rst season.[146] In 1901, the
199495, 200001, 200203, 201112
club won its rst League title, while its rst success in the
FA Cup was in 1965. In terms of the number of trophies
FA Charity / Community Shield: 15
won, Liverpools most successful decade was the 1980s,
when the club won six League titles, two FA Cups, four
1964*, 1965*, 1966, 1974*, 1976, 1977*,
League Cups, ve Charity Shields (one shared) and two
1979, 1980, 1982, 1986*, 1988, 1989, 1990*,
European Cups. Liverpool has won the English League
2001, 2006 (* shared)
Championship eighteen times, the FA Cup seven times
Super Cup: 1
and the League Cup a record eight times. The club
achieved a League and FA Cup double in 1986 and won
198586
the League and European Cup double both in 1977 and
in 1984. Liverpool also won the League Cup in 1984
to complete a treble, a feat repeated (albeit with dierent 9.2 European
trophies) in 2001, when the club won the FA Cup, League
Cup and UEFA Cup.[147]
European Cup / UEFA Champions League: 5
The club has accumulated more top-ight wins and points
197677, 197778, 198081, 198384,
than any other English team.[148] Liverpool also has the
200405
highest average league nishing position (3,3) for the
UEFA Cup: 3
50-year period to 2015[149] and second-highest average
league nishing position for the period 19001999 af 197273, 197576, 200001
ter Arsenal, with an average league placing of 8.7.[150]
Liverpool has won the European Cup, Europes premier
European Super Cup / UEFA Super Cup: 3
club competition, ve times, an English record and only
1977, 2001, 2005
surpassed by Real Madrid and A.C. Milan. Liverpools
fth European Cup win, in 2005, meant that the club was
awarded the trophy permanently and was also awarded
a multiple-winner badge.[151][152] Liverpool has won the 9.3 Doubles and trebles
UEFA Cup, Europes secondary club competition, three
Doubles:[note 1]
times.[153]
League and FA Cup: 1

9.1
9.1.1

Domestic
League

First Division: 18

198586
League and League Cup: 2
198182, 198283
European Double (League and European
Cup): 2

10

10 NOTES
197677
League and UEFA Cup: 2
197273, 197576
League Cup and European Cup: 1
198081

Trebles[note 1]
League, League Cup and European Cup: 1
198384
FA Cup, League Cup and UEFA Cup: 1
200001
Especially short competitions, such as the FA Community Shield and the UEFA Super Cup, are not generally
considered to contribute towards a Double or Treble.[154]

10

Notes

Footnotes
[1] Doubles won in conjunction with the treble, such as a FA
Cup and League Cup double in 2001, are not included in
the Doubles section.

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14

12

12

External links

Ocial website
Independent sites
LFCHistory.net Statistics website
Liverpool F.C. on BBC Sport: Club news Recent
results Upcoming xtures
Liverpool at Sky Sports
Liverpool at Premier League

EXTERNAL LINKS

15

13
13.1

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16

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AH 247, NextGenSam619, JoshTheBeast, Facu varela, Poveglia, Alfaweiss, Arials101, Lewischarlton, Michael P-thomas, Itamar Balasiano, SUL360, Rtj182, SLBedit, Thedorigi, Zotteteen, Jcat9, HinrikThorG, Srhansen1985, Joseph2302, The real AG, Mattc1000, DanHutch2112, Hoharryheiyin313, Stefan600, Reaganomics88, Rezart Tai, Xaria18, Trevligt, Benidol22, Marmiras, Davefelmer, Balexia,
Oluwa2Chainz, Shreerajtheauthor, FifthAve101, James1399, SSTyer, Verlonese, Se cr7, The Quixotic Potato, Chrisuae, ScotRail02,
Mundol, L'Utente anonimo, Jjshjbdush96, K Cloch, DPUH, SLBeditor, TZealot, Agm.agm, Emilio Sansolini, Choiristic, FrenchFootball,
Maigheo81 and Anonymous: 1715

18

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2013.jpg License: CC BY-SA 2.0 Contributors: Reds Sky At Night Original artist: Ruaraidh Gillies
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Contributors: Van den Bussche, E., Chief of Protocol, Belgian Federal Department of the Interior (2008) Noble Belgique, Mre chrie LE PROTOCOLE EN BELGIQUE (PROTOCOL IN BELGIUM), Heule: Editions UGA ISBN: 9789067689359. Original artist: Dbenbenn and
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commons/thumb/7/7f/Croatian_squares_Ljubicic.png/15px-Croatian_squares_Ljubicic.png' width='15' height='15' srcset='https:
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File:Flag_of_Slovakia.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e6/Flag_of_Slovakia.svg License: Public domain Contributors: Own work; here, colors Original artist: SKopp
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1977%29.svg License: GFDL Contributors: Own work Original artist: SanchoPanzaXXI
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Original artist: ?
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Turkish Historical Society (Trk Tarih Kurumu) Original artist: David Benbennick (original author)
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File:Flag_of_Uruguay.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fe/Flag_of_Uruguay.svg License: Public domain
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Vector graphics by Tobias Jakobs
File:Flag_of_the_Netherlands.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/20/Flag_of_the_Netherlands.svg License: Public domain Contributors: Own work Original artist: Zscout370
File:Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a9/Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union.svg License: Public domain Contributors: http://pravo.levonevsky.org/ Original artist:
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File:Hillsborough_Memorial,_Anfield.jpg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3d/Hillsborough_Memorial%
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License:
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Unknown<a
href='//www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q4233718'
title='wikidata:Q4233718'><img
alt='wikidata:Q4233718'
src='https:
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width='20'
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srcset='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/Wikidata-logo.svg/30px-Wikidata-logo.svg.png
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Henry-Fenway_%28cropped%29.jpg License: GFDL Contributors: Own work Original artist: Webjedi
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Original artist: ?
File:Kit_body_liverpool1516a.png Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/72/Kit_body_liverpool1516a.png License: CC BY-SA 4.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: Manya 1996
File:Kit_body_liverpool1516h.png Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1e/Kit_body_liverpool1516h.png License: CC BY-SA 4.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: Bruno-ban
File:Kit_body_liverpool1516t.png Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ab/Kit_body_liverpool1516t.png License: CC BY-SA 4.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: Manya 1996
File:Kit_left_arm.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7f/Kit_left_arm.svg License: Public domain Contributors:
This vector image has been made or improved in the Polish project Graki wektorowe (vector graphics). You can propose images to improve
as well.
Original artist: Yarl Talk PL
File:Kit_left_arm_liverpool1516a.png Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/62/Kit_left_arm_liverpool1516a.
png License: CC BY-SA 4.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: Manya 1996
File:Kit_left_arm_liverpool1516h.png Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bc/Kit_left_arm_liverpool1516h.
png License: CC BY-SA 4.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: Wutzwz
File:Kit_left_arm_liverpool1516t.png Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/16/Kit_left_arm_liverpool1516t.
png License: CC BY-SA 4.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: Manya 1996
File:Kit_right_arm.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cd/Kit_right_arm.svg License: Public domain Contributors: ? Original artist: ?
File:Kit_right_arm_liverpool1516a.png
Source:
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liverpool1516a.png License: CC BY-SA 4.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: Manya 1996
File:Kit_right_arm_liverpool1516h.png
Source:
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File:Kit_right_arm_liverpool1516t.png
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? Original artist: ?
File:Kit_shorts_liverpool0405h.png Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d0/Kit_shorts_liverpool0506h.png
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jpg License: CC BY 2.0 Contributors: Flickr: Picture%20028 This image has since been removed by the photographer Original artist:
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jpg License: CC BY 2.0 Contributors: Flickr: DSC04690 Original artist: Ben Sutherland
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commons/7/70/Liverpool_FC_fans%27_rendition_of_You%27ll_Never_Walk_Alone.ogg
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https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/
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jpg License: CC BY 2.0 Contributors: Liverpool v Chelsea, 2005 Original artist: Sanjiva Persad
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File:Shankly_Gates.jpg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6a/Shankly_Gates.jpg License: CC BY-SA 2.5
Contributors: Transferred from en.wikipedia Original artist: Andynugent at en.wikipedia a.k.a. Andynugent at Flickr a.k.a. Andy Nugent.
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File:Soccer_ball.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/e/ec/Soccer_ball.svg License: GFDL Contributors: ? Original
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Original artist: Pumbaa80 (soccer ball), Anomie (clock hands), David Vignoni (clock face/ring), David Gthberg (putting it all together,
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