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A BOOK EXPLAINING

COMPLEX IDEAS USING


ONLY THE 1,000 MOST
COMMON WORDS

LIFTING ROOM
Boxes that carry people up and down LIFTER
These lifters usually sit in a
machine room above the top floor
the lifting room can visit. They use
You’ve learned about both horizontal and vertical
power to turn a big wheel that pulls
one-dimensional motion. A classic example of a line running between the room FALL FEELER
vertical one-dimensional motion is an elevator. and a weight. This wheel is joined to the room’s
Here’s an explanation of how elevators work—and stopping grabbers by a line. As the
why they are a safe way to travel up and down. RANDALL MUN
ROE room moves up and down, the wheel
XKCD.COM
WEIGHT turns.
This weight makes it easier for If the room starts going down fast, the
the puller to lift the room. It hangs wheel starts spinning fast, and the
down on the other end of the line little arms in the middle of the wheel
holding the room, so when the swing out and catch onto the teeth
puller at the top lifts the room, it’s around them. This makes the wheel
also lowering the weight. stop turning, which makes the room
suddenly pull on the line—setting off
the room’s stopping grabbers.

PULLING LINES
Lifting rooms are held and lifted by
a big group of metal lines. There METAL STICK
are usually around four to eight of
them, but it can be more or less
than that.
These lines are very strong. LIFTING ROOM
Usually, even just one of them
would be enough to hold the whole
room on its own, but we use more
PRETEND CONTROLS
just to be safe.
There are controls on the inside of
a lifting room that you use to tell it
where you want to go. Some of these
controls, like the one marked “DOOR
CLOSE,” don’t always seem to do
GRABBERS anything.
If the fall feeler pulls on the line, Some people say that those controls
these grab the metal stick really don’t even go anywhere, because the
hard and stop the room from moving. lifting room’s computer knows when to
open and close the door better than
you do.
This is half true. On some new lifting
rooms, the DOOR CLOSE control
might not normally do anything. This is
different in different buildings; it’s up
to the person who owns the building
to decide whether to make these
controls work.
But the DOOR OPEN control is always
joined to the lifting room’s systems,
in case fire fighters need to take full
control of the lifters—by putting a
special key into the control place—to
use them while fighting a fire.

79A Chapter 2 Motion in One Dimension 79B


LIFTING ROOM POWER FROM BUILDING
LIFTER

LINE STOPPER POWER FROM BUILDING


This thing listens to the different parts of LINE Lifting rooms use a lot of power,
the machines, sometimes with the help of HOLDER but the lights and air systems in the
a computer, and grabs the line if anything building use even more.
goes wrong.
The line stopper also grabs the line when
the room stops at a floor to make sure it
doesn’t move while people get on and off.
It’s made so it will keep holding on if the
power goes out.

TALL HALLWAY
The lifting room sits inside a long
hallway that goes up and down
instead of to the side. It can be longer
than any of the normal hallways in the LINE HOLDER
POWER LINE
building, but most people never see it. PULLING LINES
This line brings power for the lights
and controls in the lifting room. It
sometimes runs to the top of the
hallway, where the pulling machines
are, or sometimes to the side of the
wall part of the way up the hallway.

DOORS
These doors line up with the doors
on the room. When the lifting room
WEIGHT LINE stops, both doors open together.
This line is used in the lifting rooms in tall
If you face the
buildings to help keep the weight on the
back wall instead
puller even.
of the door,
When a room is all the way at the top or people will think
bottom, the lines holding it add to the you’re strange.
weight on one side. When that happens,
most of the weight of this line hangs on the EMPTY ROOM
other side, which keeps things even. Lifting rooms are usually empty.
People don’t put chairs or tables in
them except to move those things to
other floors. If you tried to use one
of these rooms as an office, someone
would probably yell at you.

CATCHER
If a lifting room does fall, these catchers
hit a metal plate on the bottom of the
room and make the landing a little softer. ©twobee/Shutterstock

There’s a second catcher for the weight.

79C Chapter 2 Motion in One Dimension 79D


A BOOK EXPLAINING
COMPLEX IDEAS USING
ONLY THE 1,000 MOST
COMMON WORDS PART THAT FLIES AROUND THE
US SPACE TEAM’S OTHER WORLD AND COMES BACK
HOME WITH THE PEOPLE IN IT

UP GOER FIVE AND FALLS INTO THE WATER

The space boat that took people PART THAT GOES ALONG
TO GIVE PEOPLE AIR, WATER,
to the moon and back COMPUTERS, AND STUFF
It comes back home with them
but burns up without landing.
You’ve learned the velocity required to attain orbit. Have
you ever wondered how engineers design a vehicle PART THAT FLIES DOWN
capable of putting astronauts and cargo into orbit? Here’s RANDALL MUN
ROE TO THE OTHER WORLD
XKCD.COM
an explanation of what they designed and why it works. WITH TWO PEOPLE INSIDE

PART THAT FALLS


OFF THIRD
This part flew away from
our world into space and
hit the world we were
going toward.

PART THAT FALLS


OFF SECOND

PART THAT FALLS


OFF FIRST

THIS END SHOULD POINT


©jamesbenet/E+/Getty Images TOWARD THE GROUND IF
YOU WANT TO GO TO SPACE.
If it starts pointing toward space
you are having a bad problem,
and you will not go to space today.

269A Chapter 7 Circular Motion and Gravitation 269B


US SPACE TEAM’S THING TO CONTROL WHICH
DIRECTION THE PEOPLE GO
THING THAT
BRINGS IN COLD
MORE OF THE KIND
OF AIR WE BREATHE
UP GOER FIVE WHILE GETTING AWAY WET AIR TO BURN (FOR BURNING)
(COLD & WET)
PLACE WHERE FIRE THING TO HELP PEOPLE GET
YOU ARE HERE

COMES OUT TO HELP AWAY REALLY FAST


THEM GET AWAY if there’s a problem and everything
is on fire so they decide not to go
PEOPLE BOX to space.

DOOR STUFF TO BURN


This makes the box with the FIRE COMES
people in it get away really fast . OUT HERE
CHAIRS

COLD AIR FOR BURNING MORE OF THE KIND


(AND BREATHING) OF AIR WE BREATHE
This part had a very big (FOR BURNING)

YOU ARE HERE


problem once. (COLD & WET)

MORE
PART THAT STAYS ON
FUNNY-VOICE AIR
THE OTHER WORLD
(for filling up space)
It’s still there.

RING HOLDING MOST


FEET THAT GO ON THE
OF THE COMPUTERS
GROUND OF THE OTHER
WORLD

OPENING FOR
THINGS HOLDING THAT PUTTING IN
KIND OF AIR THAT MAKES COLD WET AIR
THE KIND OF AIR THAT
YOUR VOICE FUNNY
ONCE BURNED A BIG SKY
BAG AND PEOPLE DIED It’s for filling up the space
left when they take the
And someone said, “Oh,
cold air out to burn it. THIS IS FULL OF THAT
the [humans]!” (Used for
WET burning) STUFF THEY BURNED
AND IN LIGHTS BEFORE
HOUSES HAD POWER
VERY
THE PART OF AIR YOU It goes together with the
COLD
NEED TO BREATHE, BUT cold air when it’s time to
NOT THE OTHER STUFF start going up.
(Used for burning)

FIRE COMES OUT


©jamesbenet/E+/Getty Images

©jamesbenet/E+/Getty Images
OF HERE

MORE SKY BAG AIR


(FOR BURNING) LOTS OF FIRE
(COLD & WET) COMES OUT HERE

269C Chapter 7 Circular Motion and Gravitation 269D


A BOOK EXPLAINING
COMPLEX IDEAS USING
ONLY THE 1,000 MOST YOU ARE
COMMON WORDS HERE

BAGS OF STUFF THIS IS WHAT YOU THINK WITH.

INSIDE YOU HOLE TO OUTSIDE


This hole is in your nose. It
When you read words (like these),
this part of your body turns them
into ideas.
helps you breathe and lets
Parts of your body and you smell things. By choosing the right words, you
can take an idea that’s happening
how they work together HOLE TO OUTSIDE
in your head and try to make an
idea like it happen in someone
This is the hole in your mouth. else’s. That’s what’s happening
You know that an organ system is two or more organs It’s where air goes in and right now.
working together to perform body functions. Here’s a RANDALL M
UNROE
out, food goes in, and words
look at several organ systems in the human torso. XKCD.COM come out.
Note: Some people don’t
like it when you make words
come out while you’re putting BLOOD
food in. (to your arms
THINKING
and the rest
BAG
HEAD of your head)
MOUTH WATER MAKER
PARTS
This makes the water in your This pushes
mouth that helps food fit on your blood
down your neck. about once a
second to send
it around
your body.

AIR BAG AIR BAG BLOOD


PUSHER

These add air to your blood.


CHEST They get bigger and smaller to pull
PARTS and push air in and out.

PART BREAKER
Sometimes, blood gets
stuck in here.
That’s one of the biggest
BLOOD CLEANER reasons people’s bodies
stop working.
BLOOD This bag breaks tiny things into even BLOOD HALLWAYS
(from other smaller, simpler parts they’re made These carry blood around your
body parts) of. Your body uses it in many ways, body. If you get a hole in them, the
like to get rid of the stuff in wine that blood starts to fall out. If this starts
makes you feel strange (which keeps happening, it can be a big problem,
you from feeling strange forever). It and you should fix it fast.
also makes water for your hallways. If
this bag has a problem, your eyes turn
yellow and your body stops working.

47A  Unit 6: Diversity of Life Chapter 24: Human Systems and Homeostasis  47B
BAGS OF STUFF INSIDE YOU

FEAR WATER
FOOD BAG These make a kind of
Sometimes, this opening
gets blocked. Then, when This holds and water that makes your
you eat rich food and the breaks up food body feel afraid or
CHEST
bag tries to push water using special excited.
PARTS water.
out, it hurts. AND NOW
YOU ARE
HERE

BLOOD CLEANERS
RED BLOOD
These look for stuff in your blood that you’re
WHITE BLOOD PIECES
done with or have too much of—like extra PIECES
WATER FOR RICH
sweet stuff, or stuff from the doctor that you
FOOD
ate to feel better—and send it to be pushed
This holds water for out of your body.
breaking down rich
food (like the yellow
stuff you spread).
BLOOD YELLOW WATER HALLWAY PUSHED TOGETHER
When you eat rich
food, this pushes (to other Most of the time, the water from your blood In real life, these parts are all pushed
out water to break it body parts) cleaners is yellow, but eating certain colorful together inside your chest like this.
down. foods can make it change color for a while.
SMALL FOOD HALLWAY (If it turns dark or red, it may mean you’re
This hallway is where a lot sick.)
of food gets broken down
and the stuff your body
SPECIAL WATER Air bags
needs is taken out.
MAKER
The hallway is about as BODY PLAN HOLDERS
This bag makes long as a car. It makes a lot
some of the waters These parts hold lots of plans for
of turns so it can fit in your
that help turn food new people. Each plan is made from
stomach.
into power. If it goes EXTRA PART pieces of the plans used to make you.
wrong, you can have This doesn’t seem These parts also control how your
BIG FOOD HALLWAY
a problem where you to do anything. voice, hair, and body grow.
This hallway is
get too much or too Sometimes it has a
wider than the small
little sweet stuff in problem and doctors
hallway, but shorter. LOWER
your blood. have to take it out.
This is where your YELLOW WATER HOLDER PARTS
LIFE INSIDE YOU body takes extra Part
This holds yellow water until
There are a lot of water out of the you push it out. breaker
living things in these food so you don’t PARTS FOR
hallways that help you need to drink as MAKING MORE Food
break down different much water. OF YOU bag
HOLE TO OUTSIDE Large
kinds of food.
These parts can food
The yellow water from your
USED FOOD HOLDER make new people. hallway
blood comes out here.

©Kenneth Eward/BioGrafx/Science Source


Once you’re done with
food, it waits here until
you push it out.
HOLE TO OUTSIDE HOLE TO OUTSIDE In about half of
Food comes out here If your body makes a all people these Small food
when you’re done new person, it comes go to a single hallway
eating it. out of here. About half opening.
of all people have this.

47C  Unit 6: Diversity of Life Chapter 24: Human Systems and Homeostasis  47D

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