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SKEMA JAWAPAN CHEMISTRY FORM 5

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN 1 2014


Questions
Answers
1 (a) (i)
liquid
(ii)

Marks
1

1
Substance U
(iii)
(b) (i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)
(v)

2 (a) (i)
(ii)
(iii)
(b) (i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)

3 (a) (i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)

(b)
(c) (i)
(ii)
(iii)
4 (a)

(b)(i)

* reject

Substance S
U and W
Element W/ Fluorine
V, W, U, Y, X, Z
Group 18, period 3. (1m)
Element Y has 8 valence electron and three shells filled with electrons (1m)
- the atomic radius/atomic size of the element Z is bigger compared to element X
- the distance between the nucleus and valence electron of the element Z is further
compared to element X
- the forces of attraction between the nucleus and electron of the element Z is weaker
compared to element X
- its easier for the element Z to donate/ release the valence electrons to achieve stable
octet electron arrangement compared to element X
TOTAL
Substance D has a weak force of attraction between molecules/intermolecular force of
attraction
Less heat energy needed to overcome the weak forces of attraction between D molecules
By sharing of electrons
Particle: molecules
Bonding: covalent bond
Copper(II) chloride
Substance that can conduct electricity in molten and aqueous states and undergo
chemical changes
Cu2+ + 2e Cu
Anode: chlorine gas
Cathode: copper metal
TOTAL
Sodium sulphate
H2SO4 + 2NaOH Na2SO4 + 2H2O
pink turns colourless

(1.0)(Va )
1

(1m)
(0.1) ( 25.00) 2

1
1
1
1
2

11
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
10
1
1
2

Volume acid = 12.5 cm3 (1m)


Substance: vinegar
reject: any strong acid
Reason: vinegar is acidic thus can neutralize the alkaline sting// vinegar is weak acid that
will not burn skin// vinegar is also easily available
A substance that ionizes/ dissociates in water to produce hydrogen ions
Y
It has a higher concentration of hydrogen ions
TOTAL

1
1
1
10

Lead(II) nitrate solution


Sodium carbonate solution// potassium carbonate solution//ammonium carbonate solution

1
1

1
1

Label materials: 1m
Functional diagram:
1m
*the boiling tube
must be heated.
*tube is immersed in
the limewater
(b)(ii)
(b)(iii)

PbCO3 PbO + CO2

13.35
No.of moles PbCO3 =
= 0.05 mol
207 12 3(16)

From equation 1 mol PbCO3 produce 1 mol CO2


So 0.05 mol PbCO3 produces 0.05 mol CO2
Mass of solid P = 0.05 [207 + 16]
= 11.15 g
(c)(i)
(ii)

Yellow
Lead(II) ion// Pb2+
TOTAL

1
1
1
9

5 (a)
(b)
(c) (i)

Methylpropanoate
Esterification

1
1

(ii)
(d) (i)

(ii)

6 (a) (i)
(ii)
(iii)
(b) (i)
(ii)
(iii)

Put a lighted wooden splinter at the mouth of the test tube that contains the colourless
gas
pop sound will produced
(CH2O)n = 60
[12 + 2(1) + 16]n = 60
30n = 60
n = 2 (1m)
molecular formula = C2H4O2 (1m)
Carboxylic acid
Because it contains the functional group of COOH/ the functional group is carboxyl
group
TOTAL
Iron(III) ion
reject:Fe3+
2+
3+
Fe
Fe + e
Oxidation.
Iron(II) ion loss electron to form iron(III) ion
Purple to colourless
Oxidizing agent
Mn + (4)(-2) = -1
Mn = +7
reject: 7

1
1

2
1
1
10
1
1
2
1
1
1

(c)

(d)
(e)

Acidified potassium dichromate(VI) solution// bromine water// chlorine water


To separate the oxidising agent from the reducing agent// to complete the circuit by
allowing the ions to move through it
TOTAL

7 (a)
(b) (i)

Temperature of reactant // Total surface area// concentration of reactant// presence of


catalyst// pressure
# Any two answers
CaCO3 + 2HNO3 Ca(NO3)2 + CO2 + H2O (1m)
No.of moles acid =

0.1 50
= 0.005 mol (1m)
1000

From equation 2 mol HNO3 produce 1 mol CO2


So 0.05 mol PbCO3 produces 0.0025 mol CO2
Volume CO2 = 0.0025 24 = 0.06 dm3 (1m)
(ii)

60
= 0.2 cm3 s-1
300

(iii)

At point X, rate of reaction is high


At point Y, rate of reaction decreases because concentration nitric acid decreases
At point Z, the reaction stop because all the nitric acid has reacted/ completed
Rate of reaction of Experiment I is higher than Experiment II (reject: faster)
The size of zinc powder in Experiment I is smaller the zinc granules in Experiment II//
the total surface area of zinc powder is bigger in Experiment I compared to the zinc
granules in Experiment II
Frequency of collision between hydrogen ions and zinc atoms in Experiment I is
higher than Experiment II
Frequency of effective collision between hydrogen ions and zinc atoms in
Experiment I is higher than Experiment II
Rate of reaction of Experiment III is higher than Experiment II
The temperature of the mixture in Experiment III is higher than Experiment II// the
kinetic energy of hydrogen ions and zinc atoms in Experiment III is higher than
Experiment II
Frequency of collision between hydrogen ions and zinc atoms in Experiment III is
higher than Experiment II
Frequency of effective collision between hydrogen ions and zinc atoms in
Experiment III is higher than Experiment II

(c) (i)

(ii)

or

0.06dm3
= 0.0002 dm3 s-1
300

1
1
10
2

1
1
1
1

(iii)
Label of the axes and unit:
1m
Correct curve of exp II : 1m
Correct curve of exp III : 1m
Must be free hand, if use
ruler, -1

TOTAL

20

8 (a) (i)

(ii)
(b)

(c) (i)

At stage I, the sulphur is burnt in dry air/ react with oxygen to produce sulphur dioxide gas
(1m)
At stage II, sulphur dioxide gas react with dry oxygan gas to produce sulphur trioxide(1m)
This reaction is conducted under the three conditions:
Presence Vanadium(V) oxide as the catalyst(1m)
Temperature between 450C 550 C(1m)
Pressure of 1 atm(1m)
At stage III, sulphur trioxide is dissolved in concentrated sulphuric acid to produce
oleum(1m)
At stage IV, oleu is diluted with waterto produce sulphuric acid(1m)
Manufacture of sulphuric acid// Manufacture of synthetic fibres//
Manufacture of fertilizers// Manufacture of paint// as a catalyst// as a strong acid
# any two answers
V is reinforced concrete
V can withstand very high pressure/ can support very heavy loads/ does not corrode
easily/ can be moulded into any shape
W is superconductor
W can conduct electricity without loss of energy
X is fiberglass
X is light/ strong/ tough/ resilient/ inflammable/ flexible/ high tensile strength
Hard but brittle// inert to chemical reactions// insulators of electricity//
Poor conductor of heat and electricity// can be easily cleaned
# any two answers

Type of glass + property + use = 3m

Type of glass

Soda-lime glass

Borosilicate glass

Lead glass

Fused glass

9 (a) (i)
(ii)

Properties

Examples of uses

Does not withstand


heating// breaks easily//
Less resistant to
chemical reactions// easy
to make into different
shapes
Heat resistant// more
resistant to chemical
reactions// does no
breaks easily
High density// high
refractive index// reflects
light rays// appears
sparkling
Highly heat
resistant//difficult to be
made into different
shapes// very resistant to
chemical reactions

Mirror// Light bulbs// bottles// window


panes// glass plates and bowls

3
Cooking utensils// Laboratory
apparatus// electrical tubes// gas
pipelines
Decorative glassware//prism// fine
crystal tableware// high reflective
lenses// chandeliers
Laboratory glass ware// lenses//
optical fibres// telescope mirror

TOTAL

20

Chemical energy to electrical energy

Diagram + label: 2m
2

(iii)

(b) (i)
(ii)

(iii)
(iv)

10 (a)

(b)

Zinc is more electropositive than copper


Zinc is the negative terminal and Copper is the positive terminal
Half equation at negative terminal: Zn Zn2+ + 2e
Half equation at positive terminal: Cu2+ + 2e Cu
Intensity of the blue solution deceases
Concentration copper(II) ions decreases as copper(II) ions are discharged to form
copper metal
# one mark for each point
Materials: silver nitrate solution, silver metal, aluminium ring
Apparatus: beaker, connecting wire with crocodile clips, batteries, sandpaper, switch
1. Clean the aluminium ring with sandpaper
2. Pour silver nitrate solution into the beaker
3. Connect the aluminium ring as the cathode and silver metal as the anode
4. Put the aluminium ring fully and silver metal into silver nitrate solution
5. Turn on the switch,use a small current/ adjust at 0.2 V
6. Turn off the switch after 30 seconds
7. Record the observations
Half equation at anode: Ag Ag+ + e
Half equation at cathode: Ag+ + e Ag
Observation at anode: silver metal dissolves// becomes thinner// mass silver metal
decreases
Observation at cathode: shiny grey solid deposited// become thicker// mass ring
increases
TOTAL

At anode the iron is oxidized to form iron(II) ion


Fe Fe2+ + 2e
At cathode oxygen accepts electrons and reduced to hydroxide ions
O2 + 2H2O 4OH
Oxidation number of liquid bromine decrease from 0 to -1
Oxidation number of iodide ion increase from -1 to 0
Liquid bromine undergo reduction process
iodide ion undergo oxidation process
Liquid bromine is the oxidizing agent
iodide ion/ potassium iodide solution is the reducing agent

1
1

1
1
1
1
20

(c) (i)
2

(ii)

(iii)

1. Put one spatula of potassium manganate(VII) in a boiling tube


2. Push in some glass wool into the tube and clamp it horizontally (1m)
3. Place one spatula of magnesium powder on a piece of asbestos paper and put it into
the boiling tube (1m)
4. Heat the magnesium powder strongly and then heat the solid potassium
manganate(VII) (1m)
5. Observe how vigorous magnesium reacts with oxygen. Note also the colour of the
residue when it is hot and when it is cold (1m)
6. Repeat the steps using zinc powder and copper powder (1m)
7. Record the observation
Mg + O2 MgO
Zn + O2 ZnO

Cu + O2 CuO
TOTAL

20