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How to control the violence and


crime in Pakistani Youth
Posted by: Guest Blogger // Politics // causes of crime, law, Sociology // May 28, 2013
[http://www.pkhope.com/how-to-control-the-violence-and-crime-in-the-youth/]

CriminalactivitiesareincreaseoverthetimeSeveralfactorthataperson
committedcrimesuchasEconomic,Familyproblems,unemployment,socialfactor,
schoolenvironmentandcommunityenvironmentetc.Generallycrimeis
unexpectedbehaviorofanindividual.Crimeisnotonlycommittedpoorpeoplebut
alsocommittedeliteclassinvolveinit.
Sociologyandlawinfluenceeachotherbecauselawcontrolsthesocietyand
developedasociety.Socializationismostimportantfactortomakeawellpersonin
thesociety,familystructureisalsobasedapersondevelopedpersonality.Inthe
society,whichtheinstituteexistinthesociety,thealsohelptheperson,likemedia,
religion,teachers,etc.Sociologyoflawcanalsocontrolyouthviolationby
controllingitsmediawhichshowsuchaTVprogramsthatproducehigherlevelof
aggressesandsometimesviolentbehavior.
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Introduction:
Withthepassageoftimecrimerateareincreaseallovertheworld.Mostof
thefactorsareresponsibleduetothecrimerateincreasesuchasEconomic,social,
familyproblems,unemploymentetc.Pakistanisalsofacingthisbadsituationinthe
societyovertheperiodoftime.Majorityofthepopulationisyoungpeople(1630)
whichreflectsthatyouthcrimerateareveryhighinPakistanisociety(Muhammad
Ali2008)
Pakistan is also facing this condition over the time. Drug crime rate also
increaseinPakistanoverthe10years.Statisticshowsthat40%incontrolleddrug
addictionbetween2002and2009(CSOstatistics2010).Withmorepeoplebeing
able to afford recreational drug such as marijuana, heroin, and cocaine, the drug
problemescalatedtothepointwherewesawanincreaseof750%intheamountof
cocainealonecomingintoPakistan.(Fitzgerald2007).
Generallycrimeistreatedastheunexpectedbehaviorofanindividualwhich
goesagainstthelaw.Therearemanyreasonsthatanindividualpersonproducesthis
behavior.Sometimescrimeiscommittedbyapersonbecauseofmentalstressand
sometimescrimeiscommittedwithoutanyreasonbecausehishabitualtodoso.A
crime is an act of human conduct harmful to others which the state is bound to
prevent.Itrendersthedeviantpersonliabletopunishmentasaresultofproceeding
initiatedbythestateorgansassignedtoascertainthenature,theextentandthelegal
consequencesofthepersonswrongness(Aoulak,1999)
InPakistan,notonlypoorandilliteratepeopleareinvolvedincrimesbutalsothe
rich,wellplacedandliteratepeoplearealsoinvolvedincommittingcrime.Because
they want to accumulate more wealth through illegal ways, these people commit
crime on the behalf of political parties, law enforcement departments, so they
exploitthewholelegalsystemofPakistan.ThestatisticsofcrimeofPakistanshows
that,Pakistanisnotperformingwellinsocial,economic,culturalandtechnological
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HowtocontroltheviolenceandcrimeinPakistaniYouth|ThePakistaniSpectator

environment(Gillani,RehmanandGill,2009)
Figure1:ComesreportedinPakistan

Source: Federal Bureau of Statistics


In the gure, we see that in 1996 to 2006 crime rate frequently spread in Pakistan. Accordingly,
criminological research often considers an array of relationships (e.g. parent, peer, and intimate
partner) in in uencing behavior over different periods in time; it does not focus on the
maternal relationship formed during infancy alone. Thus, the development of a criminological
scale would be bene cial in recognizing these unique attachment conceptions. It would also
allow for singular comparisons in multiple relationship domains (e.g. parental, sibling,
intimate, and peer) and offer a comprehensive means of investigating interpersonal
relationships when studying delinquency and criminal behavior, which permits for exploration
into the in uence or importance of relationships at a given developmental stage (e.g.
Adolescence or adulthood) (Hirschi, 1969; Sampson & Laub, 1993).

Sociology
Sociology is the study of human social life, groups and societies. It is a dazzling and
compelling enterprise, having as its subject matter our own behavior as social beings
(Giddens).

LawandSociology
Lawcanbeanalyzedsociologicallyasamethodofdoingsomething.Lawcanbe
studied as a social process, instrumented by individuals during social interaction.
Sociologically,lawconsistsofthebehaviors,situations,andconditionsformaking,
interpreting and applying legal rules that are backed by the states legitimate
coerciveapparatusforenforcement(MaxWeber).
Actually sociology of law is studying the relation between law and society. Its
determinedbyrecognizedethiclegalnorms.
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Violence:
Peoplesleeppeaceablyintheirbedsatnightonlybecauseroughmenstandready
todoviolenceontheirbehalf(GeorgeOrwell).
Violenceistheuseofphysicalforcetinjurespeopleorproperty.Violence
may cause physical pain those who experience it directly, as well as emotional
distresstothosewhoeitherexperienceorwitnessit.Itindividual,family,schools,
workplace,communities, society and the environment all are harmed by violence.
Violence Influential through psychologists, pressure groups, religious leaders and
politicians have suggested that there is a direct causal link between violence in
films,televisionprogrammersandcomputergamesandviolentreallifecrime.Itis
argued that such media content exerts an overwhelmingly negative effect on
impressionableyoungaudiences.

Howsociologyoflawcontroltheyouthviolence:
Theproblemofbalancingsocialcontrolandsocialjusticeiscentraltosocietyand
sociologyoflaw.Itsimportantthatwhenlawweakthanviolenceincrease.
Current media coverage of school shooting has created the widespread belief that
our youth have become dangerous violent and that our public school is no longer
safe.
Sociologyofawdescribetwoimportantfactorsinyouthviolenceprevention.
Understandtheyouthatriskwhythecommittedcrime
Developingeffectiveprogramovercomeriskfactor
Morrison(2000)saythatfamily,teacherandpeergroupcanplayimportantrolefor
the development of the youth personality. Socialization is also developed a child
personality.
Sociology of law can also control youth violation by controlling its media which
show such a TV programs that produce higher level of aggresses and sometimes
violentbehavior(Dwyer1999)

CausesofYouthCrime
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HowtocontroltheviolenceandcrimeinPakistaniYouth|ThePakistaniSpectator

There is no single root cause of crime. Individual person cannot commit


crimewithoutanygroupsuchasterrorism,boomblast,mobilesnatchingandpick
pocketing etc. A person committed crime that time when they upset to their
situation
Thecausesofcrimeareprimarilyrelatedto:
EconomicSituation
SocialEnvironment
FamilyStructures

EconomicSituation:
Its a major factor that a person committed crime due to poverty and
unemployment.

PovertyandInequality:
Duetopovertythepersoninvolveincriminalactivities.Apoorfamilymay
notbeabletoeducatetheirchildrenandlackofeducation,skillsapersoncannotto
getaperfectjob,Sothattheyouthinvolveinthecriminalactivities.

Unemployment:
Ifthepersoniseducatedbuttheydonotgetanyjobthentheyouthleadsto
criminalactivities.Anunemploymentpersonneedstorunhishousebyanymeans
anddoesnotgetanyopportunitytoearnthanmaysuretheydecidedtocommitted
crime.

PoliticalConditions:
Duetopoliticaluncertainty,senseofinsecuritydevelopsinthemembersof
thesociety.Thesenseinwhichtheybecomehopelessoftheirfutureduetowhich
theygetinvolvedinunfairmeansofearning(MuhammadAli2008).

Conclusion
There is no single factor that a person can commit criminal behavior. Multiple
factor that the person involves to committed crime. This can more accurately be
foundinthewaythatmultipleriskfactorsclusteredtogethercaninteractinthelives
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HowtocontroltheviolenceandcrimeinPakistaniYouth|ThePakistaniSpectator

ofsomechildren,whileimportantprotectivefactorsareabsent.Moreover,causesof
crimedifferfromcountrytocountry,inwesternworldcausesaredirectlyrelatedto
theenvironmentofthesurroundings.Thesesurroundingscanbeofschool,home,
neighborhood or playground. In contrast, causes of youth crime in Pakistan are
significantly different from that of the western world. Here in Pakistan, the first
maincauseofyouthcrimeiscorruptioninthelawenforcingagencies,ifcorruption
iseliminatedthemajorpartoftheproblemwillbesolved.Afteridentificationof
therootcaus(agha,2013)(Mohammad,2008)esofcrimeinPakistan,theremedial
measures to control the criminal activities must revolve around those identified
causes. These remedial measures include mainly the solution to the following
problems, Corruption in law enforcing agencies, lack of authorities given to the
agencies, unsolved issues of the agencies (like salary increment and provision of
moderntools),technologicalbackwardnessincontextofsecuritytools,povertyand
unemployment.Prioritywisesolutionoftheproblemsisthekeytosuccess.Ifthe
abovementionedremedialmeasuresaretakenintoaccount,significantdecreasein
crimecanbeachieved.
By Farah Agha
Punjab University Department of sociology Lahore

Bibliography
Ali,M.(2008).YouthCrime:CausesandRemediesJune
Dr.Aurangzeb(2012).DeterminantsofCrimeinPakistanSeptemberVol.2,
No.9

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