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Chapter 3 P R AC T I C E T E S T

For questions 1 to 3, select the best answer. 2 , which


2. For the function f(x)  __
x5
1 ? statement is correct?
1. Which graph represents f(x)  __
x2  1 A As x → , f(x)→ .
A y B As x → , f(x) → 0.
4 C As x → 5, f(x) → .
2 D As x → 5, f(x) → .
x  2 , which
3. For the function f(x)  __
6 4 2 0 2 4 6x x5
statement is true?
2
A Domain: {x ∈ ⺢, x ⬆ 5},
4 Range: {y ∈ ⺢, y ⬆ 1}
B Domain: {x ∈ ⺢, x ⬆ 2},
Range: {y ∈ ⺢, y ⬆ 1}
B y
C Domain: {x ∈ ⺢, x ⬆ 5},
4 Range: {y ∈ ⺢, y ⬆ 0}
2 D Domain: {x ∈ ⺢, x  5},
Range: {y ∈ ⺢, y  0}
6 4 2 0 2 4 6x 4. Write a possible equation for the function in
2 each graph.
4 a) y
6

4
C y
2
4
8 6 4 2 0 2 4x
2
2

6 4 2 0 2 4 6x 4
2
6
4

b) y
6
D y
4
4
2
2

8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6x
6 4 2 0 2 4 6x
2
2
4
4
6

194 MHR • Advanced Functions • Chapter 3


5. Consider the function f(x)   __ 4 . 10. The acceleration due to gravity is inversely
x2  2
proportional to the square of the distance from
a) Determine the following key features of the centre of Earth. The acceleration due to
the function: gravity for a satellite orbiting 7000 km above
i) domain and range the centre of Earth is 8.2 m/s2.
ii) intercepts a) Write a formula for this relationship.
iii) asymptotes b) Sketch a graph of the relation.
iv) intervals where the function is increasing c) At what height will the acceleration due to
and intervals where it is decreasing gravity be 6.0 m/s2?
b) Sketch a graph of the function. 11. When a saw is used to cut wood, a certain
1
6. If f(x) is a polynomial function, does _ percent is lost as sawdust, depending on the
f(x)
thickness of the saw-blade. The wood lost is
always have a horizontal asymptote? If yes,
called the kerf. The percent lost, P(t), can
explain why. If no, provide a counterexample.
be modelled by the function P(t)  __ 100t ,
7. Solve each equation. Provide an exact solution. tW
where t is the thickness of the blade and W is
3x  5 1
a) __  _ the thickness of the wood, both in millimetres.
x4 2
Consider a saw cutting a 30-mm-thick piece
b) ___ 20
x2 of wood.
x2  4x  7
a) Sketch a graph of the function, in the
8. Solve each inequality. Illustrate your solution context of this situation.
on a number line.
b) State the domain and range.
5
a) __  4 c) Explain the significance of the horizontal
2x  3
asymptote.
x  1  __
b) __ x7
x2 x1 12. The electric power, P, in watts, delivered by a
9. a) Determine an equation of the form certain battery is given by the function
ax  b for the rational function with
f(x)  __ P  __ 100R , where R is the resistance, in ohms.
cx  d (2  R)2
x-intercept 2, vertical asymptote at x  1, a) Sketch a graph of this function.
and horizontal asymptote at y   _ 1.
2 b) Describe the power output as the resistance
increases from 0 Ω to 20 Ω.
b) Is it possible for another function to have
the same key features? If not, explain why c) Show that the rate of change is 0 at R  2.
not. If so, provide an example. What does this indicate about the power?
13. Investigate the graphs of functions of the form
f(x)  _1 , where n ∈ ⺞. Summarize what
xn
happens to the asymptotes and slopes as n
increases. Consider, also, when n is even or odd.

Chapter 3 Practice Test • MHR 195